Note: Each chapter concludes with a Summary.
I. A Foundational Framework
1. Historical Perspectives Informing the Schooling of a Diverse Society: A Legacy of Inclusion and Exclusion
First Person: Anyone Can Make It in America, but Not Alone
Greek Influences on American Education
An Education Program for a New Country
The Education of Immigrants: A Historical Overview
Immigration in a Contemporary Context
The Legacy of Educational Exclusion: African Americans, American Indians, Mexican Americans and Asian Americans
Arab Americans Seeking Understanding amid the Stereotypes
2. Educational Philosophy
First Person: Making Time to Care About Philosophy: Connections to Practice and Social Justice
The Role of Philosophy in the Teaching Profession
Leaders Whose Educational Philosophies Cross and Blur Borders
II. The Teaching Profession: Our Callings, Our Challenges
3. Entering the Teaching Profession
First Person: Anyone Can Teach: The Default Major
The Important Role of Teachers in a Democratic Society
The Process: Securing Licensure and Certification
Expectations of Teachers: Tenure and Evaluation
Educational Reform''s Impact on the Teaching Profession Today
The Education Job Market: Projected Needs and Recruitment Strategies
New-Teacher Induction Programs: Inconsistencies
4. Equity and Educational Practice
First Person: Minority Communities "Don''t Care About Kids" and Other Myths
What Is Equal Opportunity?
Poverty, Segregated Communities, and Segregated Schools
Social and Educational Outcomes of Desegregation
Intersections Between Educational Practice and Socioeconomic Status
The No Child Left Behind Act and Education Equity
Implications for Educators
Engaging Family and Community
III. School Structure, Finance, and Public School Law
5. School Governance and Community Ties
First Person: We Don''t Care About the Politics!
The Role of the State Board of Education and Office of Education
Local Control: School Districts, School Boards, and Departments of Education
School Structures, School Choices
Privatization of Public Schools: Charter Schools
Charter, School Choice, and Voucher Initiatives: Controversial Implications
The Home School Movement
6. Paying the Bills--School Funding
First Person: Unequal Funding Equals Unequal Schools
Educational Funding: A Historical Overview
Federal Educational Initiatives: New Responsibilities
Contemporary Finance Systems
State Funding of the Public Schools: Taxation
Funding Schools Equitably
The Impact of Demographics on School Finance
7. Public School Law
First Person: Following the Law: Did I Do My Job?
Teachers and the Law: An Introduction
Securing Employment, Securing a Contract
Losing a Job: Contributing Factors Regarding Dismissal
Teacher''s Rights and Liability Issues
Teachers'' Private Lives
What Can and What Cannot Be Taught?
IV. Educators in Action: The Local Classroom, the Global Classroom
8. Teacher Practice: Understanding the Work
First Person: Minority Parents "Don''t Care About Their Kids"
Effective Teaching: Characteristics, Theory, and Strategies
Understanding Ability Differences: Multiple Intelligences
Understanding Sorting and Tracking
Linking Theory and Practice
The Eurocentric and Inclusive Curricula
Who Is Responsible for Students'' Classroom Behavior?
Parental Involvement in the Learning Process
9. Understanding Assessment
First Person: Teaching to the Test
History of Student Assessment Strategies
The Identification of Goals and Objectives
The Politicization of National and State Assessment Standards
What Knowledge Is Measured and How
Assessment Instruments Commonly Used: Strengths and Weaknesses
The Impact of Standardized Test Outcomes on Teachers
The Impact of Standardized Test Outcomes on Diverse Learners
Alternative Assessment Strategies
10. Exploring the Relationship Between American Culture and Education
First Person: Is a Culturally Relevant Curriculum Just About Celebrating Holidays?
What Is Culture?
American Cultural Values
American Culture and Egalitarianism
11. Teaching English Language Learners: Bilingual and English as a Second Language Efforts
First Person: Success Story: Vicki and Ruben''s Sixth-Grade Year
Different Roads to Different Outcomes: Choices in Language Education
The Story: History, Politics, and Law
Ideologies: How Do We Think About English Language Learners?
The Theories: How Should We Teach English Language Learners?
The Programs: A Largely Monolingual Tale
Curriculum: What Should We Teach English Language Learners?
Assessment: How Do We Know What English Language Learners Know?
Karen: Hybrid Identity
12. Globalization and Schooling
First Person: Computer Labs, School Cafeterias, and the Global Economy: A Healthy Mix?
Considering Education Beyond Our Borders
Understanding the Global Community
What Is Global Education?
Understanding Comparative Education