Higher Education

Major Problems in the Early Republic, 1787-1848, 2nd Edition

  • Sean Wilentz Princeton University
  • Jonathan Earle University of Kansas
  • ISBN-10: 0618522581  |  ISBN-13: 9780618522583
  • 528 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 1992
  • © 2008 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $89.00

About

Overview

Designed to encourage critical thinking about history, the Major Problems in American History series introduces students to both primary sources and analytical essays on important topics in U.S. history. This text serves as the primary anthology, even the textbook, for the course, covering the subject's entire chronological span. With nearly 50% new documents, the Second Edition places greater emphasis on diplomacy and foreign affairs, popular culture, religion, and the history of national and group identities. Documents in each chapter identify key issues and capture the passionate spirit and conviction of the historical actors. The essay selections highlight classic and current scholarship on the social and cultural history of the early republic.

Features and Benefits

  • New! The Second Edition includes a new Chapter 6 on religious life and a new Chapter 14 on the making of American culture in the decades after 1815.
  • Each volume presents a carefully selected group of readings in an organization that asks students to evaluate primary sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter concludes with "Further Reading."
1. Interpreting the Early Republic
ESSAYS
Sean Wilentz, The Market Revolution
Clinton L. Rossiter, Nationalism and American Identity in the Early Republic
Jeffrey L. Pasley, Popular Political Culture in the Early Republic
Bradford Perkins, Interests and Values: American Foreign Policy in the Early Republic
2. The Compromise of 1787 and the Federalist Ascendancy
DOCUMENTS
1. Alexander Hamilton Addresses the Constitutional Convention, 1787
2. James Madison Defends the New Federal Constitution, 1788
3. Mercy Otis Warren Attacks the Constitution, 1788
4. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison Confront the Need for a Bill of Rights, 1787, 1788: Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, December 20, 1787; James Madison, Speech to Virginia Ratifying Convention, 1788
5. Congress Designs the Northwest Ordinance, 1787
6. Patrick Henry and Melancton Smith Offer Clashing Ideas About the Constitution, Slavery, and Democracy, 1788: Patrick Henry, Speech to Virginia Ratifying Convention, June 1788; Melancton Smith, Speech to New York Ratification Convention, 1788
7. Two Artists Portray Different Ideals of Women in the New Republic
ESSAYS
Gordon S. Wood, Conflict, Compromise, and the Framing of the Constitution
Paul Finkelman, A Triumph for Slavery
Jan Lewis, The Republican Wife
3. The Political Crises of the 1790s
DOCUMENTS
1. Alexander Hamilton Reports On the Public Credit, 1790
2. Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton Debate the Constitutionality of the National Bank, 1791
3. The Democratic-Republican Societies Oppose Federal Policy, 1793, 1794: Minutes, Democratic Society of Pennsylvania, May 30, 1793-July 31, 1794; Circular, Democratic Society of the City of New York, May 28, 1794
4. President George Washington Attacks "Certain Self-Created Societies" over the Whiskey Rebellion, 1794
5. An Anonymous Poet Protests the Jay Treaty, 1795
6. Thomas Jefferson Describes the "Aristocratical Party," 1796
7. President Washington Bids Farewell to His Countrymen, 1796
8. A Cartoonist Attacks the Degenerate French Over the XYZ Affair
9. Congress Cracks Down on Dissent, 1798
10. The Kentucky Legislature Protests the Repression, 1798
11. A Federalist Newspaper Describes the Trial of David Brown, 1799
12. Thomas Jefferson''s Supporters Sing of his Victory, ca. 1801
13. John Adams Accounts for His Defeat, 1801
ESSAYS
David Waldstreicher, Public Celebrations, Print Culture, and American Nationalism
James E. Lewis, Jr., Political Crisis and the "Revolution" of 1800
John Ashworth, Slavery, Democracy, and the Jeffersonians
4. The Republican Jefferson and the Jeffersonian Republic
DOCUMENTS
1. President Thomas Jefferson Offers Different Views About Political Reconciliation, 1801, 1802: Jefferson, First Inaugural Address, 1801; Jefferson to Levi Lincoln, October 25, 1802
2. Wilson Cary Nicholas and Thomas Jefferson Discuss the Constitutionality of the Louisiana Purchase, 1803
3. Republicans and Federalists Struggle over the Courts, 1801, 1803: Jefferson to John Dickinson, December 19, 1801; John Marshall, Marbury v. Madison
4. Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and the Corps of Discovery Explore the West, 1804, 1805
5. The Federalists Plunge into Despair, 1804: George Cabot to Timothy Pickering, February 14, 1804; Timothy Pickering to Rufus King, March 4, 1804
6. Thomas Jefferson Describes Indians, Slavery, and Blacks, 1787
7. President Jefferson Displays Machiavellian Benevolence Toward the Indians, 1803
8. A Shawnee Chief Offers A Parable of Resistance, 1803
9. A Jeffersonian Newspaper Supports the Embargo, 1807
10. A Maine Town''s Petition Protests the Embargo, 1809
ESSAYS
Joyce Appleby, Thomas Jefferson: Liberal Democrat
Forrest McDonald, Thomas Jefferson: Reactionary Ideologue
Annette Gordon-Reed, Blacks and Jefferson
5. The War of 1812: National Honor and Aggressive Expansion
DOCUMENTS
1. A Republican Newspaper Protests British Impressment, 1811
2. Felix Grundy Gives the War Hawks'' Battle Cry, 1811
3. John Quincy Adams Argues Necessity for War, 1812
4. Federalist Daniel Webster Criticizes the War, 1812
5. Tecumseh Confronts Governor William Henry Harrison, 1810
6. Governor William Henry Harrison Describes Tecumseh and the Indian Threat, 1811
7. A Newspaper Reports on the Burning of Washington, D.C., 1814
8. Francis Scott Key Immortalizes the American Victory in Baltimore, 1814
9. The Hartford Convention Lists Its Grievances, 1814
10. A Hero Is Born, Undated
ESSAYS
Reginald Horsman, The Improbable American Success
Gregory Evans Dowd, The Indian Resistance Crushed
6. Religious Revivals and the Second Great Awakening
DOCUMENTS
1. Thomas Jefferson Codifies Religious Freedom, 1777, 1786
2. A Participant Describes a Kentucky Camp Meeting, 1801
3. A Diarist Recalls a Religious Awakening at Yale, 1802
4. Charles Grandison Finney Sermonizes on Sin and Redemption, 1836
5. A "Fanny Wright Mechanic" Attacks Religious Reform, 1831
6. Richard Allen Founds the African Methodist Episcopal Church, 1793
7. A.J Graves Gives a Scriptural Justification for Women''s Domesticity
8. Joseph Smith Recounts his First Visitation, 1832
ESSAYS
Robert H. Abzug, Northern Revivalism
Elizabeth B. Clark, Religion, Cruelty, and Sympathy in Antebellum America
Mitchell Snay, The Southern Clergy and the Sanctification of Slavery
7. The Rise of Northern Capitalism
DOCUMENTS
1. Mary Graham Describes Life on a Commercializing Farm, 1835-1844
2. A Self-Made Man Explains His Success, 1843
3. Alexis de Tocqueville Reports on American Acquisitiveness, 1840
4. "Susan" Describes Conditions in the Lowell Mills, 1844
5. Lowell''s Female Workers Give Voice to Protest, 1845
6. A British Cabinetmaker Describes His Life in New York City, 1846
7. A Newspaper Exposes Conditions among New York Tradesmen, 1845
8. Thomas Skidmore Urges Redistribution with "The Rights of Man to Property," 1829
9. Philadelphia Workers Declare Themselves "Wage Slaves," 1836
10. Alonzo Potter Justifies Wage Labor, 1840
ESSAYS
Christopher Clark, Northern Capitalism: Creation and Costs
Christine Stansell, Working Class Youth: The Gals and Boys of the Bowery
8. The Slaveholders'' Regime
DOCUMENTS
1. A Louisiana Planter Instructs His Son, 1841
2. J.H. Hammond Instructs His Overseer, 1840-1850
3. Kidnap Victim Solomon Northup Recalls Life under Slavery, 1853
4. Overseer George Skipwith Writes His Absentee Master, 1847
5. Lizzie Williams Looks Back on the Days of Slavery, 1937
6. Messrs. Brooke and Hubbard Announce a Slave Auction, 1823
7. Free Blacks Petition the Virginia State Legislature, 1838
8. Slave Rebel Nat Turner Confesses, 1831
9. The Virginia Legislature Debates Ending Slavery, 1832
10. Thomas Roderick Dew Defends Slavery, 1832
ESSAYS
Walter Johnson, The Chattel Principle
Stephanie McCurry, Gender and Proslavery in Antebellum South Carolina
9. Struggles for the West
DOCUMENTS
1. The Cherokee Design a Nation, 1827
2. Congress Votes to Remove "Civilized Tribes," 1830
3. Andrew Jackson Endorses Removal, 1830
4. Theodore Frelinghuysen Attacks the Indian Removal Bill, 1830
5. Citizens of Rock River, Illinois, Petition for Protection from Sac and Fox, 1831
6. Black Hawk Surrenders, 1832
7. A Mexican General Describes the Borderland, 1828, 1829
8. A Texas Settler Sounds the Alarm, 1836
9. Lieutenant-Colonel Jose Enriqué de la Peña Recalls the Battle of the Alamo, 1836
10. An Emigrant Reaches the Sacramento Valley, 1846
11. James H. Carson Describes Life in the Gold Mines, 1848
ESSAYS
John Faragher, The Transformation of a Rural Community
William Cronon, A Prairie Landscape
10. The Era of Bad Feelings
DOCUMENTS
1. John Jacob Astor and an English Traveler Explain the Origins and Impact of the Panic of 1819: 1818, 1820
