Higher Education

Chemistry: Principles and Reactions, 8th Edition

  • William L. Masterton University of Connecticut, Emeritus
  • Cecile N. Hurley University of Connecticut
  • ISBN-10: 130507937X  |  ISBN-13: 9781305079373
  • 800 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2012, 2009, 2006
  • © 2016 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $235.50
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About

Overview

This latest edition of CHEMISTRY: PRINCIPLES AND REACTIONS takes students directly to the crux of chemistry's fundamental concepts and allows you to efficiently cover all topics found in a typical general chemistry book. Based on the authors' extensive teaching experience, the book includes rigorous graded and concept-driven examples, as well as examples that focus on molecular reasoning and understanding. The Eighth Edition features a new and innovative example format, new "talking labels" within artwork, 25% new or revised problems, "Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom" essays that highlight some of the most up-to-date uses of chemistry, and end-of-chapter questions and Key Concepts that correlate to OWLv2, the #1 online homework and tutorial system for chemistry.

Features and Benefits

  • CONNECTION TO FINE ARTS: The text connects the hard science of chemistry to the humanities and fine arts through chapter openers and literary quotations that enhance each chapter's content.
  • LATEST WORK FROM SPECIALISTS: Guest authors and leaders in specialized fields profile the latest research in "Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom" boxes. Students see the relevance of concepts in some of the most current work in chemistry, including coloration of biological organisms, molecular structure of rubbery materials, and fuel cells.
  • STRONG COVERAGE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: Students leave your course well equipped with organic chemistry skills through the book's coverage of nomenclature and a greater number of functional groups, as well as coverage of types of organic reactions and material on proteins and carbohydrates.
  • MOLECULAR MODEL ART PROGRAM: Effective models visually reinforce students' conceptual understanding. Revised nanoscale views of atoms, molecules, and ions use molecular modeling software and an exacting three-dimensional style to offer effective visual learning tools throughout the text.
  • ABUNDANT IN-TEXT EXAMPLES: More than 115 in-text Graded Examples challenge students to solve more difficult material as they proceed through each step of the example. To encourage higher-order thinking at critical points within the chapter's narrative, additional Conceptual Examples lead students through conceptualizing the chemistry principles just discussed before solving the example.
  • SUMMARY PROBLEMS: This popular feature connects all concepts covered in the chapter, providing students with important overview and context for learning. Multi-step Summary Problems summarize each chapter, covering all or almost all of the chapter's key concepts.
  • "CHEMISTRY: THE HUMAN SIDE" BOXES: These boxes include short biographies of some of the pioneers of chemistry, ranging from Antoine Lavoisier (1748-1794) to Glenn Seaborg (1912-1999). These engaging sketches captivate students' attention as they emphasize the personalities, as well as the accomplishments, of these individuals.
  • MARGINAL NOTES: Short margin notes sprinkled throughout the text draw attention to important points and highlight current research in chemistry. Chapter-ending Key Concepts briefly review the chapter's material and are indexed to corresponding examples and end-of-chapter problems.
  • OWLv2 INTEGRATION: Featuring chemist-developed content, OWLv2 is the most trusted online learning solution for chemistry and is the only system designed to elevate thinking through Mastery Learning, allowing students to work at their own pace until they understand each concept and skill. Each time a student tries a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemistry, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure that students are learning the concepts and not cheating the system. With detailed, instant feedback and interactive learning resources, students get the help they need when they need it. Now with improved student and instructor tools and greater functionality, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Discover the power of OWLv2 and take learning to a higher level.

Table of Contents

1. Matter and Measurements.
2. Atoms, Molecules, and Ions.
3. Mass Relations in Chemistry; Stoichiometry.
4. Reactions in Aqueous Solution.
5. Gases.
6. Electronic Structure and the Periodic Table.
7. Covalent Bonding.
8. Thermochemistry.
9. Liquids and Solids.
10. Solutions.
11. Rate of Reaction.
12. Gaseous Chemical Equilibrium.
13. Acids and Bases.
14. Equilibria in Acid-Base Solutions.
15. Complex ion and Precipitation Equilibria.
16. Spontaneity of Reaction.
17. Electrochemistry.
18. Nuclear Reactions.
19. Complex Ions and Coordination Compounds.
20. Chemistry of the Metals.
21. Chemistry of the Nonmetals.
22. Organic Chemistry.
23. Organic Polymers, Natural and Synthetic.
Appendix 1. Units, Constants, and Reference Data.
Appendix 2. Properties of the Elements.
Appendix 3. Exponents and Logarithms.
Appendix 4. Molecular Orbitals.
Appendix 5. Answers to Even-Numbered and Challenge Questions and Problems.
Index/Glossary

