Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy, 15th Edition

  • Joel Feinberg Late of University of Arizona
  • Russ Shafer-Landau University of Wisconsin
  • ISBN-10: 1133608477  |  ISBN-13: 9781133608479
  • 720 Pages
  • © 2014 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $119.50 
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About

Overview

This best-selling text has long been the standard by which other introductory philosophy anthologies are judged. REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY, fifteenth edition, provides a comprehensive anthology of high-quality primary readings, organized topically and drawn from historical and contemporary sources. The scope of the text's readings--89 in all--covers the central issues in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and ethics. Each section has been updated and expanded for this edition, including the section on the nature of knowledge, which now includes material on the value of knowledge. It also upholds the anthology's traditional emphasis on high-quality translations and full-length articles. Newly revised, concise introductions provide students with reading tips and background information that allow them to engage directly and meaningfully with the primary sources. With REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY you don't have to spend valuable time assembling material for your introductory philosophy class--this proven collection offers a comprehensive selection of essential, engaging readings that instructors have turned to for decades.


Features/Benefits

  • This edition upholds the anthology's high standards for selecting the most widely cited contemporary translations of works written in languages other than English.
  • Introductory section "The Nature and Value of Philosophy" now includes readings from Joel Feinberg -- a substantial logic primer, "A Logic Lesson" -- and Plato -- "Apology," designed to provide a classic statement of the importance of the nature and value of philosophy.
  • Specially commissioned articles by Richard Joyce (new to this edition), William Rowe, Wesley Salmon, John Perry, Robert Kane, and both editors, Joel Feinberg and Russ Shafer-Landau, are included. These readings, which address important topics in philosophy, were written with introductory students in mind.
  • The Premium Website for this text, accessed via www.cengagebrain.com and available for packaging with the text, includes online learning tools such as: comprehension questions for each reading, critical thinking questions for every selection, videos, reading guides, and access to Joel Feinberg's guide to writing philosophy papers "Doing Philosophy."

