Higher Education

Research and Evaluation in Counseling, 2nd Edition

  • Bradley T. Erford Loyola College in Maryland
  • ISBN-10: 1285454898  |  ISBN-13: 9781285454894
  • 504 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2008
  • © 2015 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $160.50
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Research is often an intimidating topic in a counselor training program. This text helps to alleviate students' concerns while helping them learn what they need to know. It presents the most essential components of research and illustrates them with meaningful examples, enabling students to master each component. Recognizing that the profession of counseling has entered the age of accountability, Erford developed RESEARCH AND EVALUATION IN COUNSELING to help educate counselors and future counselors about research and evaluation procedures so that their treatment of clients can be more effective and efficient. Organized into three topical sections, the second edition addresses the curricular requirements of the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP), providing the latest information on research, statistics, and evaluation procedures.

Features and Benefits

  • This text provides essential information about research and evaluation, with examples, cases, and margin notes to help students grasp the concepts presented.
  • Section I provides important foundational issues and information about research, including the philosophies behind approaches to inquiry, basic concepts, ethical and legal implications, counseling outcome research, characteristics of research studies, and an introduction to the process of locating, reviewing, and writing research.
  • Section II explores methodological issues about which counselors should be aware to consume or conduct effective research. It introduces essential approaches, designs, and data analysis procedures in qualitative and quantitative research methodology, including single-subject research designs (SSRD) that are useful in documenting client progress for clinical accountability, and action research useful in evaluating ongoing program initiatives. It also reviews how to develop, implement, and analyze needs assessments and program evaluation procedures leading to documentation of accountability.
  • Section III covers basic data analysis procedures in detail, including how to collect data and transform raw scores into standardized scores.

Table of Contents

1. The Nature of Research and Inquiry.
2. Characteristics of a Research Study.
3. Locating, Reviewing, and Writing Research.
4. Outcomes Research in Counseling.
5. Qualitative Approaches to Research.
6. Qualitative Research Designs.
7. Quantitative Research Design in Counseling.
8. Practical Counseling Research Approaches: Using Action Research and Single-Subject Research Designs.
9. Needs Assessment.
10. Program Evaluation and Accountability.
11. Collecting Data.
12. Describing Data.
13. Deriving Standardized Scores.
14. Statistical Hypothesis Testing.
15. Using SPSS for Introductory Statistical Analyses.
16. Univariate Inferential Statistics.
17. Correlation and Regression.
18. Nonparametric Test of Statistical Inference.
19. An Overview of Multivariate Statistical Analysis.

What's New

  • The second edition has been thoroughly updated to include the most recent information about relevant research topics, and streamlined to provide a better fit for a one-semester course.
  • The computerized statistical analysis chapter uses the most recent version of SPSS® (20.0), but melds easily with counselors who use Excel®, R stat®, and SAS®.
  • A new Chapter 8 on action research and single-subject research provides the latest information on how counselors can demonstrate the effectiveness of outcomes on a client-by-client basis.
  • All multivariate statistical analysis procedures are summarized and combined in a brand new Chapter 19.
  • Additional counseling-related examples facilitate students' understanding of the material.
  • Coverage of such important topics as social justice, ethics, and multicultural/diversity implications and applications has been enhanced.
  • A comprehensive Instructor's Manual (with a Test Bank) is available with the text.

Learning Resource Bundles

Choose the textbook packaged with the resources that best meet your course and student needs. Contact your Learning Consultant for more information.

Bundle: Text + Questia 6 Month Subscription Printed Access Card

ISBN-10: 1305598121  | ISBN-13: 9781305598126

List Price = $226.95  | CengageBrain Price = $226.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $170.50

This Bundle Includes:

  • Research and Evaluation in Counseling
    List Price = $213.95  | CengageBrain Price = $213.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $160.50
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Bundle: Text + Questia 12 Month Subscription Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  130559813X | ISBN-13:  9781305598133

List Price = $239.95  | CengageBrain Price = $239.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $180.50

This Bundle Includes:

  • Research and Evaluation in Counseling
    List Price = $213.95  | CengageBrain Price = $213.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $160.50
  • Questia, 2 terms (12 Months) Printed Access Card
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Efficacy and Outcomes


"I have recommended the text as one of the best research texts available for counselor educators. There are few textbooks that have been developed with counselor specific examples. The textbook offers a solid blend of research designs and statistical methods. [It has] excellent chapters on needs assessment and program evaluation."

— Timothy Coppock, Gannon University

"The manuscript is probably the best I have seen for research in counseling. The examples in each chapter are relevant for school counseling students, community counseling, and Ph.D. level students."

— Chris Hennington, Lubbock Christian University


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Online Instructor's Manual  (ISBN-10: 128546429X | ISBN-13: 9781285464299)

An online Instructor's Manual accompanies this book. It contains information to assist the instructor in designing the course, including sample syllabi, discussion questions, teaching and learning activities, field experiences, learning objectives, and additional online resources. For assessment support, the updated test bank includes true/false, multiple-choice, matching, short-answer, and essay questions for each chapter.

Online Test Bank  (ISBN-10: 1285464303 | ISBN-13: 9781285464305)

An online Test Bank accompanies this book. It contains questions to assist the instructor in designing quizzes and exams for the course. For assessment support, the updated test bank includes true/false, multiple-choice, matching, short-answer, and essay questions for each chapter.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Bradley T. Erford

Bradley T. Erford, Ph.D., is a professor in the school counseling program of the Educational Specialties Department at Loyola College in Maryland. He is a past president and fellow of the American Counseling Association (ACA) and a recipient of the ACA Research Award, ACA Extended Research Award, ACA Professional Development Award, and ACA Carl Perkins Government Relations Award. He has authored or edited more than 30 books. His research specialization lies primarily in the development and technical analysis of psychoeducational tests and has resulted in the publication of numerous journal articles, book chapters, and psychoeducational materials.