Higher Education

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis, 4th Edition

  • Roxy Peck California Polytechnic State University
  • Chris Olsen George Washington High School, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
  • Jay L. Devore California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
  • ISBN-10: 0840054904  |  ISBN-13: 9780840054906
  • 944 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2008, 2005, 2005
  • © 2012 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $210.75
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About

Overview

Roxy Peck, Chris Olsen, and Jay Devore's new edition uses real data and attention-grabbing examples to introduce students to the study of statistics and data analysis. Traditional in structure yet modern in approach, this text guides students through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. Simple notation--including the frequent substitution of words for symbols--helps students grasp concepts and cement their comprehension. Hands-on activities and interactive applets allow students to practice statistics firsthand. INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS, 4th Edition, includes updated coverage of the graphing calculator as well as expanded coverage of probability.

Additional Product Information

Features and Benefits

  • The text is enhanced by a variety of online teaching and learning resources. These include the book's website, Statistics CourseMate; Aplia™, an online interactive learning solution that improves comprehension of key statistical concepts; and Cengage Learning's Enhanced WebAssign®, which allows you to assign problems from the text online and ensure that students receive multimedia tutorial support as they complete their assignments.
  • Most chapters contain "Graphing Calculator Explorations." Found at the end of the chapter, these explorations promote statistical thinking and allow students to actively experience technology.
  • Optional material on logistic regression in Chapter 5, "Summarizing Bivariate Data," assures complete coverage of this important topic.
  • A chapter on Nonparametric Methods is available online, providing you with the option of covering this topic if you wish.
  • "Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analysis" sections, which emphasize the importance of being able to interpret statistical output and communicate its meaning to non-statisticians, now have assignable end-of-section questions associated with them.
  • Real data gives students authentic scenarios that help them understand statistical concepts in relevant, interesting contexts.
  • The book features broad coverage of sampling, survey design and experimental design coverage of transformations and nonlinear regression, and an emphasis on graphical display as a necessary component of data analysis.
  • The book highlights the role of the computer in contemporary statistics through numerous printouts and exercises that can be solved by computer.
  • Several Java™ applets, used in conjunction with activities that appear at the end of the chapter, provide visual insight into statistical concepts.
  • A digital image bank and Microsoft® PowerPoint® slides in the Instructor's Resource Binder make lecture and class preparation quick and easy.

