Higher Education

Introduction to Research in Education, 9th Edition

  • Donald Ary Emeritus, Northern Illinois University
  • Lucy Cheser Jacobs Indiana University
  • Christine K. Sorensen University of Hawaii, Manoa
  • David A. Walker Associate Professor of Research and Assessment, Northern Illinois University
  • ISBN-10: 1133596746  |  ISBN-13: 9781133596745
  • 720 Pages
  • © 2014 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $168.50
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A classic in the field, INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH METHODS IN EDUCATION, 9th Edition, helps students master the basic competencies necessary to understand and evaluate the research of others, and shows them how to plan and conduct original research. The text's strengths include a clear writing style, comprehensive topic coverage, well-chosen and effective examples that clarify complex concepts, and strong end-of-chapter exercises that expose students to intriguing research problems. This edition builds on the text's strengths of teaching students to become more competent consumers and producers of research, with expanded coverage of action research and a new feature focusing on research issues in the public realm. Available with InfoTrac® Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

Features and Benefits

  • The book is a respected classic introduction to research methods for education, known for its comprehensive topic coverage and exceptionally clear writing style.
  • Praised by reviewers for reliability and accessibility, the book has gained a reputation for accuracy and logical presentation of topics.
  • "Think About It" exercises, which conclude the major discussions in every chapter, require students to apply and think critically about material covered in every major section of each chapter. These exercises serve as concept checks for students.
  • Through original illustrations conceptualized by Donald Ary, the "Picture This" feature reinforces key chapter concepts in a clever and entertaining manner.
  • Chapter 19, "Mixed Methods Research," features coverage of the philosophical basis of mixed methods research, the purposes for conducting mixed methods research, how to differentiate between different mixed methods designs, the reasons why a mixed method study might be conducted, and the limitations of mixed methods research.
  • Qualitative research methods are integrated throughout the text to emphasize the similarities and differences between qualitative and quantitative research methods in the field of education.
  • Strong end-of-chapter exercises expose students to intriguing research problems and help develop critical thinking.
  • The authors familiarize students with typical problems encountered in conducting and analyzing educational research in a logical and step-by-step manner.

Table of Contents

1. The Nature of Scientific Inquiry.
2. The Scientific Approach in Education.
3. The Research Problem.
4. Reviewing the Literature.
5. The Hypothesis.
6. Descriptive Statistics.
7. Sampling and Inferential Statistics.
8. Tools of Research.
9. Validity and Reliability.
10. Experimental Research.
11. Experimental Research Design.
12. Ex Post Facto Research.
13. Correlation Research.
14. Survey Research.
15. Defining and Designing Qualitative Research.
16. Types of Qualitative Research.
17. Analyzing and Reporting Qualitative Research.
18. Action Research.
19. Mixed Methods Research.
20. Guidelines for Writing Research Proposals.
21. Interpreting and Reporting Results of Quantitative Research.

What's New

  • "Research Issues in the Public Realm," a unique new feature in most chapters, gives students exposure to "hot topic" issues such as privacy concerns, education reform, and working with indigenous populations.
  • Examples throughout the text have been thoroughly updated to incorporate technology and with an eye on diversity.
  • Chapter 4, "Reviewing the Literature," includes up-to-date descriptions of the varied roles technology plays in education research.
  • Chapter 11, "Experimental Research Design," has been fully updated and expanded to include coverage of special education research.
  • InfoTrac® Student Collections are specialized databases expertly drawn from the Gale Academic One library. Each InfoTrac® Student Collection enhances the student learning experience in the specific course area related to the product. These specialized databases allow access to hundreds of scholarly and popular publications - all reliable sources - including journals, encyclopedias, and academic reports. Learn more and access at: http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

Alternate Formats

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  • Looseleaf Edition

    ISBN-10: 1133941117 | ISBN-13: 9781133941118

    List Price = $145.95  | CengageBrain Price = $145.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $109.50

Efficacy and Outcomes


"I enjoy the authors' writing styles and the examples given to explain certain terms and concepts."

— Tracy Walker, Virginia State University

"I like the clear references and examples for difficult topics, especially research methodologies and various types of analyses. Students tend to be fearful of statistics and research, in general, when they start the course, so a text that provides a lot of practical information in a readable, understandable way is important."

— Carrie Fitzgerald, SUNY Fredonia


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Online Instructor's Manual with Test Bank  (ISBN-10: 1285085930 | ISBN-13: 9781285085937)

The online Instructor's Manual contains information to assist the instructor in designing the course. For assessment support, the Test Bank offers over 100 questions to assess your students' knowledge.

