MICROELECTRONIC CIRCUITS: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN combines a "breadth-first" approach to teaching electronics with a strong emphasis on electronics design and simulation. Professor Rashid first introduces students to the general characteristics of circuits (ICs) to prepare them for the use of circuit design and analysis techniques. He then moves on to a more detailed study of devices and circuits and how they operate within ICs. This approach makes the text easily adaptable to both one- and two-term electronics courses. Student's gain a strong systems perspective, and can readily fill in device-level detail as the course (and their job) requires. In addition, Rashid, author of five successful texts on PSpice and power electronics, directly addresses student's needs for applying theory to real-world design problems by mastering the use of PSpice for testing and verifying their designs. More than 50% of the problems and examples in the text concentrate on design, with PSpice used extensively in the design problems.

### Table of Contents

1. INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRONICS AND DESIGN

Introduction. History of Electronics. Electronic Systems. Electronic Signals and Notation. Classifications of Electronic Systems. Specifications of Electronic Systems. Types of Amplifiers. Design of Electronic Systems. Design of Electronic Circuits. Electronic Devices. Emerging Electronics. References. Problems.

2. INTRODUCTION TO AMPLIFIERS AND FREQUENCY RESPONSE

Introduction. Amplifier Characteristics. Amplifier Types. Cascaded Amplifiers. Frequency Response of Amplifiers. Miller’s Theorem. Frequency Response Methods. PSpice/SPICE Amplifier Models. Amplifier Design. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

3. INTRODUCTION TO OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS AND APPLICATIONS

Introduction. Characteristics of Ideal Op-Amps. Op-Amp PSpice/SPICE Models. Analysis of Ideal Op-Amp Circuits. Op-Amp Applications. Op-Amp Circuit Design. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

4. SEMICONDUCTOR DIODES

Introduction. Ideal Diodes. Transfer Characteristics of Diode Circuits. Practical Diodes. Analysis of Practical Diode Circuits. Modeling of Practical Diodes. Zener Diodes. Light-Emitting Diodes. Power Rating. Diode Data Sheets. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

5. APPLICATIONS OF DIODES

Introduction. Diode Rectifier. Output Filters for Rectifiers. Diode Peak Detectors and Demodulators. Diode Clippers. Diode Clamping Circuits. Diode Voltage Multipliers. Diode Function Generators. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

6. SEMICONDUCTORS AND pn JUNCTION CHARACTERISTICS

Introduction. Semiconductor Materials. Zero-Biased pn Junction. Reverse-Biased pn Junction. Forward-Biased pn Junction. Junction Current Density. Temperature Dependence. High-Frequency AC Model. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

7. METAL OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTORS

Introduction. Metal Oxide Field-Effect Transistors. Enhancement MOSFETs. Depletion MOSFETs. MOSFET Models and Amplifier. A MOSFET Switch. DC Biasing of MOSFETs. Common-Source (CS) Amplifiers. Common-Drain Amplifiers. Common-Gate Amplifiers. Multistage Amplifiers. DC Level Shifting and Amplifier. Frequency Response of MOSFET Amplifiers. Design of MOSFET Amplifiers. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

8. BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTORS AND AMPLIFIERS

Introduction. Bipolar Junction Transistors. Principles of BJT Operation. Input and Output Characteristics. BJT Circuit Models. The BJT Switch. DC Biasing of Bipolar Junction Transistors. Common-Emitter Amplifiers. Emitter Followers. Common-Base Amplifiers. Multistage Amplifiers. The Darlington Pair Transistor. DC Level Shifting and Amplifier. Frequency Model and Response of Bipolar Junction Transistors. Frequency Response of BJT Amplifiers. Low Cutoff Frequencies. MOSFETs versus BJTs. Design of Amplifiers. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

9. DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIERS

Introduction. Internal Structure of Differential Amplifiers. MOSFET Current Sources. MOS Differential Amplifiers. Depletion MOS Differential Amplifiers. BJT Current Sources. BJT Differential Amplifiers. BiCMOS Differential Amplifiers. Frequency Response of Differential Amplifiers. Design of Differential Amplifiers. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

