Higher Education

Organic Laboratory Techniques, 3rd Edition

  • Ralph J. Fessenden University of Montana
  • Joan S. Fessenden University of Montana, with Contributions by John Landgrebe
  • Patty Feist McNeese State University
  • ISBN-10: 0534379818  |  ISBN-13: 9780534379810
  • 256 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 1993
  • © 2001 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $109.75

About

Overview

This highly effective and practical manual is designed to be used as a supplementary text for the organic chemistry laboratory course - and with virtually any main text - in which experiments are supplied by the instructor or in which the students work independently. Each technique contains a brief theoretical discussion. Steps used in each technique, along with common problems that might arise. These respected and renowned authors include supplemental or related procedures, suggested experiments, and suggested readings for many of the techniques. Additionally, each chapter ends with a set of study problems that primarily stress the practical aspects of each technique, and microscale techniques are included throughout the text, as appropriate. Additional exercises, reference material, and quizzes are available online.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO THE ORGANIC LABORATORY
Safety in the Laboratory / The Laboratory Notebook / Laboratory Equipment
1. CRYSTALLIZATION
Solvents for Crystallization / Steps in Crystallization / Supplemental Procedures
2. MELTING POINTS
Characteristics of Melting Points / Melting-Point Apparatus / Steps in Determining a Melting Point / Supplemental Procedures
3. EXTRACTION
Immiscible Liquids / Distribution Coefficients / Extraction Solvents / Chemically Active Extraction / Steps in Extractions / Additional Techniques Used in Extractions / Other Extraction Techniques
4. DRYING ORGANIC SOLUTIONS
Extraction with Aqueous Sodium Chloride / Solid Inorganic Drying Agents / Procedure for Using Solid Inorganic Drying Agents / Azeotropic Drying
5. SIMPLE DISTILLATION
Characteristics of Distillation / Steps in a Simple Distillation / Microscale and Semi-Microscale Distillation
6. FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION
Efficiency of the Fractionation Column / Steps in Fractional Distillation / Microscale Fractional Distillation
7. VACUUM DISTILLATION
Boiling Point and Pressure / Apparatus for Simple Vacuum Distillation / Steps in Vacuum Distillation
8. STEAM DISTILLATION
Characteristics of Steam Distillation / Calculation of the Amount of Water Needed in a Steam Distillation / Apparatus for Steam Distillation
9. SUBLIMATION
Atmospheric Sublimation / Vacuum Sublimation
10. REFRACTIVE INDEX
Correcting for Temperature Differences / Steps in Using a Refractometer
11. COLUMN CHROMATOGRAPHY
Gravity Column Chromatography. Flash Chromatography (Macroscale) / Flash Chromatography (Microscale) / High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
12. THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY
The RF Value / Equipment for TLC / Steps in a TLC Analysis / A Related Technique: Paper Chromatography
13. GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY
Gas Chromatography / The Gas Chromatograph / Steps in a GC Analysis / Problems Encountered in GC / Uses of Gas Chromatograms
14. CARRYING OUT TYPICAL REACTIONS
Stirring / Heating Reaction Mixtures / Controlling Exothermic Reactions / Adding Reagents to a Reaction Mixture. Excluding Moisture from a Reaction Mixture / Setting Up a Three-Neck Reaction Flask / Hydrogen Halide Gas Traps
15. INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY
The Infrared Spectrum / Absorption of Infrared Radiation / Interpreting Infrared Spectra / Identifying Types of Compounds / Preparing a Sample for an Infrared Spectrum / Instrumentation
16. PROTON NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY
The NMR Spectrum / Interpreting NMR Spectra / Use of Deuterium in Proton NMR Spectroscopy / NMR Spectra of Unknowns / The NMR Spectrometer / Preparing Samples for NMR Spectra
17. THE CHEMICAL LITERATURE
Introduction to the Chemical Literature / Secondary Literature / Primary Literature / APPENDIX I. COMMONLY USED CALCULATIONS / Molarity / Normality / Dilutions / Percent Concentrations / Percent Yields and Theoretical Yields / APPENDIX II / ELEMENTAL ANALYSES / Determining the Empirical Formula / Determining the Molecular Formula / Interpreting the Results of Elemental Analysis / Degree of Unsaturation / APPENDIX III. HEALTH HAZARDS OF COMPOUNDS USED IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY / Where to Find Chemical Hazard Information / Understanding Health Hazard Warnings

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Ralph J. Fessenden

Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley

Joan S. Fessenden

M.S., University of California, Berkeley

Patty Feist

Patty Feist received his Ph.D. in counseling from the University of Kansas. Dr. Feist and co-author Linda Brannon are both professors in the department of Psychology at McNeese State University in Lake Charles, Louisiana, where they have been teaching since receiving their doctorates. After becoming interested in the emerging field of health psychology, Feist and Brannon co-authored the first edition of this text in the 1980s, and they have enjoyed expanding and developing their text along with the field for more than two decades. In addition to his work in health psychology, Dr. Feist has co-authored a text on personality with his son Greg.