For 35 years, students have mastered the basics of writing with Wilson and Glazier’s THE LEAST YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT ENGLISH: WRITING SKILLS. Its uncomplicated explanations offer students “just in time support” reinforced by real-world samples, 170 exercises, and instant feedback in all areas of writing. In the twelfth edition, Parts 1-3 continue to clarify the essentials of “Word Use,” “Sentence Structure,” and “Punctuation.” Part 4 on “Writing” covers all types of paragraphs and essays (from narration to argumentation) and all types of skills (from writing summaries to including quotations) in a brief, easy-to-follow way. New to Part 4 is a section on “Writing in Response to a Reading” and a new chart with valuable “Tips for In-Class Essays.” Each area includes concise explanations followed by numerous exercises with a complete set of answers in the back of the book so that students can instantly grasp and apply what they learn-wherever they are. In line with core standards, exercises from multiple disciplines broaden students’ understanding and interest in science, art, history, film, literature, social studies, and the media. When the course ends, THE LEAST becomes a valuable reference for students’ future writing needs.
Table of Contents
1. Word Use.
What Is the Least You Should Know? How to Learn the Least You Should Know. The Importance of a Good Dictionary. Your Own List of Misspelled Words. Words That Can Be Broken into Parts. Guidelines for Doubling a Final Letter. Words Often Confused (Set 1). Words Often Confused (Set 2). The Eight Parts of Speech. Adjectives and Adverbs. Contractions. Possessives.
2. Sentence Structure.
Finding Subjects and Verbs. Locating Prepositional Phrases. Understanding Dependent Clauses. Correcting Fragments. Correcting Run-on Sentences. Identifying Verb Phrases. Using Standard English Verbs. Using Regular and Irregular Verbs. Maintaining Subject-Verb Agreement. Avoiding Shifts in Tense. Recognizing Verbal Phrases. Correcting Misplaced or Dangling Modifiers. Following Sentence Patterns. Avoiding Clichés, Awkward Phrasing, and Wordiness. Correcting for Parallel Structure. Using Pronouns. Avoiding Shifts in Person.
Periods, Question Marks, Exclamation Points, Semicolons, Colons, Dashes. Commas Used to Separate Elements. Commas Used to Enclose Elements. Quotation Marks and Italics/Underlines. Capital Letters.
What Is the Least You Should Know about Writing? Writing as Structure. First-Person and Third-Person Approaches. Basic Structures. I. The Paragraph: Defining a Paragraph. Types of Paragraphs. Sample Paragraphs in an Essay. Sample of a Single-Paragraph Assignment. II. The Essay: The Five-Paragraph Essay and Beyond. Defining an Essay. A Sample Essay. Writing Skills. III. Writing in Your Own Voice: Narration. A Sample Essay. Description.
IV. Finding a Topic: Look to Your Interests. Focused Free Writing (or Brainstorming). Clustering. Talking with Other Students. V. Organizing Ideas: Thesis Statements. Organizing an Essay. Topic Sentences. Organizing Body Paragraphs (or Single Paragraphs). Transitional Expressions. VI. Supporting with Details: Types of Support. A Sample Final Draft. VII. Choosing and Using Quotations: Choosing Quotations. A Sample Source. Using Quotations. Signal Phrases and Punctuation. Guidelines for Including Quotations. VIII. Writing in Response to a Reading: A Sample Paragraph Response Using Quotations. Sample Reading Prompt 1. A Sample Essay Response Using Quotations. Tips for In-Class Writing. Sample Reading Prompt 2. IX. Writing an Argument: Taking a Stand and Proving Your Point. A Sample Argument. Three Requirements of a Strong Written Argument. X. Writing Summaries: A Sample Reading. A Sample Summary. Summary Checklist. XI. Revising, Proofreading, and Presenting Your Work: A Sample Rough Draft. Revision Checklist. Exchanging Papers (Peer Evaluations), Proofreading Aloud. Presenting Your Work. Paper Formats. Titles.