Higher Education

Frames of Mind: A Rhetorical Reader, 2nd Edition

  • includes 2009 MLA Update Card
  • Robert DiYanni The College Board
  • Pat C. Hoy, II New York University
  • ISBN-10: 0495899852  |  ISBN-13: 9780495899853
  • 752 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2009, 2005
  • © 2009 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $117.75



Challenge your students' critical-thinking skills while strengthening their writing abilities as they analyze texts and visuals using DiYanni/Hoy's unique, FRAMES OF MIND: A RHETORICAL READER WITH OCCASIONS FOR WRITING, Second Edition. This edition examines traditional rhetorical patterns not only as methods for effective writing, but also as strategies for critical thinking. The book's unique "Occasions for Writing" activities lead students through the critical-thinking process while encouraging them to utilize a rhetorical mode without simply mimicking a piece of writing. Annotated examples, new student essays, and the book's distinctive full-color, full-page spreads join classic and contemporary readings to help clarify learning. An effective blend of visual analysis and writing activities from well-recognized authors and leaders in the field encourages students to become active participants in the writing and thinking processes. Teaching and learning tools, such as the innovative English21, help students better understand today's new writing contexts and how to incorporate new sources effectively. Students receive the most up-to-date information on MLA documentation with the enclosed tri-fold card providing NEW 2009 MLA Handbook formats.

Features and Benefits

  • Unique "Occasion for Writing" assignment cycles use multi-step activities--"Preparing to Write," "Moving Toward Essay," "Writing Thoughtfully," and "Creating Occasions"--to demonstrate how anything students encounter in life is an occasion, or reason, to write. Students learn to question professional writing and visuals in order to transform their own ideas into thoughtful essays.
  • Powerful essays balance familiar classics with contemporary selections. Class-tested favorite essays such as E. B. White's "Once More to the Lake" and Amy Tan's "Mother Tongue," are presented side-by-side with strong, but frequently overlooked, essays by well-known authors, such as Luc Sante, Barbara Ehrenreich, and David McCullough.
  • Thirty unique visual assignments help students develop rhetorical writing skills. As part of the "Occasions for Writing" assignments after every reading, clusters of color images with accompanying assignment cycles provide everything students need to construct essays using the rhetorical patterns of inquiry. Images include illustrations, photographs, paintings, advertisements, posters, and sculptures.
  • A unique full chapter introduces visual rhetoric. Because students are raised in a visual world, composition books need to provide a clear, effective method and vocabulary for analyzing visual texts and integrating visuals into their own writing. Compositionist James Dubinsky of Virginia Polytechnic Institute helps students through the process of writing effectively about and with visual texts.
  • "Annotated Examples" in every chapter point to paragraphs and short readings using color-coded annotations, brief discussions, and exercises that clearly illustrate the rhetorical patterns used by professional writers.
  • A full appendix on source-based writing clarifies how to find, evaluate, and use sources using a groundbreaking method of color annotation to teach students correct MLA citation guidelines and paper formatting.

