Higher Education

American Corrections, 11th Edition

  • Todd R. Clear Rutgers University
  • Michael D. Reisig Arizona State University
  • George F. Cole University of Connecticut
  • ISBN-10: 1305093305  |  ISBN-13: 9781305093300
  • 624 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2013
  • © 2016 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $201.75

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Long at the forefront of the course and now in its Eleventh Edition, AMERICAN CORRECTIONS has been a trusted resource for introducing students to the dynamics of corrections in a way that captures their interest and encourages them to enter the field. Complete with valuable career-based material, insightful guest speakers, illuminating real-world cases, and uniquely even-handed treatment of institutional and community sanctions, the text examines the U.S. correctional system from the perspectives of both the corrections worker and the offender, providing students with the most well-rounded, balanced introduction to corrections available.

Features and Benefits

  • Providing for maximum reinforcement and student success, chapters begin with numbered learning objectives that are carefully matched to end-of-chapter summary sections--as well as linked to corresponding quiz and test items.
  • Focus On boxes bring to life the real-world relevance of the issues discussed in the text. These boxes--which cover People in Corrections, Correctional Policy, and Correctional Practice--use vivid, in-depth accounts by correctional workers, journalists, prisoners, parolees, and the relatives of those who are in the system to illuminate chapter topics.
  • For Critical Thinking sections ask students to reflect on real-world situations related to chapter discussions. Topics include whether probation is an effective general deterrent to someone convicted of tax evasion (Ch. 4); whether the head of a jail (Joe Arpaio) should be an elected official (Ch. 7); and whether children should be with their mothers during the first 18 months of their lives, even if the mother is incarcerated (Ch. 12).
  • Myths in Corrections sections address common myths and misconceptions about corrections and criminal justice, providing an interesting and effective way to engage students, stimulate class discussion, and encourage critical thinking.
  • Careers in Corrections boxes, found in appropriate chapters throughout the book, focus on a particular correctional occupation. The material includes the nature of the work, required qualifications, earnings and job outlook, plus a source for more information. This feature gives students valuable insight into who plays what role in the corrections field.

Table of Contents

1. The Corrections System.
2. The Early History of Correctional Thought and Practice.
3. The History of Corrections in America.
4. The Punishment of Offenders.
5. The Law of Corrections.
6. The Correctional Client.
7. Jails: Detention and Short-Term Incarceration.
8. Probation.
9. Intermediate Sanctions and Community Corrections.
10. Incarceration.
11. The Prison Experience.
12. Incarceration of Women.
13. Institutional Management.
14. Institutional Programs.
15. Release from Incarceration.
16. Making It: Supervision in the Community.
17. Corrections for Juveniles.
18. Incarceration Trends.
19. Race, Ethnicity, and Corrections.
20. The Death Penalty.
21. Community Justice.
22. American Corrections.
Looking Forward.

What's New

  • Thinking Outside the Box features draw attention to today's most innovative practices or programs in corrections. Designed to get students thinking beyond the historical and traditional aspects to new possibilities, these features address cutting-edge topics like jail "frequent flyer" programs (Chapter 7), evidence-based sentencing (Chapter 8), a voucher system for parole services (Chapter 16), and social impact bonds (Chapter 21).
  • Each part of the book opens with a new Guest Perspective, covering a current and high-interest corrections topic that relates to the chapters in that part. Part 1 begins with Marc Mauer of the Sentencing Project assessing criminal justice reform; Jethro Antoine, project director at Newark Community Solutions, introduces alternative justice solutions at the start of Part 2; and Part 3 opens with a description of Project ReMADE by Debbie Mukamal, executive director of the Stanford Criminal Justice Center.
  • Each chapter has been thoroughly updated in response to reviewer feedback, with strong focus on the trending hot topics of special populations, changing perspectives in corrections, evidence-based practices, evolving sentencing models, inmate medical treatment and vocational training, privatization, and expanded employment opportunities in the system.
  • Each chapter opens with a high-interest vignette based on today's headlines to draw students into the chapter material. New topics include the January 2014 sentencing of billionaire entrepreneur Ty Warner (Chapter 4), recent Supreme Court orders to reduce California's prison populations (Chapter 5), and sentencing juveniles to life without parole (Chapter 17).