2. Thomas Jefferson Hears "A Fire Bell in the Night" during the Missouri Crisis, 1820
3. Congress Debates the Missouri Crisis, 1819, 1820: Rufus King Opposes the Introduction of Slavery into Missouri, 1819; Timothy Fuller Attacks Slavery as Unrepublican, 1819; William Smith Defends Slavery, 1820
4. President John Quincy Adams Describes His View of Liberty and Power, 1825
5. Philadelphia Craft Workers Organize a Union
6. Martin Van Buren Proposes a New Opposition Party, 1827
7. John C. Calhoun Theorizes About States'' Rights, 1828
8. John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson Battle for the Presidency, 1828
ESSAYS
Richard H. Brown, The Missouri Crisis, Slavery, and the Rise of the Jacksonians
Sean Wilentz, Jeffersonian Anti-Slavery and the Missouri Crisis
Matthew H. Crocker, The Missouri Compromise, the Monroe Doctrine, and the Southern Strategy
11. Jacksonians, Whigs, and the Politics of the 1830s
DOCUMENTS
1. President Jackson and Henry Clay Fight Over Internal Improvements: Jackson''s Veto Message, May 27, 1830; Henry Clay Responds, 1830
2. Henry Clay Defends the American System, 1832
3. Andrew Jackson Vetoes the Bank, 1832: Jackson''s Veto Message, July 10, 1832; Daniel Webster''s Reply, July 11, 1832
4. South Carolina Proclaims Nullification, 1832: Governor Robert Y. Hayne, Inaugural Address, December 13, 1832; Andrew Jackson, Proclamation on Nullification, December 10, 1832
5. The Whigs Attack President Jackson, 1834
6. William Leggett Describes the Conflict Between the Rich and the Poor, 1834
7. Philip Hone Complains About Democratic Party, 1834
8. Congress Debates the Gag Rule, 1837
9. The Whigs Take to the Woods, 1840
10. Calvin Colton Outlines Whig Ideals, 1844
ESSAYS
Norma Basch, Culture Wars and the Election of 1828
Charles Sellers, The Jacksonians'' Democratic Assault on the Bank
Daniel Walker Howe, The Party of Moral Discipline: Whig Values
12. Perfecting the Nation and the World
DOCUMENTS
1. Lyman Beecher Preaches Temperance, 1826
2. Women Declare Equality with Men at Seneca Falls, 1848
3. Samuel F. B. Morse Expounds on the Popish Plot, 1835
4. A Nativist Mob Destroys a Massachusetts Convent, 1834
5. Horace Mann Proposes Public Schooling, 1846
6. Dorothea Dix Petitions New Jersey Legislature on Asylum Reform, 1845
7. Sylvester Graham Urges Restraint on Sexuality, 1833
8. George Henry Evans Touts Land Reform, 1846
ESSAYS
Mary P. Ryan, Middle-Class Women and Moral Reform
Paul E. Johnson, Declaring and Defying Perfection
13. Abolitionism, Antiabolitionism, and Proslavery
DOCUMENTS
1. David Walker Appeals to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829
2. William Lloyd Garrison Demands Immediate Abolition, 1831
3. The New England Anti-Slavery Society Urges on Immediatism, 1833
4. William Jay Mocks and Dismisses the Proslavery Argument, 1836
5. Angelina Grimké Appeals to the Christian Women of the South, 1836
6. T.R. Sullivan Attacks Immediate Abolition, 1835
7. The Anti-Abolitionists Ridicule Anti-Slavery Radicals, 1839
8. J.H. Hammond Defends Slavery, 1836
9. A Christian Justifies Slavery, 1845
10. Henry Highland Garnet Calls for Slaves to Resist, 1843
ESSAYS
Julie Roy Jeffrey, Northern Women and Abolitionism
Eugene D. Genovese, The Proslavery Argument
14. Toward an American Culture
DOCUMENTS
1. Timothy Dwight Describes "The Destruction of the Pequods," 1794
2. John Trumbull Imagines the Nation''s Founding, 1820
3. Davy Crockett Hunts a Bear, 1834
4. Ralph Waldo Emerson Addresses "The American Scholar," 1837
5. Sarah Josepha Hale Celebrates the Family Romance, 1835
6. The Knickerbocker Base-Ball Club Codifies the Game''s Rules, 1845
ESSAYS
Edward L. Widmer, A Democratic Culture?
Robert M. Lewis, Organized Baseball and American Culture
15. Manifest Destiny, Slavery, and the Politics of Expansion
DOCUMENTS
1. John L. O''Sullivan Celebrates Manifest Destiny, 1845
2. President James K. Polk Urges War with Mexico, 1846
3. A Mexican Assesses the War, 1848
4. Antislavery Congressmen Concoct the Wilmot Proviso to Halt Slavery''s Advance, 1846
5. Free Soil Democrat Walt Whitman Justifies the War, 1846, 1847
6. Abolitionist Frederick Douglass Decries the War, 1846
7. James Russell Lowell Satirizes the Mexican War, 1848
8. Northern Whig Charles Sumner Protests the War, 1846
9. Senator John C. Calhoun Offers a Southern Perspective on the War''s Outcome, 1847
10. The Political System Fractures: Party Platforms, 1848
ESSAYS
Thomas Hietala, The Anxieties of Manifest Destiny
Robert W. Johannsen, Young America and the War with Mexico
Jonathan Earle, Jacksonian Antislavery and the Roots of Free Soil