What's New

  • NEW AND INNOVATIVE EXAMPLE FORMAT: Clear, consistent, and easy to follow, the new Example format includes analysis, strategy, and solution sections after each individual part of the Example. Each example ends with an End Point, which provides additional insight into the problem.
  • NEW "TALKING LABELS": This edition moves relevant text from captions to talking labels within the art for a clearer presentation of visual images. Contemporary photographs, modern molecular models, and new concept flowcharts help further clarify key concepts.
  • MORE FLOWCHARTS: Owing to the enthusiastic response to them in the last edition, more flowcharts have been added and existing ones revised to help students visualize a pathway to follow for various topics.
  • BALANCING REDOX EQUATIONS MOVED TO CHAPTER 17: In response to instructor and reviewer feedback, the discussion of balancing redox equations has been moved from Chapter 4 to Chapter 17 and redox reactions are treated in Chapter 4 only as far as stoichiometric calculations are involved (balanced equations are provided for these reactions).
  • 25% NEW AND REVISED PROBLEMS: To keep the end-of-chapter questions fresh, approximately 25% of the problems are either new or revised.
  • NEW AND REVISED SUMMARY PROBLEMS: Almost all of the summary problems have either been revised or are completely new to this edition.
  • NEW CHAPTER-OPENING ARTWORK: Almost all of the fine art used in the chapter-opening images to illustrate chemical principles and applications is new.
  • ENHANCED ONLINE LEARNING: The most powerful online learning solution for chemistry is better than ever. OWLv2 now has more flexible student and instructor functionality, new personalized study tools, enhanced integration with learning management systems, and improved analytics. For this course, OWLv2 also includes Quick Prep, an online short course to review key chemistry concepts and essential skills, new Adaptive Study Plans, and new iPad-compatible visualizations, tutorials, and simulations that have been converted from Flash to HTML, allowing for easier navigation and streamlined grading.

Alternate Formats

Choose the format that best fits your student's budget and course goals

To customize your learning solution, contact your Learning Consultant for more information.

  • Loose Leaf

    ISBN-10: 1305632613 | ISBN-13: 9781305632615

    List Price = $218.95  | CengageBrain Price = $218.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $164.25

Learning Resource Bundles

Choose the textbook packaged with the resources that best meet your course and student needs. Contact your Learning Consultant for more information.

Printed Text + LMS Integrated for OWLv2 with MindTap Reader, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access

ISBN-10: 1337121339  | ISBN-13: 9781337121330

List Price = $332.95  | CengageBrain Price = $332.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $250.50

This Bundle Includes:

  • Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
    List Price = $313.95  | CengageBrain Price = $313.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $235.50
  • LMS Integrated for OWLv2 with MindTap Reader, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access
    List Price = $129.00  | CengageBrain Price = $129.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $129.00


Printed Text + MindLink for OWLv2 and Student Solutions Manual, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access

ISBN-10:  1337082333  | ISBN-13:  9781337082334

List Price = $392.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $295.50

This Bundle Includes:

  • Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
    List Price = $313.95  | CengageBrain Price = $313.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $235.50
  • LMS Integrated for OWLv2 and Student Solutions Manual, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access
    List Price = $211.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $211.00


Printed Text + OWLv2 with Student Solutions Manual eBook, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access

ISBN-10:  133708199X | ISBN-13:  9781337081993

List Price = $392.95  | CengageBrain Price = $392.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $295.50

This Bundle Includes:

  • Chemistry: Principles and Reactions
    List Price = $313.95  | CengageBrain Price = $313.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $235.50
  • OWLv2 with Student Solutions Manual eBook, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access
    List Price = $180.00  | CengageBrain Price = $180.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $180.00


Efficacy and Outcomes

Reviews

"One of the appeals of this text is the concise, clear writing. Students appreciate concise, clear writing."

— Arlin Gyberg, Augsburg College

"This is one of the best-written textbooks available. Very nice language, very clear explanation, good illustrations and graphics. Any reasonably well-prepared student will be prepared to do the necessary exercises after reading."