Table of Contents

1. THE ROLE OF STATISTICS AND THE DATA ANALYSIS PROCESS.
Why Study Statistics. The Nature and Role of Variability. Statistics and the Data Analysis Process. Types of Data and Some Simple Graphical Displays.
2. COLLECTING DATA SENSIBLY.
Statistical Studies: Observation and Experimentation. Sampling. Simple Comparative Experiments. More on Experimental Design. More on Observational Studies: Designing Surveys (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
3. GRAPHICAL METHODS FOR DESCRIBING DATA.
Displaying Categorical Data: Comparative Bar Charts and Pie Charts. Displaying Numerical Data: Stem-and-Leaf Displays. Displaying Numerical Data: Frequency Distributions and Histograms. Displaying Bivariate Numerical Data. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
4. NUMERICAL METHODS FOR DESCRIBING DATA.
Describing the Center of a Data Set. Describing Variability in a Data Set. Summarizing a Data Set: Boxplots. Interpreting Center and Variability: Chebyshev''s Rule, the Empirical Rule, and z Scores. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
5. SUMMARIZING BIVARIATE DATA.
Correlation. Linear Regression: Fitting a Line to Bivariate Data. Assessing the Fit of a Line. Nonlinear Relationships and Transformations. Logistic Regression (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
6. PROBABILITY.
Chance Experiments and Events. Definition of Probability. Basic Properties of Probability. Conditional Probability. Independence. Some General Probability Rules. Estimating Probabilities Empirically Using Simulation.
7. RANDOM VARIABLES AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS.
Random Variables. Probability Distributions for Discrete Random Variables. Probability Distributions for Continuous Random Variables. Mean and Standard Deviation of a Random Variable. Binomial and Geometric Distributions. Normal Distributions. Checking for Normality and Normalizing Transformations. Using the Normal Distribution to Approximate a Discrete Distribution.
8. SAMPLING VARIABILITY AND SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION.
Statistics and Sampling Variability. The Sampling Distribution of a Sample Mean. The Sampling Distribution of a Sample Proportion.
9. ESTIMATION USING A SINGLE SAMPLE.
Point Estimation. Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Proportion. Confidence Interval for a Population Mean. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
10. HYPOTHESIS TESTING USING A SINGLE SAMPLE.
Hypotheses and Test Procedures. Errors in Hypotheses Testing. Large-Sample Hypothesis Tests for a Population Proportion. Hypotheses Tests for a Population Mean. Power and Probability of Type II Error. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
11. COMPARING TWO POPULATIONS OR TREATMENTS.
Inferences Concerning the Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Independent Samples. Inferences Concerning the Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Paired Samples. Large Sample Inferences Concerning a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Proportions. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
12. THE ANALYSIS OF CATEGORICAL DATA AND GOODNESS-OF-FIT TESTS.
Chi-Square Tests for Univariate Data. Tests for Homogeneity and Independence in a Two-way Table. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
13. SIMPLE LINEAR REGRESSION AND CORRELATION: INFERENTIAL METHODS.
Simple Linear Regression Model. Inferences About the Slope of the Population Regression Line. Checking Model Adequacy. Inferences Based on the Estimated Regression Line (Optional). Inferences About the Population Correlation Coefficient (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses.
14. MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS.
Multiple Regression Models. Fitting a Model and Assessing Its Utility. Inferences Based on an Estimated Model (online). Other Issues in Multiple Regression (online). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses (online).
Activity 14.1: Exploring the Relationship Between Number of Predictors and Sample Size.
15. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE.
Single-Factor ANOVA and the F Test. Multiple Comparisons. The F Test for a Randomized Block Experiment (online). Two-Factor ANOVA (online). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses (online).
16. NONPARAMETRIC (DISTRIBUTION-FREE STATISTICAL METHODS (ONLINE).
Distribution-Free Procedures for Inferences About a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Independent Samples (Optional). Distribution-Free Procedures for Inferences About a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Paired Samples. Distribution-Free ANOVA.

What's New

  • New Cumulative Review Exercises appear after selected chapter sets, allowing you to test students' comprehension of topics spanning multiple chapters.
  • More than 50 new examples and more than 270 new exercises, which use data from current newspapers and journals, help students understand statistical concepts in a realistic context. In addition, more of the exercises specifically ask students to write (for example, by requiring them to explain their reasoning, interpret results, and comment on important features of an analysis).
  • Examples and exercises using data sets that can be accessed online from the text website (Statistics CourseMate) are designated by an icon, as are examples that are further illustrated in technology manuals for MINITAB®, SPSS®, etc.--which are also available at the website.
  • Exercises have been added to the "Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses" sections, giving students the chance to practice these important skills. All of these sections now have assignable end-of-section questions associated with them.
  • Approximately 90 exercises have video solutions, presented by Brian Kotz of Montgomery College, which can be viewed online or downloaded for viewing later. An icon designates these exercises in the text.
  • A greater number of end-of-chapter activities have been added to the book, ideal for use as a chapter capstone or integrated at appropriate places as the chapter material is covered in class.
  • The "Graphing Calculator Explorations" have been significantly revised and updated.

Learning Resource Bundles

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Bundle: Text + Enhanced WebAssign - Start Smart Guide for Students + Enhanced WebAssign Homework with eBook Printed Access Card for One Term Math and Science

ISBN-10: 1111656568  | ISBN-13: 9781111656560

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  • Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis
    List Price = $280.95  | CengageBrain Price = $280.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $210.75
  • Enhanced WebAssign - Start Smart Guide for Students
    List Price = $49.95  | CengageBrain Price = $49.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $37.50
  • Enhanced WebAssign Printed Access Card for Statistics, Single-Term Courses
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Bundle: Text + Aplia™, 1 term Printed Access Card