Alternate Formats

Choose the format that best fits your student's budget and course goals

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  • MindTap 1 Term (6 Months) + Bound Book

    ISBN-10: 1337120391  | ISBN-13: 9781337120395

    List Price = $281.95  | CengageBrain Price = $281.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $211.75

  • MindTap 1 Term (6 Months) + Loose-leaf

    ISBN-10:  1305710800 | ISBN-13:  9781305710801

    List Price = $124.95  | CengageBrain Price = $124.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $94.00

Learning Resource Bundles

Choose the textbook packaged with the resources that best meet your course and student needs. Contact your Learning Consultant for more information.

Printed Text + LMS Integrated for MindTap® Criminal Justice, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access

ISBN-10: 1337120405  | ISBN-13: 9781337120401

List Price = $281.95  | CengageBrain Price = $281.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $211.75

This Bundle Includes:

  • American Corrections
    List Price = $267.95  | CengageBrain Price = $267.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $201.75
  • LMS Integrated for MindTap® Criminal Justice, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access
    List Price = $92.00  | CengageBrain Price = $92.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $92.00

Printed Text + MindTap® Criminal Justice, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access

ISBN-10:  1337120391 | ISBN-13:  9781337120395

List Price = $281.95  | CengageBrain Price = $281.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $211.75

This Bundle Includes:

  • American Corrections
    List Price = $267.95  | CengageBrain Price = $267.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $201.75
  • MindTap® Criminal Justice, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access for Clear/Reisig/Cole's American Corrections
    List Price = $92.00  | CengageBrain Price = $92.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $92.00

Efficacy and Outcomes


"I would recommend adopting this book to 22 of our campuses without hesitation."

— Darius Williams, Rasmussen College

"I would describe this book as spot-on. The authors understand the necessity of building a . . . foundation for the students' understanding of why we are where we are."

— Scott Little, Heald College


All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Online Instructor's Manual  (ISBN-10: 1305405900 | ISBN-13: 9781305405905)

Revised to reflect new content in the Eleventh Edition, the manual includes learning objectives, key terms, a detailed chapter outline, a chapter summary, lesson plans, discussion topics, student activities, "What If" scenarios, media tools, a sample syllabus, and an expanded test bank with 30% more questions than the prior edition. The learning objectives are correlated with the discussion topics, student activities and media tools. Each chapter's test bank contains questions in multiple-choice, true false, completion, essay, and new critical thinking formats, with a full answer key. The test bank is coded to the learning objectives that appear in the main text, and includes the section in the main text where the answers can be found. Finally, each question in the test bank has been carefully reviewed by experienced criminal justice instructors for quality, accuracy, and content coverage so instructors can be sure they are working with an assessment and grading resource of the highest caliber.

Online PowerPoint®  (ISBN-10: 1305277333 | ISBN-13: 9781305277335)

Helping you make your lectures more engaging while effectively reaching your visually oriented students, these handy Microsoft PowerPoint® slides outline the chapters of the main text in a classroom-ready presentation. The PowerPoint® slides are updated to reflect the content and organization of the new edition of the text, are tagged by chapter learning objective, and feature some additional examples and real world cases for application and discussion.

Cengage Learning Testing, powered by Cognero Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305277325 | ISBN-13: 9781305277328)

Cengage Learning Testing Powered by Cognero® is a flexible, online system that allows you to: import, edit, and manipulate test bank content from the AMERICAN CORRECTIONS test bank or elsewhere, including your own favorite test questions; create multiple test versions in an instant; deliver tests from your LMS, your classroom, or wherever you want.

MindTap® Criminal Justice, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access for Clear/Reisig/Cole's American Corrections  (ISBN-10: 1305277279 | ISBN-13: 9781305277274)

MINDTAP CRIMINAL JUSTICE FOR CLEAR/COLE/REISIG'S AMERICAN CORRECTIONS, 11th Edition, is a personalized teaching experience with relevant assignments that guide students to analyze, apply, and improve thinking, allowing you to measure skills and outcomes with ease. Personalized teaching becomes yours through a Learning Path built with key student objectives and your syllabus in mind. Control what students see and when they see it. Relevant readings, multimedia, and activities are designed to take students up the levels of learning, from basic knowledge to analysis and application. Analytics and reports provide a snapshot of class progress, time in course, engagement and completion rates.

