Higher Education

Understanding Poetry, 1st Edition

  • Walter Kalaidjian Emory University
  • ISBN-10: 0618386297  |  ISBN-13: 9780618386291
  • 832 Pages
  • © 2005 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $114.75



This contemporary, distinctive, and inclusive anthology offers a fresh introduction to poetry. Like its parent text, Understanding Literature, Understanding Poetry features updated organization, integrated yet accessible discussions of historical and cultural contexts and critical approaches, and a rich table of contents. Accompanied by the Understanding Literature CD-ROM and Web Site, this new collection will give teachers and students richer, more relevant experiences in reading, thinking, and writing about poetry.

Table of Contents

Why Study Literature
I. Understanding Poetic Form
1. Introduction: Reading Poetry
Marianne Moore, Poetry
2. Poetic Language: Diction, Word Choice, and Tone
Seamus Heaney, Digging
Gerard Manley Hopkins, The Windhover
Janice Mirikitani, Breaking Tradition
Randall Jarrell, The Knight, Death, and the Devil
John Keats, This Living Hand
Seamus Heaney, A Dream of Jealousy
Richard Eberhart, The Fury of Aerial Bombardment
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark
Louise Bogan, Didactic Piece
Marianne Moore, The Mind Is an Enchanting Thing
3. Poetic Imagery and Theories of the Modern Image
Denise Levertov, O Taste and See
Archibald MacLeish, Eleven
Theories of the Modern Image
Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro
William Carlos Williams, The Great Figure
Gary Snyder, Mid-August at Sourdough Mountain Lookout
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Denise Levertov, The Dead Butterfly
Mina Loy, Mexican Desert
H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), Sea Rose
H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), Sea Violet
T.S. Eliot, Preludes
Critical Perspective: On Imagist Poetics
Ezra Pound, from "A Few Don''ts for an Imagist"
Critical Perspective: Modern Poetry and Formal Invention
William Carlos Williams, from The Wedge
4. Figurative Language
Sylvia Plath, Metaphors
Anonymous, I Have a Yong Sister
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73 (That time of year thou mayst in me behold)
Margaret Atwood, Habitation
W.S. Merwin, Separation
William Wordsworth, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
Sharon Olds, Size and Sheer Will
William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802
Emily Dickinson, Poem 328 (A Bird came down the Walk)
Charles Simic, Watch Repair
Dylan Thomas, Fern Hill
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Ted Hughes, The Thought-Fox
Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself (Section 6)
Robert Frost, The Silken Tent
John Donne, A Valediction Forbidding Mourning
Matthew Arnold, Dover Beach
5. Symbolism
William Blake, The Lamb
Dorothy Parker, One Perfect Rose
William Blake, The Sick Rose
Mary TallMountain, The Last Wolf
Robert Frost, Mending Wall
Sylvia Plath, The Moon and the Yew Tree
W.S. Merwin, Strawberries
Edward Taylor, Upon a Spider Catching a Fly
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Walt Whitman, When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom''d
Walt Whitman, I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing
William Carlos Williams, The Yachts
6. Myth
W.H. Auden, Musée des Beaux Arts
Anne Sexton, To a Friend Whose Work Has Come to Triumph
Louise Erdrich, Jacklight
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Louise Glück, Mythic Fragment
T.S. Eliot, Journey of the Magi
Leslie Marmon Silko, Prayer to the Pacific
Pat Mora, Coatlicue''s Rules: Advice from an Aztec Goddess
Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself (Section 24)
Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ode to the West Wind
7. Emotive Poetics
Theodore Roethke, Dolor
Robert Bly, Waking from Sleep
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29 (When, in disgrace with fortune and men''s eyes)
Galway Kinnell, First Song
Emily Dickinson, Poem 258 (There''s a certain Slant of light)
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Emily Dickinson, Poem 512 (The Soul has Bandaged moments)
Sylvia Plath, Fever 103
Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself (Section 26)
8. Prosody
Emily Dickinson, Poem 465 (I heard a Fly buzz--when I died)
W.B. Yeats, The Lake Isle of Innisfree
Sylvia Plath, Point Shirley
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan
Wilfred Owen, Arms and the Boy
Meter and Rhythm
Theodore Roethke, My Papa''s Waltz
9. Poetic Forms
Fixed Poetic Forms
Blank Verse, Couplets, Tercets, and Quatrains
Richard Wilbur, First Snow in Alsace
Longer Fixed Stanza Forms
The Sonnet
John Milton, When I Consider How My Light Is Spent
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 55 (Not marble, nor the gilded monuments)
Edmund Spenser, Sonnet 75 (One day I wrote her name upon the strand)
Gwendolyn Brooks, the rites for Cousin Vit
The Villanelle
Theodore Roethke, The Waking
The Sestina
Pattern Poetry, Concrete Poetics, and Vers Libre
George Herbert, Easter Wings
John Hollander, Swan and Shadow
May Swenson, Bleeding
Open Poetic Forms
W.S. Merwin, The Well
Featured Writer: John Keats
On First Looking into Chapman''s Homer
On Seeing the Elgin Marbles
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Ode on a Grecian Urn
Ode to a Nightingale
La Belle Dame sans Merci
The Eve of St. Agnes
To Autumn
Letters of John Keats
Excerpt from Letter to Benjamin Bailey, November 22, 1817
Excerpt from Letter to George and Thomas Keats, December 21, 1817
Excerpt from Letter to John Taylor, February 27, 1818
Excerpt from Letter to John Hamilton Reynolds, May 3, 1818
Critical Perspective: On Keats and Critical Judgment
Cynthia Chase, from "Viewless Wings: Keats''s ''Ode to a Nightingale''"
Critical Perspective: On Keats and Symbolism
David Perkins, from "The ''Ode to a Nightingale''"
Critical Perspective: On Imagination and Reality in the Odes
Jack Stillinger, from "Imagination and Reality in the Odes"
II. Poetry and History
10. Beyond Formalism: Poetry and New Historicism
William Blake, London
Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book
11. Critical Perspectives: A Casebook on Poetry and Social Activism Between the Wars
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Kenneth Fearing, Dirge
Kenneth Fearing, $2.50
Kenneth Fearing, X Minus X
Langston Hughes, Goodbye Christ
Langston Hughes, Johannesburg Mines
Langston Hughes, Elevator Boy
Alfred Hayes, In a Coffee Pot
Tillie Lerner Olsen, I Want You Women Up North to Know
Genevieve Taggard, Mill Town
Edwin Rolfe, Credo
Edwin Rolfe, Asbestos
Edwin Rolfe, Not Men Alone
Muriel Rukeyser, The Minotaur
Joseph Kalar, Papermill
Joseph Kalar, Worker Uprooted
Critical Perspective: On Countée Cullen''s "Incident"
Cary Nelson, from Repression and Recovery
Critical Perspective: On Depression Era Culture
Rita Barnard, from The Great Depression and the Culture of Abundance
12. Critical Perspectives: A Casebook on Poetry, Trauma, and Testimony: Holocaust Verses
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Primo Levi, Shemá
Nelly Sachs, O the Chimneys
Elie Wiesel, Never Shall I Forget
Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Babii Yar