Table of Contents

Why Am I Writing Essays? An Occasion for Writing. Using Your Voice and Finding Your Character. Moving from Evidence to Idea to Essay. Evidence. Idea. Essay. How to Reveal the Discoveries. Analysis. Interpretation. Reflection and Meaning. Making Evidence and Discovery Work Together.
Preparing to Write. Integrating a Visual Text. Moving toward Essay. Creating a Scene. Integrating a Written Text. Writing Thoughtfully. Reflecting (Analysis and Conception). Rhetorical Considerations for Essays.
Keeping Your Eyes Open and Learning to See. A Strategy for Visual Understanding. Looking and Responding. Analyzing Images: Categorizing to Make Sense of What You See. Focal Point and Emphasis. Figure-Ground Contrast. Grouping: Proximity & Similarity. Color. Continuation. Line. Closure. Narration or Story. Context. The Whole Composition. Two Annotated Visuals. Chrysler, Drive=Love [Advertisement]. Monumental Posing [Photograph]. Communicating What You See. For Further Reading. A Sample Student Paper. Ryan Pollack, Visible Feelings.
Defining Analysis. How Analysis Functions. Recognizing Analysis. Using Analysis in Writing. Annotated Paragraph: Jill Ker Conway, from Points of Departure. Analysis and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: The New York Times, Neighborly Vultures. SASKIA VERLAAN, PERSPECTIVES ON FEAR. FORMS OF MIND: AN OCCASION FOR ANALYSIS. René Magritte, The Importance of Marvels [painting]. René Magritte, The Treachery of Images [painting].Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus [painting]. ANNIE DILLARD, LIVING LIKE WEASELS. THE NATURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS: AN OCCASION FOR ANALYSIS. Bruce Davidson, Young Interracial Couple [photograph]. Bruce Davidson, Central Park with Boys in Trees [photograph]. Bruce Davidson, Central Park [photograph]. Bruce Davidson, Youth Holding Kitten [photograph]. E. O. WILSON, THE BIRD OF PARADISE: THE HUNTER AND THE POET. POETIC MOMENTS: AN OCCASION FOR ANALYSIS. Yann Arthus-Bertrand, Tree of Life [photograph]. Aron Keesbury, And Eve [poem]. Yann Arthus-Bertrand, Thunderstorm [photograph]. Life Cycle of a Thunderstorm [illustration]. ROLAND BARTHES, TOYS.
Defining Description. How Description Functions. Selecting Details Organizing Details. Recognizing Description. Metaphor. Simile. Using Description in Writing. Annotated Paragraph: Virginia Woolf, from Moments of Being. Description and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Cynthia Ozick, The Seam of the Snail. RICHARD SELZER, LOVE SICK. THE TRUTH OF MIND: AN OCCASION FOR DESCRIPTION. Parasympathetic and Sympathetic System Diagram [illustration]. Yann Arthus-Bertrand, Heart in Voh [photograph]. Eudora Welty, From One Writer''s Beginning [essay excerpt]. E. M. FORSTER, ON NOT LOOKING AT PICTURES. WAYS OF SEEING (AND NOT): AN OCCASION FOR DESCRIPTION. Diego Velásquez, Las Meninas [painting]. Titian, Entombment [painting]. JUDITH ORTIZ COFER, THE MYTH OF THE LATIN WOMAN. FACING RACES: AN OCCASION FOR DESCRIPTION. Mike Mike, The Face of Tomorrow [poster]. JOAN DIDION, GEORGIA O''KEEFFE. VIRGINIA WOOLF, DEATH OF A MOTH. GRETEL EHRLICH, ISLANDS.
Defining Narration. How Narration Functions. Sequence, Causality, and Effect. Choosing Events. Selecting and Ordering Details. Recognizing Narration. First-Person Plural (We). Second-Person Singular and Plural (You). Third-Person Singular and Plural (He/She, They). Other Voices. Using Narration in Writing Annotated Paragraph: Gretel Ehrlich, from A Storm, the Cornfield, and Elk. Narration and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Roy Reed, Wolf Hunt. E. B. WHITE, ONCE MORE TO THE LAKE. TIME PASSES: AN OCCASION FOR NARRATION. Pond''s Extract bottles [photograph]. Horse and Buggy [photograph]. Inboard Motor Boat [illustration]. Gretel Erhlich, Spring [essay excerpt]. TIM O''BRIEN, HOW TO TELL A TRUE WAR STORY. THE LEGACY OF MEMORY: AN OCCASION FOR NARRATION. American Soldiers in the Vietnam War [photograph collection]. MARGARET ATWOOD, WHEN AFGHANISTAN WAS AT PEACE. FORCES THAT SHAPE US: AN OCCASION FOR NARRATION. From the Opera, The Handmaid''s Tale [film still]. Old Dutch Cleanser [photograph]. Woman Wearing Traditional Chador [photograph]. Barbie Doll [photograph]. LOREN EISELEY, THE ILLUSION OF THE TWO CULTURES. LANGSTON HUGHES, SALVATION. GEORGE ORWELL, A HANGING. EUDORA WELTY, A WORN PATH.
