Higher Education

Making Europe: Since 1300, 1st Edition

  • Frank L. Kidner San Francisco State University
  • Maria Bucur Indiana University
  • Ralph Mathisen University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
  • Sally McKee University of California, Davis
  • Theodore R. Weeks Southern Illinois University, Carbondale
  • ISBN-10: 0618004823  |  ISBN-13: 9780618004829
  • 624 Pages
  • © 2009 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $154.50
  • Newer Edition Available



Designed for students without a strong background in history, Making Europe is organized around a political chronology to help inexperienced students get a sense of the story of western civilization. Themes of religion, social history, biography and personality, and individual and collective identity enable students to grasp the "big picture." The text's attention to Eastern Europe and thorough coverage of religious history extends right up to the present. The authors' collective experience teaching Western Civilization is evident in the text's carefully designed system of pedagogy that promotes understanding of events and figures of the western past. Focus and review questions, chronologies, key terms and definitions, and chapter summaries help students engage with the material step-by-step, chapter-by-chapter.

Additional Product Information

Features and Benefits

  • The pedagogical program offers a coherent strategy for helping students study and learn with unfamiliar terms defined on the pages on which they're first used, chapter-opening maps and overviews, timelines, section-opening focus questions, chronologies, and review questions and chapter summaries at the end of each chapter. Online study aids encourage active review and promote mastery of the material.
  • Superior coverage of religious history--from ancient times right up to the present--also includes religious groups often underrepresented in Western civilization texts, such as Catholic and Protestant Irish, Bosnian Muslims, and Orthodox Russians.
  • Choice and Voice and Echo features work together in every chapter to make connections for students: Choice essays open chapters and show personal agency in history; Voice features guide readers through primary sources; chapter-ending Echo features explore connections between the different eras and students' lives today---such as the transition of the post-World War II Volkswagen Minibus to the modern suburban minivan.
  • A focus on gender roles, social norms, class, and family issues helps students understand things like the implications of sexuality in Sparta, citizenship in the Athenian city-state, and socio-economics in the relatively stateless early Middle Ages.
  • Thinking Back, Thinking Ahead questions get students thinking critically by asking them to speculate on the influence of the chapter's events on the eras to come.
  • The complete online support program for students features ACE practice tests, interactive maps, primary sources, and flashcards. Available through CL HistorySpace, technology resources for instructors include course planning and presentation materials on the textbook websites and course management tools in Eduspace.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter includes an Introduction and a Summary.
12. The Renaissance in Italy and Northern Europe, 1350-1550
Choice: Leonardo da Vinci Seeks Employment
A New Climate of Cultural Expression
The Northern European Renaissance
Voice: Erasmus Defends His Translation of the New Greek Testament
The Cities of Renaissance Italy
Renaissance Ideals in Transition, 1400-1550
Echo: Renaissance Art, Modern Art
13. Europe''s Age of Expansion, 1450-1550
Choice: Isabella of Castile Finances Christopher Columbus''s Voyage Across the Atlantic
Economic and Social Change
Resurgent Monarchies
Europe''s Global Expansion
Voice: Isabella of Castile Writes Her Last Will and Testament
Exploration, Expansion, and European Identity
Echo: Christopher Columbus
14. Reform in the Western Church, 1490-1570
Choice: Teresa of Ávila Chooses to Reform the Carmelites
The Context of Church Reform, 1494-1517
Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation, 1517-1550
The Protestant Reformation Across Europe, 1520-1570
Voice: The Pastors of Geneva Establish Rules for Proper Christian Conduct
Catholic Reform, 1500-1570
Reformation and Society
Echo: Media Revolutions
15. A Century of War and Wonder, 1550-1650
Choice: Jacques Callot Publishes the "Miseries and Misfortunes of War"
Europe''s Economy and Society
The Fate of Spain and the Flourishing of the Netherlands
Political Contests and More Religious Wars
Voice: Simplicius Simplicissimus Encounters Some "Merry Cavalrymen"
Reformation and Revolution in the British Isles
Christian Reform, Religious War, and the Jews
Echo: War Stories
16. State Building and the European State System 1648-1789