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  • Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis
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  • Student Solutions Manual
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Bundle: Text + Statistics CourseMate with eBook Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  1111659605  | ISBN-13:  9781111659608

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  • Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis
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  • Statistics CourseMate with eBook Printed Access Card
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Bundle: Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis, 4th + MINITAB Student Version 14 for Windows

ISBN-10:  1111659699  | ISBN-13:  9781111659691

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Printed Text + Aplia™, 2 terms Instant Access

ISBN-10:  1133622976  | ISBN-13:  9781133622970

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  • Aplia™, 2 terms Instant Access
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Bundle: Text + Aplia ITS Card for Introductory Statistics

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Printed Text + Enhanced WebAssign Single-Term LOE Instant Access for Statistics

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  • Enhanced WebAssign,1 term (6 months) Instant Access for Statistics, Single-Term Courses
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Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

PowerLecture  (ISBN-10: 1111574243 | ISBN-13: 9781111574246)

This CD-ROM provides the instructor with dynamic media tools for teaching, including Microsoft® PowerPoint® lecture slides and figures from the book. Create, deliver, and customize tests (both print and online) in minutes with ExamView® Computerized Testing, featuring algorithmic equations. You’ll also find a link to the Solution Builder online solutions manual, allowing you to easily build solution sets for homework or exams.

Solution Builder  (ISBN-10: 1111670781 | ISBN-13: 9781111670788)

This online instructor database offers complete worked solutions to all exercises in the text, allowing you to create customized, secure solutions printouts (in PDF format) matched exactly to the problems you assign in class. www.cengage.com/solutionbuilder

Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 0840068409 | ISBN-13: 9780840068408)

This manual contains fully worked-out solutions to all of the odd-numbered exercises in the text, giving students a way to check their answers and ensure that they took the correct steps to arrive at an answer.

List Price = $80.95  | CengageBrain Price = $80.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $60.75

Statistics CourseMate with eBook Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 111176509X | ISBN-13: 9781111765095)

Interested in a simple way to complement your text and course content with study and practice materials? Cengage Learning’s new Statistics CourseMate brings course concepts to life with online interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. Watch student comprehension soar as your class works with the printed textbook and the textbook-specific website. Online quizzes, conceptual applets, videos, and a multimedia eBook give students dynamic tools for hands-on learning. An online Activities Manual allows students to take notes and record data with activities from the textbook as well as with additional bonus activities for each chapter. Step-by-Step Technology Manuals for Microsoft Excel®, MINITAB®, SPSS®, JMP, and TI-84 Plus calculators help students harness the problem-solving power of statistics technology with instruction on how to use these tools, with coverage correlated directly to examples from the text. Downloadable datasets (in native file formats for each software and calculator model covered by the Step-by-Step Manuals) are also provided for every real-data problem marked in the book. The instructors-only area of CourseMate includes a number of additional classroom aids.

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Enhanced WebAssign,1 term (6 months) Instant Access for Statistics, Single-Term Courses  (ISBN-10: 1285858042 | ISBN-13: 9781285858043)

IMPORTANT: When purchasing this instant access code for Statistics, ensure that you are using it in one of the following courses: General Intro Statistics or Statistics for Engineers. Use with a different course may cause complications with access. Exclusively from Cengage Learning, Enhanced WebAssign combines exceptional mathematics content with the most powerful online homework solution, WebAssign. Enhanced WebAssign engages students with immediate feedback, rich tutorial content, and an interactive, fully customizable eBook, Cengage YouBook helping students to develop a deeper conceptual understanding of their subject matter. This access code includes access to Enhanced WebAssign and life-of-edition access to the eBook for the registered edition of that text. If your students need to retake the course and you are using the same book AND edition then they will not need to buy a new code. This instant access code will be delivered via email when purchased. If you are not certain this is the correct access code for your course, please contact your Cengage Learning Consultant.

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Aplia™, 1 term Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133048897 | ISBN-13: 9781133048893)

Succeed in your course with 1 semester of access to Aplia's interactive learning system--featuring practice problems with immediate feedback and tools developed specifically for INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS, 4th Edition, including step-by-step explanations that help you improve your reasoning and skills, interactive assignments that help you understand difficult or counterintuitive concepts, and more. Aplia has already helped more than a million students succeed in college classes.