— Alexander Nazarenko, SUNY Buffalo State

"I like the collection of real-world examples and applications of chemistry in Chemistry: Beyond the Classroom feature. It is not a simple task to select good examples for chemistry in our modern society that are both understandable by freshman and still very interesting and important. The authors did fantastic job selecting interesting stories and explaining them with the textbook material."

— Alexander Nazarenko, SUNY Buffalo State

"I think this is a good [example] format because it demonstrates the way students should be thinking through problems. I always recommend that my students start by making a list of what they know and what they are trying to find, as is done in the worked examples. I also encourage them to check their work as is done in the End Points."

— Jessica Thomas, Purdue University North Central

Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Website  (ISBN-10: 1305102053 | ISBN-13: 9781305102057)

Everything you need for your course in one place! This collection of book-specific lecture and class tools is available online via www.cengage.com/login. Access and download PowerPoint presentations, images, instructor's manual, videos, and more.

Cengage Learning Testing, powered by Cognero Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305406605 | ISBN-13: 9781305406605)

Cengage Learning Testing Powered by Cognero is a flexible, online system that allows you to author, edit, and manage test bank content from multiple Cengage Learning solutions; create multiple test versions in an instant; and deliver tests from your LMS, your classroom, or wherever you want.

Study Guide and Workbook  (ISBN-10: 1305080475 | ISBN-13: 9781305080478)

Help improve your students' success in the course with this helpful Study Guide and Workbook. This valuable resource contains additional worked examples and problem-solving techniques to help them understand the principles of general chemistry. Each chapter is outlined with fill-in-the-blank activities, exercises, and self-tests.

List Price = $128.95  | CengageBrain Price = $128.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $96.75

Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 1305095235 | ISBN-13: 9781305095236)

Help your students improve their performance at exam time with this manual's complete solutions to the even-numbered end-of-chapter Questions and Problems answered in Appendix 5, including the Challenge Problems. The authors include references to textbook sections and tables to help guide your students through the problem-solving techniques employed by the authors.

List Price = $128.95  | CengageBrain Price = $128.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $96.75

OWLv2, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305079310 | ISBN-13: 9781305079311)

Students can use this ISBN at www.CENGAGEbrain.com to purchase instant access to OWLv2, the most trusted online learning solution for chemistry. Featuring chemist-developed content, OWLv2 is the only system designed to elevate thinking through Mastery Learning, allowing students to work at their own pace until they understand each concept and skill. Each time a student tries a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question, to ensure students are learning the concepts and not cheating the system. With detailed, instant feedback and interactive learning resources, students get the help they need when they need it. Now with improved student and instructor tools and greater functionality, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 to learn more.

List Price = $99.00  | CengageBrain Price = $99.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $99.00

OWLv2, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305079302 | ISBN-13: 9781305079304)

Students can use this ISBN at www.CENGAGEbrain.com to purchase instant access to OWLv2, the most trusted online learning solution for chemistry. Featuring chemist-developed content, OWLv2 is the only system designed to elevate thinking through Mastery Learning, allowing students to work at their own pace until they understand each concept and skill. Each time a student tries a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question, to ensure students are learning the concepts and not cheating the system. With detailed, instant feedback and interactive learning resources, students get the help they need when they need it. Now with improved student and instructor tools and greater functionality, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 to learn more.

List Price = $129.00  | CengageBrain Price = $129.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $129.00

LMS Integrated for OWLv2 with MindTap Reader, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305395646 | ISBN-13: 9781305395640)

MindLinks is a new service provided by Cengage to allow for deeper integration of Cengage's digital suite, including the OWLv2 product, into an institution's Learning Management System (LMS). The service works by using portable links that allow two-way communication between a Learning Management System and a Cengage digital product. Cengage developed MindLinks to work with all major Learning Management Systems to expand functionality. For more information on MindLinks, contact mindlinks@cengage.com.

List Price = $129.00  | CengageBrain Price = $129.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $129.00

Student Solutions Manual, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305102266 | ISBN-13: 9781305102262)

List Price = $51.00  | CengageBrain Price = $51.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $51.00

Essential Algebra for Chemistry Students  (ISBN-10: 0495013277 | ISBN-13: 9780495013273)

Available for packaging with any CENGAGE textbook, this short book is intended for students who lack confidence and/or competency in the essential mathematics skills necessary to survive in general chemistry. Each chapter focuses on a specific type of skill and has worked-out examples to show how these skills translate to chemical problem solving. This book is also available for students to purchase separately at www.CENGAGEbrain.com.

