1. COMMUNICATING IS LANGUAGE AT WORK.
Tips on Becoming an Active Reader. Toni Morrison, Writers Together (annotated). Responding to Readings: Constructing Paragraphs and Essays. Generating Ideas and Establishing a Focus. Peter Elbow, Freewriting. Structuring Essays. Point of View: Position of Authority. Appropriate Use of Point of View. Lead-ins and Concluding Sentences. Transitions. Revising and Editing. Joanne Jaime, Marriage: The Changing Institution. Internet Connection: Joanne Jaime, Modern Marriages. Special Writing Activities: The Individual and Group Response. Journals, Reading/Writing Logs, and Thesis Notebooks. Response and Summary. Group Activities and Collaborative Writing. Summation. Pat Mora, Why I Am a Writer. Ray Bradbury, The Joy of Writing. Amy Tan, My Mother''s English.
Common Elements of Narration. Creating Chronological Order. Developing Character. Establishing Mood and Tone. Tips on Writing Narrative Essays. Maxine Hong Kingston, Ghosts. Black Elk, The Offering of the Pipe as told to John G. Neihardt (Flaming Rainbow). Alice Walker, Journey to Nine Miles. Internet Connection: Alice Walker, Pilgrimages. Nguyen Ngoc Ngan, Saigon, April 1975. Alma Luz Villanueva, Leaps of Faith. Arthur C. Clarke, The Star. Internet Connection: Arthur C. Clarke, Crisis of Faith/Science. Additional Topics and Issues for Narrative Essays.
Details: Appealing to the Five Senses. Figurative Language: Appealing to the Imagination. Dialogue: Revealing Characters Through Speech. Actions: Describing People by What They Do. Tips on Writing Descriptive Essays. Langston Hughes, Salvation. Internet Connection: Langston Hughes,Testimonies/Beliefs. Maya Angelou, Champion of the World from I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. Internet Connection: Maya Angelou, Colloquialisms, Jargon, Slang. Katherine Barrett, Old Before Her Time. Internet Connection: Katherine Barrett, Role-Playing. N. Scott Momaday, from The Way to Rainy Mountain. Barbara Graham, Confessions of a Quit Addict. John Steinbeck, The Snake. Additional Topics and Issues for Descriptive Essays.
4. ILLUSTRATION AND EXAMPLE.
Developing Your Thesis. Creating Vivid Examples. Tips on Writing Illustration and Example Essays. Leslie Bow, Now That''s Reality TV. Nikki Giovanni, My Own Style. Philip K. Chiu, The Myth of the Model Minority. Internet Connection: Philip Chiu, Model Minorities. Ann Scheid, Where Have All the Flowers Gone: Is the Human Race Its Own Worst Enemy? Internet Connection: Ann Scheid, Ecology. Russell C. Leong, Notes from a Son to His Father. Stephanie Ericsson, The Ways We Lie. Additional Topics and Issues for Illustration and Example Essays.
Definition by Example. Definition by History. Definition by Comparison or Contrast. Definition by Negation. Tips on Writing Definition Essays. Isaac Asimov, What Is Intelligence, Anyway? Jo Goodwin Parker, What Is Poverty? Internet Connection: Jo Goodwin Parker, Poverty in the United States. Guillermo Gómez-Peña, Documented / Undocumented. Richard Rodriguez, Does America Still Exist? Sravani Banerjee, Pizza, Pakora, and Pancit—The Importance of Global Education. Lee Herrick, What Is This Thing Called Family? Internet Connection: Lee Herrick, Adoption/Family. Additional Topics and Issues for Definition Essays.
6. PROCESS ANALYSIS.
[Chapter not yet received from author.Unable to add Internet Connections.] Directive Process Papers: How to Do Something. Informative Process Papers: How Something Is/Was Done. Tips on Writing Process Analysis Essays. Kathleen Hudson, Interviews: Stories That Make a Difference. Joyce M. Jarrett, Freedom. Heidi Ramirez, Community Re-discovered. Malcolm X, A Homemade Education from The Autobiography of Malcolm X. Luis M. Valdez, Perspectives on "Borders". Christine Ng, Bringing Out the Flirt in You. Additional Topics and Issues for Process Analysis Essays.
7. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST.
Developing Essays Using Comparison and Contrast. Irony and Voice. Tips on Writing Comparison and Contrast Essays. Barbara Ehrenreich, Liposuction: The Key to Energy Independence. Andrew Lam, They Shut My Grandmother''s Room Door. E.B. White, Education. Suzanne Britt,That Lean and Hungry Look. Internet Connection: Suzanne Britt, Irony Cobie Kwasi Harris, River of Memory: The Ebb and Flow of Black Consciousness Across the Americas. Ursula Le Guin, American SF and The Other. Internet Connection: Ursula LeGuin, Sexism. Additional Topics and Issues for Comparison and Contrast Essays.
8. DIVISION AND CLASSIFICATION.
Tips on Writing Division and Classification Essays. Martin Luther King, Jr., The Ways of Meeting Oppression. Internet Connection: Martin Luther King, Jr., Passive Resistance. Constance García-Barrio, Creatures That Haunt the Americas. Internet Connection: Constance García-Barrio, Urban Myths. Robertson Davies, A Few Kind Words for Superstition. Internet Connection: Mathew Shulman, The Science of Aphrodisiacs. Bill Swanson, How Films Feed the Mind or When I''m Hungry, I Don''''t Want to Eat Candy. David Bodanis, What''s in Your Toothpaste? Internet Connection: David Bodanis, Consumer Products. Additional Topics and Issues for Division and Classification Essays.
9. CAUSE AND EFFECT.
Structuring Cause-and-Effect Essays. Cause-and-Effect Fallacies. Tips on Writing Cause-and-Effect Essays. Megan McGuire, Growing Up with Two Moms. Internet Connection: Megan McGuire, Alternative Lifestyles and Family. Karen Ray, The Naked Face. Internet Connection: Karen Ray, Cosmetics and Makeovers. Phillip Persky, Guilt Carlos Bulosan, Labor and Capital: The Coming Catastrophe. Rose Anna Higashi, Eating with Immigrants. Anastasia Toufexis, The Right Chemistry. Additional Topics and Issues for Cause-and-Effect Essays.
10. COMBINED STRATEGIES.
Tips on Writing Expository Essays. Frank La Peña, Sharing Tradition. Cynthia Lopez, Curanderismo: A Healing Art. Internet Connection: Cynthia Lopez, Holistic/Folk Medicine. Neil Young, The CD and the Damage Done. Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James. D. Houston, Arrival at Manzanar. Reginald Lockett, How I Started Writing Poetry. Louise Erdrich, American Horse. Additional Topics and Issues for Expository Essays.
11. ARGUMENTATION: THE LOGICAL APPEAL.
[Unable to place Internet Connections as chapter has not been received from author] Inductive Logic. Deduction. Types of Argumentation. Clearly Stated Thesis. Avoiding Fallacies. Additional Topics and Issues for Argumentative Essays. Tips on Writing Argumentative Essays. Grace Sumabat Mateo, The Anima of Anime Revisited. Amiri Baraka, Soul Food.. Paula Gunn Allen, Who Is Your Mother? Red Roots of White Feminism. Douglas Laycock, Peyote, Wine, and the First Amendment. Anna Quindlen, The Same People. Mark Charles Fissel, On-line Learning and Student Success. Additional Topics and Issues for Argumentative Essays.
12. PERSUASION: THE EMOTIONAL APPEAL.
Organizing Persuasive Compositions. Tips on Writing Persuasive Essays. Gore Vidal, Drugs. Phyllis McGinley, Women Are Better Drivers. Dave Barry, Men and Their Technological Toys. . Tammerlin Drummond, Never Too Old. Alice Park, Can Science Tell a Gymnast''s Age? . Bruce Henderson, Why Are We In Iraq?. Additional Topics and Issues for Writing Persuasive Essays.
Appendix: MLA Documentation
Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Terms.
Index: Authors and Titles.