Higher Education

The Essence of Anthropology, 3rd Edition

  • William A. Haviland Professor Emeritus, University of Vermont
  • Harald E.L. Prins Kansas State University
  • Dana Walrath University of Vermont
  • Bunny McBride Kansas State University
  • ISBN-10: 1111833443  |  ISBN-13: 9781111833442
  • 432 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2007
  • © 2013 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $108.50
  • Newer Edition Available
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About

Overview

THE ESSENCE OF ANTHROPOLOGY features an experienced and diverse author team with expertise in all subfields of anthropology. With an eye to visual and written clarity, the authors present anthropology from an integrated, holistic perspective. They use three unifying themes as a framework to tie the book together and keep students focused: systemic adaptation to emphasize that every culture, past and present, is an integrated and dynamic system of adaptation; biocultural connections that highlight the integration of human culture and biology in the steps humans take to meet the challenges of survival; and the emergence of globalization and its disparate impact on peoples and cultures around the world. Within each chapter, pedagogical elements hone in on particularly interesting examples that give students deeper insight into the meaning and relevance of a wide range of topics covered in the general narrative, and insightful questions foster critical thinking about main themes. In further support of learning, the book's design facilitates students' ability to understand anthropology's key concepts and their great relevance to today's complex world.

Features and Benefits

  • The book's helpful and attractive layout and organization includes thoughtfully selected photos and art that visually demonstrate the concepts presented in the text; a rich map program that orients students to relevant geography; and, a running glossary that helps students review the new terminology presented.
  • The strong pedagogical program supports the chapters' focus on the text's themes. For example, the "Visual Essence" and new chapter "Learning Objectives" provide a framework for students of the main concepts to be addressed in the chapter.
  • Integrated coverage of theory, race/class/gender, and ethnicity ensures these topics are examined in various contexts and from various perspectives.
  • Emphasis on visual observation includes a chapter-opening "Visual Essence" feature, which graphically points students to key concepts in the chapter. Observing the world around us is further highlighted by the "Visual Counterpoint" photos that provide cross-cultural comparisons.
  • "Biocultural Connections" features illustrate how cultural and biological processes work together to shape human evolution and the various ways humans face the challenges of existence.
  • "Original Studies" and "Anthropology Applied" boxes focus on particularly interesting examples to give students a deeper insight into the meaning and relevance of topics covered in the general narrative.

Table of Contents

1. The Essence of Anthropology.
2. Biology and Evolution.
3. Living Primates.
4. Human Evolution.
5. The Neolithic Revolution: The Domestication of Plants and Animals.
6. The Emergence of Cities and States.
7. Modern Human Diversity: Race and Racism.
8. The Characteristics of Culture.
9. Language and Communication.
10. Social Identity, Personality, and Gender.
11. Subsistence and Exchange.
12. Sex, Marriage, and Family.
13. Kinship and Other Methods of Grouping.
14. Politics, Power, and Violence.
15. Spirituality, Religion, and the Supernatural.
16. Global Changes and the Role of Anthropology.

