Beyond Buzzwords, Articulation and Argument: Two Crucial Features of Philosophy, Concepts and Conceptual Frameworks, Doing Philosophy with Style, A Little Logic, Deduction, Induction, Criticizing Arguments, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
1. PHILOSOPHICAL QUESTIONS.
What is Philosophy?, Opening Questions, Suggested Readings.
2. THE MEANING OF LIFE.
Opening Questions, What Kind of Meaning?, The Meanings of Life, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
Opening Questions, Believing in God, Gods and Goddesses, The Traditional Western Conceptions of God, The Problem of Evil, Faith and Reason: Grounds for Believing , Religious Tolerance: Ritual, Tradition and Spirituality, Doubts, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
4. THE NATURE OF REALITY.
Opening Questions, The Real World, What is Most Real?, The First Metaphysicians, Early Nonphysical Views of Reality, Plato’s Forms , Aristotle’s Metaphysics, Mind and Metaphysics, Idealism, Taleology, Metaphysics and the Everyday World, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
5. THE SEARCH FOR THE TRUTH.
Opening Questions, What is True?, Two Kinds of Truth, Rationalism and Empiricism, Three Presuppositions of Knowledge, Skepticism, Knowledge, Truth, and Science, The Nature of Truth, Rationality, Subjective Truth and the Problem of Relativism, Closing Questions , Suggested Readings.
Opening Questions, The Essential Self, The Self and Its Emotions, The Egocentric Predicament, The Mind-Body Problem, Other Theories of the Self, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
Opening Questions, Freedom and the Good Life, Free Will and Determinism, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
8. MORALITY AND THE GOOD LIFE.
Opening Questions, Moral Philosophy, The Good Life, Egoism Versus Altruism, Morality and Theories of Morality, Duty-Defined Morality, Consequentialist Theories, Aristotle and the Ethics of Virtue, Feminist Ethics: The Ethics of Care, Morality – Relative or Absolute?, Friedrich Nietzsche and the Attack on Morality, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
9. JUSTICE AND THE GOOD SOCIETY.
Opening Questions, Morals and Society, The Nature of Society, Who Should Rule? The Question of Legitimacy, Anarchism, the Free Market, and the Need for Government, What is Justice?, The Meaning of Equality, The Origins of Justice and Social Contract, Justice Beyond Our Borders, Rights and the Self, Justice Denied: The Problem of Race, Sexual Politics: The Rise of Feminist Philosophy, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
10. NON-WESTERN PHILOSOPHY.
Opening Questions, Beyond the Western Tradition, The Challenges of Broadening Our Horizons, Other Cultures, Other Philosophies, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
Opening Questions, Aesthetics, Beauty and Truth, Enjoying Tragedy, Arguing About Taste, Art, Ethics, and Religion, Why is Art?, The Aesthetics of Popular Culture, Closing Questions, Suggested Readings.
Appendix A: Writing Philosophy.
Opening Questions, The Rules of Good Writing in Philosophy, Indirect Styles, Suggested Readings.
Appendix B: Deductive Logic Valued Argument Forms.
Appendix C: Common Informal Falacies.
Informal Fallacies .