Higher Education

Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy, 14th Edition

  • Joel Feinberg Late of University of Arizona
  • Russ Shafer-Landau University of Wisconsin
  • ISBN-10: 1439046948  |  ISBN-13: 9781439046944
  • 720 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2008, 2005, 2002
  • © 2011 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $152.25
  • Newer Edition Available
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About

Overview

This best-selling text has long been the standard by which other introductory philosophy anthologies are judged. The Fourteenth Edition of REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY carries on the book’s tradition of comprehensiveness and clarity with a proven selection of essential readings. REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY provides a comprehensive anthology of high-quality primary readings, organized topically and drawn from historical and contemporary sources. The scope of the text’s readings—88 in all—covers the central issues in metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and ethics. This new edition features more readings than ever before and new sections on the value of philosophy, the nature of knowledge, and the meaning of life. It also upholds the anthology’s traditional emphasis on high-quality translations and full-length articles. Newly revised, concise introductions provide students with reading tips and background information that allow them to engage directly with the primary sources. With REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY you don’t have to spend valuable time assembling material for your introductory philosophy class—this proven collection offers a comprehensive selection of essential, engaging readings that instructors have turned to for decades.

Features and Benefits

  • This new edition upholds the anthology's high standards for selecting the most widely cited contemporary translations of works written in languages other than English.
  • This edition contains more selections, both classical and contemporary works, than any previous edition. It includes new chapters on the value of philosophy, the nature of knowledge, the mysteries of free will, and the meaning of life, as well as new key selections from Plato, David Hume, Edmund Gettier, Peter van Inwagen, Judith Jarvis Thomson, Don Marquis, Martha Nussbaum, Peter Singer, Robert Merrihew Adams, Michael Huemer, William Lane Craig, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Hilde Lindemann.
  • Specially commissioned articles by William Rowe, Wesley Salmon, John Perry, Robert Kane, and both editors are included. These readings, written with introductory students in mind, appear exclusively in REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY.
  • The book includes a particularly robust collection of readings in applied ethics, and features a broad range of selections on topics such as abortion, famine relief, euthanasia, civil disobedience, and animal rights.