List Price = $59.95  | CengageBrain Price = $59.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $45.00

The Guide to Surviving General Chemistry  (ISBN-10: 1305391381 | ISBN-13: 9781305391383)

Available packaged with any CENGAGE textbook, this helpful guide is a frontline resource for students who need extra help or want to improve their General Chemistry grade. Written by a student with extensive tutoring experience who understands where students struggle most and using terms that they most relate to and understand, this guide helps students see that they can actually master chemistry concepts. GUIDE TO SURVIVING GENERAL CHEMISTRY includes study tips and example problems with worked out solutions for all topics in general chemistry, and is endorsed by Professor Mark Oram, Ph.D, for accuracy and topic coverage. This book is also available for students to purchase separately at www.CENGAGEbrain.com.

List Price = $26.95  | CengageBrain Price = $26.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $20.25

LMS Integrated for OWLv2 with MindTap Reader, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305395654 | ISBN-13: 9781305395657)

MindLinks is a new service provided by Cengage to allow for deeper integration of Cengage's digital suite, including the OWLv2 product, into an institution's Learning Management System (LMS). The service works by using portable links that allow two-way communication between a Learning Management System and a Cengage digital product. Cengage developed MindLinks to work with all major Learning Management Systems to expand functionality. For more information on MindLinks, contact mindlinks@cengage.com.

List Price = $99.00  | CengageBrain Price = $99.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $99.00

Student Supplements

Study Guide and Workbook  (ISBN-10: 1305080475 | ISBN-13: 9781305080478)

Improve your success in the course with this helpful Study Guide and Workbook. This valuable resource contains additional worked examples and problem-solving techniques to help you understand the principles of general chemistry. Each chapter is outlined with fill-in-the-blank activities, exercises, and self-tests.

List Price = $128.95  | CengageBrain Price = $128.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $96.75

Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 1305095235 | ISBN-13: 9781305095236)

Improve your performance at exam time with this manual's complete solutions to the even-numbered end-of-chapter Questions and Problems answered in Appendix 5, including the Challenge Problems. The authors include references to textbook sections and tables to help guide you through the problem-solving techniques employed by the authors.

List Price = $128.95  | CengageBrain Price = $128.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $96.75

OWLv2, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305079310 | ISBN-13: 9781305079311)

If your instructor requires OWLv2 for this course, you can use this ISBN to purchase instant access at www.CENGAGEbrain.com. OWLv2 is the most trusted online learning solution for chemistry and has been proven to help students get a better grade. Featuring chemist-developed content, OWLv2 is the only system designed to elevate thinking through Mastery Learning, allowing you to work at your own pace until you understand each concept and skill. Each time you try a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure you are learning the concepts and not just doing homework. With detailed, instant feedback and interactive learning resources, you get the help you need when you need it. Now with improved answer entry and input tools, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Discover the power of OWLv2 and take your learning to a higher level. To learn more, visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 or talk to your instructor.

List Price = $99.00  | CengageBrain Price = $99.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $99.00

OWLv2, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305079302 | ISBN-13: 9781305079304)

If your instructor requires OWLv2 for this course, you can use this ISBN to purchase instant access at www.CENGAGEbrain.com. OWLv2 is the most trusted online learning solution for chemistry and has been proven to help students get a better grade. Featuring chemist-developed content, OWLv2 is the only system designed to elevate thinking through Mastery Learning, allowing you to work at your own pace until you understand each concept and skill. Each time you try a problem, OWLv2 changes the chemicals, values, and sometimes even the wording of the question to ensure you are learning the concepts and not just doing homework. With detailed, instant feedback and interactive learning resources, you get the help you need when you need it. Now with improved answer entry and input tools, OWLv2 is more robust than ever. Discover the power of OWLv2 and take your learning to a higher level. To learn more, visit www.CENGAGE.com/owlv2 or talk to your instructor.

List Price = $129.00  | CengageBrain Price = $129.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $129.00

LMS Integrated for OWLv2 with MindTap Reader, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305395646 | ISBN-13: 9781305395640)

MindLinks provide an elegant environment to complete your coursework by leveraging the power of your campus LMS to place coursework, class-administration and the gradebook all in one easily accessible spot and all through a single-sign-on environment to your LMS. Log on once, and access your LMS and Cengage resources in one place.