Online PowerPoint® Slides  (ISBN-10: 1285085957 | ISBN-13: 9781285085951)

These ready-to-use Microsoft® PowerPoint® lecture slides cover content for each chapter of the book.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Donald Ary

In addition to being a co-author of the first eight editions of INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH IN EDUCATION, Donald Ary co-authored two books in statistics, INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS: PURPOSES AND PROCEDURES (With L. C. Jacobs), and ANALYZING QUANTITATIVE BEHAVIORAL OBSERVATION DATA (with H. K. Suen). He is also co-author of the educational psychology text, READINGS IN CLASSROOM LEARNING AND PERCEPTION (with R. J. Mueller and E. C. McCormick). He wrote chapters for three books and published 35 journal articles, six of them in Behavioral Assessment. He presented 30 papers at professional conferences, including 12 at the American Educational Research Association, and six at the Association for Behavioral Analysis. He taught research design, statistics, measurement, and educational psychology, first at Indiana University, then at Northern Illinois University. There, he was director of the Educational Psychology and Special Education Research Office and served as interim chair of the Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education. He served as consultant to various educational offices in Illinois and to the Bureau of Elementary and Secondary Education, U.S. Office of Education. He also served on the editorial board of Research in Developmental Disabilities. Dr. Ary had a B.S. in education from Wilmington College of Ohio, an M.S. in education from Syracuse University, and a Ph.D. from the University of Iowa. He was an elementary teacher for three years in Ohio and seven years with the U.S. Department of Defense Dependents' Schools in England.

Lucy Cheser Jacobs

Lucy Cheser Jacobs has a B.S. in chemistry from Catharine Spalding College in Kentucky, and a M.S. and Ph.D. in educational psychology from Indiana University-Bloomington. She received a John H. Edwards fellowship during graduate study. Dr, Jacobs taught research methodology, statistics, measurement, and educational psychology courses at Indiana University. She served as Director of the Bureau of Evaluative Studies for several years, where she conducted institutional research studies. Before beginning graduate studies, she taught high school chemistry for three years in Kentucky. She has co-authored INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH IN EDUCATION (nine editions) and INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS (both with D. Ary), and DEVELOPING AND USING TESTS EFFECTIVELY (with C. Chase). She held membership in AERA and NCME and presented papers at their annual conferences.

Christine K. Sorensen

Christine K. Sorensen is the Dean of the College of Education at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. She holds a bachelor's degree in speech from the University of Houston and masters and doctoral degrees from Iowa State University in professional studies in education. Prior to coming to the University of Hawaii, she served from 2001 to 2007 as Dean of the College of Education at Northern Illinois University, where she began her professorial career in 1996. Earlier in her career Dr. Sorensen was a research and evaluation specialist at the Research Institute for Studies in Education at Iowa State. While in that position, she was involved in conducting research in schools across the state as well as leading and participating in regional and national studies. She was the lead evaluation specialist on projects funded by such agencies as the U.S. Department of Education, the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Kellogg Foundation, the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST), and the Fund for the Improvement of Post Secondary Education (FIPSE). Dr. Sorensen has an extensive record in grants (more than a dozen funded) including multimillion-dollar federal grants related to teacher education and to technology. Her research areas have focused on technology integration in education. Dr. Sorensen has taught courses in research, evaluation, and higher education, and has expertise in both quantitative and qualitative methods of research.

David A. Walker

David A. Walker is a Professor of Educational Research, Technology, and Assessment at Northern Illinois University (NIU). He holds a bachelor's degree from St. Olaf College and masters and doctoral degrees from Iowa State University of Science and Technology (ISU). Prior to NIU, he served on the faculty at Florida Atlantic University and was a post-doctorate researcher at ISU's Research Institute for Studies in Education. Dr. Walker has an extensive research record with 74 refereed publications, 12 monographs and technical reports, 111 refereed conference presentations, 22 invited presentations, and 142 statistical computer program creations. A majority of these scholarly works pertain to the themes of statistical methodology and/or research methods in areas such as effect sizes, reliability measures, and the general linear model. He has been involved in numerous federal and state-based grants, with over 7 million funded, as an evaluator in projects affiliated with teacher education. Dr. Walker has taught courses in research methods, assessment, testing, measurement, and statistics and has expertise in quantitative methods of research.