Dan Pagis, Written in Pencil in the Sealed Railway-Car
Paul Celan, Death Fugue
Sylvia Plath, Lady Lazarus
William Heyen, Kotov
Anthony Hecht, The Book of Yolek
Tadeusz Rózewicz, Pigtail
Charles Reznikoff, from Holocaust
Adrienne Rich, from Sources
Rachel Blau DuPlessis, Draft 17: Unnamed
Critical Perspective: On Holocaust Testimony
Geoffrey H. Hartman, from "On Traumatic Knowledge and Literary Studies"
Critical Perspective: On Paul Celan''s Imagery
Shoshana Felman, from Testimony (on Paul Celan''s "Death Fugue")
Critical Perspective: On Witnessing to the Holocaust
Dori Laub, from Testimony
Critical Perspective: On the Holocaust Survivor
Terrence Des Pres, from The Survivor
Critical Perspective: On Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Cathy Caruth, from Trauma: Explorations in Memory
13. Critical Perspectives: A Casebook on Beat Poetry
Jack Kerouac, Belief & Technique for Modern Prose
Allen Ginsberg, America
Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California
Allen Ginsberg, First Party at Ken Kesey''s with Hell''s Angels
Jack Kerouac, About the Beat Generation
Jack Kerouac, 149th Chorus
Jack Kerouac, 211th Chorus
Jack Kerouac, The Thrashing Doves
Gregory Corso, Dream of a Baseball Star
Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), Three Modes of History and Culture
Diane Di Prima, On Sitting Down to Write, I Decide Instead to Go to Fred Herko''s Concert
Anne Waldman, College under Water
14. Critical Perspectives: A Casebook on Postmodern Poetics
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Bob Perelman, Virtual Reality
Bob Perelman, Chronic Meanings
Susan Howe, Turning
Charles Bernstein, The Kiwi Bird in the Kiwi Tree
Charles Bernstein, Ear Shot
Charles Bernstein, House of Formaldehyde
Critical Perspective: On Nonlinear Poetics
Marjorie Perloff, from "After Free Verse: The New Nonlinear Poetries"
Critical Perspective: On Postmodernism and Capitalism
Fredric Jameson, from Postmodernism or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism
Critical Perspective: On "Language Writing"
Bob Perelman, from The Marginalization of Poetry
15. Critical Perspectives: A Casebook on Performance and Performativity
Performative Poetics
Tracie Morris, Chief Song
Performance Literature
Guillermo Gómez-Peña, I Could Only Fight Back in My Poetry
Amiri Baraka, KA ''BA
Amiri Baraka, Black Dada Nihilismus
Paul Beatty, Darryl Strawberry Asleep in a Field of Dreams
Paul Beatty, A Three Point Shot from Andromeda
Maggie Estep, The Stupid Jerk I''m Obsessed With
Tracie Morris, Project Princess
Tracie Morris, Gangsta Suite
Miguel Piñero, The Book of Genesis According to St. Miguelito
Ntozake Shange, Blood Rhythms--Blood Currents--Black Blue N Stylin''
III. Understanding Poetic Representation
16. Race and Representation
Color and Representation
Robert Herrick, The White Island, or Place of the Blest
Thomas Campion, Follow Thy Fair Sun
Sir Philip Sidney, from Sonnet 71 (Who will in fairest book of Nature know)
Poetry and the Harlem Renaissance
Langston Hughes, Dream Variations
Helene Johnson, What Do I Care for Morning
Poetry and Double-Consciousness
Countée Cullen, Heritage
Gwendolyn B. Bennett, Heritage
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Paul Laurence Dunbar, We Wear the Mask
Claude McKay, The Harlem Dancer
Claude McKay, America
Jean Toomer, Portrait in Georgia
Georgia Douglas Johnson, The Heart of a Woman
Georgia Douglas Johnson, The True American
Helene Johnson, My Race
Gwendolyn B. Bennett, To a Dark Girl
Critical Perspective: On "Double-Consciousness"
W.E.B. Du Bois, from The Souls of Black Folk
Critical Perspective: On Race and Art
