Higher Education

The Purposeful Argument: A Practical Guide, Brief Edition, 1st Edition

  • Harry Phillips Central Piedmont Community College
  • Patricia Bostian Central Piedmont Community College
  • ISBN-10: 1428264000  |  ISBN-13: 9781428264007
  • 400 Pages
  • © 2012 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $62.50
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About

Overview

THE PURPOSEFUL ARGUMENT: A PRACTICAL GUIDE, BRIEF 1st Edition, encourages students to recognize where argument fits into their lives and how it can be a practical response to the issues in a variety of communities—School, Workplace, Family, Neighborhood, Social-Cultural, Consumer, and Concerned Citizen. When students are encouraged to honor and respond to issues that matter to them, their investment becomes evident and their writing purposeful. Students learn how argument can become an essential negotiating skill in their lives—both in school and beyond. With a focus on accessibility, THE PURPOSEFUL ARGUMENT relies on clear explanations, explicit examples, and practical step-by-step exercises that guide students through the process of building an argument.

Additional Product Information

Features and Benefits

  • "Your Turn" exercises are found throughout the chapters after key themes and ideas are covered. These exercises consist of questions and prompts so that students can apply structure to the arguments they are building.
  • Chapters open with "Arguing Within Your Community" boxes demonstrating the argumentation process and placing issues within a given community.
  • "Keeping It Local" chapter-enders provide a final look at issues and identify an argument that responds to a local issue, such as the opening of a "big box" store in a small community.
  • The authors emphasize the other point of view, the value it holds and claim it makes, and how to interact with it. This emphasis on the middle ground and thorough attention to the opposition allow writers to construct neutral, fair-minded paraphrases of other points of view and make every effort to fully humanize other views to reduce tension and invite interaction. Using this method, students can move toward arguments that are open-minded, cooperative, and practical.
  • A style guide in the appendix informs writers how to refine and tighten their writing in the context of argument-building and includes a list of common problems and ways to address them.

Table of Contents

Part I: HOW GOOD ARGUMENTS WORK.
1. Argue In Real Life.
What Argument Is and What Argument Is Not. Recognize Where Argument is Appropriate in Real Life. Argue About Issues that Matter to You. Establish Local Context for an Issue Using the Research Process. Find Your Place Among Others: Negotiate Opposition. Stake and Defend Your Claim. Vary the Support You Bring to an Argument. Structure Your Argument. Recognize Why Arguments Break Down. Take Ownership of Your Argument.
2. Choose an Issue.
Determine What Matters to You and Why. Choose an Issue within a Topic. Define Your Audience. Argue at the Right Moment. Getting Started.
3. Develop a Research Plan.
Collect a basic reference desk and use encyclopedias profitably. Gather Search Terms. Use search engines to find Internet sources on the Surface Web and on the Deep Web. Perform keyword queries. Find news sites and use RSS feeds to receive updates. Find and use databases in libraries. Find and use primary, government, and multimedia sources. Find books.
4. Evaluate, Read, and Use Resources in Your Writing.
Take Notes, Read Critically, and Evaluate Internet Sites. Take Notes, Read Critically, and Evaluate Articles. Take Notes and Read Books Critically. Take Notes and Evaluate Primary Sources. Introduce and Comment on Sources. Quote and Cite Quotations. Summarize and Cite Summaries. Paraphrase and Cite Paraphrases. Avoid Plagiarism. Documentation: Works Cited Page.
5. Read Critically and Avoid Fallacies.
Avoid Fallacies of Choice. Avoid Fallacies of Support. Avoid Fallacies of Emotion. Avoid Fallacies of Inconsistency.
Part II: HOW TO PLAN, STRUCTURE AND DELIVER AN ARGUMENT.
6. Negotiate Opposition.
Why the Opposition Matters. Resist Easy Generalizations. Listen to Local Voices. Summarize Other Voices Fairly. Value Expertise Over Advocacy. Avoid Bias When You Summarize. Find Points of Overlap. Respond to Other Views.
7. Explore an Issue.
Prewrite on Your Issue. Develop an Argument Strategy. Use Definitions. Discover Causes or Consequences. Present Comparisons. Propose a Solution. Evaluate Your Claim. Write an Exploratory Essay.
8. Kinds of Argument.
Structure an Argument to Fit Your Purpose. Toulmin-Based Argument. Middle Ground Argument. Rogerian Argument. Argument Based on a Microhistory.
9. Build Arguments.
How a Claim Functions. Five Kinds of Claims. Use Reasons to Support Your Claim.. Build Body Paragraphs Around Reasons. Use Qualifiers to Make Your Argument Believable. Justify Your Claim with a Warrant. Use Your Audience to Construct a Warrant. Use Backing to Support a Warrant. Respond to Audience Reservations to Make a Warrant Believable.
10. Support an Argument with Fact (Logos), Credibility (Ethos),
and Emotion (Pathos).
Field Specific Support. Use All Three General Kinds of Support. Use Support Based on Facts and Research (Logos). Use Support to Establish Your Credibility (Ethos). Use Support to Create Emotion (Pathos).
Part III: HOW TO TAKE OWNERSHIP OF YOUR ARGUMENT: A STYLE GUIDE.
11. Enhance Your Argument with Visuals and Humor.
What Are Visual Arguments? Read Visual Arguments. Use Humor in Your Argument. When Is Humor Appropriate?
12. Develop and Edit Argument Structure and Style.
Consider Your Argument's Claim. Introduce Your Opposition. Create Strong Introductions. Write Memorable Conclusions. Edit and Organize Your Argument's Support. Supply a Strong Title.

