Higher Education

Moral Philosophy: Select Readings, 2nd, 2nd Edition

  • George Sher Rice University
  • ISBN-10: 0155060104  |  ISBN-13: 9780155060104
  • 720 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 1987
  • © 1996 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $152.25 List Price = $ 202.95

About

Overview

This anthology achieves the remarkable feat of being both rigorous and engaging. Traditional, rigorous selections in ethical theory are joined with engaging part-opening essays that provide thorough direction and background for beginning students. Sher's careful editing distills the main points of the readings.

Table of Contents

Part I: THE JUSTIFICATION FORBEING MORAL.
Joel Feinberg, Psychological Egoism. Plato, The Ring of Gyges. Thomas Hobbes, Morality and Self-Interest. David Dauthier, Morality and Advantage. Alan Gewirth, The Is-Ought Problem Resolved. Philippa Foot, Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives. Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism Is a Humanism.
Part II: THE MEANING OF MORAL LANGUAGE.
David Hume, Morality and Natural Sentiment. G.E. Moore, Goodness as Simple and Indefinable. A.J.Ayer, The Emotive Theory of Ethics. R.M. Hare, Freedom and Reason. Allan Gibbard, Moral Judgment and the Acceptance of Moral Judgements. Plato, Euthyphro. Robert M. Adams, A New Divine Command Theory.
Part III: OBJECTIVITY AND KNOWLEDGE.
James Rachels, The Challenge of Cultural Relativism. Gilbert Harman, Ethics and Observation. Nicholas Sturgeon, Moral Explanations. J.L. Mackie, The Subjectivity of Values. Thomas Nagel, Value. John Rawls, Construction and Objectivity. Norman Daniels, Wide Reflective Equilibrium and Theory.
PART IV: NORMATIVE ETHICS: CONSEQUENTIALISM.
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism. R.M. Hare, What Is Wrong with Slavery. Richard Brandt, Toward a Credible Form of Utilitarianism. John Rawls, Classical Utilitarianism. Bernard Williams, A Critique of Utilitarianism. Shelly Kagan, Constraints.
Part V: NORMATIVE ETHICS: DEONOTOLOGY.
W.D. Ross, What Makes Right Acts Right? Immanuel Kant, Morality and Rationality. William Nelson, Kant's Moral Philosophy. Christine Korsgaard, The Right to Lie: Kant on Dealing with Evil. Thomas Nagel, Moral Luck. John Rawls, A Theory of Justice.
Part VI: VIRTUE.
Aristotle, The Nature of Moral Virtue. Martha Nussbaum, Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach. Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Morality. Alasdair Macintyre, The Virtues, The Unity of a Human Life, and the Concept of a Tradition. Bernard Williams, Persons, Character, and Morality. Susan Wolf, Moral Saints. Carol Gilligan, In a Different Voice. George Sher, Other Voices, Other Rooms?:Women's Psychology and Moral Theory.
Part VII: VALUE AND VALUES.
Jeremy Bentham, Pleasure As The Good. Robert Nozick, The Experience Machine. Epiricus, The Good Life. Richard Brandt, Goodness as the Satisfaction of Informed Desire. Don Loeb, Full Information Theories of Individual Good. W.D. Ross, What Things Are Good? Derek Parfit, What Makes Someone's Life Go Best? Charles Taylor, The Diversity of Goods.
Part VIII: APPLICATIONS.
Peter Singer, Famine, Affluence, and Morality. John Arthur, Equality, Entitlements, and the Distribution of Income. Judith Jarvis Thomson, A Defense of Abortion. Joel Feinberg, Abortion and the Conflict of Claims. Thomas Nagel, War and Massacre. Michael Walzer, The Problem of Dirty Hands.