PART I: EHTICAL THEORY.
1. An Introduction to Ethics.
The Nature of Morality. Normative Theories of Ethics.
2. Ethical Relativism.
JAMES RACHELS: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism.
3. Four Rival Ethical Perspectives.
ARISTOTLE: Happiness, Function, and Virtue. IMMANUEL KANT: Good Will, Duty, and the Categorical Imperative. JOHN STUART MILL: Utilitarianism. W. D. ROSS: What Makes Right Acts Right?
PART II: ISSUES IN APPLIED ETHICS.
4. Suicide and Euthanasia.
RICHARD B. BRANDT: The Morality and Rationality of Suicide. DAN W. BROCK: Voluntary Active Euthanasia. DANIEL CALLAHAN: When Self-Determination Runs Amok. JOHN HARDWIG: Is There a Duty to Die?
JOHN T. NOONAN, JR.: An Almost Absolute Value in History. MARY ANNE WARREN: The Moral Status of Abortion. DON MARQUIS: An Argument That Abortion Is Wrong. JUDITH JARVIS THOMSON: A Defense of Abortion. ROSALIND HURSTHOUSE: Virtue Theory and Abortion.
6. Animals, Vegetarianism, and Environmental Ethics.
PETER SINGER: The Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues. TIBOR R. MACHAN: Do Animals Have Rights? MYLAN ENGEL, JR.: Why You Are Committed to the Immorality of Eating Meat. R. M. HARE: Why I Am Only a Demi-Vegetarian. PETER SINGER: Reply to Hare
HOLMES ROLSTON III: Respect for Life. PETER SINGER: Reply to Rolston.
7. Liberty and Paternalism.
JOHN STUART MILL: On Liberty. GERALD DWORKIN: Paternalism. DAVID BOAZ: A Drug-Free America—or a Free America? U.S. DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY: Speaking Out Against Drug Legalization.
8. Marriage and Sexual Morality.
JOHN CORVINO: Why Shouldn’t Tommy and Jim Have Sex? MICHAEL PAKALUK: Homosexuality, Gay Marriage, and the Common Good. JACOB M. HELD: Gay Marriage: The Case for Equal Treatment. MIKE W. MARTIN: Adultery and Fidelity. NICHOLAS DIXON: Alcohol and Rape. HELEN E. LONGINO: Pornography, Oppression, and Freedom.
9. Voting and Democracy.
JOHN STUART MILL: Considerations on Representative Government. LOREN S. LOMASKY and GEOFFREY BRENNAN: Is There a Duty to Vote? EDITORS, HARVARD LAW REVIEW: The Case for Compulsory Voting.
10. Crime, Guns, and Rights.
DANIEL D. POLSBY: The False Promise of Gun Control. NICHOLAS DIXON: Handguns and Violent Crime. MICHAEL HUEMER: Is There a Right to Own a Gun?
11. Punishment and the Death Penalty.
WILLIAM H. SHAW: Punishment and the Criminal Justice System. ERNEST VAN DEN HAAG: The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense. JEFFREY H. REIMAN: Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty. U.S. SUPREME COURT: Atkins v. Virginia.
12. The Ethics of War and the Response to Terrorism.
DOUGLAS P. LACKEY: Pacifism. J. JOSEPH MILLER: Jus ad Bellum and an Officer’s Moral Obligations: Ignorance, the Constitution, and Iraq. AVISHAI MARGALIT and MICHAEL WALZER: Civilians and Combatants. JEFF McMAHAN: Torture in Principle and in Practice.
13. Race, Discrimination, and Affirmative Action.
BARACH OBAMA, A More Perfect Union. RICHARD A. WASSERSTROM: One Way to Understand and Defend Programs of Preferential Treatment. LOUIS P. POJMAN: The Case Against Affirmative Action. U.S. SUPREME COURT: The University of Michigan Affirmative Action Cases. LUCY WANG, Weight Discrimination.
14. Social Justice.
EDITORS, HARVARD LAW REVIEW: Never Again Shall A People Starve in a World of Plenty. JOHN ISBISTER: Welfare and Social Justice. ROBERT M. VEATCH: Let the Poor Sell Their Kidneys. D. W. HASLETT: Is Inheritance Justified? U.S. SUPREME COURT: Kelo v. City of New London.
15. Ethics in Business.
MICHAEL J. PHILLIPS: The Inconclusive Case Against Manipulative Advertising. THOMAS L. CARSON: The Ethics of Sales. MICHAEL DAVIS: Some Paradoxes of Whistleblowing. JOSEPH R. DESJARDINS AND RONALD DUSKA: Drug Testing in Employment.
FOR FURTHER READING.