Defining Illustration. How Illustration Functions. Selecting Examples. Inductive and Deductive Thinking. Recognizing Illustration. Using Illustration in Writing. Annotated Paragraph: Donald A. Norman, from The Design of Everyday Things. Illustration and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Natalie Goldberg, from Writing Down the Bones. RICHARD LEDERER, ENGLISH IS A CRAZY LANGUAGE. CRAZY OBJECTS: AN OCCASION FOR ILLUSTRATION. Jacques Carelman, Key for Inaccessible Locks [drawing]. Jacques Carelman, Coffeepot for Masochists [drawing]. Jacques Carelman, Converging Tandem Bicycle (Model for Fiancés) [drawing]. BRENT STAPLES, JUST WALK ON BY. PRE-JUDGING PUBLIC SPACE: AN OCCASION FOR ILLUSTRATION. Collection of Hotel Signs [illustration & photograph collection]. K. C. COLE, UNCERTAINTY. THE USES OF UNCERTAINTY: AN OCCASION FOR ILLUSTRATION. Collection of Optical Illusions [Illustrations]. BARBARA EHRENREICH, WHAT I''VE LEARNED FROM MEN. RICHARD CORLISS, GO AHEAD, MAKE HER DAY. BRIAN DOYLE, JOYAS VOLADORAS. PAUL REPS, LEARNING TO BE SILENT.
Defining Classification. How Classification Functions. Recognizing Classification. Using Classification in Writing. Annotated Paragraph: Wendell Berry, from The Gift of Good Land. Classification and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Thomas Friedman, The Best of Enemies? LUC SANTE, WHAT SECRETS TELL. THE CLASS OF MEMORY: AN OCCASION FOR CLASSIFICATION. Washington, D.C. Memorials and Monuments [photograph collection]. AMY TAN, MOTHER TONGUE. OTHER TONGUES: AN OCCASION FOR CLASSIFICATION. Allen Edmonds, Yo, Vinny [advertisement]. GlaxoSmithKline, Unwanted [advertisement]. Office of National Drug Control Policy, Get Off My Back [advertisement]. DESMOND MORRIS, TERRITORIAL BEHAVIOR. BEYOND THE BODY: AN OCCASION FOR CLASSIFICATION. Tattoos [photograph collection]. AARON COPLAND, HOW WE LISTEN. GEORGE ORWELL, THE POLITICS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. BHARATI MUKERHJEE, IMAGINING HOMELANDS. MARGARET ATWOOD, HAPPY ENDINGS.
Defining Comparison and Contrast. How Comparison and Contrast Functions. Recognizing Comparison and Contrast. Block Structure. Alternating Structure. A Special Case of Comparison: Analogy. Using Comparison and Contrast in Writing. Annotated Paragraph: Daniel Goleman, from Emotional Intelligence. Comparison and Contrast and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Leonard Shlain, Athens and Sparta. DAVID MCCULLOUGH, JOHN ADAMS AND THOMAS JEFFERSON. WHO''S FOR YOU?: AN OCCASION FOR COMPARISON AND CONTRAST. Richard Nixon, 1968 Campaign Poster [poster]. Hubert Humphrey, 1968 Campaign Poster [poster]. CARL SAGAN, THE COSMIC CALENDAR. SAFETY: AN OCCASION FOR COMPARISON AND CONTRAST. Safety on Board MD11 [illustration]. Anthony DeVito, TV Turnoff Week [poster]. JOHN CANADAY, TWO FAMILY PORTRAITS: THE PEALES AND THE BELLELLIS. KISSING COUSINS: AN OCCASION FOR COMPARISON AND CONTRAST. Auguste Rodin, The Kiss [sculpture]. Constantin Brancusi, The Kiss [sculpture]. LAURA MILLER, CAT PEOPLE VS. DOG PEOPLE. FRANCIS BACON, OF YOUTH AND AGE. ANNE FADIMAN, NEVER DO THAT TO A BOOK. KAY BOYLE, ASTRONOMER''S WIFE.
Defining Cause and Effect. How Cause and Effect Functions. Causes. Effects. Recognizing Cause and Effect. Multiple Causes. Causal Chains. Interactive Causes. Speculating about Effects. Using Cause and Effect in Writing. Annotated Paragraph: Atul Gawande, from Complications. Cause and Effect and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Edward Rothstein, The Double-Edged Ax of American Technology. MAXINE HONG KINGSTON, NO NAME WOMAN. FAMILY SECRETS: AN OCCASION FOR CAUSE AND EFFECT. PostSecret Postcards [photograph collection]. Sissela Bok, The Dangers of Secrecy [essay]. STEPHEN JAY GOULD, SEX, DRUGS, DISASTERS, AND THE EXTINCTION OF THE DINOSAURS. THE CAUSES OF CAUSES: AN OCCASION FOR CAUSE AND EFFECT. Richard Saul Wurman, Top 10 Causes of Death in the U.S. by Age [chart]. MALCOLM GLADWELL, THE TIPPING POINT. PROPAGANDA: AN OCCASION FOR CAUSE AND EFFECT. For Freedom''s Sake [poster]. Don''t Let That Shadow Touch Them [poster]. Wanted! for Murder [poster]. If you talk too much [poster]. BARBARA HOLLAND, NAPS. PICO IYER, WHY WE TRAVEL. HENRY DAVID THOREAU, WHY I WENT TO THE WOODS. TILLIE OLSEN, I STAND HERE IRONING.
