Publishing: Growth and Goals.
Religion and Common Culture.
The Debates over Racism and Slavery.
The Debate over Women''s "Sphere".
The Many Cultures of America.
The Rise of Industry.
Individualism and/vs. Community.
Red Jacket (Seneca) (c. 1758-1830).
On the Religion of the White Man and the Red.
Mary Jemison (Deh-he-wä-mis) (1743–1833) from Narrative of the Life of Mrs. Mary Jemison.
Black Hawk (Makataimeshekiakiak; Sauk) (1767-1838) from Life of Black Hawk or ma-ne-se-no oke-maut wap-pi ma-quai.
Seattle (Duwamish) (1786-1866).
Speech of Chief Seattle.
John Wannuaucon Quinney (Mahican) (1797-1855).
George Copway (Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh; Ojibwa) (1818-1869).
from The Life of Kah-ge-ga-gah-bowh.
John Rollin Ridge (Cherokee) (1827-1867).
Oppression of Digger Indians.
The Atlantic Cable.
The Stolen White Girl.
A Scene Along the Rio de las Plumas.
Tales from the Hispanic Southwest.
La comadre Sebastiana/Do a Sebastiana.
Los tres hermanos (The Three Brothers).
El obispo (The New Bishop).
El indito de las cien vacas (The Indian and the Hundred Cows).
Legend of La Llorona.
Carmen Tafolla xxxx-xxxx.
La Llorona, Crying Lady of the Creekbeds, 483 Years Old, and Aging.
Narratives from the Mexican and Early American Southwest.
Pio Pico (1801-1894).
from Historical Narrative.
Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo (1808-1890).
from Recuerdos históricos y personales tocante a la alta California.
Alfred Robinson (1806-1895).
from Life in California.
Valentin de Foronda (xxxx-xxxx).
Letter concerning.What a Prince Should Do with His Colonies Held at a Great Distance.
José María Heredia (xxxx-xxxx).
En una tempestad: Oda al huracán (Spanish).
In a Tempest: An Ode to the Hurricane (English).
Excerpt from Xicotenctl.
José María Tornel (xxxx-xxxx).
Tejas y los Estandos-Unidos de América en Sus Relaciones con la Republica Mexicana.
Vicente Perez Rosales (xxxx-xxxx).
from Times Gone By.
EXPANSION AND THE WAR AGAINST MEXICO.
John L O''Sullivan or Jane McManus Storm (xxxx-xxxx).
James Russell Lowell (xxxx-xxxx).
from Biglow Papers.
Frederick Douglass (xxxx-xxxx).
The War with Mexico, North Star Editorial.
U.S. Congress and United Mexican States.
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo.
IN FOCUS: CUBA IN THE ANTEBELLUM U.S. IMAGINATION.
Martin Delany (xxxx-xxxx).
from Blake, or The Huts of America.
Lucy Holcombe Pickens (xxxx-xxxx).
from The Free Flag of Cuba.
Juan Clemente Zenea (xxxx-xxxx).
Miguel Tolón (xxxx-xxxx).
El Segundo Aniversario de La Verdad.
THE CULTURES OF NEW ENGLAND.
Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney (1791–1865).
Death of an Infant.
To the First Slave Ship.
Remonstrance of the Creek Indians against Being Removed from Their Own Territory.
The Indian''s Welcome to the Pilgrim Fathers.
To a Shred of Linen.
The Indian Summer.
William Apess (Pequot) (1798-?).
An Indian''s Looking-Glass for the White Man.
from Eulogy on King Philip.
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882).
Divinity School Address.
The American Scholar.
John Greenleaf Whittier (1807–1892).
The Hunters of Men.
Massachusetts to Virginia.
At Port Royal.
Sarah Margaret Fuller (1810–1850).
To [Sophia Ripley?].
from Woman in the Nineteenth Century.
from Things and Thoughts in Europe: Foreign Correspondence of the Tribune.
Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862).
Resistance to Civil Government.
Where I Lived, and What I Lived For.
A Plea for Captain John Brown.
IN FOCUS: RACE AND SLAVERY.
John Quincy Adams (1767–1848).
from Memoirs of John Quincy Adams.