What's New

  • The proven Major Problems format features 14-15 chapters per volume, documents and essays combined, chapter introductions, headnotes, and suggested readings.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Sean Wilentz

Sean Wilentz, PhD Yale University, is the George Henry Davis 1886 Professor of American History at Princeton University. His book, The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln (2006), won several national honors, including the Bancroft Prize. Dr. Wilentz's other books include Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, 1788-1850 (1984), and (with Paul E. Johnson) The Kingdom of Matthias (1994). He is currently at work on a study of the liberal historians of the mid-twentieth century. Dr. Wilentz has held numerous fellowships including, most recently, the Mrs. Giles Whiting Foundation Fellowship at the Dorothy and Lewis B. Cullman Center for Scholars and Writers at the New York Public Library. His essays and reviews appear regularly in scholarly journals and anthologies, as well as in The New Republic, The New York Times Book Review, Rolling Stone, Dissent, and other national publications.

Jonathan Earle

Jonathan Earle, Associate Professor of History at the University of Kansas, earned his BA in History, magna cum laude, from Columbia College in 1990 and his Ph.D. from Princeton in 1996. His book Jacksonian Antislavery and the Politics of Free Soil won the prize for best first book from the Society for Historians of the Early American Republic, as well as other awards. He is also the author of the Routledge Atlas of African American History and John Brown's Raid: A Brief History (forthcoming from Bedford/St. Martin's Press). He is currently writing a history of the critical election of 1860 and working on a longer study of antislavery conversions in the Atlantic world. Earle has held fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Council of Learned Societies, and the Huntington Library. He spent the 2006-7 academic year as the Ray Allen Billington Visiting Chair in U.S. History at Occidental College in Los Angeles. Earle and his wife, the historian Leslie Tuttle, live in Lawrence, Kansas.