Defining Process Analysis. How Process Analysis Functions. Recognizing Process Analysis. Using Process Analysis in Writing. Annotated Paragraph: Ruth Reichl, from Tender at the Bone. Process Analysis and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Andy Rooney, How to Put Off Doing a Job. HENRY LOUIS GATES, JR., IN THE KITCHEN. THE MONOPOLY OF IDEAS: AN OCCASION FOR PROCESS ANALYSIS. Monopoly Board [photograph]. KITTY BURNS FLOREY, SISTER BERNADETTE''S BARKING DOG. RIDICULOUSNESSING: AN OCCASION FOR PROCESS ANALYSIS. Rube Goldberg, No More Gasoline Problems [cartoon]. Rube Goldberg, The Latest Simple Flyswatter [cartoon]. Rube Goldberg, A Self-Working Corkscrew [cartoon]. PATRICIA HAMPL, TAKING A TURKISH BATH. THE PROCESS OF PROCESS: AN OCCASION FOR PROCESS ANALYSIS. Lemon [photograph]. Lemon Products [photograph collection]. FREDERICK DOUGLASS, LEARNING TO READ AND WRITE. JESSICA MITFORD, BEHIND THE FORMALDEHYDE CURTAIN. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, ARRIVING AT PERFECTION. LORRIE MOORE, HOW TO BECOME A WRITER.
Defining Definition. How Definition Functions. Shifting Vantage Posts, Changing Definitions. Recognizing Definition. Defining Something By What It Is Not. Using Synonyms. Building Your Own Definition. Using Definition in Writing. Annotated Paragraphs: Christopher Livaccari, Scientific Concept. Definition and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Kenneth Burke, All Living Things Are Critics. GLORIA NAYLOR, THE MEANINGS OF A WORD. LANGUAGE CHANGES OVER TIME: AN OCCASION FOR DEFINITION. Clark Stanley''s Snake Oil Liniment [poster]. The Girl Who Lost Her Character [poster]. JOAN DIDION, ROCK OF AGES. ISLANDS OF FREEDOM: AN OCCASION FOR DEFINITION. Floating Island [photograph]. Teepee on Alcatraz during Takeover [photograph]. Floating Island in Context [photograph]. MATTHEW GOULISH, CRITICISM. BOUNDARY CROSSINGS: AN OCCASION FOR DEFINITION. Jerry N. Uelsmann, Tree-house [photograph]. Jerry N. Uelsmann, Inside/Outside [photograph]. LEONARD KRIEGEL, WRITING THE PAIN: REFLECTIONS ON ILLNESS AND MEMORY. ALEX VERNON, ORION IN THE TOWER. SUSAN BROWNMILLER, FEMININITY. RAYMOND CARVER, WHAT WE TALK ABOUT WHEN WE TALK ABOUT LOVE.
Defining Argument. How Argument Functions. Recognizing Argument. Logos. Ethos. Pathos. Fallacies. Using Argument in Writing. Annotated Paragraphs: Roy Reed, from "Let''s Go to the Tape." Argument and the Other Patterns of Inquiry. Annotated Reading: Lucian Truscott III, Have the Guts to Accept Gay Soldiers. THOMAS JEFFERSON, DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. BOYS OF FREEDOM: AN OCCASION FOR ARGUMENT. Associated Press, Two Soldiers and a Boy [photograph]. Time Magazine, A Boy and His Freedom [photograph]. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., LETTER FROM BIRMINGHAM JAIL. CONSIDERING LIBERTY: AN OCCASION FOR ARGUMENT. Keith Carter, Boy with Washington [photograph]. Kirk Anderson, Check Your Liberties [cartoon]. Uncle Sam. JONATHAN SWIFT, A MODEST PROPOSAL. IMMODEST PROPOSAL: AN OCCASION FOR ARGUMENT. Gahan Wilson, No Ark [cartoon]. David Sipress, Everything Was Better [cartoon]. David Sipress, Let Me Be Vague [cartoon]. JUNE JORDAN, NOBODY MEAN MORE TO ME THAN YOU AND THE FUTURE LIFE OF WILLIE JORDAN. PAUL FUSSELL, A WELL REGULATED MILITIA. ANGELA CARTER, PEOPLE AS PICTURES. LUIGI PIRANDELLO, WAR.
Appendix A: Finding Evidence and Documenting Sources.
Appendix B: Student Model Papers.
Glossary of Terms.
Index of Visual & Readings.