Choice: Louis XIV Decides to Rule France on His Own
Absolutism in France, 1648-1740
Voice: Louis XIV Advises His Son
The Austrian Habsburgs, 1648-1740
The Rise of Prussia, 1640-1740
Russia and Europe, 1682-1796
The English Constitutional Monarchy, 1660-1740
Two World Wars, 1740-1763
Echo: Palaces
17. The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, 1550-1790
Choice: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu Introduces Smallpox Inoculation in England
A Revolution in Astronomy
The Impact of the New Science
The Enlightenment
Voice: Voltaire Attacks Christianity
Society and the Enlightenment
Enlightenment Debates
Echo: Coffeehouses
18. Trade and Empire, 1700-1800
Choice: Samuel Gamble Sets Out from London on a Slaving Voyage
Economic Recovery
The Atlantic World
Voice: Olaudah Equiano Describes Passage on a Slave Ship
European Society in the Age of Enlightenment
The Beginning of Industrial Production
Echo: Trafficking in Human Beings
19. Revolutionary France and Napoleonic Europe, 1775-1815
Choice: Olympe de Gouges Becomes a Revolutionary
From Crisis to Constitution, 1775-1789
The Constitutional Monarchy, 1789-1792
Voice: Olympe de Gouges Asserts the Rights of Women
The Republic and the Reign of Terror, 1792-1795
The Rise of Napoleon, 1794-1804
The Napoleonic Empire, 1804-1815
Echo: "Left" and "Right"
20. Restoration and Reform: Conservative and Liberal Europe, 1814-1847
Choice: The Grimm Brothers Begin Work on Their German Dictionary
The Old Order and New Challenges
The Beginnings of Modern Ideology
Voice: Jacob Grimm Writes a Foreword to the German Dictionary
Political Pressures on the Continent
Reform in Great Britain
Echo: Frankenstein
21. Industrialization and Society, 1800-1850
Choice: Friedrich Engels Denounces Capitalist Exploitation
The Spread of Industrialization
Voice: Friedrich Engels Describes the Condition of the Working Class in England
The Middle Classes
Working Classes
Critics of Industrialization
Echo: Standardized Time
22. The Triumph of the Nation-State, 1848-1900
Choice: Theodor Herzl Creates Modern Zionism
The Revolutions of 1848
New Nation-States and Nationalist Tensions
The Expanding Role of the State
Nationalism and Its Opponents
Voice: Theodor Herzl Speculates on the Impact of Jewish Immigration to Palestine
Echo: National Anthems and National Identity
23. The Culture of Industrial Europe, 1850-1914
Choice: Marie Curie-Sklodowska Chooses to Study Physics
The Second Industrial Revolution
Mass Society
Voice: Marie Curie Recalls Her Youth in Russian Poland
Art and Industrial Society
Science and Social Science
Echo: Tourism
24. The Age of Imperialism, 1870-1914
Choice: Cecil Rhodes Creates the Rhodes Scholarship
Motives and Methods of the New Imperialism
Voice: Cecil Rhodes Writes His Own "Confession of Faith"
The Scramble for Africa
The British Raj in India
Imperialism and the Muslim World
The Far East
Consequences and Critics
Echo: Imperialism and the English Language
25. War and Revolution, 1900-1918
Choice: Vladimir Ilych Lenin Leads the Russian Revolution
A New Century, 1900-1914
The Unexpected War, 1914
Total War, 1914-1918
Russia in Revolution, 1917
Voice: Lenin Proposes His "April Theses"
The Turning of the Tide, 1917-1918
Echo: Propaganda and Advertising
26. A Decade of Revolutionary Experiments, 1918-1929
Choice: Alexandra Kollontai Becomes a Revolutionary
The Search for Stability, 1918-1924
Postwar Political Experiments, 1924-1929
The New Soviet State
Voice: Alexandra Kollantai Advocates a New Type of Woman
Social and Cultural Experiments
Echo: Sex Advice Columns in Women''s Magazines
27. Democracy Under Siege, 1929-1945
Choice: George Orwell Commits Himself to Socialism
Responses to the Great Depression, 1929-1939
The Soviet Union Under Stalin, 1929-1939
The Third Reich, 1933-1945
World War II, 1939-1945
Voice: George Orwell Reflects on Nationalism
Echo: The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington D.C.
28. Europe Divided, 1945-1968
Choice: Ana Pauker Submits to the Communist Party
The Iron Curtain Falls, 1945-1958
The Revival of Western Europe
The Restructuring of Eastern Europe
Voice: Jakub Berman Defends the Communist Takeover in Poland
Superpower Conflicts and Colonial Independence Movements, 1945-1968
Cultural Developments and Social Protest
Echo: The Volkswagen Transporter
29. Lifting the Iron Curtain, 1969-1991
Choice: Václav Havel Chooses Dissent
Politics in Western Europe
Social Change in the West
Growing Crisis in the Communist East
Voice: Václav Havel Calls on the Power of the Powerless
Cultural Leaps over the Wall
The Collapse of the Soviet System, 1989-1991
Echo: Peace Protests
30. Europe in a Globalizing World, 1991 to the Present
Choice: José Bové Plows Down a McDonald''s
Eastern Europe After Communism
European Integration
Europe and Globalization
The Future of the West
Voice: Pope Benedict XVI Speaks of the Future of Christianity
Echo: I Want My MTV