Table of Contents

JOEL FEINBERG (1926–2004): IN MEMORIAM.
Preface.
About Our Website.
THE NATURE AND VALUE OF PHILOSOPHY.
Plato, Euthyphro. Bertrand Russell, The Value of Philosophy.
Part I: REASON AND RELIGIOUS BELIEF.
1. THE EXISTENCE OF GOD.
Anselm of Canterbury, The Ontological Argument, from Proslogion. Gaunilo of Marmoutiers, On Behalf of the Fool. William L. Rowe, The Ontological Argument. Thomas Aquinas, The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica. Samuel Clarke, A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument. William L. Rowe, The Cosmological Argument. William Paley, The Argument from Design. David Hume, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, II–XI.
2. THE PROBLEM OF EVIL.
Fyodor Dostoevsky, Rebellion, from The Brothers Karamazov. J. L. Mackie, Evil and Omnipotence. Robert Merrihew Adams, Must God Create the Best? Richard Swinburne, Why God Allows Evil, from Is there a God? B. C. Johnson, God and the Problem of Evil.
3. REASON AND FAITH.
W. K. Clifford, The Ethics of Belief. William James, The Will to Believe. Kelly James Clark, Without Evidence or Argument. Blaise Pascal, The Wager. Simon Blackburn, Miracles and Testimony, from Think.
PART II: HUMAN KNOWLEDGE: ITS GROUNDS AND LIMITS.
4. SKEPTICISM.
John Pollock, A Brain in a Vat. Michael Huemer, Three Skeptical Arguments. Roderick M. Chisholm, The Problem of the Criterion.
5. THE NATURE OF KNOWLEDGE.
Plato, Knowledge as Justified True Belief, from Theaetetus. Edmund Gettier, Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? James Cornman, Keith Lehrer, and George Pappas, An Analysis of Knowledge.
6. OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD.
Bertrand Russell, Appearance and Reality and the Existence of Matter. René Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy. John Locke, The Causal Theory of Perception, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. George Berkeley, Of the Principles of Human Knowledge. Thomas Reid, Of the Existence of a Material World, from Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense. G. E. Moore, Proof of an External World.
7. THE METHODS OF SCIENCE.
David Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, II, IV–VII. Wesley C. Salmon, An Encounter with David Hume. Karl Popper, Conjectures and Refutations. Philip Kitcher, Believing Where We Cannot Prove, from Abusing Science.
PART III: MIND AND ITS PLACE IN NATURE.
8. THE MIND-BODY PROBLEM.
Brie Gertler, In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism. Frank Jackson, The Qualia Problem. Peter Carruthers, The Mind is the Brain, from Introducing Persons. Paul M. Churchland, Functionalism and Eliminative Materialism, from Matter and Consciousness.
9. CAN NONHUMANS THINK?
Alan Turing, Computing Machinery and Intelligence. John R. Searle, Minds, Brains, and Programs. William G. Lycan, Robots and Minds, from Consciousness. Peter Carruthers, Brute Experience. John R. Searle, Animal Minds.
10. PERSONAL IDENTITY AND THE SURVIVAL OF DEATH.
John Locke, The Prince and the Cobbler, from An Essay concerning Human Understanding. Thomas Reid, Of Mr. Locke’s Account of Identity, from Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man. David Hume, The Self, from A Treatise of Human Nature. Derek Parfit, Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons. Daniel Dennett, Where am I? from Brainstorms. John Perry, A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality.
PART IV: DETERMINISM, FREE WILL, AND RESPONSIBILITY.
11. THE MYSTERIES OF FREE WILL.
Peter van Inwagen, Freedom of the Will.
12. LIBERTARIANISM: THE CASE FOR FREE WILL AND ITS INCOMPATIBILITY WITH DETERMINISM.
Roderick M. Chisholm, Human Freedom and the Self. Robert Kane, Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes.
13. HARD DETERMINISM: THE CASE FOR DETERMINISM AND ITS INCOMPATIBILITY WITH ANY IMPORTANT SENSE OF FREE WILL.
Paul Holbach, The Illusion of Free Will, from System of Nature. Derk Pereboom, Why We Have No Free Will and Can Live Without It.
14. COMPATIBILISM: THE CASE FOR DETERMINISM AND ITS COMPATIBILITY WITH THE MOST IMPORTANT SENSE OF FREE WILL.
David Hume, Of Liberty and Necessity, from An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding. A. J. Ayer, Freedom and Necessity, from Philosophical Essays.
15. FREEDOM AND MORAL RESPONSIBILITY.
James Rachels, The Debate over Free Will. Harry Frankfurt, Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility. Thomas Nagel, Moral Luck. Susan Wolf, Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility.
PART V: MORALITY AND ITS CRITICS.
16. CHALLENGES TO MORALITY.
Joel Feinberg, Psychological Egoism. James Rachels, Ethical Egoism, from Elements of Moral Philosophy. Plato, The Immoralist’s Challenge, from Republic Book II. Friedrich Nietzsche, Master and Slave Morality, from Beyond Good and Evil.
17. PROPOSED STANDARDS OF RIGHT CONDUCT
Russ Shafer-Landau, Ethical Subjectivism. Martha Nussbaum, Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation. Aristotle, Virtue and the Good Life, from Nicomachean Ethics. Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, Part I, Chapters XIII–XV. John Rawls, Justice as Fairness, from A Theory of Justice. William Lane Craig and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, God and Objective Morality. Immanuel Kant, The Good Will and The Categorical Imperative, from Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism, chapters 1 and 2. W. D. Ross, What Makes Right Acts Right? from The Right and the Good. Hilde Lindemann, What is Feminist Ethics? from An Invitation to Feminist Ethics.
18. ETHICAL PROBLEMS
Plato, Crito. Peter Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality. John Harris, The Survival Lottery. James Rachels, Active and Passive Euthanasia. Peter Singer, Unsanctifying Human Life. Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion. Don Marquis, An Argument That Abortion is Wrong.
19. THE MEANING OF LIFE.
Epicurus, Letter to Menoeceus. Aldous Huxley, Brave New World. Leo Tolstoy, My Confession. Richard Taylor, The Meaning of Life. Thomas Nagel, The Absurd.
Glossary.

What's New

  • New introductory section "The Nature and Value of Philosophy," explores the significance and origins of the discipline, using selections from Plato's Euthyphro and Bertrand Russell's The Value of Philosophy.
  • New selections in Part I, "Reason and Religious Belief," explore the design argument for God's existence, and the problem of evil. New readings include Robert Merrihew Adams's Must God Create the Best?
  • Part II, "Human Knowledge: Its Grounds and Limits," is expanded to include a new section "The Nature of Knowledge," with readings from Plato’s Theaetetus, Edmund Gettier’s Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?, and James Cornman, Keith Lehrer, and George Pappas's An Analysis of Knowledge. The chapter on skepticism includes a new selection from Michael Huemer’s Three Skeptical Arguments.
  • Part IV, "Determinism, Free Will, and Responsibility," includes a new chapter "The Mysteries of Free Will" (featuring Peter van Inwagen's Freedom of the Will), as well as a revised chapter on compatibilism, with a new selection from Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding.
  • Part V, "Morality and Its Critics," is dramatically expanded: A new chapter, "The Meaning of Life," includes readings from Epicurus' Letter to Menoeceus, Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, Leo Tolstoy's My Confession, Richard Taylor's The Meaning of Life, and Thomas Nagel's The Absurd. The chapter, "Proposed Standards of Right Conduct," includes new work on feminist ethics by Hilde Lindemann, relativism by Martha Nussbaum, and theism by William Lane Craig and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong. The chapter, "Ethical Problems," now includes selections from classic readings by Judith Jarvis Thomson and Don Marquis, as well as Peter Singer's Unsanctifying Human Life.

