Higher Education

The Human Record: Sources of Global History, Volume II: Since 1500, 6th Edition

  • Alfred J. Andrea University of Vermont
  • James H. Overfield University of Vermont
  • ISBN-10: 0618751114  |  ISBN-13: 9780618751112
  • 544 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2005, 2001, 1998
  • © 2009 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $112.00
  • Newer Edition Available



Now in its Sixth Edition, The Human Record continues to be the leading primary source reader for the World History course. Each volume contains a blend of visual and textual sources; these sources are often paired or grouped together for comparison. A prologue entitled, "Primary Sources and How to Read Them," appears in each volume and serves as a valuable pedagogical tool. Unlike many world history texts that center on the West, The Human Record provides balanced coverage of the global past. Approximately one-third of the sources in the Sixth Edition are new, and these documents continue to reflect the myriad experiences of the peoples of the world.

Features and Benefits

  • New! A Multiple Voices feature in each part illustrates one of the following: multiple viewpoints on a common event or phenomenon, multiple sources that demonstrate changes over time, or multiple perspectives from different cultures on a common issue.
  • Part, chapter, section, and individual source introductions help students place primary sources within a historical context.
  • Questions for Analysis precede each source and are presented in a three-tiered format that resembles a historian's approach to source analysis.
  • Each volume opens with useful topical and geographical Tables of Contents for flexible instruction.
  • An Instructor's Resource Manual provides strategies for teaching from the text.

