The aim of REASON AND INSIGHT is twofold: first, to provide a comprehensive, multicultural introduction to ethics that includes substantial selections from the main Western and Eastern philosophies and religious traditions, and second, to enable students to explore how these perspectives are applied to a range of contemporary moral problems. Beginning with an engaging, accessible introduction to fundamental metaethical issues, the text then delves into particular ethical theories from both the Western and Eastern traditions. Finally, the relevance of these more abstract concerns is made more concrete in the concluding section that presents current scholarship devoted to applying these theories to pressing moral concerns with which students will be familiar. With REASON AND INSIGHT, students are exposed, in a single text, to all of the most important Western and Eastern moral theories and thereby are encouraged to reexamine critically their own moral perspectives in light of many other historically and/or culturally remote standpoints.
Table of Contents
Part I: METAETHICAL ISSUES.
How Ethical Issues Arise: An Example. What Is Ethics? Why Simply Obeying the Law Is Not Sufficient. Does Morality Depend on Religion?. Are Moral Standards "Relative?". Is Ethics Possible, Given the Facts of Human Nature?. Ethical Egoism. The Pursuit of Moral Wisdom. The Broader Context of Moral Wisdom.
Part II: WESTERN ETHICAL PERSPECTIVES.
1. Greek Virtue Ethics. 2. Christian Natural Law Theory. 3. The Ethics of Duty. 4. Utilitarianism.
Part III: EASTERN ETHICAL PERSPECTIVES.
5. Confucianism. 6. Taoism. 7. Hinduism. 8. Buddhism.
Part IV: SOME CONTEMPORARY MORAL ISSUES.
9. Sexual Morality. 10. Abortion. 11. Suicide and Euthanasia. 12. Morality within the Family. 13. Technology. 14. Ethics in the Media. 15. Ethics in Business. 16. The Environment.