Thomas Roderick Dew (1802–1846).
An Argument Upholding Slavery.
Angela Davis (b. 1944).
from Reflections on the Black Woman''s Role in the Community of Slaves.
Levi Coffin (1798–1877).
from Reminiscences of Levi Coffin, the Reputed President of the Underground Railroad.
Thornton Stringfellow (1788–1869).
from A Brief Examination of Scripture Testimony on the Institution of Slavery.
Leon Litwack (b. 1929).
from North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States, 1790–1860.
from Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
Martin R. Delaney (1812–1885) and Frederick Douglass (1818–1895).
Chief Justice Roger B. Taney (1777–1864).
from Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857).
John Brown (1800–1859).
from John Brown''s Last Speech and Letters.
Mortimer Thomson (1831–1875).
Great Auction Sales of Slaves at Savannah, Georgia.
Race, Slavery, and the Invention of the "South".
David Walker (1785–1830).
from Appeal . . . to the Coloured Citizens of the World (Third edition, 1829).
William Lloyd Garrison (1805–1879).
Editorial from the First Issue of The Liberator.
Declaration of Sentiments of the American Anti-Slavery Convention.
Lydia Maria Child (1802–1880).
from Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans.
Chapter VIII, Prejudices against People of Color . . .
from Letters from New York.
14 , [Homelessness].
20 , [Birds].
33, [Antiabolitionist mobs].
34 [50, 51], [Women''s Rights].
The Duty of Disobedience to the Fugitive Slave Act: An Appeal to the Legislators of Massachusetts.
Angelina Grimké (1805–1879).
from Appeal to the Christian Women of the South.
Henry Highland Garnet (1815–1882).
An Address to the Slaves of the United States of America, Buffalo, N.Y., 1843.
Frederick Douglass (1818–1895).
from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave.
Preface [William Lloyd Garrison].
Letter from Wendell Phillips, Esq.
What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?
The Internal Slave Trade.
The Church Responsible.
Religion in England and Religion in America.
The Heroic Slave
Nancy Gardner Prince (1799–c. 1859?)
from A Narrative of the Life and Travels of Mrs. Nancy Prince.
Caroline Lee Hentz (1800–1856).
from The Planter''s Northern Bride.
George Fitzhugh (1804–1881).
from Sociology for the South.
Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825–1911).
The Slave Mother.
The Tennessee Hero.
An Appeal to the American People.
The Colored People in America.
Speech: On the Twenty-Fourth Anniversary of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
The Two Offers.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson (1823–1911).
from Nat Turner''s Insurrection.
Letter to Mrs. Higginson on Emily Dickinson.
Harriet Ann Jacobs (1813–1897).
from Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.
Chapter I, Childhood.
Chapter VI, The Jealous Mistress.
Chapter X, A Perilous Passage in the Slave Girl''s Life.
Chapter XVI, Scenes at the Plantation.
Chapter XXI, The Loophole of Retreat.
Chapter XLI, Free at Last.
Harriet Jacobs to Ednah Dow Cheney, April 25, 1867.
Mary Boykin Chesnut (1823–1886).
from Mary Chesnut''s Civil War.
March 18, 1861.
August 26, 1861.
October 13, 1861.
October 20, 1861.
January 16, 1865.
January 17, 1865.
Wendell Phillips (1811–1884).
from Toussaint L''Ouverture.
Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865).
Address at the Dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery.
Second Inaugural Address.
In Focus: The Cherokee Nation and the Anglo Nation.
from Cherokee Vision of Elohi.
Petition, May 2, 1817.
Petition, June 30, 1818.
Petition, October 17, 1821 [1831?].
John Ridge (Cherokee) (c. 1802-1939).
Letter to Albert Gallatin (1826).
Elias Boudinot (Cherokee) (c. 1802–1839).
An Address to the Whites (1826).
from Cherokee Nation Constitution.
Image of the syllabary, or Phoenix with dual translation.
Georgia State Assembly.
Laws Extending Jurisdiction over the Cherokees.
Andrew Jackson (1767–1845).
On Indian Removal: The President''s Message to Congress.
from Indian Removal Act (1830).