What's New

  • Students receive the most up-to-date information on MLA documentation with the enclosed tri-fold card providing NEW 2009 MLA Handbook formats.
  • Pattern of inquiry chapters use similar headings, familiar terminology, readings, and concrete examples to increase students' understanding of each pattern.
  • Twenty new readings significantly increase each chapter's choice of reading selections. This edition contains more essays per pattern as well as a new literature selection in each chapter.
  • An appendix contains one new student essay per pattern that demonstrates effective and ineffective usage of patterns. Annotations throughout the essays allow students to learn from the successes and mistakes of others.
  • The class-tested, engaging new design captures students' attention while clarifying concepts. The unique, full-page color spreads ensure that every rhetorical concept is clear in illustrating how the rhetorical patterns of inquiry work--both in isolation and in the context of the other patterns.
  • A strong emphasis on writing at the beginning of the text provides greater detail to the writing process. Revisions to Chapter 1 introduce the book's unique "Occasion for Writing" cycles, while a new Chapter 2 models the student's work process and explains how to use the patterns of inquiry successfully.


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

English 21 Handbooks Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 0495798800 | ISBN-13: 9780495798804)

List Price = $76.00  | CengageBrain Price = $76.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $76.00

English 21 Plus Handbooks Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 0495798835 | ISBN-13: 9780495798835)

List Price = $67.00  | CengageBrain Price = $67.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $67.00

Frames of Mind: A Rhetorical Reader with Occasions for Writing, 2nd: Instructor’s Manual  (ISBN-10: 1428230173 | ISBN-13: 9781428230170)

Put the teaching tools you need at your fingertips with useful synopses of every essay, suggested class activities, and discussion topics. In-depth treatment of every "Occasion for Writing" prepares you to engage and instruct your students.

