Higher Education

Invitation to Critical Thinking, 6th Edition

  • Joel Rudinow Santa Rosa Junior College
  • Vincent E. Barry Bakersfield College
  • ISBN-10: 0495103713  |  ISBN-13: 9780495103714
  • 448 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2004, 1999, 1994
  • © 2008 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $158.25
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As with successful previous editions, the Sixth Edition of INVITATION TO CRITICAL THINKING focuses on the recognition, analysis, evaluation, and composition of arguments as discursive tools of rational persuasion. Fostering discussions of critical thinking and its application in mass media, effective writing, and problem solving, this book introduces students to a wide variety of strategies for identifying and analyzing arguments in the world around them. In addition, the robust companion website offers an array of online tools that provide critical thinking students with an unprecedented variety of interactive exercises that facilitate retention and help them apply the most essential concepts in critical thinking.

Features and Benefits

  • Chapter-ending glossaries serve as handy reference and review tools that highlight the important topics students should focus their study on.
  • To help students better understand the basic elements of categorical and propositional logics, the authors provide Venn diagrams and truth tables that illustrate their use.
  • An assortment of interactive online tools provide both students and instructors with instructional richness and depth.
  • Short exercises feature an interactive and Socratic presentation of conceptual material.
  • Condensed coverage of argumentative essays incorporates discussions of research and evaluating sources in mass media and the Internet.
  • The treatment of the "Intellectual Virtues" stresses their foundational importance for understanding the nature and goals of Critical Thinking.
  • Graphics in the coverage of argument analysis reinforce student comprehension and accelerate learning in a wider range of learning styles.

Table of Contents

1. Critical Thinking.
The Importance of Critical Thinking. What Is Critical Thinking? Obstacles to Critical Thinking. Looking Ahead: Issues and Disputes. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
2. Language.
What Is Language? Functions of Language. Meaning in Language. Definitions. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
3. Argument.
Argument Identification. Argument Analysis. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
4. Argument Analysis I: Representing Argument Structure.
The Goal of Argument Analysis. Elementary Procedures. Intermediate Challenges. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
5. Argument Analysis Ii: Paraphrasing Arguments.
Paraphrasing. Advanced Applications. Additional Exercises.
6. Evaluating Deductive Arguments I: Categorical Logic.
Deductive and Inductive Reasoning. Argument Form. Categorical Logic. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
7. Evaluating Deductive Arguments Ii: Truth Functional Logic.
Truth Functional Analysis of Logical Operators. Argument Forms. Testing for Validity with Truth Tables. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
8. Evaluating Inductive Arguments I: Generalization and Analogy.
Assessing Inductive Strength. Reasoning by Analogy. Glossary. Exercises.
9. Evaluating Inductive Arguments Ii: Hypothetical Reasoning and Burden of Proof.
Presumption and the "Burden of Proof". Reasoning Hypothetically. Causal Reasoning. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
10. Evaluating Premises: Self-Evidence, Consistency, Indirect Proof.
Necessary Truths. Contingent Claims. Beyond "Self-Evidence". Glossary. Additional Exercises.
11. Informal Fallacies I: Assumptions, Language, Relevance, Authority.
Fallacious Assumptions. Fallacies of Language. Fallacies of Relevance. Fallacious Appeals to Authority. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
12. Informal Fallacies Ii: Inductive Reasoning.
Polling, Probability and Statistics. Analogy and Burden of Proof. Causality. A Final Word of Caution. Glossary. Additional Exercises.
13. Making Your Case: Argumentative Composition.
The Issue Statement. Research and the Media. The Thesis Statement. Argument Design. The Presentation. Glossary. Additional Exercises.

What's New

  • The Sixth Edition now features introductory analytical overviews of each unit.
  • The text is designed to engage the student in a variety of intellectual activities and exercises organized by means of "Dialogue Boxes," including: "Thought Experiments" �scenarios and other exercises in imagination and hypothetical reasoning woven into expository passages of the text; "Application Exercises" that support learning transfer; "Review Exercises"�self-testing quizzes that help students gauge their mastery of the material; "And Speaking of�" sections, providing links between topics covered in the text and current events.
  • New "Writing Assignments" also make good topics for class discussion and new "Discussion Topics" also make good topics for writing assignments. The "Term Project Series" offers a series of exercises that integrate the entire Critical Thinking skill set.
  • The text features new and newly revised topical coverage in the following areas: Bloom's Taxonomy; the Casting System (revised to reflect prevailing graphic conventions); Inclusive and Exclusive disjunction; Constructive and Destructive Dilemma; Fallacy of Illicit Disjunctive Syllogism; Mill's Method of Residues; Inference to the Best Explanation; False Inference to the Best Explanation; and Internet Research tools and tips.
  • In response to reviewer feedback, the Appendix with answers to selected exercises has been reinstated.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Joel Rudinow

Joel Rudinow received his B.A. in Philosophy from the University of California at Santa Barbara and his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of British Columbia. He has held faculty appointments at the University of Western Ontario, Dartmouth College, and Sonoma State University. He is currently Chair of the Department of Philosophy at Santa Rosa Junior College and co-author of ETHICS AND VALUES IN THE INFORMATION AGE.

Vincent E. Barry

Vincent Barry has been professor of philosophy at Bakersfield College for over thirty years. In addition to authoring PHILOSOPHICAL THINKING ABOUT DEATH AND DYING, he is the co-author of three other widely read Wadsworth publications: APPLYING ETHICS, MORAL ISSUES IN BUSINESS and INVITATION TO CRITICAL THINKING. Currently, he lives in Santa Barbara with his wife Jeannine and his young daughter Jen-Li Rose, whom he and his wife adopted in China in 1997.