Higher Education

Major Problems in the Civil War and Reconstruction, 2nd Edition

  • Michael Perman University of Illinois, Chicago
  • Thomas G. Paterson University of Connecticut
  • ISBN-10: 0395868491  |  ISBN-13: 9780395868492
  • 480 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 1991
  • © 1998 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $122.00
  • Newer Edition Available



This best-selling title, designed to be either the primary anthology or textbook for the course, covers the Civil War's entire chronological span with a series of documents and essays.

Table of Contents

1. The North and South Compared
Lydia Maria Child Describes How Slavery Harms the South, 1833
Frederick Law Olmsted Observes Southern Lassitude, 1854
Hinton Rowan Helper Decries Southern Economic Backwardness, 1857
Frederick Law Olmsted Criticizes the South''s Lack of Material Progress, 1861
James Henry Hammond Claims Southern Cultural Superiority, 1845
George Fitzhugh Praises Southern Society, 1854
J.D.B. DeBow Explains Why Non-Slaveholders Should Support Slavery, 1860
Edward Pessen, The Similarities Between the Antebellum North and South
James M. McPherson, The Differences Between the Antebellum North and South
2. Sectional Politics in the 1850s
Independent Democrats Protest the Kansas-Nebraska Act, January 1854
Senator Stephen Douglas Explains the Objectives of His Bill, February 1854
Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts Ridicules the Southern Gentry, May 1856
Congressman John S. Bocock of Virginia Defends Preston Brooks, July 1856
Senator William Henry Seward of New York Warns of an Irrepressible Conflict, October 1858
Senator Albert G. Brown of Mississippi Renounces the Protection of the Union, December 1859
William E. Gienapp, The Caning of Charles Sumner and the Rise of the Republican Party
Don E. Fehrenbacher, Kansas, Republicanism, and the Crisis of the Union
3. The Secession Crisis
President-Elect Lincoln Explains What Is at Stake, December 1860
Congressman John A. Gilmer of North Carolina Urges Delay and Conciliation, March 1861
Secretary of State Seward Advises Restraint, March 1861
Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia Advises Against Secession, November 1860
Senator Robert Toombs of Georgia Defends His Own and His State''s Honor, November 1860
The Raleigh North Carolina Standard Weighs Honor and Secession, December 1860
Kenneth M. Stampp, Lincoln and the Secession Crisis
Bertram Wyatt-Brown, Honor and Secession
4. Fighting the War: The Generals
General McClellan Gives a Lesson in Grand Strategy, July 1862
General Robert E. Lee Takes the Offensive, September 1862
General Edward Porter Alexander, C.S.A., Assesses Lee and McClellan at Antietam, September 1862
General Alexander Later Criticizes the Confederacy''s Conduct of the War, c. 1900
General Henry W. Halleck, U.S.A., Acknowledges that the War Has Changed Course, March 1863
The Union Army Redefines the Rules of War: Liebers Code, May 1863
General William T. Sherman Explains How the War Has Changed, September 1864
General Ulysses S. Grant Reports His Assignment Accomplished, July 1865
Gary W. Gallacher, The Maryland Campaign in Perspective
Mark Grimsley, Gestures of Mercy, Pillars of Fire
5. Fighting the War: The Soldiers
Eugene Blackford, C.S.A., Describes His First Experience with Combat, July 1861
John Dooley, C.S.A., Acknowledges the Persistence of Fear, (Undated)
Charles Harvey Brewster, U.S.A., Assesses the Contribution of His Family and Community to the War, July 1862
Robert Gould Shaw, U.S.A., Describes His Reaction to Antietam and to Possible Emancipation, September 1862
Wilbur Fisk, U.S.A., Discusses Morale Among the Soldiers, April 1863
Tally Simpson, C.S.A., Reports on the Aftermath of Gettysburg, July 1863
Walt Whitman Speculates that The Real War Will Never Get in the Books, 1882-1883
David W. Blight, A Union Soldier''s Experience
Reid Mitchell, From Volunteer to Soldier: The Psychology of Service
6. Abraham Lincoln as Political and Military Leader
Lincoln Explains His Paramount Object of Saving the Union, August 1862
Salmon P. Chase Reports Lincoln''s Decision on Emancipation, September 1862
Lincoln Proclaims the Meaning of the Conflict: The Gettysburg Address, November 1863
Lincoln Recounts How He Proceeded Toward Emancipation, April 1864
Lincoln Reveals an Early Grasp of Military Strategy, January 1862
Lincoln Advises Against Engaging Lee''s Army After Gettysburg, September 1863
Wendell Phillips Criticizes Lincoln''s War Policy, August 1862
Congressman Clement L. Valladigham Condemns the Northern War Effort, January 1863
Phillip Shaw Paludan, Emancipating the Republic: Lincoln and the Means and Ends of Antislavery
James M. McPherson, Tried by War: Lincoln As Self-Taught Strategist
7. The Northern Home Front
Henry W. Bellows Explains the Work and Goals of the Sanitary Commission, January 1864
President Lincoln Addresses the Philadelphia Central Fair, June 1864
Mary Livermore Recounts How She Organized the Northwestern Sanitary Fair in 1864, 1889
Martin Ryerson Reports How Workers Are Reacting to the Draft, July 1863
Trade Union Members Call for an International Industrial Assembly of North America, August 1864
Cincinnati Sewing Women Protest Their Wartime Wages, February 1865
J. Matthew Gallman, Voluntarism in Wartime: Philadelphia''s Great Central Fair
