Higher Education

Traversing Philosophical Boundaries, 4th Edition

  • Max O. Hallman Merced College
  • ISBN-10: 1111298181  |  ISBN-13: 9781111298180
  • 752 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2007, 2003, 1998
  • © 2012 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $125.25
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About

Overview

TRAVERSING PHILOSOPHICAL BOUNDARIES is the most comprehensive multicultural anthology for introductory philosophy on the market today. Addressing six primary philosophical concerns—the self, reality, epistemology, ethics, politics, and religion—this book contains not only many readings from the Western canon, but also essential readings from many cultural perspectives not typically included in introductory philosophy classes. Asian, African, African-American, Latin American, and Feminist traditions are broadly represented and fully integrated into the exploration of these fundamental matters. The text also includes several readings from the sciences, with selections from Charles Darwin, Stephen Hawking, and Jared Diamond.

Features and Benefits

  • To facilitate student comprehension, each reading includes an extensive introduction which contains biographical information and a summary of important points.
  • Each reading also includes questions to guide reading and questions for thought to help students relate what they read to their own lives.
  • The book contains an extensive glossary of foreign and technical terms.
  • The book’s website contains an appendix on writing philosophically, which outlines the basic steps of how to construct a philosophical essay.

Table of Contents

Introduction
1. SELF, MIND, AND BODY.
Do We Have an Essential Self or Soul?
Dialogue with Death, FROM THE UPANISHADS. On Personal Identity, JOHN LOCKE. The Questions of King Milinda on the Self, FROM THE BUDDHIST SCRIPTURES. There Is No Personal Identity, DAVID HUME. A Dialogue on Immortality, ARTHUR SCHOPENHAUER.
To What Extent Do Our Bodies Determine Who We Are? The Nature of the Soul and Its Relation to the Body, PLATO. Of the Real Distinction Between Mind and Body, RENÉ DESCARTES. Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons, DEREK PARFIT. Disciplining the Body, MICHEL FOUCAULT. Females as Docile Bodies, MAXINE SHEETS-JOHNSTONE. Where Am I?
DANIEL C. DENNETT. What Else Determines Who I Am? Zarathustra’s Prologue and Three Speeches, FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE. The Question of Lay Analysis. SIGMUND FREUD. The Social Self. GEORGE HERBERT MEAD. The Illusion of Human Freedom, B. F. SKINNER. Existentialism Is a Humanism, JEAN-PAUL SARTRE. Woman as the Second Sex, SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR. An Autobiographical View of Mixed Race and Deracination, NAOMI ZACK.
2. CREATION AND REALITY.
How Did We Get Here? An African Creation Story, FROM THE SACRED STORYTELLING OF THE BOSHONGO PEOPLE. Creation of the World from the Self, FROM THE UPANISHADS.
The Creation and the Fall, FROM THE BIBLE. How the World Was Made and the Origin of Disease and Medicine, FROM THE SACRED STORYTELLING OF THE CHEROKEE. Origin and Fate of the Universe, STEPHEN W. HAWKING. The Origin of the Species, CHARLES DARWIN. Yali’s Question, JARED DIAMOND. What Is the Nature of Reality? The Myth of the Cave. PLATO. The Way of the Universe, LAO-TZU. The Nature of Reality. WANG CHUNG. On the Nature of Things, LUCRETIUS. The Monadology, GOTTFRIED WILHELM LEIBNIZ. An Introduction to Metaphysics, HENRI BERGSON. The True Features of Reality, KITARŌ NISHIDA . The Politics of Reality, MARILYN FRYE.
3. KNOWLEDGE AND TRUTH.
How Do We Know What We Know? Meditations on the Nature of Knowledge, RENÉ DESCARTES. The Source of Our Knowledge, JOHN LOCKE. Principles of Human Knowledge, GEORGE BERKELEY. The Fixation of Belief, CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE. Pragmatism’s Conception of Truth, WILLIAM JAMES. Methods and Modes of Knowing, JOSÉ VASCONCELOS. Truth and Existence, KARL JASPERS. Navajo Ways of Knowing, HERBERT JOHN BENALLY. The Metaphysics of Oppression, JORGE VALADEZ. Is Knowledge Really Attainable? A Dialogue on Dogmatism and Truth. FROM THE BUDDHIST SCRIPTURES. The Identity of Contraries, CHUANG-TZU. Circles, RALPH WALDO EMERSON. Doubts Concerning the Possibility of Knowledge, DAVID HUME. The Elimination of Metaphysics, ALFRED JULES AYER. Situated Knowers, ELIZABETH ANDERSON.
4. ETHICS.
How Do We Determine What We Ought to Do? The Proper Function of Man and Its Relation to the Good Life, ARISTOTLE. On Human Goodness, MENCIUS. The Good Will and Morality. IMMANUEL KANT. The Principle of Utility, JEREMY BENTHAM. The Sentiment of Solidarity as the Foundation of Ethics. ENRIQUE JOSÉ VARONA, Mysticism and Ethics in Hindu Thought. SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN. Compassion and the Reverence for Life, ALBERT SCHWEITZER, What Are Some Reasons for Questioning Traditional Values? Relativism, DAVID B. WONG. Master Morality and Slave Morality, FRIEDRICH NIETZSCH. Mitakuye Oyasin: We Are All Related, ED MCGAA (EAGLE MAN). The Earth Charter, THE EARTH CHARTER COMMISSION. Transvaluation of Values: The End of Phallic Morality, MARY DALY. The Ethics of Care, VIRGINIA HELD. What Means This Freedom, JOHN HOSPERS.
5. POLITICS.
What Is the Basis of Our Obligations to Society? Crito, PLATO, The Social Contract, JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU. The Declaration of Independence, THOMAS JEFFERSON. The Racial Contract, CHARLES MILLS. The Communist Manifesto, KARL MARX AND FRIEDRICH ENGELS. Socialist Feminism: Our Bridge to Freedom, NELLIE WONG. In Defense of Democracy, JOHN DEWEY. The Political Theory of Islam, ABU’L A’LA MAUDUDI. Who Is Your Mother? Red Roots of White Feminism, PAULA GUNN ALLEN. Where Do Our Obligations to Society End? On Liberty, JOHN STUART MILL. On Revolt, ALBERT CAMUS. Principles of Nonviolence, MOHANDAS K. GANDHI. Letter from Birmingham Jail, MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. Power and Racism, STOKELY CARMICHAEL. Feminism: A Transformational Politic, BELL HOOKS. On the Duty of Civil Disobedience, HENRY DAVID THOREAU. Anarchism: What It Really Stands For, EMMA GOLDMAN.
6. RELIGION.
What Is the Basis of Religious Belief? Confessions on the Nature of God. AURELIUS AUGUSTINUS. The Powers of the Bison and the Elk, BLACK ELK. Proof That God Exists, THOMAS AQUINAS. The Faith of Abraham, SØREN KIERKEGAARD. I and Thou, MARTIN BUBER. Involvement in the Liberation Process, GUSTAVO GUTIÉRREZ. Witchcraft and Women’s Culture, STARHAWK. The Anthropological Essence of Religion, Ludwig Feuerbach. Is Religious Belief Beneficial or Harmful? The Will to Believe, WILLIAM JAMES. Myth and Society, JOSEPH CAMPBELL. Why Women Need the Goddess, CAROL P.HRIST. Why I Am a Pagan, LIN YUTANG. Religion and Science, ALFRED NORTH WHITEHEAD. How Not to Compare African Thought with Western Thought, KWASI WIREDU. Theology and Falsification, ANTONY FLEW. Has Religion Made Useful Contributions to Civilization? BERTRAND RUSSELL.
Glossary.