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Meet the Author

Author Bio

Frank L. Kidner

Frank L. Kidner is Professor of History Emeritus at San Francisco State University, where he taught from 1968 until his retirement in 2006. He has also taught in the Western Civilization program at Stanford University and at Amherst College. His courses include Western Civilization, undergraduate and graduate courses in Early Modern Europe, and the history of the Christian Church as well as a graduate course in historical methodology. He has authored articles on topics in Late Antiquity and co-edited TRAVEL, COMMUNICATION, AND GEOGRAPHY IN LATE ANTIQUITY.

Maria Bucur

Maria Bucur is Associate Dean in the College of Arts and Sciences and John V. Hill Professor in East European History at Indiana University, where she has taught an undergraduate course on “The Idea of Europe” and other topics in nineteenth- and twentieth-century eastern Europe. Her research focus is on social and cultural developments in eastern Europe, with a special interest in Romania (geographically) and gender (thematically). Her publications include EUGENICS AND MODERNIZATION IN INTERWAR ROMANIA and HEROES AND VICTIMS: REMEMBERING WAR IN TWENTIETH CENTURY ROMANIA. When not writing and reading history or administrative memos, Bucur is following her dream of being in a band (violin and bass) with her husband and children.

Ralph Mathisen

Ralph Mathisen is Professor of History, Classics, and Medieval Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is a specialist in the ancient world with a particular interest in the society, culture, and religion of Late Antiquity. His teaching experience includes Western Civilization and topics in the Ancient Near East, Greece, Rome, Byzantium, coinage, and Roman law. He has written more than seventy scholarly articles and has written or edited 10 books, the most recent of which is PEOPLE, PERSONAL EXPRESSION, AND SOCIAL RELATIONS IN LATE ANTIQUITY. He is also the editor of the JOURNAL OF LATE ANTIQUITY and OXFORD STUDIES IN LATE ANTIQUITY. He enjoys traveling, running, and ballroom dancing.

Sally McKee

Sally McKee is Professor of History at the University of California at Davis, where she teaches courses on Western Civilization and medieval history. Her research focus has been Venice and its colonies and Mediterranean slavery, but her new project centers on nineteenth-century France and Italy. She is the author of articles that have won prizes and been anthologized, and she has also published a three-volume edition of Venetian-Cretan wills and a monograph, UNCOMMON DOMINION: VENETIAN CRETE AND THE MYTH OF ETHNIC PURITY. When she is not teaching, she travels the world in search of archives, modern art museums, and great street food.

Theodore R. Weeks

Theodore R. Weeks is Professor of History at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, where he teaches Western Civilization and world and European history. His research centers on nationality, inter-ethnic relations, and antisemitism in eastern Europe. He is the author of NATION AND STATE IN LATE IMPERIAL RUSSIA and FROM ASSIMILIATION TO ANTISEMITISM: THE “JEWISH QUESTION” IN POLAND, 1850-1914, and his articles have appeared in several languages, including Estonian and Hebrew.