What's New

  • Throughout, data and examples have been updated, less relevant material trimmed or cut, and the writing further chiseled to make it all the more clear, lively, and engaging.
  • Each chapter now begins with a list of student learning objectives under the heading "In this chapter you will learn to..." This pedagogical feature gives students a tangible grip on the material to be covered and an understanding of the knowledge skills they are expected to develop while reading and studying.
  • Each chapter opens with a new "Visual Essence" photograph and caption, and many new compelling pictures will be found in the book from beginning to end.
  • In addition to providing at least one new entry in the much-used "Questions for Reflections" at the end of every chapter, the authors have introduced a new discussion question in every chapter's Biocultural Connection box.
  • A new "Chapter Checklist" concludes each chapter and poses questions with answers so students can study for exams.
  • Chapter 1's introduction to the four anthropological fields has been entirely reworked and reordered, placing cultural anthropology first and showing its role as a defining and unifying aspect of the field, followed by amplified sections on archaeology and linguistics, and closing with biological anthropology.
  • Chapter 2's new coverage includes an expanded discussion of creation stories and evolution that includes subjects as varied as Hinduism and Intelligent Design, as well as several new images and support student learning. Additionally, the discussion of macroevolution has been moved to this chapter.
  • A contemporary focus on primate conservation appears throughout Chapter 3, including a new figure showing global distribution of primates, featuring the endangered species. New Questions for Reflection on cultural aspects of the human life cycle and on the use of nonhuman primates in biomedical research drive home the chapter's themes.
  • Chapter 4 now presents thematic material on the relevance of paleoanthropology. Updated content includes a streamlined opening discussion that firmly grounds paleoanthropology as a science of discovery and compares science and storytelling; detailed discussion of the recent news on the "Ardi" specimen, which emphasizes how paleoanthropologists do their research; new figures that help explain the details of human evolution; and discussion of the recent studies of Neandertal genetics that show their continuity with living humans, with a discussion of the impact of these new data on the modern human origins debate.
  • Streamlined and updated Chapter 5 emphasizes the contemporary relevance of the Neolithic transition, with a theme of competition for resources that threads throughout the chapter. A new thought question on today's genetically modified crops also drives home the point that today we are still facing challenges introduced during the Neolithic.
  • The relation between war, power, and monumental structures thematically threads through this updated Chapter 6. An updated introductory section on the interdependence of cities includes Hurricane Katrina, the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami, as well as the role of social media in revolutions in the Middle East. The chapter's new Anthropology Applied feature called "Tell it to the Marines" details the US military's practice of employing archaeologists to train their service people on how to preserve archaeological remains in war zones.
  • Enlivened writing throughout Chapter 7 improves the pedagogy and makes the challenging concepts of race and racism more interesting and accessible for today's students. The updated section on race now includes the seminal work of Audrey Smedley on the roots of racism in North America, as well as an updated section on race and the census with the 2010 census categories. A new Biocultural Connection called "Beans, Enzymes and Adaptation to Malaria" illustrates how distinct cultural and biological adaptations can inadvertently work at cross purposes.
  • Many new photographs and illustrations have been added to Chapter 8, illustrating such concepts and topics as non-sustainable agriculture, notions of cultural superiority, and ethnolinguistic groups in China. Additional details and examples woven into the "Culture is Integrated" section and a revamped conclusion in the "Culture is Dynamic" section clarify the distinction between dynamism and change.
  • Updated content in Chapter 9 includes a completely revised Ethnolinguistics section, updated sections on paralanguage and tonal languages, and the latest data on the digital divide and its impact on ethnic minority languages. A new concluding section, "Literacy and Modern Telecommunication in Our Globalizing World," recounts the prevalence of illiteracy in many parts of the globe, discusses literacy as a human right, and relays how the telecommunication revolution is transforming the social and economic lives of nearly everyone, even in the world's most remote corners.
  • New content in Chapter 10 includes current statistics on the incidence of intersexuality worldwide; a revised discussion on normal and abnormal personality in a social context, with statistics from a global report on state-sponsored homophobia; a substantially rewritten discussion of culture-bound syndromes ; and a new concluding section, "Personal Identity and Mental Health in Globalizing Society," that drives home the need for medical pluralism with a variety of modalities fit for humanity in the worldwide dynamics of the 21st century.
  • Chapter 11 offers new sections on such topics as: mixed faring and transhumance; intensive agriculture, urbanization and peasantry; and industrial food production. A new Anthropology Applied box profiles the rural development work of Ann Dunham in Asia, particularly as a pioneer in the field of microfinance, and the chapter's much revised concluding section looks at the informal economy that exists in the shadows of state bureaucracies and global corporations.
  • Chapter 12 includes a short timely piece on the breakaway Mormon group, the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus of the Latter-Day Saints, along with the new data on the decline of polygamy in sub-Saharan Africa. The chapter also includes revised discussions of such topics as residence patterns, divorce and its impact, and the impact of global capitalism, electronic communication, and transnationalism on love relations.
  • Chapter 13 includes much that is new, including an expanded discussion of women's organizations with a profile of India's far-reaching Self-Employed Women's Association; a chapter-ending commentary on the role globalization plays in both increasing and decreasing social stratification; a special feature on archaeologist Michael Blakey's "African Burial Ground Project" Original Study, illustrated with a new photograph; and a Biocultural Connection, "Maori Origins: Ancestral Genes and Mythical Canoes."
  • Special features in Chapter 14 include a Biocultural Connection, "Gender, Sex, and Human Violence," and an Anthropology Applied box, "Dispute Resolution and the Anthropologist" about the work of William Ury. A new global map shows the relationship between violent conflict and pluralistic societies with two or more ethnic groups or nationalities.
  • Chapter 15 includes an overview of the status of religion and spirituality today, accompanied by a chart showing the major religions of the world with their percentages of believers along with a new world map depicting the global distribution of major religions that indicates where each is the majority. Exploring religion and culture change, this chapter also introduces revitalization movements with a new ethnographic example on the revitalization of the ancient tradition of Druidry in Great Britain, and the chapter concludes with a new section on the persistence of religion and spirituality.
  • Updated Chapter 16, "Global Changes and the Role of Anthropology," includes a new "Anthropology Applied" essay about the work of world-renowned medical doctor, anthropologist and human rights activist Paul Farmer. Problems of structural violence, from pollution and global warming to epidemics of hunger and obesity as well as the ever-widening gap between those who have wealth and power and those who do not are addressed. The chapter closes on an encouraging note about anthropology's potential for helping to solve practical problems on local and global levels.