Langston Hughes, "The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain"
Critical Perspective: On New Representations of Race
Alain Locke, from The New Negro
Critical Perspective: On Women Writers of the Harlem Renaissance
Gloria T. Hull, from Color, Sex, and Poetry in the Harlem Renaissance
Critical Perspective: On Formal Mastery and the Harlem Renaissance
Houston Baker, from Modernism and the Harlem Renaissance
Critical Perspective: On the White Gaze and Race Representation
Walter Kalaidjian, from American Culture Between the Wars
Critical Perspective: On Langston Hughes and Walt Whitman
George Hutchinson, from The Harlem Renaissance in Black and White
Featured Writer: Gwendolyn Brooks
Sadie and Maud
a song in the front yard
The Mother
Ballad of Pearl May Lee
A Bronzeville Mother Loiters in Mississippi. Meanwhile a Mississippi Mother Burns Bacon
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
piano after war
kitchenette building
Jessie Mitchell''s Mother
We Real Cool
Gang Girls
Boy Breaking Glass
Critical Perspective: On Gwendolyn Brooks and Poetic Form
D.H. Melhem, from Gwendolyn Brooks: Poetry and the Heroic Voice
Critical Perspective: On Gwendolyn Brooks and Dramatic Form
Maria K. Mootry, from "Down the Whirlwind of Good Rage: An Introduction to Gwendolyn Brooks"
Critical Perspective: On Voice and "We Real Cool"
Hortense J. Spillers, from "Gwendolyn the Terrible: Propositions on Eleven Poems"
17. Critical Perspectives: A Casebook on Chicano/a Poetry
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Pat Mora, Agua negra
Pat Mora, Dear Frida
Jimmy Santiago Baca, Mi Tío Baca El Poeta De Socorro
Jimmy Santiago Baca, Dust-Bowl Memory
Jimmy Santiago Baca, Bells
Jimmy Santiago Baca, Choices
Bernice Zamora, Notes from a Chicano ''COED''
Alma Villanueva, Of Utterances
Alma Villanueva, The Last Words
Gary Soto, Mexicans Begin Jogging
Gary Soto, The Tale of Sunlight
Sandra Cisneros, Little Clown, My Heart
18. Critical Perspectives: A Casebook on Native American Poetry
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Louise Erdrich, Dear John Wayne
Wendy Rose, Trickster: 1977
Wendy Rose, If I Am Too Brown or Too White for You
Wendy Rose, Story Keeper
Leslie Marmon Silko, Story from Bear Country
Simon Ortiz, The Boy and the Coyote
Simon Ortiz, Making an Acquaintance
Joy Harjo, She Had Some Horses
Joy Harjo, Call It Fear
Linda Hogan, Heritage
Linda Hogan, Blessings
Ray A.Young Bear, one chip of human bone
Ray A.Young Bear, morning-water train woman
Ray A.Young Bear, the seal
Ray A.Young Bear, waiting to be fed
19. Feminism and Representation
Carpe Diem Verse and Feminist Critique
Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress
John Crowe Ransom, Blue Girls
John Donne, Elegy XIX. To His Mistress Going to Bed
W.B. Yeats, Leda and the Swan
Poetry and Re-visionary Feminism
Emily Dickinson, Poem 1545 (The Bible is an antique Volume)
Adrienne Rich, Aunt Jennifer''s Tigers
Sylvia Plath, Daddy
Christina Rossetti, In an Artist''s Studio
H.D. (Hilda Doolittle), Helen
Feminist Verse
Muriel Rukeyser, The Birth of Venus
Sharon Olds, The One Girl at the Boys Party
Lucille Clifton, Homage to My Hips
Joy Harjo, The Woman Hanging from the Thirteenth Floor Window
Audre Lorde, From the House of Yemanjá
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Adrienne Rich, Diving into the Wreck
Anne Killigrew, Upon the Saying That My Verses Were Made by Another
Elizabeth Bishop, In the Waiting Room
Emily Brontë, Stanzas
Amy Lowell, Venus Transiens
Critical Perspective: On Feminism and Re-vision
Adrienne Rich, from "When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-vision"
Critical Perspective: On Sexual Difference