Table of Contents

Joel Feinberg (1926-2004): In Memoriam.
Preface.
The Nature and Value of Philosophy. Joel Feinberg: A Logic Lesson. Plato: "Apology." Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy.
PART I: REASON AND RELIGIOUS BELIEF.
1. The Existence and Nature of God.
Anselm of Canterbury: The Ontological Argument, from Proslogion. Gaunilo of Marmoutiers: On Behalf of the Fool. L. Rowe: The Ontological Argument. Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica. Samuel Clarke: A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument. William L. Rowe: The Cosmological Argument. William Paley: The Argument from Design. David Hume: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.
2. The Problem of Evil.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky: Rebellion. J. L. Mackie: Evil and Omnipotence. Peter van Inwagen: The Argument from Evil. John Hick The Soul-Making Defense. B. C. Johnson: God and the Problem of Evil.
3. Reason and Faith.
W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief. William James: The Will to Believe. Kelly James Clark: Without Evidence or Argument. Blaise Pascal: The Wager. Simon Blackburn: Miracles and Testimony.
PART II: HUMAN KNOWLEDGE: ITS GROUNDS AND LIMITS.
4. Skepticism.
John Pollock: A Brain in a Vat. Michael Huemer: Three Skeptical Arguments. Roderick M. Chisholm: The Problem of the Criterion.
5. The Nature and Value of Knowledge.
Plato: Knowledge as Justified True Belief. Edmund Gettier: Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? James Cornman, Keith Lehrer, and George Pappas: An Analysis of Knowledge. Gilbert Ryle: Knowing How and Knowing That. Plato: "Meno". Duncan Pritchard: The Value of Knowledge.
6. Our Knowledge of the External World.
Bertrand Russell: Appearance and Reality and the Existence of Matter. René Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy. John Locke: The Causal Theory of Perception. George Berkeley: Of the Principles of Human Knowledge. G. E. Moore: Proof of an External World.
7. The Methods of Science.
David Hume: An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Wesley C. Salmon: An Encounter with David Hume. Karl Popper: Science: Conjectures and Refutations. Philip Kitcher: Believing Where We Cannot Prove.
PART III: MIND AND ITS PLACE IN NATURE.
8. The Mind-Body Problem.
Brie Gertler: In Defense of Mind–Body Dualism. Frank Jackson: The Qualia Problem. Peter Carruthers: The Mind Is the Brain. Paul Churchland: Functionalism and Eliminative Materialism.
9. Can Non-Humans Think?
Alan Turing: Computing Machinery and Intelligence. John R. Searle: Minds, Brains, and Programs. William G. Lycan: Robots and Minds.
10. Personal Identity and the Survival of Death.
Ted Sider: Personal Identity. John Locke: The Prince and the Cobbler. Thomas Reid: Of Mr. Locke's Account of Our Personal Identity. David Hume: The Self. Derek Parfit: Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons. John Perry: A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality.
PART IV: DETERMINISM, FREE WILL, AND RESPONSIBILITY.
11. The Mysteries of Free Will.
Peter van Inwagen: Freedom of the Will.
12. Libertarianism: The Case for Free Will and Its Incompatibility with Determinism.
Roderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self. Robert Kane: Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes.
13. Hard Determinism: The Case for Determinism and its Incompatibility with Its Incompatibility with Any Important Sense of Free Will.
Paul Holbach: The Illusion of Free Will. Derk Pereboom: Why We Have No Free Will and Can Live Without It. (Modified in this edition)
14. Compatibilism: The Case for Determinism and Its Compatibility with the Most Important Sense of Free Will.
David Hume: Of Liberty and Necessity. A. J. Ayer: Freedom and Necessity.
15. Freedom and Moral Responsibility.
Galen Strawson: The Maze of Free Will. Harry Frankfurt: Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility. Thomas Nagel: Moral Luck. Susan Wolf: Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility.
PART V: MORALITY AND ITS CRITICS.
16. Changes to Morality.
Joel Feinberg: Psychological Egoism. Plato: The Immoralist's Challenge. Friedrich Nietzche: Master and Slave Morality. Richard Joyce: The Evolutionary Debunking of Morality.
17. Proposed Standards and Right of Conduct.
Russ Shafer-Landau: Ethical Subjectivism. Martha Nussbaum: Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation. Aristotle: Virtue and the Good Life. Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan. John Rawls: Justice as Fairness. Plato: Euthyphro. Immanuel Kant: The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative. J.S. Mill: Utilitarianism, Chapters 2 and 4. W. D. Ross: What Makes Right Acts Right? Hilde Lindemann: What Is Feminist Ethics?
18. Ethical Problems.
Plato: Crito. Peter Singer: The Singer Solution to World Poverty. John Harris: The Survival Lottery. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral.
19. The Meaning of Life.
Epicurus: Letter to Menoeceus. Aldous Huxley: Brave New World. Leo Tolstoy: My Confession. Erik Wielenber: The Meaning of Life without God. Thomas Nagel: The Absurd.

What's New

  • Introductory section "The Nature and Value of Philosophy" now includes readings from Joel Feinberg -- a substantial logic primer, "A Logic Lesson" -- and Plato -- "Apology," designed to provide a classic statement of the importance of the nature and value of philosophy.
  • Peter van Inwagen's "The Argument from Evil" is now included in Part I, "Reason and Religious Belief," as are new translations of Anselm and Gaunilo's classic exchange on the ontological argument. John Hick's "soul-making theodicy" is also new to Part I.
  • In Part II, "Human Knowledge: Its Grounds and Limits," the section on the nature or essence of knowledge has been expanded to include material on the value of knowledge. This newly expanded section, "The Nature and Value of Knowledge," includes Gilbert Ryle's "Knowing How and Knowing That," an excerpt from Plato's "Meno," and Duncan Pritchard's "The Value of Knowledge."
  • Part III, "Mind and its Place in Nature," now offers Ted Sider's "Personal Identity."
  • Part IV, "Determinism, Free Will, and Responsibility," now features Galen Strawson's "The Maze of Free Will," and a modified version of Derk Pereboom's "Why We Have No Free Will and Can Live Without It."
  • Part V, "Morality and its Critics," now includes a new selection specially commissioned for this book, Richard Joyce's "The Evolutionary Debunking of Morality; Plato's "Euthyphro;" Chapters 2 and 4 in full from John Stuart Mill's "Utilitarianism;" Peter Singer's "The Singer Solution to World Poverty; and Erik Wielenber's "The Meaning of Life without God."