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Enhanced WebAssign - Start Smart Guide for Students  (ISBN-10: 0495384798 | ISBN-13: 9780495384793)

This guide helps students navigate Enhanced WebAssign. It includes instructions on how to use the Assignment page and its Summary, tips on using MathPad for providing easy input of math notation and symbols, an overview of the Graphing Utility's drawing tools for completing graphing assignments, and information on how to access grades and scores summary.

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Annotated Instructor's Edition  (ISBN-10: 0840068387 | ISBN-13: 9780840068385)

This instructor version of the text includes answers to all exercises, including those not found in the answer key of the student edition, as well as teaching tips and annotated hints in the margins for covering certain topics.

Student Supplements

Student Solutions Manual  (ISBN-10: 0840068409 | ISBN-13: 9780840068408)

Want to check your answers and be sure you took the correct steps to reach them? This manual, which contains fully worked-out solutions to all of the odd-numbered exercises in the text, allows you to do just that.

List Price = $80.95  | CengageBrain Price = $80.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $60.75

Statistics CourseMate with eBook Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 111176509X | ISBN-13: 9781111765095)

The more you study, the better the results. Make the most of your study time by accessing everything you need to succeed in one place. Read your textbook, take notes, review flashcards, watch videos, and take practice quizzes—online with Statistics CourseMate. This online component provides a rich array of interactive and supplementary material to accompany the text. Online quizzes, conceptual applets, videos, and a multimedia eBook give you dynamic tools for hands-on learning. An online Activities Manual allows you to take notes and record data with activities from the textbook as well as with additional bonus activities for each chapter. Step-by-Step Technology Manuals for Microsoft® Excel®, MINITAB®, SPSS®, JMP, and TI-84 Plus calculators help you harness the problem-solving power of statistics technology with instruction on how to use these tools, with coverage correlated to examples from the text. Downloadable datasets (in native file formats for each software and calculator model covered by the Step-by-Step Manuals) are also provided for every real-data problem marked in the book.

List Price = $195.00  | CengageBrain Price = $195.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $195.00

Enhanced WebAssign,1 term (6 months) Instant Access for Statistics, Single-Term Courses  (ISBN-10: 1285858042 | ISBN-13: 9781285858043)

IMPORTANT: When purchasing this instant access code for Statistics, ensure that you are using it in one of the following courses: General Intro Statistics or Statistics for Engineers. Use with a different course may cause complications with access. Exclusively from Cengage Learning, Enhanced WebAssign combines exceptional mathematics content with the most powerful online homework solution, WebAssign. Enhanced WebAssign engages students with immediate feedback, rich tutorial content, and an interactive, fully customizable eBook, Cengage YouBook helping students to develop a deeper conceptual understanding of their subject matter. This access code includes access to Enhanced WebAssign and life-of-edition access to the eBook for the registered edition of that text. If you need to retake the course and your instructor is using the same book AND edition then you will not need to buy a new code. This instant access code will be delivered via email when purchased. If you are not certain this is the correct access code for your course, please contact your instructor.

List Price = $94.00  | CengageBrain Price = $94.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $94.00

Aplia™, 1 term Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133048897 | ISBN-13: 9781133048893)

Succeed in your course with 1 semester of access to Aplia's interactive learning system--featuring practice problems with immediate feedback and tools developed specifically for INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS, 4th Edition, including step-by-step explanations that help you improve your reasoning and skills, interactive assignments that help you understand difficult or counterintuitive concepts, and more. Aplia has already helped more than a million students succeed in college classes.

List Price = $145.00  | CengageBrain Price = $145.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $145.00

Aplia™, 2 terms Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133352499 | ISBN-13: 9781133352495)

Succeed in your course with 2 semesters of access to Aplia's interactive learning system--featuring practice problems with immediate feedback and tools developed specifically for INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS, 4th Edition, including step-by-step explanations that help you improve your reasoning and skills, interactive assignments that help you understand difficult or counterintuitive concepts, and more. Aplia has already helped more than a million students succeed in college classes.