List Price = $92.00  | CengageBrain Price = $92.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $92.00

LMS Integrated for MindTap® Criminal Justice, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305277309 | ISBN-13: 9781305277304)

Cengage Learning provides Learning Management System (LMS) integration with our MindLinks service. This service is designed to deliver an optimal user experience through the learning management system (LMS) already used by your institution--facilitating learning retention and contributing to better learner outcomes. Our collaboration with LMS industry leaders helps drive advanced features like gradebook integration, while the fluid pedagogical design contributes to more teachable moments.

List Price = $92.00  | CengageBrain Price = $92.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $92.00

Student Supplements

MindTap® Criminal Justice, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access for Clear/Reisig/Cole's American Corrections  (ISBN-10: 1305277279 | ISBN-13: 9781305277274)

MindTap™ Criminal Justice for Clear/Reisig/Cole's American Corrections, 11th Edition provides you with the tools you need to better manage your limited time -- you can complete assignments whenever and wherever you are ready to learn with course material specially customized for you by your instructor and streamlined in one proven, easy-to-use interface. With an array of tools and apps -- from note taking to flashcards -- you'll get a true understanding of course concepts, helping you to achieve better grades and setting the groundwork for your future courses. Access to this product is valid for 6 months of usage.

List Price = $92.00  | CengageBrain Price = $92.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $92.00

LMS Integrated for MindTap® Criminal Justice, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1305277309 | ISBN-13: 9781305277304)

This access code will provide you with seamless access to your MindTap™ Criminal Justice resources from within your campus Learning Management System. You will be prompted to enter this access code the first time that you click on a link in your course that includes Cengage content.

List Price = $92.00  | CengageBrain Price = $92.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $92.00

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Todd R. Clear

Todd R. Clear is the Provost at Rutgers University in Newark, New Jersey. He is currently involved in studies of religion and crime, the criminological implications of "place," and the concept of "community justice." He serves as founding editor of the journal Criminology and Public Policy. Previous writing covers the topics of correctional classification, prediction methods in correctional programming, community-based correctional methods, intermediate sanctions, and sentencing policy. Clear has been elected to national office in the American Society of Criminology and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. He has served as a programming and policy consultant to public agencies in over 40 states and five nations, and his work has been recognized through several awards, including those of the American Society of Criminology, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, The Rockefeller School of Public Policy, the American Probation and Parole Association, and the International Community Corrections Association. Clear is the author of three books on community justice: COMMUNITY JUSTICE (Cengage Learning), WHAT IS COMMUNITY JUSTICE? (Sage), and THE COMMUNITY JUSTICE IDEAL (Westview). He is also author of IMPRISONING COMMUNITIES: HOW MASS INCARCERATION MAKES DISADVANTAGED PLACES WORSE (Oxford University Press).

Michael D. Reisig

Michael Reisig is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University. He received his Ph.D. from Washington State University in 1996. Previously he was faculty member at Michigan State University and Florida State University. His corrections research has appeared in several leading criminology journals, including Criminology, Crime and Delinquency, Justice Quarterly, and Punishment and Society.

George F. Cole

The late George F. Cole was Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Connecticut. He was recognized for outstanding teaching and research and in 1995 was named a Fellow of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. A specialist in the administration of criminal justice, he published extensively on such topics as prosecution, courts, and corrections. He developed and directed the graduate corrections program at the University of Connecticut and was a Fellow at the National Institute of Justice (1988). Among his other accomplishments, he was granted two awards under the Fulbright-Hays Program to conduct criminal justice research in England and the former Yugoslavia. He was co-author of several other Cengage Learning/Wadsworth criminal justice titles, including THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 15th Edition (with Christopher E. Smith and Christina DeJong); AMERICAN CORRECTIONS, 11th Edition (with Todd Clear and Michael Reisig); AMERICAN CORRECTIONS IN BRIEF, 3rd Edition (with Todd Clear, Michael Reisig, and Carolyn Petrosino); and THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: POLITICS AND POLICIES, 10th Edition (with Marc Gertz).