Phillip Shaw Paludan, Industrial Workers and the Costs of War
8. The Southern Home Front
President Davis Explains the Confederate Cause, December 1862
Governor Joseph E. Brown of Georgia Denounces Confederate Policy, September 1862
Plain Folk Protest the Burden of the War, February 1863
Vice-President Stephens Recommends an Alternative Confederate Strategy, January 1864
The North Carolina Legislature Protests the Confederate Draft and Martial Law, May 1864
The Raleigh Standard Urges North Carolina Voters to Endorse a Negotiated Peace, July 1864
Congressman Warren Aiken of Georgia Contemplates the Fate of Slavery, October 1864
Marc W. Kruman, Dissent in the Confederacy: The North Carolina Experience
J. William Harris, Strains of War
9. Women in Wartime
Hannah Ropes Expresses the Frustration of a Union Nurse, October 1862
Kate Cumming Criticizes Southern Women, September 1863
Phoebe Pember Commends Southern Women, (Undated)
Susie King Taylor Describes Her Role in Union Army Camps, 1864
Mary Livermore Explains the Role of Women in the Union War Effort, 1889
Gertrude Thomas Finds Confederate Prospects Gloomy, November 1864
Catherine Edmondston of North Carolina Discusses Matters Public and Domestic, January 1865
Cornelia Peake McDonald Comments on Class and Conscription, March 1865
Elizabeth D. Leonard, Civil War Nurse, Civil War Nursing: Rebecca Usher of Maine
Drew Gilpin Faust, Patriotism, Sacrifice, and Self-Interest
10. Emancipation
General Benjamin F. Butler Discovers the "Contrabands," July 1861
The Freedmen''s Inquiry Commission Considers Policy Toward the Ex-Slaves, June 1863
President Lincoln Defends Emancipation, August 1863
The U.S. Adjutant General Describes the Condition of Fleeing Slaves, August 1863
Joseph Miller, U.S.A., Protests the Mistreatment of His Family by the U.S. Army, November 1864
James H. Payne, U.S.A., Complains of Racial Discrimination on the Battlefield, August 1864
Frederick Douglass States the Freedmen''s Demands, April 1865
Gertrude Thomas Is Upset That Her Slaves Are Leaving, May 1865
Ira Berlin, Who Freed the Slaves? Emancipation and Its Meaning
Joseph T. Glatthaar, Black Glory: The African-American Role in Union Victory
11. Congress''s Terms for the Defeated South
Richard H. Dana, Jr., Presents His "Grasp of War" Theory, June 1865
Senator Lyman Trumbull of Illinois Explains His Civil Rights Bill, January and April 1866
Representative Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania States His Terms, January 1867
Representative George W. Julian of Indiana Outlines the Scope of Reconstruction, January 1867
Senator John Sherman of Ohio Urges Caution and Moderation, February 1867
Congress''s Terms for Readmission and Reconstruction, June 1866 and March 1867
Albion Tourgee, a North Carolina Republican, Later Condemns Congress''s Reconstruction Policy, 1879
Michael Les Benedict, The Conservative Basis of Radical Reconstruction
Eric Foner, Thaddeus Stevens, Confiscation, and Reconstruction
12. Political and Economic Change in the Reconstruction South
South Carolina African-Americans Present Their Demands, November 1865
Mattie Curtis Remembers Her Struggle After Emancipation, (Undated)
Henry Adams, an African-American, Reports on Women and Fieldwork, 1867
Richard H. Cain of South Carolina Stresses the Importance of Land, February 1868
Edward King Describes the Postwar Plantation System in the Natchez District, 1875
Albert T. Morgan of Mississippi Recalls His Achievements as Sheriff, 1884
Eric Foner, Black Reconstruction Leaders at the Grass Roots
Jacqueline Jones, The Political Economy of the Black Family During Reconstruction
Harold D. Woodman, The Reconstruction of the Cotton Plantation in the New South
13. Southern Republicans and the Problems of Reconstruction
Former Governor James L. Orr Defends South Carolina''s Republican Government, June 1871
Representative L. Q. C. Lamar of Mississippi Assails Reconstruction, June 1874
Governor William P. Kellogg of Louisiana Demands Punishment for the Coushatta Assassins, September 1874
Representative Alexander White of Alabama Defends "Carpetbaggers," February 1875
Charles Nordhoff Censures Mississippi Politicians, 1875
Governor Adelbert Ames Deplores the Violence in Mississippi, September 1875
Lawrence N. Powell, Carpetbaggers and the Problems of Republican Rule in the South
Michael Perman, Reconstruction Under Attack
14. The Northern Retreat from Reconstruction
Senator Charles Sumner Can No Longer Support President Grant, August 1871
Senator Carl Schurz of Missouri Condemns Reconstruction, January 1872
James Shepherd Pike Offers a Liberal Republican View of Reconstruction, 1873
Speaker James G. Blaine Points Out the Results of the Republicans'' Generous Amnesty Policy, January 1876
Rutherford B. Hayes Describes His Southern Policy for the 1876 Presidential Campaign, July 1876
President Grant Disclaims Responsibility for Reconstruction in South Carolina, July 1876
Richard H. Abbott, Reconstruction Winds Down: The Grant Years, 1869-1877
Michael Les Benedict, Reform Republicans and the Retreat from Reconstruction
15. The Impact and Significance of the Sectional Conflict
James M. McPherson, The Second American Revolution
Carl N. Degler, One Among Many: The Civil War and National Unification
Steven Hahn, Class and State in Postemancipation Societies