What's New

  • More concise editing of several of the readings contained in the previous edition.
  • New selections that discuss female embodiment, the nature of revolt, and the anthropological essence of religion.
  • A new selection on the ethics of care that discusses more recent developments in this area of philosophical reflection.
  • The Earth Charter, an important document that attempts to formulate the values and principles of a viable environmental ethic.
  • A list of glossary terms has been added to each chapter introduction.

Efficacy and Outcomes

Reviews

"I would recommend it!!!" -- Deborah Holt, College of Southern Maryland Prince Frederick Campus

— Deborah Holt

"The most wonderful compilation of the Philosophy of diverse cultures in existence!""Takes students on great trips to other cultures, lands, and thought systems." -- Sarah Bishop Merrill, TSTC Harlingen

— Sarah Bishop Merrill

"A rich interdisciplinary approach to philosophical thinking. A useful introduction to students with some foundation in philosophy but who desire a broader, more culturally focused understanding." -- Mark Kosinski, Gateway Community College

— Mark Kosinski

"Solid introduction to philosophy from a multicultural perspective." -- Dr. Chris Frakes, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs

— Dr. Chris Frakes

"A representative global anthology. It can be configured in many ways to match the instructor's needs." -- Richard Bilsker, College of Southern Maryland

— Richard Bilsker

"This text makes an effort to offer more than the traditional, canonical texts. There are readings that allow an investigation of the traditional problems of western philosophy through alternative approaches: feminist, non-western, and post-colonial." -- Sharon Crasnow, Riverside Community College Norco

— Sharon Crasnow

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Max O. Hallman

Max O. Hallman, who received his Ph.D. from Tulane University, is Professor of Philosophy and Humanities at Merced College in California, where he also serves as Honors Program Coordinator. He has published articles on several areas in the history of philosophy, and is the author of the article on Friedrich Nietzsche in the newly released ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGION AND NATURE. His earlier textbook, EXPANDING PHILOSOPHICAL HORIZONS, was also published by Wadsworth.