Part I: THE ANCIENT WORLD.
1. The First Civilizations.
Mesopotamia: The Epic of Gilgamesh; The Judgments of Hammurabi. Egypt: The Satire on the Trades; Tale of the Eloquent Peasant. Bronze Age Societies: The Priest-King and the Hagia Triada Sarcophagus; Indus, Mesopotamian, and Cretan Seals. China: The Book of Documents; The Book of Songs.
Multiple Voices I: Art in the Service of the Monarchs of the Nile: Kneeling Figure of Queen Hatshepsut; A Relief of the Family of Akhenaten; Seti I and the Goddess Hathor; Temple Relief, Isis, Seti I, and Horus; Kushite King and Apedemak Horus.
2. Newcomers: From Nomads to Settlers.
The Indo-Europeans: The Rig Veda; Homer, The Odyssey; The Thera Kouros and the Peplos Kore. The Israelites and Their Neighbors: The Book of Genesis; The Book of Deuteronomy.
3. Transcendental Reality: Developing the Spiritual Traditions of India and Southwest Asia: 800-200 B.C.E.
The Emergence of Brahminical Hinduism: The Upanishads; The Bhagavad-Gita. The Teachings of the Buddha: The Buddha, Setting in Motion the Wheel of the Law; The Buddha, Questions That Tend Not to Edification. Persians, Israelites, and Their Gods: Zarathustra, Gathas; The Book of Isaiah.
4. The Secular Made Sacred: Developing the Humanistic Traditions of China and Hellas: 600-200 B.C.E.
China: Laozi, The Classic of the Way and Virtue; Confucius, The Analects; Sima Qian, Records of the Grand Historian. Hellenic Civilization: Herodotus, Histories, and the Golden Comb with Battle Scene; Euripedes, The Bacchae; Plato, Phaedo; Four Hellenic Works of Art.
Multiple Voices II: The Healing Arts in China, India, and Greece: The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine, Great Treatise on the Harmony of the Atmosphere of the Four Seasons with the Human Spirit; Compendium of Caraka; Testimonials At Epidauros; Hippocrates, On the Sacred Disease; The Clinic Painter’s Aryballos.
5. Regional Empires and Afro-Eurasian Interchange: 300 B.C.E. - 500 C.E.
Han China: Huan Kuan, Discourses on Salt and Iron; Ban Zhao, Lessons for Women. Central Asia in the Age of Empires: Woman Standing on a Makara; A Bactrian Ewer in Northern China. India in the Age of Empires: Asoka, Rock and Pillar Edicts; Faxian, Travels. The Greco-Roman World: Four Hellenistic Works of Art; Caesar Augustus, The Accomplishments of the Deified Augustus; Caesar Augustus as Pontifex Maximus and a Cameo Portrait.
Multiple Voices III: Sea Routes and Silk Roads: Pliny the Elder, Natural History; Chronicle of the Western Regions; A Miran Mural and a Romano-Coptic Funerary Effigy of a Woman; Four Images of the Buddha; Faxian, Travels.
Part II: FAITH, DEVOTION, AND SALVATION: GREAT WORLD RELIGIONS TO 1500.
6. Universal Religions of Salvation in an Uncertain World: 1–600 C.E.
Bhakti: Two Images of Shiva. Mahayana Buddhism: Tales of Guanshiyin; Four Images of Guanyin. Two Different Religious Visions: Lucius Apuleius, Metamorphoses; The Babylonian Talmud. Christianity: The Gospel of Saint Matthew; Saint Paul, Epistle to the Romans. Conquering the World for Christ: The Good Shepherd and Christ Militant; Rufinus of Aquileia, Church History; Bishop Adam, The Christian Monument.
Multiple Voices IV: One Christianity or Many Christianities?: The Gospel of Thomas; Irenaeus, Against Heresies; Homilies of Clement; Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History; The Creed of Nicaea.
7. Islam: Universal Submission to God.
The Foundations of Islamic Life: The Quran; Abu Abdullah ibn Ismail al-Bukhari, The Authentic [Traditions]. Variety and Unity within Islam: Ibn Babawayh al-Saduq, Creed Concerning the Imams; Mahmud Kati, The Chronicle of the Seeker; Bihzad, Sufis Performing Sama.
Multiple Voices V: Islam and Unbelievers: The Pact of Ibn Muslama; The Pact of Umar; Al-Nawawi, Manual of Islamic Law; Benjamin of Tudela, Book of Travels; The Deeds of Sultan Firuz Shah.
Part III: CONTINUITY, CHANGE, AND INTERCHANGE: 500-1500.
8. Asia: Change in the Context of Tradition.
Japan: Chronicles of Japan; Sei Shonagon, The Pillow Book; Portrait of Minamoto Yoritomo and Removal of the Imperial Family to Rukuhara. China: Du Fu, Poems; A Sogdian Wine Merchant, The Bezelik Musicians, and Two Views of a Nomad Encampment. Southwest Asia: Al-Jahiz, The Merits of the Turks and of the Imperial Army As a Whole; Ibn Jubayr, Travels; A Thousand and One Arabian Nights; An Iranian Bowl. India: Abul Raihan al-Biruni, Description of India; Vikrama’s Adventures; The Lovers.
Multiple Voices VI: Buddhism in China: Acceptance, Rejection, and Accommodation: Shi Baochang, Lives of the Nuns; Han Yu, Memorial on Buddhism; Proclamation Ordering the Destruction of Buddhist Monasteries; Mandala of Vajabhairava.
9. Two Christian Civilizations: Byzantium and Western Europe.
An Empire and Its Emperors: The Mosaics of San Vitale; Michael Psellus, Chronographia. Emperors in the Latin West: Sacramentary of Charles the Bald; Liudprand of Cremona, A Report on the Embassy to Constantinople. Imperium Versus Sacerdotium: Dictatus Papae; Henry IV, Letter to Hildebrand; John of Paris, A Treatise on Royal and Papal Power; A Fresco from the Church of Quattro Coronati; Anna Comnena, Alexiad.
Multiple Voices VII: Byzantium and the West in the Age of the Crusades: The Dividing of Christendom?: Baldric of Dol, The Jerusalem History; Four Crusade Miniatures; Anna Comnena, Alexiad; Robert of Clari, The Capture of Constantinople; Nicetas Choniates, Annals; Innocent III, Letters To the Crusaders.
10. Africa and the Americas.
Africa: Abul-Hasan Ali al-Masudi, Meadows of Gold; Abu Ubaydallah al-Bakri, The Book of Routes and Realms; Two Icons of the Virgin Mary; Seated Male and Female Figures. The Americas: Adena Man and A Moche Seated Figure; Two Mayan Sculptures; Diego Durán, Book of the Gods and Rites; Pedro de Cieza de León, Chronicles.
11. Adventurers, Merchants, Diplomats, Pilgrims, and Missionaries: A Half Millennium of Travel and Encounter: 1000-1500.
The World Perceived: Zhau Rugua, A Description of Foreign Peoples; The Book of John Mandeville; Johann Bämler, Wondrous Fountains and Peoples; The Kangnido. Travel in the Age of the Pax Mongolica: William of Rubruck, Journey To the Land of the Tartars; Marco Polo, Description of the World; Odoric of Pordenone, Report; Francesco Pegolotti, The Practice of Commerce. Long-Distance Travel beyond the Mongol Peace: Ibn Battuta, A Gift to Those Who Contemplate the Wonders of Cities and The Marvels Encountered in Travel; Ruy González de Clavijo, Embassy To Tamerlane; Huan, The Overall Survey of the Ocean’s Shores; Christopher Columbus, A Letter Concerning Recently Discovered Islands.