Chief Justice John Marshall (1755–1835).
from Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831).
from Worcester v. Georgia (1832).
John Ross (Cherokee) (1790–1866).
Letter to Lewis Cass, February 14, 1833.
Letter to Andrew Jackson, March 28, 1834.
Letter to a Friend, 1836.
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882).
Letter to Martin Van Buren, President of the United States, 1838.
Literature and the "Woman Question".
Sarah Moore Grimké (1792–1873).
from Letters on the Equality of the Sexes, and the Condition of Woman.
Letter VIII, The Condition of Women in the United States.
Letter XV, Man Equally Guilty with Woman in the Fall.
Angelina Grimké (1805–1879).
from Letters to Catharine Beecher.
Letter XII, Human Rights Not Founded on Sex.
Sojourner Truth (c. 1797–1883).
Reminiscences by Frances D. Gage of Sojourner Truth, for May 28–29, 1851.
Sojourner Truth''s Speech at the Akron, Ohio, Women''s Rights Meeting.
Speech at New York City Convention.
Address to the First Annual Meeting of the American Equal Rights Association.
Fanny Fern (Sara Willis Parton) (1811–1872).
Hints to Young Wives.
from Fern Leaves, 1st Series.
from Fern Leaves, 2nd Series.
Soliloquy of a Housemaid.
Mrs. Adolphus Smith Sporting the "Blue Stocking".
Male Criticism on Ladies'' Books.
A Law More Nice Than Just.
The Working-Girls of New York.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815–1902).
from Eighty Years and More: Reminiscences.
Declaration of Sentiments.
The Development of Narrative.
In Focus: Humor of the Old Southwest.
Davy Crockett (1786–1836).
from The Crockett Almanacs.
Sunrise in His Pocket.
A Pretty Predicament.
Mike Fink (1770?–1823?).
from The Crockett Almanacs.
Mike Fink''s Brag.
Mike Fink Trying to Scare Mrs. Crockett.
Sal Fink, the Mississippi Screamer, How She Cooked Injuns.
The Death of Mike Fink (recorded by Joseph M. Field).
Augustus Baldwin Longstreet (1790–1870).
The Horse Swap.
George Washington Harris (1814–1869).
Mrs. Yardley''s Quilting.
Washington Irving (1783–1859).
from A History of New York; From the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty by Diedrich Knickerbocker.
Book I, Chapter 5.
Rip Van Winkle.
The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
James Fenimore Cooper (1789–1851).
from The Pioneers, or the Sources of the Susquehanna; A Descriptive Tale.
Catharine Maria Sedgwick (1789–1867).
from Hope Leslie.
from Volume 1, Chapter 7.
from Volume 2, Chapter 1.
from Volume 2, Chapter 8.
Caroline Kirkland (1801–1864).
from A New Home: Who''ll Follow?
Preface to the Fourth Edition.
Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804–1864).
My Kinsman, Major Molineux.
Alice Doane''s Appeal.
Young Goodman Brown.
The Minister''s Black Veil.
from Abraham Lincoln (March–April 1862).
To Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, June 4, 1837.
To Sophia Peabody, April 13, 1841.
To H. W. Longfellow, June 5, 1849.
To J. T. Fields, January 20, 1850.
To J. T. Fields, Undated draft.
To H. W. Longfellow, January 2, 1864.
from The House of the Seven Gables .
Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1849).
The Fall of the House of Usher.
The Man of the Crowd.
The Tell-Tale Heart.
The Black Cat.
The Purloined Letter.
The Philosophy of Composition.
from The Poetic Principle .
Sonnet: To Science.
The City in the Sea.
Phoebe Cary (1824-1871).
Samuel Brown (a parody of "Annabel Lee").
Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811–1896).
from Uncle Tom''s Cabin.
Chapter I, In Which the Reader Is Introduced to a Man of Humanity.
Chapter VII, The Mother''s Struggle.
Chapter XI, In Which Property Gets into an Improper State of Mind.
Chapter XIII, The Quaker Settlement.
Chapter XIV, Evangeline.
Chapter XL, The Martyr.
Chapter XLI, The Young Master.
from Concluding Remarks .
from Preface to the First Illustrated Edition of Uncle Tom''s Cabin.
from The Minister''s Wooing.