Learning Resource Bundles

Learning Resource Bundles

Convenient, cost-effective bundles provide additional resources to boost student engagement. Contact your Learning Consultant for more information.


Bundle: Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy, 15th + Doing Philosophy, 5th
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Bundle: Text + Premium Web Site with eBook Printed Access Card
ISBN-10:  1285330706  | ISBN-13:  9781285330709
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This Bundle Includes:

  • Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy
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Printed Text + Premium Web Site with eBook Instant Access Code
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This Bundle Includes:

  • Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy
    List Price = $160.95  | CengageBrain Price = $160.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $119.50
  • Premium Web Site Instant Access Code
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Efficacy and Outcomes

Reviews

"It's a large book, with a nearly exhaustive list of the most important philosophical topics, represented by excellent selections, with helpful online material. It is the best philosophy textbook of its type."
— John Collins, East Carolina University
"REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY gives excellent coverage of both topics and canonical authors, and is thus an ideal text for any Intro. Phil. course that is topically organized but wishes to cover the historical bases, as well."
— James Barham, University of Notre Dame
"A broad anthology appropriate for an Introductory course in Philosophy and/or Ethics."
— Stephen Laumakis, University of St. Thomas
"Extremely thorough text with very carefully chosen texts, threaded together nicely."
— Christopher Trogan, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
"A topical introduction to philosophy, good resource for a strongly analytic, strongly epistemologically oriented intro class."
— Ruth Groenhout, Calvin College
"REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY has good selections from the history of philosophy and covers the question of God quite well."
— William Baird, Georgia State University

Supplements

Instructor Supplements

Instructor Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About the Solution" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition. For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Premium Web Site Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 1133610676 | ISBN-13: 9781133610670)

List Price = $40.00  | CengageBrain Price = $40.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $40.00


Student Supplements

Student Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About the Solution" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition. For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Premium Web Site Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 1133610676 | ISBN-13: 9781133610670)

List Price = $40.00  | CengageBrain Price = $40.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $40.00


Meet the Author

About the Author

Joel Feinberg

Joel Feinberg (Professor Emeritus, late of University of Arizona) was widely recognized as one of America's leading political and social philosophers. Acclaimed both for his ground-breaking scholarship and his exemplary teaching skills, Feinberg published widely on topics such as individual rights, legal theory, capital punishment, the treatment of the mentally ill, civil disobedience, and environmental ethics. Before joining the University of Arizona faculty, he taught at Brown, Princeton, and Rockefeller universities. Feinberg was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship in 1987–88 to work in Japan and served as chairman of the National Board of Officers in the American Philosophical Association in the mid-1980s. Some of the royalties from Reason and Responsibility have been used to establish the Regents Professor Joel Feinberg Dissertation Fellowship in Philosophy at the University of Arizona.

Russ Shafer-Landau

Russ Shafer-Landau received his Ph.D. from the University of Arizona and currently teaches at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he focuses on ethical theory and philosophy of the law. He is the author of THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ETHICS; MORAL REALISM; A DEFENCE; AND WHATEVER HAPPENED TO GOOD AND EVIL? He also serves as series editor for Oxford Studies in Metaethics.