10. FEEDBACK AMPLIFIERS

Introduction. Feedback. Characteristics of Feedback. Feedback Topologies. Analysis of Feedback Amplifiers. Series-Shunt Feedback. Series-Series Feedback. Shunt-Shunt Feedback. Shunt-Series Feedback. Feedback Circuit Design. Stability Analysis. Compensation Techniques. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

11. POWER AMPLIFIERS

Introduction. Classification of Power Amplifiers. Power Transistors. Class A Amplifiers. Class B Push-Pull Amplifiers. Complementary Class AB Push-Pull Amplifiers. Class C Amplifiers. Class D Amplifiers. Class E Amplifiers. Short-Circuit and Thermal Protection. Power Op-Amps. Thermal Considerations. Design of Power Amplifiers. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

12. ACTIVE FILTERS

Introduction. Active versus Passive Filters. Types of Active Filters. First-Order Filters. The Biquadratic Function. Butterworth Filters. Transfer Function Realization. Low-Pass Filters. High-Pass Filters. Band-Pass Filters. Band-Reject Filter. All-Pass Filters. Switched-Capacitor Filters. Filter Design Guidelines. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

13. OSCILLATORS

Introduction. Principles of Oscillators. Audio-Frequency Oscillators. Radio Frequency Oscillators. Crystal Oscillators. Active-Filter Tuned Oscillators. Design of Oscillators. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

14. OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS

Introduction. Internal Structure of Op-Amps. Parameters and Characteristics of Practical Op-Amps. CMOS Op-Amps. BJT Op-Amps. Analysis of the LM741 Op-Amp. BiCMOS Op-Amps. Design of Op-Amps. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

15. INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL ELECTRONICS

Introduction. Logic States. Logic Gates. Performance Parameters of Logic Gates. NMOS Inverters. NMOS Logic Circuits. CMOS Inverters. CMOS Logic Circuits. Comparison of CMOS and NMOS Gates. BJT Inverters. Transistor-Transistor Logic Gates. Emitter-Coupled Logic OR/NOR Gates. BiCMOS Inverters. Interfacing of Logic Gates. Comparison of Logic Gates. Design of Logic Circuits. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

16. INTEGRATED ANALOG CIRCUITS AND APPLICATIONS

Introduction. Circuits with Op-Amps and Diodes. Comparators. Zero-Crossing Detectors. Schmitt Triggers. Square-Wave Generators. Triangular-Wave Generators. Sawtooth-Wave Generators. Voltage-Controlled Oscillators. The 555 Timer. Phase-Lock Loops. Voltage-to-Frequency and Frequency-to-Voltage Converters. Sample-and-Hold Circuits. Digital-to-Analog Converters. Analog-to-Digital Converters. Circuit Design Using Analog Integrated Circuits. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems.

APPENDIX A: INTRODUCTION TO OrCAD

Introduction. Installing the Software. Overview. The Circuit Analysis Process. Drawing the Circuit. Selecting the Type of Analysis. Simulation with PSpice. Displaying the Results of a Simulation. Copying and Capturing Schematics. Varying Parameters. Frequency Response Analysis. Modeling Devices and Elements. Creating Netlists. Adding Library Files

APPENDIX B: REVIEW OF BASIC CIRCUITS

Introduction. Kirchhoff’s Current Law. Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law. Superposition Theorem. Thevenin’s Theorem. Norton’s Theorem. Maximum Power Transfer Theorem. Transient Response of First-Order Circuits. Resonant Circuits. Frequency Response of First- and Second-Order Circuits. Time Constants of First-Order Circuits.

APPENDIX C: LOW FREQUENCY HYBRID BJT MODEL

APPENDIX D: EBERS-MOLL MODEL OF BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTORS

APPENDIX E: PASSIVE COMPONENTS

APPENDIX F: DESIGN PROBLEMS