Everyday Use by Alice Walker (DVD): Wadsworth Original Film Series in Literature  (ISBN-10: 1413006582 | ISBN-13: 9781413006582)

NOT AVAILABLE SEPARATELY, FOR BUNDLE PURCHASE ONLY. Available on DVD, these films can be packaged with new copies of the text at no additional cost to your students. Contact your sales representative to order. The DVD includes "Everyday Use" by Alice Walker with an exclusive interview with the author.

Instructor's Edition  (ISBN-10: 1428230165 | ISBN-13: 9781428230163)

Student Supplements

English 21 Handbooks Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 0495798800 | ISBN-13: 9780495798804)

The largest compilation of online resources ever organized for composition and literature courses, English21 is a complete online support system that weaves robust, self-paced instruction with interactive assignments. Easily assignable English 21 engages students as they become better-prepared and successful writers.English21 supports students through every step of the writing process, from assignment to final draft. English21 includes carefully crafted multimedia assignments; a collection of essays that amounts to a full-sized thematic reader; a full interactive handbook including hundreds of animations, exercises, and activities; a complete research guide with animated tutorials and a link to Gale's InfoTrac database; and a rich multimedia library with hand-selected images, audio clips, video clips, stories, poems and plays.

List Price = $76.00  | CengageBrain Price = $76.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $76.00

English 21 Plus Handbooks Instant Access Code  (ISBN-10: 0495798835 | ISBN-13: 9780495798835)

List Price = $67.00  | CengageBrain Price = $67.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $67.00

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Robert DiYanni

Robert DiYanni, who has taught English and Humanities at Harvard, Pace, and the City University of New York, is Director of International Services at the College Board. He received his B.A. from Rutgers University and his Ph.D. from the City University of New York. A professor of English and Humanities at New York University, Dr. DiYanni has lectured and conducted workshops in the United States and abroad, especially in Europe and Asia. He has written and edited numerous textbooks, including OCCASIONS FOR WRITING (with Pat C. Hoy, II), THE MCGRAW-HILL BOOK OF POETRY, THE MCGRAW-HILL BOOK OF FICTION, THE SCRIBNER HANDBOOK FOR WRITERS (with Pat C. Hoy, II), WRITING ABOUT THE HUMANITIES, LITERATURE: AN INTRODUCTION, MODERN AMERICAN PROSE, and, among others MODERN AMERICAN POETS: THEIR VOICES AND VISIONS (a text to accompany the PBS television series). He updated the fourth edition of Strunk and White's classic ELEMENTS OF STYLE, and he has co-authored ARTS AND CULTURE: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE HUMANITIES (Prentice Hall), the basis for their lecture series on art and literature given at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Pat C. Hoy, II

Pat C. Hoy, II, director of the Expository Writing Program and professor of English at New York University, has held appointments at the U.S. Military Academy and Harvard. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Hoy regularly teaches freshman composition and is the author of numerous textbooks and articles, including THE SCRIBNER HANDBOOK FOR WRITERS, Fourth Edition (with Robert DiYanni). His essays have appeared in SEWANEE REVIEW, VIRGINIA QUARTERLY REVIEW, AGNI, TWENTIETH CENTURY LITERATURE, SOUTH ATLANTIC REVIEW, and THE WALL STREET JOURNAL. Eight of his essays have been selected as "Notables" in Best American Essays. INSTINCT FOR SURVIVAL: ESSAYS BY PAT C. HOY II was selected as a "Notable" collection in Best American Essays of the Century. He was awarded the 2003 Cecil Woods, Jr., Prize for Nonfiction from the Fellowship of Southern Writers.