Rachel Blau Du Plessis, from "For the Etruscans"
Featured Writer: Anne Sexton
For John, Who Begs Me Not to Enquire Further
Her Kind
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
The Moss of His Skin
Briar Rose (Sleeping Beauty)
from The Death of the Fathers
The Abortion
With Mercy for the Greedy
Said the Poet to the Analyst
For My Lover, Returning to His Wife
Critical Perspective: On Poetry and the Unconscious
Anne Sexton, "Interview with Barbara Kevles"
Critical Perspective: On Anne Sexton''s "Her Kind"
Diane Wood Middlebrook, from "Poet of Weird Abundance"
Critical Perspective: On Fathers and Daughters in Sexton''s Verse
Diana Hume George, from "How We Danced: Anne Sexton on Fathers and Daughters"
Critical Perspective: On Sexton and Confessional Verse
J.D. McClatchy, from "Anne Sexton: Somehow to Endure"
20. Representations of Desire and Sexuality
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Sonnet 43 (How do I love thee? Let me count the ways)
Queen Elizabeth I, On Monsieur''s Departure
Dorothy Parker, Somebody''s Song
Christina Rossetti, A Birthday
Theodore Roethke, I Knew a Woman
George Gordon, Lord Byron, She Walks in Beauty
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18 (Shall I compare thee to a summer''s day?)
Representations of Sexuality
Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea, Friendship between Ephelia and Ardelia
Adrienne Rich, Poem XI, from Twenty-One Love Poems
Mae V. Cowdery, Insatiate
Audre Lorde, Love Poem
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 20 (A woman''s face, with nature''s own hand painted)
John Donne, Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God
David Bergman, Blueberry Man
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Elizabeth Bishop, Insomnia
Aphra Behn, To the Fair Clarinda, Who Made Love to Me, Imagined More Than Woman
Walt Whitman, When I Heard at the Close of the Day
Mina Loy, Poems I, II, IX, from Songs to Joannes
Robert Duncan, The Torso: Passages 18
Olga Broumas, The Masseuse
Richard Harteis, Star Trek III
Gregory Corso, Marriage
Critical Perspective: On Sexual Representation in John Donne''s Holy Sonnet 14
Richard Rambuss, from Closet Devotions
Critical Perspective: On Lesbian Existence and the Lesbian Continuum
Adrienne Rich, from "Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence"
Critical Perspective: On Sexual Knowledge, Power, and Ideology in Shakespeare''s England
Bruce Smith, from Homosexual Desire in Shakespeare''s England
21. Postcolonial Poetics
Derek Walcott, A Far Cry from Africa
Yambo Ouologuem, Tomatoes
Poems for Further Reading and Critical Writing
Ha Jin, Ways of Talking
Léopold Sédar Senghor, Prayer to the Masks
Wole Soyinka, Telephone Conversation
Adrian Oktenberg, A Young Sniper
Faiz Ahmed Faiz, A Prison Evening
Taslima Nasrin, Border
Jayanta Mahapatra, Main Temple Street, Puri
Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni, Song of the Fisher Wife
Shu Ting, Assembly Line
Shu Ting, Bits of Reminiscence
Critical Perspective: On Postcolonial Resistance
Leela Gandhi, from Postcolonial Theory
Critical Perspective: On African Poets and the European Tradition
Wole Soyinka, from Poems of Black Africa
22. Cultural Criticism
Claude McKay, If We Must Die
Featured Writer: Langston Hughes
The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Theme for English B
Langston Hughes, the Harlem Renaissance, and the Blues
The Weary Blues
Langston Hughes and Social Activism
Langston Hughes and Contemporary African American Poetics
Poems for Further Reading and Discussion
Jazz Band in a Parisian Cabaret
Good-Morning Revolution
The Same
One More "S" in the U.S.A.