Alternate Formats

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  • Looseleaf Edition

    ISBN-10: 111183508X | ISBN-13: 9781111835088

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Learning Resource Bundles

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Bundle: The Essence of Anthropology, 3rd + Katun: A Twenty-Year Journey with the Maya + The Ceren Site: An Ancient Village Buried by Volcanic Ash in Central America, 2nd

ISBN-10: 1133810217  | ISBN-13: 9781133810216

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  • Katun: A Twenty-Year Journey with the Maya
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  • The Ceren Site: An Ancient Village Buried by Volcanic Ash in Central America
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Printed Text + Anthropology CourseMate with eBook Instant Access Code

ISBN-10:  1133797849  | ISBN-13:  9781133797845

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Bundle: Text + Anthropology CourseMate with eBook Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  1133797814 | ISBN-13:  9781133797814

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  • CourseMate Printed Access Card
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Supplements

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Instructor Supplements

Online Instructor's Manual with Test Bank  (ISBN-10: 1111826412 | ISBN-13: 9781111826413)

This fully revised Instructor's Manual contains detailed chapter outlines, learning objectives, key terms and concepts, lecture suggestions, and internet exercises. The Test Bank, also fully updated, offers over 120 test questions per chapter, including multiple choice, true/false, fill-in-the-blank, short answer, and essay questions.

PowerLecture with ExamView®  (ISBN-10: 111183458X | ISBN-13: 9781111834586)

This easy-to-use tool includes: 1) Pre-assembled Microsoft PowerPoint presentations using charts, graphs, line-art, and images with a new zoom feature. 2) ExamView® testing software that you can use to create, deliver, and customize tests and study guides (both print and online) in minutes. ExamView offers both a Quick Test Wizard and an Online Test Wizard that guide you step-by-step throughout the process of creating tests, while its unique "WYSWYG" capability allows you to see the test you are creating on screen exactly as it will print or display online. You can build tests of up to 250 questions using up to 12 question types. Using ExamView's complete word processing capabilities, you can enter an unlimited number of new questions or edit existing questions. Available upon adoption of the text.

CourseMate Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 113304428X | ISBN-13: 9781133044284)

Cengage Learning's CourseMate brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. Maximize your course success with the integrated eBook and chapter-specific learning tools that include flashcards, quizzes, videos, and more in your CourseMate. Key Features: Interactive eBook, Engagement Tracker, Learning Objectives, Tutorial Quizzes, Glossary and Flashcards, and Web Links and References.

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WebTutor™ WebCT™ with eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133044999 | ISBN-13: 9781133044994)

Jumpstart your course with customizable, rich, text-specific content within your Course Management System. Students gain access to a full array of study tools, including learning objectives, chapter-specific quizzing material, flashcards, and videos. With WebTutor™, instructors can provide virtual office hours, post syllabi, track student progress with the quizzing material, and even customize the content to suit their needs.