List Price = $129.00  | CengageBrain Price = $129.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $129.00

LMS Integrated for OWLv2 and Student Solutions Manual, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305872207 | ISBN-13: 9781305872202)

Master the fundamental topics of general chemistry and succeed in the course with this brief, student-friendly text. CHEMISTRY: PRINCIPLES AND REACTIONS, 8e, provides a clear, concise presentation based on the authors' extensive teaching experience, includes an increased variety and number of applications that highlight some of the most up-to-date uses of chemistry, as well as graded and concept-driven examples and examples that focus on molecular reasoning and understanding. The strong art program now includes "talking labels" that help you visualize chemical concepts, while integrated end-of-chapter questions and Key Concepts correlate to OWLv2, the #1 online homework and tutorial system for chemistry that has already helped hundreds of thousands of students earn a better grade.

List Price = $211.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $211.00

Student Solutions Manual, 4 terms (24 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305102266 | ISBN-13: 9781305102262)

List Price = $51.00  | CengageBrain Price = $51.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $51.00

Essential Algebra for Chemistry Students  (ISBN-10: 0495013277 | ISBN-13: 9780495013273)

Available for packaging with any CENGAGE textbook or available separately for a minimal cost at CENGAGEbrain.com, this short book is intended for students who lack confidence and/or competency in the essential mathematics skills necessary to survive in general chemistry. Each chapter focuses on a specific type of skill and has worked-out examples to show how these skills translate to chemical problem solving.

List Price = $59.95  | CengageBrain Price = $59.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $45.00

The Guide to Surviving General Chemistry  (ISBN-10: 1305391381 | ISBN-13: 9781305391383)

Being a student himself, Michael Rosen knows exactly how it feels when trying to learn difficult concepts. He has extensive experience tutoring General Chemistry and understands where students need help the most. GUIDE TO SURVIVING GENERAL CHEMISTRY is a straight-to-the-point resource that gives you exactly what you need to know, along with the best techniques for learning general chemistry. Endorsed by Professor Mark Oram, Ph.D for accuracy and topic coverage, this text is filled with study tips, example problems, and worked out solutions for all topics in the course This book is the ideal guide for mastering General Chemistry. Available packaged with any CENGAGE textbook or available separately for a minimal cost at CENGAGEbrain.com.

List Price = $26.95  | CengageBrain Price = $26.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $20.25

LMS Integrated for OWLv2 with MindTap Reader, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305395654 | ISBN-13: 9781305395657)

MindLinks provide an elegant environment to complete your coursework by leveraging the power of your campus LMS to place coursework, class-administration and the gradebook all in one easily accessible spot and all through a single-sign-on environment to your LMS. Log on once, and access your LMS and Cengage resources in one place.

List Price = $99.00  | CengageBrain Price = $99.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $99.00

Meet the Author

Author Bio

William L. Masterton

William L. Masterton received his PhD in physical chemistry from the University of Illinois in 1953. Two years later he began to work at the University of Connecticut, where he taught general chemistry and a graduate course in chemical thermodynamics. He has received numerous teaching awards, including an award from the Student Senate at the University of Connecticut, of which he was most proud. Dr. Masterton is co-author of the all-time best-selling general chemistry textbook CHEMICAL PRINCIPLES, which has sold well over 1.5 million copies. Dr. Masterton's field of research, solution thermodynamics, prepared him well for making maple syrup each March at the family farmhouse in New Hampshire.

Cecile N. Hurley

Cecile Nespral Hurley received her MS at the University of California, Los Angeles. Since 1979, she has served as Lecturer and Coordinator of Freshman Chemistry at the University of Connecticut, where she directed a groundbreaking National Science Foundation-supported project on cooperative learning in general chemistry. She is one of a prestigious group of University Teaching Fellows who are selected by their fellow faculty members as models of teaching excellence and dedication. In addition, she coordinates the High School Cooperative Program in Chemistry through which superior Connecticut high school students take the university's general chemistry course at their schools. In her spare time, Professor Hurley roots for the University of Connecticut women's basketball Huskies--and roots out weeds from her country garden, which she likes to imagine rivals Monet's at Giverny.