Let America Be America Again
Air Raid: Barcelona
Ballad of the Fortune Teller
Too Blue
Blues at Dawn
Consider Me
Critical Perspective: On Racial Heritage
Langston Hughes, from The Big Sea: An Autobiography
Critical Perspective: On the Harlem Renaissance
Langston Hughes, from The Big Sea: An Autobiography
Critical Perspective: On House-Rent Parties
Langston Hughes, from The Big Sea: An Autobiography
Critical Perspective: On the Mahogany Harvest
Langston Hughes, from The Big Sea: An Autobiography
Critical Perspective: On The Weary Blues
Countée Cullen, from review of The Weary Blues, Opportunity
Critical Perspective: On the Black Arts Movement
Kaluma ya Salaam, from "The Black Arts Movement," The Oxford Companion to African American Literature
23. Poems for Further Reading
Ai, The Mother''s Tale
John Ashbery, The Painter
W.H. Auden, The Shield of Achilles
W.H. Auden, Lullaby
Peter Balakian, After the Survivors Are Gone
Peter Balakian, from Beowulf
Elizabeth Bishop, One Art
William Blake, The Divine Image
William Blake, A Divine Image
William Blake, A Poison Tree
William Blake, The Tyger
Louise Bogan, Medusa
Eavan Boland, The Pomegranate
Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband
Emily Brontë, [Long Neglect Has Worn Away]
Sterling A. Brown, Slim in Atlanta
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, To George Sand, A Desire
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Sonnet 14 (If thou must love me, let it be for naught)
Robert Browning, My Last Duchess
George Gordon, Lord Byron, The Destruction of Sennacherib
Lewis Carroll, Jabberwocky
Margaret Cavendish, An Apology for Writing So Much upon This Book
Geoffrey Chaucer, from The General Prologue, The Canterbury Tales
Lady Mary Chudleigh, To the Ladies
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Frost at Midnight
Hart Crane, Proem: To Brooklyn Bridge
Robert Creeley, I Know a Man
Countée Cullen, Incident
E.E. Cummings, in Just-
James Dickey, The Performance
Emily Dickinson, Poem 67 (Success is counted sweetest)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 216 (Safe in their Alabaster Chambers)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 241 (I like a look of Agony)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 280 (I felt a Funeral, in my Brain)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 303 (The Soul selects her own Society)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 341 (After great pain, a formal feeling comes)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 435 (Much Madness is divinest Sense)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 528 (Mine--by the Right of the White Election)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 754 (My Life had stood--a Loaded Gun)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 1129 (Tell all the Truth but tell it slant)
Emily Dickinson, Poem 1763 (Fame is a bee)
John Donne, The Sun Rising
John Donne, Sonnet 10 (Death, be not proud, though some have callèd thee)
Rita Dove, Parsley
Paul Laurence Dunbar, Sympathy
Robert Duncan, Often I Am Permitted to Return to a Meadow
T.S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
Queen Elizabeth I, When I Was Fair and Young
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Concord Hymn
Carolyn Forché, The Testimony of Light
Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken
Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
Robert Frost, Design
Robert Graves, The White Goddess
Thomas Hardy, Channel Firing
Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays
Robert Hayden, Paul Laurence Dunbar
George Herbert, The Altar
Robert Herrick, The Vine
Robert Herrick, The Pillar of Fame
Garrett Kaoru Hongo, Yellow Light
Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty
Gerard Manley Hopkins, Thou Art Indeed Just, Lord
A.E. Housman, To an Athlete Dying Young
Andrew Hudgins, Supper
Langston Hughes, Bad Luck Card
Langston Hughes, Harlem Sweeties
Langston Hughes, Harlem
Langston Hughes, Café: 3 A.M.
Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner
Ha Jin, In New York City
Ben Jonson, Song: To Celia (II)
Ben Jonson, Slow, Slow, Fresh Fount
Carolyn Kizer, Semele Recycled
Yusef Komunyakaa, Blackberries
Maxine Kumin, Woodchucks
Philip Larkin, Talking in Bed
D.H. Lawrence, Bavarian Gentians
Emma Lazarus, The New Colossus
Michael Longley, The Linen Industry
Audre Lorde, Coal
Robert Lowell, For the Union Dead
Andrew Marvell, The Garden
Herman Melville, The Maldive Shark
George Meredith, Lucifer in Starlight
W.S. Merwin, The Drunk in the Furnace
W.S. Merwin, Chord
Edna St. Vincent Millay, Spring
John Milton, On the Late Massacre in Piedmont
Janice Mirikitani, Desert Flowers
Marianne Moore, The Fish
Paul Muldoon, Milkweed and Monarch
Frank O''Hara, The Day Lady Died
Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est
Sylvia Plath, The Colossus
Sylvia Plath, Witch Burning
Edgar Allan Poe, The Raven
Alexander Pope, from Epistle II. Of the Nature and State of Man with Respect to Himself, as an Individual
Ezra Pound, from The Cantos, I
John Crowe Ransom, Piazza Piece
Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory
Theodore Roethke, Root Cellar
Theodore Roethke, In a Dark Time
Christina Rossetti, After Death
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, The Woodspurge
Carl Sandburg, Chicago
Carl Sandburg, Grass
Siegfried Sassoon, Christ and the Soldier
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 129 (Th'' expense of spirit in a waste of shame)
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 130 (My mistress'' eyes are nothing like the sun)
Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias
Sir Philip Sidney, What Length of Verse?
Charlotte Smith, XXXVIII
Cathy Song, The Youngest Daughter
Gertrude Stein, from Lifting Belly
Wallace Stevens, The Snow Man
Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-Cream
Wallace Stevens, Anecdote of the Jar
May Swenson, Poet to Tiger
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Break, Break, Break
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Crossing the Bar
Dylan Thomas, In My Craft or Sullen Art
Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
Edward Thomas, The Owl
Henry David Thoreau, I Am a Parcel of Vain Strivings Tied
Jean Toomer, Georgia Dusk
Margaret Walker, Childhood
Phillis Wheatley, On Being Brought from Africa to America
Walt Whitman, from Song of Myself (Sections 1, 11, 52)
Walt Whitman, When I Heard the Learn''d Astronomer
Walt Whitman, By the Bivouac''s Fitful Flame
Walt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a Ford
Walt Whitman, A Noiseless Patient Spider
Richard Wilbur, The Death of a Toad
Richard Wilbur, Junk
William Carlos Williams, Danse Russe
William Carlos Williams, This Is Just to Say
William Carlos Williams, The Dance
William Carlos Williams, The Descent
William Wordsworth, She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways
William Wordsworth, It Is a Beauteous Evening
William Wordsworth, London, 1802
William Wordsworth, My Heart Leaps Up
James Wright, The Journey
Sir Thomas Wyatt, They Flee from Me
W.B. Yeats, The Second Coming
W.B. Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium
24. Biographical Sketches of Selected Poets
An Album of Art
Vasily Kandinsky, Composition vi
Charles Henry Demuth, I Saw the Figure Five in Gold
Andy Warhol, Marilyn Monroe (Twenty Times)
The Chicago Women''s Graphics Collective, Boycott Lettuce and Grapes
Pieter Brueghel, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
Botticelli, The Birth of Venus
Raphael, An Allegory: Vision of a Knight
Michelangelo, Leda and the Swan
William Blake, Illuminated manuscript of "The Lamb"
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, The Girlhood of Mary Virgin
Samuel Bak, Thou Shalt Not Kill
IV. Writing About Literature
25. Writing about Literature
Getting Ready, Making Decisions
Revision and Final Thoughts
26. Writing about Poetry
Handling Quotations
Sample Student Essay
Robert Frost, Birches
27. Writing a Research Paper
Notes and Works Cited
Index of Literary Terms
Index of First Lines
Index of Authors and Titles