1. Introduction: The Nature of Japanese Religion. PART ONE: RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS. 2. Shinto. 3. Buddhism. 4. Buddhist Founders. 5. Confuciansim. 6. Religious Taoism. 8. Christianity. 9. Syncretism in Japanese Religious Life. PART II. THEMES IN JAPANESE RELIGION. 10. Closeness of Humans, Gods, and Nature. 11. Religious Significance of the Family, Living and Dead. 12. Importance of Purification, Rituals, and Charms. 13. Prominence of Local Festivals and Individual Cults. 14. Penetration of Religion into Everyday Life. 15. Natural Bond Between Religion and State. PART III. RELIGION IN RECENT AND MODERN JAPAN. 16. The Dilemma of Organized Religion in Modern Japan.17. The New Religions. 18. The History and Future of Japanese Religion.