Table of Contents

1. Europe in an Age of Conflict and Expansion
Protestant Revolt and Catholic Response: Martin Luther, Table Talk; Lucas Cranach the Younger, Two Kinds of Preaching: Evangelical and Papal; Ignatius of Loyola, Letter to Peter Canisius. Emerging Capitalism and its Critics: The Reformation of the Emperor Sigismund and Martin Luther, Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation; Ludovico Guicciardini, Description of the Low Countries. Marriage and Families in Early Modern Europe: Leon Battista Alberti, Book of the Family; Erhard Schön, No More Precious Treasure Is on the Earth Than a Gentle Wife Who Longs for Honor. The Beginnings of the Scientific Revolution: Galileo Galilei, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina; Francis Bacon, New Organon.
Multiple Voices I: Christopher Columbus, A Letter Concerning a Recently Discovered Island; Anonymous Woodcut of South American Indians (1505); Juan Gines de Sepulveda, Democrates Secundus, or The Just Causes of War Against the Indians; Bartolomé de Las Casas, In Defense of the Indians; Theodore de Bry, Columbus Greeted by Natives.
2. The Islamic Heartland and India
Rulers and Their Challenges in the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires: Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, Turkish Letters; Eskandar Beg Monshi, History of Shah Abbas the Great; Jahangir, Memoirs. Religion and Society in South and Southwest Asia: Sultan Selim I, Letter to Shah Ismail of Persia; Abul Fazi, Akbarnama; Khayr al-Din Ramli, Legal Opinions.
3. Continuity and Change in East and Southeast Asia
Confucianism in China and Japan: Meritorious Deeds At No Cost; Kaibara and Token Ekiken, Common Sense Teachings for Japanese Children and Greater Learning for Women. Merchants and Their World in East and Southeast Asia: Tomé Pires, Suma Oriental; Wang Daokun, Biographies of Zhu Jiefu and Gentleman Wang. Political Decline and Recovery in China and Japan: Yang Lien, Memorial to Emperor Ming Xizong Concerning Eunuch Wei Zhongxian; Edict on the Collections of Swords (1588); Laws Governing the Military Households (1615); Closed Country Edict (1635).
Multiple Voices II: Hideyoshi, 1587 Edicts on Christianity; Matteo Ricci, Journals; Paul Simon, Report to Pope V.
4. Africa and the Americas
Africans and the Portuguese: Nzinga Mbemba (Alonso I), Letters to the King of Portugal; João dos Santos, Eastern Ethiopia. Encounters in the Americas: Bernardino de Sahagún, General History of the Things of New Spain; David Pieterzen DeVries, Voyages from Holland to America. Land and Labor in Spanish America: Alonso de Zorita, The Brief and Summary Relation of the Lords of New Spain; Antonio Vazquez de Espinosa, Compendium and Description of the West Indies
5. Europe and the Americas in an Age of Science, Economic Growth, and Revolution
An Age of Monarchy - Absolute and Limited: Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, Polititics Derived from the Worlds of Holy Scripture; English Bill of Rights; Peter the Great, Edicts and Decrees. An Age of Science and Enlightenment: Sébastien Le Clerc, The Royal Academy and Its Protectors and A Dissection at the Jardin Des Plantes; Voltaire, Treatise on Toleration; Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations. Revolution in France: Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen; Decree for Proclaiming the Liberty and Sovereignty of All People (December 15, 1792), Levée en masse (August 23, 1793); Report of the Committee of Public Safety on Drafting Poets and Citizens for the Cause of Revolution (May 16, 1794); Report of the Committee of Public Safety on Public Education (June 1, 1794); Political Cartoons and Caricatures from the French Revolution. Anticolonialism and Revolution in the Americas: Thomas Paine, Common Sense; Simón Bolívar, The Jamaica Letter.
Multiple Voices III: John Wesley, Thoughts Upon Slavery; Society of the Friends of Black, Address to the National Assembly in Favor of the Abolition of the Slave Trade; W.S. Ryneveld, Response to Governor Macartney''s Questionnaire; Joseph Dupuis, Summary of a Conversation with Osei Bonso, King of Asante.
6. Africa, Southwest Asia, and India in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Africa''s Curse - The Slave Trade: Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano Written by Himself; Thomas Phillips, A Journal of a Voyage Made in the Hannibal of London in 1694. Political Change in the Ottoman and Mughal Empires: Mehmed Pasha, The Book of Counsel for Viziers and Governors; Joseph François Dupleix, Memorandum to the Directors of the French East India Company (1753) and Robert Clive, Letter to William Pitt, 1759. The Continuing Vitality of Islam: Abdullah Wahhab, The History and Doctrines of the Wahhabis; Usman dan Fodio, Selections from His Writings.
7: Change and Continuity in East Asia and Oceania
China''s Revival Under the Qing: Kagxi, Self-Portrait; Sir Henry Dundas, Letter to Lord George Macartney, September 8, 1792; Emperor Qianlong, Edict on Trade with Great Britain. Social and Economic Change in Tokugawa Japan: Kamo Mabuchi, A Study of the Idea of the Nation; Honda Toshiaki, A Secret Plan of Government.
Multiple Voices IV: Giuseppe Castiglione, Qianlong at Leisure on New Year''s Eve; Giuseppe Castiglione, Taking a Stag with a Mighty Arrow; Giuseppe Castiglione and Jin Tingbaiao, Qianlong in his Study; Jacques-Louis David, Bonaparte Crossing the Alps at Saint-Bernard; Jacques-Louis David, The Emperor Napoleon in His Study at the Tuileres (1812).
Chapter 8: The West in the Age of Industrialization and Imperialism
Middle Class and Working Class in Early Industrial Europe: Testimony Before Parliamentary Committees on Working Conditions in England; Otto von Leixner, Letters from Berlin with Special Reference to Social-Democratic Movements. New Perspectives on Humanity and Society: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto; Charles Darwin, On the Origins of Species and the Descent of Man. The Fight for Women''s Political Rights: Ohio Women''s Convention of 1850, Resolutions; Emmeline Pankhurst, Why We Are Militant. Nationalism and Imperialism in the Late Nineteenth Century: Heinrich von Treitschke, Extracts from History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century and Historical and Political Writings; Jules Ferry, Speech Before the French National Assembly; Advertisements and Illustrations from British Books and Periodicals.
Multiple Voices V: M.B. Starr, The Coming Struggle; or What the People on the Pacific Coast Think of the Coolie Invasion; American Federation of Labor, Some Reasons for Chinese Exclusion; George F. Seward, Chinese Immigration in its Social and Economical Aspects; Testimony from Joint Special Congressional Committee on Chinese Immigration (1876); Thomas Nast, "The Chinese Question"; George Keller, "The Coming Man".
9. Western Pressures, Nationalism, and Reform in Africa, Southwest Asia, and India in the 1800s
The European Assault on Africa: Royal Niger Company, Standard Treaty; Ndansi Kumalo, His Story; Records of the Maji-Maji Rebellion. Southwest Asia Under Siege: Sultan Abdul Mejid, Noble Rescript (1839) and Imperial Rescript (1856); Sayyid Jamal ad-Din, Letter to Hasan Shiraz; Announcement to the Arabs, Sons of Qahtan. India Under British Domination: Rammohun Roy, Letter to Lord Amherst (1823) and Thomas Babington Macaulay, Minute on Education (1835); Dadabhai Naoroji, 1871 London Speech.
10. East and Southeast Asia Confront the West
The Disintegration of Imperial China: Lin Zexu, Letter to Queen Victoria, 1839; Feng Guifen, Personal Protests from the Study of Jiaobin; Sun Yat-sen, The Three People''s Principles and the Future of the Chinese People. The Emergence of Modern Japan: Sakuma Shozan, Reflections On My Errors; Iwasaki Yataro, Letter to Mitsubishi Employees; Prints and Drawings, 1853–1887. Southeast Asia in the Era of Imperialism: King Chulalongkorn, Edicts and Proclamations; Phan Thanh Gian, Letter to Emperor Tu Duc and Last Message to His Administrators.
Multiple Voices VI: "Girls'' Education is the Basis of Civilization and Moral Refinement" (1907); Bahithat al-Badiya, Lecture in the Club of the Umma Party (1909); Qiu Jin, An Address to Two Hundred Million Fellow Countrywomen (1906); Hiratsuka Raicho, "In the Beginning Woman Was the Sun"
11. The Industrialized World in Crisis
The Trauma of World War I: Popular Art and Poster Art from Germany, England, and Australia; Henry S. Clapham, Mud and Khaki, Memoirs of an Incomplete Soldier; Comments of the German Delegation to the Paris Peace Conference on the Conditions of Peace, October 1919. The Russian Revolution and the Foundation of the Soviet State: Lenin, "What Is to Be Done?"; Communist Decrees and Legislation, 1917–1918. Ultranationalism in Germany and Japan: Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf; "The Way of Subjects." The Legacy of World War II: Rudolf Höss, Memoirs; Iwao Nakamura and Atsuko Tsujioka, Recollections
Multiple Voices VII: Memorandum of Conversation with General Marshall, May 29, 1945; Arthur Compton, Recollection of Interim Committee Meeting, May 31, 1945; The Franck Report (June 11, 1945); The Szilard Petition (June 17, 1945); President Harry Truman, Letter to Samuel Cavert, August 11, 1945; Henry Stimson, "The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb."
12. Anticolonialism, Nationalism, and Revolution in Africa, Asia, and Latin America
African Society and Identity Under Colonial Rule: James Aggrey, Parable of the Eagle; Kabaka Daudi Chwa, "Education, Civilization, and ''Foreignization'' in Buganda"; Charlotte Maxeke, Social Conditions Among Bantu Women and Girls. Political and Religious Currents in the Middle East: Mustafa Kemal, Speech to the Congress of the People''s Republican Party; The Muslim Brotherhood, Toward the Light. Anticolonialism in India and Southeast Asia: Mohandas Gandhi, Indian Home Rule; Nguyen Thai Hoc, Letter to the French Chamber of Deputies. Latin America in an Era of Economic Challenge and Political Change: Francisco Garcia Calderón, Latin America: Its Rise and Progress; Lázaro Cárdenas, Speech to the Nation. China in an Era of Political Disintegration and Revolution: Deng Yingchao, The Spirit of the May 4th Movement; Mao Zedong, Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan and Strategic Problems of China''s Revolutionary War.
13.The Global Community from the 1940s through the 1980s: The End of a European-Dominated World
From World War II to the Cold War: Nikolai Novikov, Telegram, September 27, 1946; National Security Council, "United States Objectives and Programs for National Security" (April, 1950). The End of Europe''s Empires: Debate in the House of Commons, March 1947; Patrice Lumumba, Independence Day Speech (June 30, 1960). New Forces in the International Economy: Mana Saeed al-Otaiba, The Arab Oil Weapon; Akio Morita, Made in Japan. New Nations and Their Challenges: C. Odumegwu Ojukwu, Speeches and Writings; Girilal Jain, Editorial on the Hindu State; World Bank, World Development Indicators, 1960 to 1990.
14. The Recent Past: The Mid 1980s to the Twenty-First Century
The Failure of Communism and the End of the Cold War: Deng Xiaoping, Speeches and Writings; Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika. Terrorism in a Global Age: Declaration of Jihad Against Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Mosques; Mohammed Atta, The Last Night. The Promise and Pains of Globalization: Ralph Nader, Free Trade and the Decline of Democracy; Gary Burtless, Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E. Litan, and Robert Shapiro, Globaphobia, Confronting Fears about Open Trade; World Bank, World Development Indicators, 2007.

