Higher Education

From the South African Past, 1st Edition

  • John Williams SUNY-Stony Brook, Emeritus
  • ISBN-10: 066928789X  |  ISBN-13: 9780669287899
  • 448 Pages
  • © 1997 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $91.50



This volume presents primary source materials that illuminate the formation of the modern multiracial society of South Africa. Students will be enlightened by the "African Voices" that recur throughout the text, in the form of praise poems, trial testimonies, speeches, and manifestoes. Chronologies, maps, and lists of key terms and people enhance learning.

Table of Contents

Note: Each Part begins with an Introduction.
Part 1. Settlement and Contact in the Cape, 1652-1857
Section A: Khoikhoi, Griqua, and the Formation of the Cape Colored People
Jan van Riebeeck Describes His Khoikhoi Servant, Eva, 1658
Lord Caledon Regulates Khoikhoi Status in the Cape, 1809
An English Traveler Praises Júli, a Khoikhoi Servant, 1812
Andrew Smith Depicts the Griqua, 1834
Two Missionaries Compare the Tswana and the "Bastaards," 1834
The Treaty Between Sir Peregrine Maitland and Adam Kok, Chief of the Philippolis Griquas, 1846
Colonel Richard Collins Recommends Imperial "Benevolence" Toward the San, 1809
Section B: Slavery in the Cape
Captain D. M. Pasques de Chavonnes Urges an End to Slave Importation, 1717
Crime and Punishment in the Cape, 1769-1782
A Swedish Physician Decries South African Slavery, 1776
A Slave is Tried for Rebellion and Murder, 1825
Section C: The Emergence of the East Cape Frontier
Anders Sparrman and His Companions Nervously Trade with the Xhosa, 1776
Reverend John Campbell Describes the Eastern Cape Frontier After the 1812 War, 1815
An English Writer Protests Frontier Policies of the Cape Colony Government, 1835
Xhosa Writer William Gqoba Recounts the Great Cattle Killing of 1857
Part 2. African Statecraft, Cultural Contact, and Colonialism in the Interior, 1818-1893
Section A: The Coming of the Trekkers
A Trek Leader Explains Reasons for Leaving the Cape Colony, 1837
Section B: The Zulu and Ndebele Kingdoms
Nandi Bears a Child by Senzangakona, the Son of the Zulu Chief, 1903
King Shaka Converses with European Visitors, 1822
Piet Retief and King Dingane Exchange Letters, 1837
Dingane''s Secretary Witnesses a Massacre, 1838
Mpande Maneuvers to Become King of the Zulu, 1840
Cetshwayo the Zulu Complains of Unjust Treatment, 1881
A Missionary Struggles to Convert King Mzilikazi and the Ndebele, 1859
King Lobengula Entertains European Guests, 1875
Lobengula Signs a Concession, 1888
Section C: The Sotho and Tswana Peoples
The Missionary Robert Moffat Describes the "Battle" of Dithakong, 1823
Andrew Smith Recounts a Conversation with Moshoeshoe, Founder of the Lesotho Kingdom, 1834
A Praise Poem for Letsie I, 1800s
Chief Mokgatle Takes a New Wife
Part 3: Toward a White-Dominated State, 1851-1936
Section A: The End of African Autonomy and the White-Domination Debate
Khoikhoi-Colored Peoples Debate Rebellion, 1851
An African Clergyman Reflects on Africans'' Future, 1865
A School Principal Assesses the Progress of Education for Africans, 1880
Sir Theophilus Shepstone Disagrees with the Orange Free State President, 1892
Africans Give Their Views on Their Own Laws and Customs, 1883
Section B: Defining Africans'' Place in a Unified South Africa
James Bryce Attacks British Imperialism, 1900
Dudley Kidd Argues Against African Suffrage, 1908
Maurice Evans Defends an Active, Paternalistic Policy Toward Africans, 1911
A White Farmer Deems Blacks Inferior, 1904
Section C: The Union, the Native Land Act, and Stirrings of African Political Power
The Chief of Edendale Mission Urges Land Ownership for Africans, 1904
African Workers Discuss a Variety of Concerns, 1904
Reverend James Dwane Reassures Europeans About the Direction of African Churches, 1903
Gandhi Designs a Campaign Against Discriminatory Laws, 1906
An ANC Founder Prophesies the Rise of African Power, 1906
An Account of the Squatter''s Bill, 1912
Dr. A. Abdurahman Decries the Coloured Peoples'' Plight, 1913
Solomon Plaatje Observes the Impact of the Native Land Act, 1913
Section D: Liberalism and Segregation: Africans Between the World Wars
Ernest Stubbs Deems Race Mixing a Threat, 1925
D. D. T. Jabavu Advocates Liberalism over Segregation, 1928
A Leading Liberal Asks, Will White Policies Allow Black Self-Development, 1935
Clements Kadalie Explains the Aims of the I. C. U., 1928
The Hymns of Isaiah Shembe, 1911-1926
Part 4: The Rise of the Apartheid State, 1936-1976
Section A: Apartheid in Theory and Practice
The Limits of Liberalism, 1939
The United Party Reviews Race Relations, 1946
The National Party Native Minister Explains Apartheid, 1950
Section B: The Years of Nonviolent Protest
Professor Z. K. Matthews Assesses African Reactions to the Second World War, 1941
The Congress Youth League''s Case for Africanism, 1946
The ANC Programme of Action, 1949
Albert Luthuli Is Removed as Chief of the Umtoti Mission Reserve, 1952
Mr. Drum Reports on Labor Conditions for African Farm Workers, 1952
Nat Nakasa Depicts the Narrow Confines of Interracial Social Life, 1952
The Destruction of Sophiatown, 1955
The Freedom Charter of 1955
A Treason Trial Defendant Is Questioned About Communism and Violence, 1960
The Ideology of Pan-Africanism, 1960
Section C: The Republic of South Africa and the Armed Struggle
"The Winds of Change," 1960
Nelson Mandela Explains the ANC Struggle, 1964
Cosmas Desmond Deplores the Policy of Removal, 1971
Praise Poems in Modern Politics, 1967
On the Ideology of Black Consciousness, 1971
The Biko Inquest, 1977
Part 5: Toward a Democratic South Africa, 1977-the Present
Section A: The Reform of Apartheid?
R. F. Botha Defends South Africa in the United Nations, 1975
The Republic of South Africa Constitution Act, 1983
Section B: Life Under Apartheid
Deaths in Detention, 1984
Frank Chikane Describes his Prison Ordeal, 1977
Prison Life on Robben Island, 1987
Joyce Sikakane Opens a Window on Soweto, 1977
Sheila Sisulu Reviews Bantu Education, 1984
Family Life Under Apartheid: An Interview with Adeline Pholosi, 1984
Section C: Oppression and Struggle in the 1980s
The Founding of the United Democratic Front, 1983
Rian Malan Assesses Factionalism in the Townships, 1990
Kidnapped from Swaziland: An Interview with Grace Cele, 1986
Section D: Debating the New South Africa
Nomavenda Mathiane Considers the Meanings of Freedom, 1987
The Kairos Document, 1985
The Inkatha Freedom Party Challenges the ANC Leadership, 1990
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Bill, 1993
Nelson Mandela Delivers his Presidential Inaugural Address, 1994