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WebTutor for Blackboard® with eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133045014 | ISBN-13: 9781133045014)

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Interactive Quizzing  (ISBN-10: 113304431X | ISBN-13: 9781133044314)

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Student Supplements

CourseMate Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 113304428X | ISBN-13: 9781133044284)

Cengage Learning's Computers and Technology CourseMate brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. Access an integrated eBook, learning tools including flashcards, quizzes, and more, all designed specifically to work with THE ESSENCE OF ANTHROPOLOGY, 3rd Edition.

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WebTutor™ WebCT™ with eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133044999 | ISBN-13: 9781133044994)

Jumpstart your course with customizable, rich, text-specific content within your Course Management System. Students gain access to a full array of study tools, including learning objectives, chapter-specific quizzing material, flashcards, and videos. With WebTutor™, instructors can provide virtual office hours, post syllabi, track student progress with the quizzing material, and even customize the content to suit their needs.

List Price = $136.00  | CengageBrain Price = $136.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $136.00

WebTutor for Blackboard® with eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1133045014 | ISBN-13: 9781133045014)

Jumpstart your course with customizable, rich, text-specific content within your Course Management System. Students gain access to a full array of study tools, including learning objectives, chapter-specific quizzing material, flashcards, and videos. With WebTutor™, instructors can provide virtual office hours, post syllabi, track student progress with the quizzing material, and even customize the content to suit their needs.

List Price = $136.00  | CengageBrain Price = $136.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $136.00

Interactive Quizzing  (ISBN-10: 113304431X | ISBN-13: 9781133044314)

List Price = $115.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $86.25

Flash Cards Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285796551 | ISBN-13: 9781285796550)

Flashcards designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Interactive flashcards include terms and definitions for each chapter. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.

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Quizzing Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285792750 | ISBN-13: 9781285792750)

Interactive practice quizzes designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. True/false and multiple choice questions are included for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.

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Quizzing with Flash Cards Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285788958 | ISBN-13: 9781285788951)

Interactive practice quizzes and flashcards designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Flashcards contain terms and definitions for each chapter. Practice quizzes consist of true/false and multiple choice questions for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, practice quizzes and flashcards are already included.

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Meet the Author

Author Bio

William A. Haviland

William A. Haviland is professor emeritus at the University of Vermont, where he founded the Department of Anthropology and taught for 32 years. He holds a PhD in anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania and has conducted research in archaeology in Guatemala and Vermont; ethnography in Maine and Vermont; and physical anthropology in Guatemala. This work has been the basis of many publications in national and international books and journals, as well as in trade publications. His books include The Original Vermonters, co-authored with Marjorie Power, and a technical monograph on ancient Maya settlement. He served as consultant for the award-winning telecourse Faces of Culture, and he is co-editor of the series Tikal Reports, published by the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. Dr. Haviland has lectured to many professional and non-professional audiences in Canada, Mexico, Lesotho, South Africa, and Spain, as well as in the United States. A staunch supporter of indigenous rights, he served as expert witness for the Missisquoi Abenaki of Vermont in a case over aboriginal fishing rights. Dr. Haviland received the University Scholar award by the Graduate School of the University of Vermont in 1990; a Certificate of Appreciation from the Sovereign Republic of the Abenaki Nation of Missisquoi, St. Francis/Sokoki Band in 1996; and a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Center for Research on Vermont in 2006. Now retired from teaching, he continues his research, writing, and lecturing from the coast of Maine and serves as a trustee for the Abbe Museum in Bar Harbor, focused on Maine's Native American history, culture, art, and archaeology. His most recent books are At the Place of the Lobsters and Crabs (2009) and Canoe Indians of Down East Maine (2012).

