Highly praised for its clarity and rich exposition, this history of philosophy text illustrates philosophy as a process and not just a collection of opinions or conclusions. Rather than simply reporting the positions of a given philosopher, Lawhead's prose assists students in retracing the thinker's intellectual journey. Students are invited to engage with each philosopher's intellectual process, drawing connections with their own lives and cultures. Metaphors, analogies, vivid images, concrete examples, common experiences, and diagrams demonstrate the concrete relevance of abstract arguments and their practical implications for contemporary society. This fourth edition of VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY: A HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY features new historical profiles and/or works representing such philosophers as Plato, St. Thomas Aquinas, Simone de Beauvoir, and Martha Nussbaum, among others.
Table of Contents
Introduction: A Brief Tour Guide to Philosophy.
Part I: THE ANCIENT PERIOD.
1. The Greek Cultural Context: From Poetry to Philosophy.
2. Greek Philosophy Before Socrates.
3. The Sophists and Socrates.
4. Plato: The Search for Ultimate Truth and Reality.
5. Aristotle: Understanding the Natural World.
6. Classical Philosophy After Aristotle.
Part II: THE MIDDLE AGES.
7. Cultural Context: The Development of Christian Thought.
8. St. Augustine: Philosophy in the Service of Faith.
9. Early Medieval Philosophy.
10. Philosophy and Theology in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries.
11. St. Thomas Aquinas: Aristotle's Philosophy and Christian Thought.
12. The Unraveling of the Medieval Synthesis.
Part III: THE MODERN PERIOD.
13. Cultural Context: Renaissance, Reformation, and the Rise of Modern Science.
14. Early Empiricists: Francis Bacon and Thomas Hobbes.
15. René Descartes: Founder of Modern Philosophy.
16. Benedict (Baruch) Spinoza: Rationalist and Mystic.
17. Gottfried Leibniz: The Optimistic Rationalist.
18. Cultural Context: The Enlightenment and the Age of Newton.
19. John Locke: The Rise of Modern Empiricism.
20. George Berkeley: Following the Road of Empiricism.
21. David Hume: The Scottish Skeptic.
22. Immanuel Kant: Finding the Powers and the Limits of the Mind.
23. The Nineteenth-Century Cultural Context: Romanticism, Science, and the Sense of History.
24. G. W. F. Hegel: Biographer of the World Spirit.
25 Karl Marx: A Philosophy for Changing the World.
26. Søren Kierkegaard: The Founder of Religious Existentialism.
27. Friedrich Nietzsche: The Founder of Secular Existentialism.
28. Nineteenth-Century Empiricism: Comte, Bentham, and Mill.
Part IV: THE CONTEMPORARY PERIOD.
29. The Twentieth-Century Cultural Context: Science, Language, and Experience.
30. Pragmatism: The Unity of Thought and Action.
31. Analytic Philosophy and the Linguistic Turn.
32. Phenomenology and Existentialism.
33. Recent Issues in Philosophy.