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  • The Purposeful Argument: A Practical Guide, Paperbound Edition

    ISBN-10: 1428230726 | ISBN-13: 9781428230729

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Bundle: Text, Brief + Enhanced InSite 1-Semester Printed Access Card

ISBN-10: 1133024815  | ISBN-13: 9781133024811

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Bundle: Text, Brief Edition + CourseReader 0-30: Argument Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  111199689X  | ISBN-13:  9781111996895

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This Bundle Includes:

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    List Price = $82.95  | CengageBrain Price = $82.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $62.50
  • CourseReader 0-30: Argument Printed Access Card
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Bundle: Text, Brief + English CourseMate with eBook Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  1133260799  | ISBN-13:  9781133260790

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This Bundle Includes:

  • The Purposeful Argument: A Practical Guide, Brief Edition
    List Price = $82.95  | CengageBrain Price = $82.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $62.50
  • English CourseMate with eBook Printed Access Card
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Bundle: Text, Brief + Resource Center for Argument Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  1133424813 | ISBN-13:  9781133424819

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  • The Purposeful Argument: A Practical Guide, Brief Edition
    List Price = $82.95  | CengageBrain Price = $82.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $62.50
  • Resource Center for Argument, 2 terms (12 months) Printed Access Card
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Efficacy and Outcomes

Reviews

"We live in such a complex world, and often students feel they can do nothing to change it. However, with the focus on local change, students are more likely to feel empowered if they are taught to respond to concerns which affect them personally."

— Susan Davis, Arizona State University

"This book is very appealing to me. It gives me an impression that its author has freshmen writers in his/her heart and has tried every means to create a textbook that best fits the needs of both writing instructors and their students, particularly those at community colleges."

— Will Zhang, Des Moines Area Community College

"The clear desire of the writers/publishers is to construct a book grounded in the practical of the everyday. The biggest complaint from most students, especially at the two-year college, is a lack of connection to their real lives and how argument applies."

— Deborah Ruth, Owensburg Community and Technical College

"I like that the emphasis is on citizenship in a very active, specific way. The preface implies that the text will help students actively and effectively engage in the many communities that they are party of, not only participating but influencing and helping to make decisions."

— Michael Lueker, Our Lady of the Lake University

"I had a very favorable reaction to the examples of argument in the book, which seemed fresh and new. In the text I currently use, the readings seem to be slightly standard and even overused."

— Sarah Markgraf, Bergen Community College

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THE PURPOSEFUL ARGUMENT: A PRACTICAL GUIDE, BRIEF 1st Edition is available as a multimedia eBook! Now students can do all of their reading online or use the eBook as a handy reference while they're completing other coursework. The eBook includes the full text of the print version with interactive exercises, an integrated text-specific workbook, user-friendly navigation, search, and highlighting tools, along with links to videos that enhance the text content. (Access card/code required).

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eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access, Brief Ed.  (ISBN-10: 1111217785 | ISBN-13: 9781111217785)

THE PURPOSEFUL ARGUMENT: A PRACTICAL GUIDE, BRIEF 1st Edition is available as a multimedia eBook! Now you can do all of your reading online or use the eBook as a handy reference while you're completing other coursework. The eBook includes the full text of the print version with interactive exercises, an integrated text-specific workbook, user-friendly navigation, search, and highlighting tools, along with links to videos that enhance the text content. (Access card/code required).

List Price = $59.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $44.75

English CourseMate with eBook Instant Access Code, Brief Ed.  (ISBN-10: 1111669554 | ISBN-13: 9781111669553)

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Meet the Author

Author Bio

Harry Phillips

Harry Phillips earned a Ph.D. in English from Washington State University (WSU) in 1994 and an M.A. in English with a minor in Education from North Carolina Central University in 1988. From 1994 to 2009, he was Instructor of English at Central Piedmont Community College in Charlotte, North Carolina, where he regularly taught Argument-Based Research and a range of American literature courses. He began teaching argument in 1993 at WSU and recommended that this course be a part of the North Carolina Community College Common Course Library, a recommendation that led to the course being adopted across the N.C. Community College system. He continues to view argument as an essential set of skills both for two- and four-year college students, as well as for everyday people intent on crafting effective argument. Dr. Phillips was curator of native plants at the North Carolina Botanical Garden and the principal author of GROWING AND PROPAGATING WILD FLOWERS (University of North Carolina Press, 1985). Since retiring from CPCC, he spends his time as a mediator, climate change activist, and avid gardener.

Patricia Bostian

Patricia Kennedy Bostian is the author of over 90 scholarly works for presses such as Greenwood and Facts on File. She is the editor of a peer-reviewed scholarly journal, TEACHING AMERICAN LITERATURE: A JOURNAL OF THEORY AND PRACTICE (http://cpcc.edu/taltp). She completed her doctoral coursework in composition/rhetoric at the University of South Carolina. For 23 years she has taught literature, composition, and humanities courses for several two- and four-year institutions, including Central Piedmont Community College, the University of South Carolina, and Johnson C. Smith University. She is completing her M.A. in Humanities from California State University.