XXIII, Views of Divine Government.
Sojourner Truth, the Libyan Sibyl.
William Wells Brown (1815–1884).
from Clotelle; or, The Colored Heroine.
Chapter II, The Negro Sale.
Chapter X, The Quadroon''s Home.
Chapter XI, To-Day a Mistress, To-Morrow a Slave.
Chapter XVIII, A Slave-Hunting Parson.
Herman Melville (1819–1891).
Bartleby, the Scrivener.
The Paradise of Bachelors and the Tartarus of Maids.
Billy Budd, Sailor.
Hawthorne and His Mosses.
from Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War.
The Portent (1859).
A Utilitarian View of the Monitor''s Fight.
The Maldive Shark.
The Berg (A Dream).
Julia Ward Howe (1819–1910).
from The Hermaphrodite.
Mind versus Mill Stream.
The Heart''s Astronomy.
The Battle Hymn of the Republic.
Alice Cary (1820–1871).
from Clovernook, or Recollections of Our Neighborhood in the West, First Series.
from Clovernook, or Recollections of Our Neighborhood in the West, Second Series.
Elizabeth Stoddard (1823–1902).
Lemorne Versus Huell.
Rebecca Harding Davis (1831–1910).
Life in the Iron-Mills.
The Emergence of American Poetic Voices.
Songs and Ballads.
Songs of the Slaves.
Lay Dis Body Down.
Nobody Knows the Trouble I''ve Had.
Roll, Jordan, Roll.
Michael Row the Boat Ashore.
Steal Away to Jesus.
There''s a Meeting Here To-Night.
Many Thousand Go.
Go Down, Moses.
Didn''t My Lord Deliver Daniel.
Songs of White Communities.
John Brown''s Body.
Pat Works on the Railway.
Sweet Betsy from Pike.
Bury Me Not on the Lone Prairie.
Acres of Clams.
Paper of Pins.
Henry Clay Work, Come Home, Father.
Life Is a Toil.
William Cullen Bryant (1794–1878).
The Yellow Violet.
To a Waterfowl.
To Cole, the Painter, Departing for Europe.
To the Fringed Gentian.
Jane Johnston Schoolcraft (Ojibwe) (1800-1841).
To the Pine Tree.
Lines Written at Castle Island, Lake Superior.
By an Ojibwa Female Pen: Invitation to Sisters to a Walk in the Garden, after a Shower.
To My Ever Beloved and Lamented Son William Henry.
On Leaving My Children John and Jane at School, in the Atlantic States, and Preparing to Return to the Interior.
Moowis, The Indian Coquette.
Mishösha, or the Magician and His Daughters: A Chippewa Tale or Legend.
The Forsaken Brother: A Chippewa Tale.
The Little Spirit, or Boy-Man: An Odjibwa Tale.
The O-jib-way Maid.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–1882).
A Psalm of Life.
A Psalm of Life: What the Heart of the Young Woman Said to the Old Maid (a parody of "A Psalm of Life" by Phoebe Cary).
The Arsenal at Springfield.
The Jewish Cemetery at Newport.
The Harvest Moon.
The Tide Rises, the Tide Falls.
Frances Sargent Locke Osgood (1811–1850.
The Little Hand.
The Maiden''s Mistake.
Oh! Hasten to My Side.
Lines (Suggested by the announcement that "A Bill for the Protection of the Property of Married Women has passed both Houses" of our State Legislature).
To a Slandered Poetess.
The Indian Maid''s Reply to the Missionary.
The Hand That Swept the Sounding Lyre.
The Wraith of the Rose.
Walt Whitman (1819–1892).
Preface to the 1855 Edition of Leaves of Grass.
Song of Myself (1855 version).
One''s-Self I Sing.
I Hear America Singing.
from Children of Adam.
To the Garden the World.
A Woman Waits for Me.
In Paths Untrodden.
Recorders Ages Hence.
When I Heard at the Close of the Day.
I Saw in Louisiana a Live-Oak Growing.
Here the Frailest Leaves of Me.
I Dream''d in a Dream.
Crossing Brooklyn Ferry.
Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking.
from By the Roadside.
