Higher Education

Methods Toward a Science of Behavior and Experience, 10th Edition

  • William J. Ray Pennsylvania State University, University Park
  • ISBN-10: 1111521158  |  ISBN-13: 9781111521158
  • 480 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2009, 2006, 2003
  • © 2012 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $193.50
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About

Overview

Professor Ray's unique philosophy of science approach focuses on introducing students to the basics of science and the spirit that motivates many scientists, and helping students make the transition from outside observer of science to active participant. In meeting those goals, he has written a highly readable book that gives students a greater understanding of the techniques of science as well as the experience of doing science.

Features and Benefits

  • In response to a number of faculty the ethics chapter was moved and expanded and is now Chapter 4. However, the ethics chapter as it is now written can be assigned by a faculty member to any place in the course.
  • A section on pseudoscience and superstition is included. The theme of differentiating science as performed by researchers with established research designs and published in peer-reviewed journals is differentiated from pseudoscience as one might find in advertising or on the Web without any evaluation. This theme has been continued throughout the text.
  • This edition provides continued emphasis on philosophy of science and the nature of psychological research.

Table of Contents

1. What is Science?
2. Introduction to the Methods of Science.
3. Developing the Hypothesis.
4. Ethics.
5. Description of Behavior Through Numerical Representation.
6. Inferential Statistics: Making Statistical Decisions.
7. Testing the Hypothesis: A Conceptual Introduction.
8. Control: The Keystone of the Experimental Method.
9. Applying the Logic of Experimentation: Between-Subjects Designs.
10. Extending the Logic of Experimentation: Within-Subjects and Matched-Subjects Approaches.
11. The Ecology of the Experiment: The Scientist and Research Participant In Relation To Their Environments.
12. Quasi-Experimental, Correlational, and Naturalistic Observational Designs.
13. Single-Subject Designs.
14. Questionnaires, Survey Research, and Sampling.
15. Sharing the Results.
16. Beyond Method.
APPENDIX A: Guidelines for Nonbiased Language in Apa Journals.
APPENDIX B: Printed Article.
APPENDIX C: Article Manuscript.
APPENDIX D: Tables.

What's New

  • In terms of content, every chapter in this edition has been revised. Because many individuals are concerned about information that is being passed off as scientific when it is not, the author continues to add information on pseudoscience.
  • New research examples from the psychological literature, as well numerical changes are evaluated.
  • Access included to Wadsworth's Research Methods Workshops.
  • Examples and research studies have been updated, and clarifications have been added to help students in their learning.

Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Research in Action DVD Volume i, 1st Edition 2008  (ISBN-10: 0495595209 | ISBN-13: 9780495595205)

Research in Action features the work of research psychologists to give students an opportunity to learn about cutting-edge research--not just who is doing it, but also how it is done, and how and where the results are being used. By taking students into the laboratories of both established and up-and-coming researchers, and by showing research results being applied outside of the laboratory, these videos offer insight into both the research process and the many ways in which real people's lives are affected by research in the fields of psychology and neuroscience.

Research in Action DVD Volume ii, 1st Edition 2010  (ISBN-10: 0495598135 | ISBN-13: 9780495598138)

Research in Action features the work of research psychologists to give students an opportunity to learn about cutting-edge research – not just who is doing it, but also how it is done, and how and where the results are being used. By taking students into the laboratories of both established and up-and-coming researchers, and by showing research results being applied outside of the laboratory, these videos offer insight into both the research process and the many ways in which real people's lives are affected by research in the fields of psychology and neuroscience.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

William J. Ray

William J. Ray is professor of psychology at Pennsylvania State University, where he was the director of the Clinical Training Program from 1991 to 1997. His research focus lies at the interface of clinical psychology and psychophysiology (particularly EEG), as related to anxiety, dissociation, emotionality, and motoric processes. Part of this work has been basic in nature, as reflected in trying to understand what basic psychophysiological measures can tell us, as well as how they can be applied. Current work in the lab focuses on anxiety, lapse of awareness, dissociation, and hypnosis, as well as the use of nonlinear dynamical techniques referred to as chaos. He has published extensively throughout his career, with well over 100 journal publications, presentations and scholarly text publications. He has reviewed for more than 30 journals and numerous government agencies. He was on the accreditation committee for the APA, including its executive board (1995-2000).