What's New

  • The prologue--Primary Sources and How to Read Them--outlines a process for the reading and analysis of the sources in the text.

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Bundle: The Essential World History, Volume II, 6th + The Human Record: Sources of Global History, Volume II: Since 1500, 6th

ISBN-10: 1111290210 | ISBN-13: 9781111290214

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  • The Human Record: Sources of Global History, Volume II: Since 1500
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Meet the Author

Author Bio

Alfred J. Andrea

Alfred Andrea received his Ph.D. from Cornell University. He is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Vermont, where he taught from 1967 through 2001. His initial training concentrated on medieval European history, with an emphasis on Byzantine-Western relations and the Crusades. He has since published four books on the Crusades, as well as numerous articles on a variety of historical issues. For the past thirty years, his teaching, research, and writing have focused increasingly on world history before 1600, with a particular interest in cross-cultural contacts across the Silk Road. In 2002 he was Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence at the University of Louisville, and he served as president of the World History Association (WHA) in 2010-2012. In 2014, the WHA recognized him as a Pioneer of World History.

James H. Overfield

James H. Overfield, Professor Emeritus at the University of Vermont, received his BA from Dension University, his MA from the University of Chicago, and his PhD from Princeton University. During his career at Vermont he received the University’s outstanding teacher award, and served many years as Department of History Chair, in which capacity he was a strong advocate for the study and teaching of global history. His publications include Humanism and Scholasticism in Late Medieval Germany (Princeton University Press, 1984), as well as numerous articles on late medieval and early modern European thought. He served as editor for three volumes (1750-1914) of the ABC-CLIO World History Encyclopedia and is author of Sources of Global History since 1900 (Cengage: 2013).