List Price = $176.00  | CengageBrain Price = $176.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $176.00

Enhanced WebAssign - Start Smart Guide for Students  (ISBN-10: 0495384798 | ISBN-13: 9780495384793)

If your instructor has chosen to package Enhanced WebAssign with your text, this manual will help you get up and running quickly with the Enhanced WebAssign system so you can study smarter and improve your performance in class.

List Price = $49.95  | CengageBrain Price = $49.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $37.50

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Roxy Peck

Roxy Peck is Emerita Associate Dean of the College of Science and Mathematics and Professor of Statistics Emerita at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. A faculty member at Cal Poly from 1979 until 2009, Roxy served for six years as Chair of the Statistics Department before becoming Associate Dean, a position she held for 13 years. She received an M.S. in Mathematics and a Ph.D. in Applied Statistics from the University of California, Riverside. Roxy is nationally known in the area of statistics education, and she was presented with the Lifetime Achievement Award in Statistics Education at the U.S. Conference on Teaching Statistics in 2009. In 2003 she received the American Statistical Association’s Founder’s Award, recognizing her contributions to K–12 and undergraduate statistics education. She is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and an elected member of the International Statistics Institute. Roxy served for five years as the Chief Reader for the Advanced Placement Statistics Exam and has chaired the American Statistical Association’s Joint Committee with the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics on Curriculum in Statistics and Probability for Grades K–12 and the Section on Statistics Education. In addition to her texts in introductory statistics, Roxy is also co-editor of “Statistical Case Studies: A Collaboration Between Academe and Industry” and a member of the editorial board for “Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown, 4th Edition.” Outside the classroom, Roxy likes to travel and spends her spare time reading mystery novels. She also collects Navajo rugs and heads to Arizona and New Mexico whenever she can find the time.

Chris Olsen

Chris Olsen taught statistics at George Washington High School in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, for over 25 years as well as at Cornell College and Grinnell College. Chris is a past member (twice) of the AP Statistics Test Development Committee and has been a table leader at the AP Statistics reading for 11 years. He is a long-time consultant to the College Board and has led workshops and institutes for AP Statistics teachers in the United States and internationally. Chris was the Iowa recipient of the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science and Mathematics Teaching in 1986, a regional awardee of the IBM Computer Teacher of the Year in 1988, and received the Siemens Award for Advanced Placement in mathematics in 1999. Chris is a frequent contributor to and is moderator of the AP Teacher Community online. He is currently a member of the editorial board of “Teaching Statistics.” Chris graduated from Iowa State University with a major in mathematics. While acquiring graduate degrees at the University of Iowa, he concentrated on statistics, computer programming, and psychometrics. In his spare time he enjoys reading and hiking. He and his wife have a daughter, Anna, a Caltech graduate in Civil Engineering. She is cofounder and principal engineer at Geosynergy, specializing in the quantification of uncertainty in seismic risk.

Jay L. Devore

Jay Devore is Professor Emeritus of Statistics at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. He earned his undergraduate degree in Engineering Science from the University of California at Berkeley, spent a year at the University of Sheffield in England, and finished his Ph.D. in statistics at Stanford University. Jay previously taught at the University of Florida and at Oberlin College and has had visiting appointments at Stanford, Harvard, the University of Washington, New York University, and Columbia University. From 1998 to 2006, he served as Chair of the Cal Poly SLO Statistics Department. In addition to this book, Jay has written several other widely used statistics texts and a book in applied mathematical statistics. He recently coauthored a text in probability and stochastic processes. He is the recipient of a distinguished teaching award from Cal Poly, is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association, and has served several terms as an Associate Editor of the “Journal of the American Statistical Association.” In his spare time, he enjoys reading, cooking and eating good food, tennis, and travel to faraway places. He is especially proud of his wife, Carol, a retired elementary school teacher, his daughter Allison, who has held several high-level positions in nonprofit organizations in Boston and New York City, and his daughter Teresa, a high school teacher in New York City.