Harald E.L. Prins

Harald E.L. Prins is a University Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at Kansas State University (KSU). Academically trained at half a dozen Dutch and U.S. universities, he came to the U.S. as a List Fellow at the New School for Social Research in New York City. He has taught at Radboud University (Netherlands), as well as Bowdoin College and Colby College in Maine, and as a visiting professor at the University of Lund, Sweden. He has received numerous honors for his teaching, including the Conoco Award for Outstanding Undergraduate Teaching in 1993, Presidential Award in 1999, Coffman Chair of Distinguished Teaching Scholars in 2004, Carnegie Foundation Professor of the Year for Kansas in 2006, and the AAA/Oxford University Press Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching of Anthropology in 2010. His fieldwork focuses on indigenous peoples in the Western Hemisphere, and he has long served as an advocacy anthropologist on land claims and other native rights. In that capacity, Dr. Prins has been a lead expert witness in both the U.S. Senate and Canadian federal courts. He has refereed for 40 academic book publishers and journals. His own numerous academic publications appear in nine languages, with books including The Mi'kmaq: Resistance, Accommodation, and Cultural Survival (Margaret Mead Award finalist). Also trained in filmmaking, he served as president of the Society for Visual Anthropology, and has coproduced award-winning documentaries. He has been the visual anthropology editor of American Anthropologist, co-principal investigator for the U.S. National Park Service, international observer in Paraguay's presidential elections, and a research associate at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.

Dana Walrath

Dana Walrath, an award-winning writer, artist and anthropologist, is a faculty member of University of Vermont's College of Medicine. After earning her PhD in medical and biological anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania, she taught there and at Temple University. Dr. Walrath broke new ground in paleoanthropology through her work on the evolution of human childbirth. She has also written on a wide range of topics related to gender in paleoanthropology, the social production of sickness and health, sex differences, genetics, and evolutionary medicine. Her work has appeared in edited volumes and in journals such as Current Anthropology, American Anthropologist, American Journal of Physical Anthropology, and Anthropology Now. Her books include Aliceheimer's, a graphic memoir, and Like Water on Stone, a verse novel. She developed a novel curriculum in medical education at the University of Vermont's College of Medicine that brings humanism, anthropological theory and practice, narrative medicine, and professional skills to first-year medical students. She has an MFA in creative writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts and has exhibited her artwork in North America and Europe. Her recent work in the field of graphic medicine combines anthropology with memoir and visual art. Spanning a variety of disciplines, her work has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the Templeton Foundation, the Centers for Disease Control, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Vermont Arts Council, and the National Endowment for the Arts. She spent 2012-2013 as a Fulbright Scholar at the American University of Armenia and the Institute of Ethnography and Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Armenia. She is working on a second graphic memoir that combines her Aliceheimer's work with her fieldwork on aging and memory in Armenia.

Bunny McBride

Carol Ann (Bunny) McBride is an award-winning author specializing in cultural anthropology, indigenous peoples, international tourism, and nature conservation issues. Published in dozens of national and international print media, she has reported from Africa, Europe, China, and the Indian Ocean. With an MA from Columbia University, she is highly rated as a teacher and has taught at the Salt Institute for Documentary Field Studies and as visiting anthropology faculty at Principia College. Since 1996, she has been an adjunct lecturer of anthropology at Kansas State University. Her many publication credits include the books Women of the Dawn, Molly Spotted Elk: A Penobscot in Paris, and Our Lives in Our Hands: Micmac Indian Basketmakers; chapters in multiple books; and several co-authored books, including Indians in Eden and The Audubon Field Guide to African Wildlife. Working on a range of issues and projects with Maine Indian tribes since 1981, McBride received a commendation from the Maine state legislature for her research and writing on the history of Native women. Boston Globe Sunday Magazine featured a profile about her, and Maine Public Television made a documentary about her work on Molly Spotted Elk. Recently, she served as investigator for a National Park Service ethnography project and curated several museum exhibits. Her exhibit, "Indians & Rusticators," received a Leadership in History Award from the American Association for State and Local History (2012). She currently serves as president of the Women's World Summit Foundation based in Switzerland, and is wrapping up two books (with co-author Harald Prins): From Indian Island to Omaha Beach: Charles Norman Shay, Penobscot Indian War Hero; and Native Americans in Seacoast Maine: A Natural and Cultural History of Mount Desert Island.