Europe, The 72d and 73d Years of These States.
When I Heard the Learn''d Astronomer.
To a President.
The Dalliance of the Eagles.
To the States.
Beat! Beat! Drums!
Cavalry Crossing a Ford.
Vigil Strange I Kept on the Field One Night.
A March in the Ranks Hard-Prest, and the Road Unknown.
Year That Trembled and Reel''d Beneath Me.
Ethiopia Saluting the Colors.
As I Lay with My Head in Your Lap Camerado.
from Memories of President Lincoln.
When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom''d.
from Autumn Rivulets.
Sparkles from the Wheel.
Prayer of Columbus.
from Whispers of Heavenly Death.
A Noiseless Patient Spider.
from From Noon to Starry Night.
To a Locomotive in Winter.
from Songs of Parting.
from Sands at Seventy (First Annex).
from Good-bye My Fancy (Second Annex).
Good-bye My Fancy!
Poem Deleted from Leaves of Grass.
from Democratic Vistas (1871).
Phoebe Cary (1824–1871).
The Life of Trial.
The City Life.
Emily Dickinson (1830–1886).
[One Sister have I in our house,].
[I never lost as much but twice,].
[Success is counted sweetest].
[These are the days when Birds come back—].
[I like the look of Agony,].
[Wild Nights—Wild Nights!].
[I can wade Grief—].
[There''s a certain Slant of light,].
[I felt a Funeral, in my Brain,].
[I''m Nobody! Who are you?].
[If your Nerve, deny you—].
[Your Riches—taught me—Poverty.].
[I reason, Earth is short—].
[The Soul selects her own Society—].
[The Soul''s Superior instants].
[There came a Day at Summer''s full,].
[Some keep the Sabbath going to Church,].
[A Bird came down the Walk—].
[After great pain, a formal feeling comes—].
[God is a distant—stately Lover—].
[Dare you see a Soul at the White Heat?].
[Much Madness is divinest Sense—].
[This is my letter to the World].
[I showed her Hights she never saw—].
[I heard a Fly buzz—when I died—].
[This world is not Conclusion.].
[I''m ceded—I''ve stopped being Theirs—].
[Her sweet Weight on my Heart a Night].
[I started Early—Took my Dog—].
[I reckon—when I count at all—].
[I had been hungry, all the Years—].
[Empty my Heart, of Thee—].
[They shut me up in Prose—].
[Ourselves were wed one summer—dear—].
[The Brain—is wider than the Sky—].
[I cannot live with You—].
[I dwel l in Possibility—].
[One need not be a Chamber—to be Haunted—].
[Essentials Oils—are wrung—].
[Publication—is the Auction].
[They say that "Time Assuages"—].
[Because I could not stop for Death—].
[She rose to His Requirement—dropt].
[My Life had stood—a Loaded Gun—].
[Presentiment—is that long Shadow—on the Lawn—].
[This Consciousness that is aware].
[The Poets light but Lamps—].
[A narrow Fellow in the Grass].
[Perception of an object costs].
[Title divine—is mine!].
[The Bustle in a House].
[Revolution is the Pod].
[Tell all the Truth but tell it slant—].
[Not with a Club, the Heart is broken].
[What mystery pervades a well!].
[A Route of Evanescence].
[The Bible is an Antique Volume—].
[Rearrange a "Wife''s" affection!].
[To make a prairie it takes a clover and one bee,].
To Abiah Root, January 29, 1850.
To Austin Dickinson, October 17, 1851.
To Susan Gilbert (Dickinson), late April 1852.
To Susan Gilbert (Dickinson), June 27, 1852.
To Samuel Bowles, about February 1861.
To recipient unknown, about 1861.
To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, date uncertain.
To T. W. Higginson, April 15, 1862.
To T. W. Higginson, April 25, 1862.
To T. W. Higginson, June 7, 1862.
To T. W. Higginson, July 1862.
To Mrs. J. G. Holland, early May 1866.
To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, about 1870.
To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, about 1870.
To T. W. Higginson, 1876.
To Otis P. Lord [rough draft], about 1878.
To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, about 1878.
To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, early October 1883.
To Susan Gilbert Dickinson, about 1884.