Learning Resource Bundles

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Bundle: Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy, 14th + Doing Philosophy, 4th + Resource Center Printed Access Card

ISBN-10: 1111191212  | ISBN-13: 9781111191214

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  • Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy
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  • Doing Philosophy
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Bundle: Text + Resource Center Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  0538462337  | ISBN-13:  9780538462334

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This Bundle Includes:

  • Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy
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Bundle: Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy, 14th + Doing Philosophy, 4th

ISBN-10:  1111117098 | ISBN-13:  9781111117092

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  • Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy
    List Price = $202.95  | CengageBrain Price = $202.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $152.25
  • Doing Philosophy
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Efficacy and Outcomes

Reviews

"This is an outstanding collection of essays and this textbook is a very good instance of its kind. There are other books similar to it on the market, but this is a very good one." — Dr. Matthew Talbert, West Virginia University

— Dr. Matthew Talbert

"The market for introduction to philosophy textbooks is crowded, but Reason and Responsibility strikes me as a high-quality textbook that competes well with the Perry/Bratman/Fischer reader." — Dr. Christopher Hom, Texas Tech University

— Dr. Christopher Hom

Supplements

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Instructor Supplements

Premium Website Printed Access Card  (ISBN-10: 0538792035 | ISBN-13: 9780538792035)

The Resource Center for REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY, Fourteenth Edition contains content specific to the text as well as additional resources for students in introduction to philosophy courses. The site will house quizzing, thought experiments, chapter reviews, note-taking guides, weblinks and movie lists for each chapter in the text. Discipline content will include guides to studying philosophy and researching and writing philosophy papers, biographies of major philosophers and excerpts from their most important works. Interactive activities including timelines, visual representations of fields of philosophy and regular updates of philosophy related news will also be available. Access to the Resource Center also includes access to an ebook version of DOING PHILOSOPHY by Joel Feinberg.

List Price = $51.00  | CengageBrain Price = $51.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $38.25

Student Supplements

Premium Website Printed Access Card  (ISBN-10: 0538792035 | ISBN-13: 9780538792035)

The Resource Center for REASON AND RESPONSIBILITY: READINGS IN SOME BASIC PROBLEMS OF PHILOSOPHY, Fourteenth Edition will contain content specific to the text as well as additional resources for an introduction to philosophy course. The site will house quizzing, thought experiments, chapter reviews, note-taking guides, weblinks and movie lists for each chapter in the text. Discipline content will include guides to studying philosophy and researching and writing philosophy papers, biographies of major philosophers and excerpts from their most important works. A number of interactive activities including timelines, visual representations of fields of philosophy and regular updates of philosophy related news will also be available.Access to the Resource Center also includes access to an ebook version of DOING PHILOSOPHY by Joel Feinberg.

List Price = $51.00  | CengageBrain Price = $51.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $38.25

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Joel Feinberg

Joel Feinberg (Professor Emeritus, late of University of Arizona) was widely recognized as one of America's leading political and social philosophers. Acclaimed both for his ground-breaking scholarship and his exemplary teaching skills, Feinberg published widely on topics such as individual rights, legal theory, capital punishment, the treatment of the mentally ill, civil disobedience, and environmental ethics. Before joining the University of Arizona faculty, he taught at Brown, Princeton, and Rockefeller universities. Feinberg was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship in 1987–88 to work in Japan and served as chairman of the National Board of Officers in the American Philosophical Association in the mid-1980s. Some of the royalties from Reason and Responsibility have been used to establish the Regents Professor Joel Feinberg Dissertation Fellowship in Philosophy at the University of Arizona.

Russ Shafer-Landau

Russ Shafer-Landau received his Ph.D. from the University of Arizona and currently teaches at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he focuses on ethical theory and philosophy of the law. He is the author of THE FUNDAMENTALS OF ETHICS; MORAL REALISM; A DEFENCE; AND WHATEVER HAPPENED TO GOOD AND EVIL? He also serves as series editor for Oxford Studies in Metaethics.