Higher Education

Ethical Theory and Moral Problems, 1st Edition

  • Howard J. Curzer Texas Tech University
  • ISBN-10: 0534529747  |  ISBN-13: 9780534529741
  • 640 Pages
  • © 1999 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $138.75



This text links ethics to actual moral issues giving equal coverage to theory and issues. Through introductions and discussion and essay questions, it demonstrates how ethical theory is relevant to students.

Table of Contents

I. Morality and Knowledge: Relativism and Realism.
1. Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Ethical Relativism. 2. Paul Taylor: Ethical Relativism. 3. Martha Nussbaum: Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach. 4. J.L. Mackie: The Subjectivity of Values. 5. David Brink: Moral Realism and the Arguments from Disagreement and Queerness. Questions.
II. Morality and Happiness: Egoism and Common Sense.
6. James Rachels: Psychological Egoism. 7. Friedrich Nietzsche: Critique of Traditional Morality. 8. Ayn Rand: The Virtue of Selfishness. Questions.
III. Morality and Religion: The Bible and Divine Command Theory.
9. Moses: The Ten Commandments and the Holiness Code. 10. Gunther Plaut: The Ten Commandment and the Holiness Code: A Modern Commentary. 11. Jesus: Sermon on the Mount. 12. Frank Stagg: The Sermon on the Mount. 13. John Arthur: Religion, Morality, and Conscience. 14. Robert Merrihew Adams: A Modified Divine Command Theory of Ethical Wrongness. Questions.
IV. Utilitarianism: Mill.
15. John Hospers: Rule-Utilitarianism. 16. Fred Berger: Mill''s Theory of Justice. 17. Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism. Questions.
V. Deontology: Kant.
18. Fred Feldman: Kant''s Ethical Theory: Exposition and Critique. 19. Thomas Hill: Humanity as an End in Itself. 20. Onora O''Neill: Consistency in Action. Questions.
VI. Virtue Ethics: Aristotle.
21. Rosalind Hursthouse: Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics. 22. J.O. Urmson: Excellence of Character. 23. David K. O''Connor: Aristotlelian Justice as a Personal Virtue. Questions.
VII. Ethics Of Care: Gilligan and Noddings.
24. Carol Gilligan: Women, Relationships, and Caring. 25. Nel Noddings: An Ethic of Caring. 26. Lawrence A. Blum: Gilligan and Kohlberg: Implications for Moral Theory. 27. Victoria Davion: Autonomy, Integrity, and Care. 28. Howard Curzer: Is Care a Virtue for Heath Care Professionals? Questions.
VIII. Economic Justice: Aristotle, Nozick, Mill, and Rawls.
29. Joel Feinberg: Economic Income and Social Justice. 30. Robert Nozick: Distributive Justice. 31. John Rawls: A Theory of Justice. Questions.
IX. Pornography and Sexual Harassment.
32. John Stuart Mill: The Harm Principle. 33. Joel Feinberg: The Harm Principle. 34. Ann Garry: Pornography and Respect for Women. 35. Ronald Dworkin: Liberty and Pornography. 36. Catherine MacKinnon: Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech. 37. Ellen Frankel Paul: Exaggerating the Extent of Sexual Harassment. 38. Catherine MacKinnon: Sex and Violence. Questions.
X. Abortion.
39. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. 40. Jane English: Abortion and the Concept of a Person. 41. Donald Marquis: Why Abortion is Immoral. 42. Rosalind Hursthouse: Virtue Theory and Abortion. 43. Celia Wolf-Devine: Abortion and the ''Feminine Voice.'' 44. Susan Sherwin: Abortion: A Feminine Perspective. Questions.
XI. Sexual Matters: Exploitation, Perversion, and Prostitution.
45. Thomas Nagel: Sexual Perversion. 46. Richard D. Mohr: Gay Basics. 47. Daniel O. Nathan, Just Looking: Voyeurism and the Grounds of Privacy. 48. Onora O''Neill: Between Consenting Adults. 49. Richard Wasserstrom: Is Adultry Immoral? 50. Debra Satz: Markets in Women''s Sexual Labor. 51. Igor Primoratz, What''s Wrong with Prostitution? Questions.
XIII. Affirmative Action.
52. Louis P. Pojman: The Moral Status of Affirmative Action. 53. Richard A. Wasserstrom: One Way to Understand and Defend Programs of Preferential Treatment. 54. Mary Anne Warren: Secondary Sexism and Quota Hiring. 55. James Rachels: What People Deserve. Questions.
XIV. Poverty and Marriage.
56. Trudy Govier: The Right to Eat and the Duty to Work. 57. Ronald Dworkin: Liberalism. 58. Onora O''Neill: Justice, Gender, and International Boundaries. 59. Martha Nussbaum: Commentary on Onora O''Neill''s "Justice, Gender, and International Boundaries". 60. Susan Moller Okin: Justice, Gender, and the Family. Questions.
XV. Euthanasia, Suicide, and Futility.
61. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia. 62. Thomas D. Sullivan: Active and Passive Euthanasia: An Impertinent Distinction? 63. Alan J. Weisbard and Mark Siegler: On Killing Patients with Kindness: An Appeal for Caution. 64. Dan W. Brock: Active Voluntary Euthanasia. 65. Daniel Callahan: When Self-Determination Runs Amok. 66. Thomas E. Hill: Self-Regarding Suicide: A Modified Kantian View. 67. Anne C. Epstein: Should Cancer Patients Be Dialyzed? 68. Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Nancy S. Jecker, and Albert R. Jonsen: Medical Futility: Its Meaning and Ethical Implications. Questions.