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Michael Perman

Michael Perman is Professor of History and Research Professor in the Humanities at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He received his B.A. from Oxford University and Ph.D. from the University of Chicago, where his dissertation adviser was the late John Hope Franklin. He has published three books on the late nineteenth century South: REUNION WITHOUT COMPROMISE: THE SOUTH AND RECONSTRUCTION, 1865-1868 (1973); THE ROAD TO REDEMPTION: SOUTHERN POLITICS, 1869-1879 (1984), which won three book prizes; and STRUGGLE FOR MASTERY: DISFRANCHISEMENT IN THE SOUTH, 1888-1908 (2001). He has also written EMANCIPATION AND RECONSTRUCTION (2003) and, more recently, PURSUIT OF UNITY: A POLITICAL HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN SOUTH (2010). Perman was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1979-80 and was appointed the John Adams Distinguished Professor of American History at Utrecht University in the Netherlands in 2002-2003. In 2007, he gave the 69th Series of the Fleming Lectures in Southern History, soon to be published by Louisiana State University Press.

Thomas G. Paterson

Thomas G. Paterson, professor emeritus of history at the University of Connecticut, graduated from the University of New Hampshire (B.A., 1963) and the University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1968). He is the author of Soviet-American Confrontation (1973), Meeting the Communist Threat (1988), On Every Front (1992), Contesting Castro (1994), America Ascendant (with J. Garry Clifford, 1995), and A People and a Nation (with Mary Beth Norton et al., 2001). Tom is also the editor of Cold War Critics (1971), Kennedy's Quest for Victory (1989), Imperial Surge (with Stephen G. Rabe, 1992), The Origins of the Cold War (with Robert McMahon, 1999), Explaining the History of American Foreign Relations (with Michael J. Hogan, 2004), and Major Problems in American Foreign Relations (with Dennis Merrill, 2010). With Bruce Jentleson, he served as senior editor for the Encyclopedia of American Foreign Relations (1997). A microfilm edition of The United States and Castro's Cuba, 1950s-1970s: The Paterson Collection appeared in 1999. He has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of American History and Diplomatic History. A recipient of a Guggenheim fellowship, he has directed National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminars for College Teachers. In 2000 the New England History Teachers Association recognized his excellence in teaching and mentoring with the Kidger Award. Besides visits to many American campuses, Tom has lectured in Canada, China, Colombia, Cuba, New Zealand, Puerto Rico, Russia, and Venezuela. He is a past president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, which in 2008 honored him with the Laura and Norman Graebner Award for "lifetime achievement" in scholarship, service, and teaching. A native of Oregon, Tom is now informally associated with Southern Oregon University.