PART I: LINKING READING AND WRITING.
Every chapter in this Part includes Writer''s Guidelines.
1. Solutions to Common Reading Problems
Reading and Writing. Reading Speed. Common Reading Problems. Vocabulary Needs for Reading. Finding the Ideal Time, Place, and Schedule for Reading.
2. Reading Techniques
SQ3R--A Systematic Approach. Underlining. Annotating. Outlining, Taking Notes.
3. Reading-Based Writing: Forms and Applications:
The Writing Component. Reading-Based Writing Forms: Summary, Reaction, Two-Part Response (Summary and Reaction). Kinds of Support for Reading-Based Writing. Formal Documentation in Reading-Based Writing. Examples of Reading-Based Writing.
Essay for Discussion and Writing: "Everyone Pays the Price."
PART II: WRITING SENTENCES.
Chapters 4-14 include these features: "Microtheme." "Chapter Review." and "Chapter Review Exercises."
4. Parts of Speech.
Principles for Identification and Function: Nouns; Pronouns; Verbs; Adjectives; Adverbs; Prepositions; Conjunctions; Interjections.
5. Subjects and Verbs.
Subjects: Implied Subjects; Trouble with Prepositional Phrases and the Words Here and There. Verb Types. Verb Phrases. Trouble with Never, Not, and Hardly. Compound Verbs. Verbals. Location of Subjects and Verbs.
6. Kinds of Sentences.
Clauses: Independent, Dependent, Relative. Trouble Spot: Prepositional Phrases. Writing Sentences: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex. Procedure for Sentence Analysis.
7. Combining Sentences.
Coordination: The Compound Sentence. Subordination: The Complex Sentence. Coordination and Subordination: The Compound-Complex Sentence. Punctuation. Other Ways to Combine Ideas: appositives prepositional phrases, participial phrases. Omission: When Parts Are Missing. Variety in Sentences: Types, Order, Length, Beginnings.
8. Correcting Fragments, Comma Splices, and Run-Ons.
Fragments. Acceptable Fragments. Problems: Dependent Clauses as Fragments, Fragments as Word Groups Without Subjects or Without Verbs. Phrases as Fragments. Subordinating Conjunctions. Comma Splices and Run-Ons. Techniques for Spotting Problem Sentences. Four ways to Correct Comma Splices and Run-Ons.
Regular and Irregular Verbs. "Problem" Verbs. The Twelve Verb Tenses. Subject-Verb Agreement. Consistency in Tense. Active and Passive Voice. Strong Voice. Subjunctive Mood.
Pronoun Cases: Subjective and Objective. Techniques for Determining Case. Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement: Person, Number, Gender. Pronoun Reference.
11. Adjectives and Adverbs.
Selecting Adjectives and Adverbs. Comparative and Superlative Forms. Using Adjectives and Adverbs Correctly. Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers.
12. Balancing Sentence Parts.
Basic Principles of Parallelism. Signal Words. Combination Signal Words.
13. Punctuation and Capitalization.
End Punctuation. Commas to Separate and to Set Off. Semicolons. Italics. Dashes. Colons. Parentheses. Brackets. Apostrophes. Hyphens. Capitalization.
14. Spelling and Phrasing.
Steps to Efficient Spelling. Your Spell Checker. Spelling Tips. Frequently Misspelled Words. Confused Spelling and Confusing Words. Wordy Phrases.
15. The Top 25 Editing Errors.
Revise with CLUESS. Edit with CGPS. "Top 25 Editing Errors." Capitalization: Top 6 Editing Errors. Grammar: Top 7 Editing Errors. Punctuation: Top 6 Editing Errors. Spelling: Top 6 Editing Errors. Six Practice Exercises.
PART III: USING THE WRITING PROCESS.
Every chapter in this Part includes Writer''s Guidelines
16. The Writing Process: Stage One: Exploring/Experimenting/Gathering Information.
The Paragraph Defined. Basic Paragraph Patterns. Stage One Strategies: Freewriting, Brainstorming, Clustering, and Gathering Information.
17. The Writing Process: Stage Two: Writing the Controlling Idea/Organizing and Developing Support.
Writing the Controlling Idea as a Topic Sentence or Thesis. Writing an Outline.
18. The Writing Process: Stage Three: Writing/Revising/Editing.
Writing Your First Draft. Drafting. The Brandon Guide for Revising and Editing: Revising with CLUESS: Coherence, Language, Unity, Emphasis, Support, and Sentences and Editing with CGPS: Capitalization, Grammar, Punctuation, Spelling. The Brandon Writing Process Worksheet.
19. Paragraphs and Essays.
Writing the Short Essay. Examining a Paragraph and an Essay on the same topic:
NEW "Benjamin Franklin: Renaissance Person." Exercises: Analysis of a Paragraph and an Essay. Topics for Short Essays.
PART IV: WRITING PARAGRAPHS AND ESSAYS: INSTRUCTION, WITH INTEGRATED READING SELECTIONS.
Every chapter in this Part includes a cartoon illustrating the relevant pattern of writing; "Transitional Words," "Finding Patterns in Photos," "A student paper demonstrating the mode in the form of the Writing Process Worksheet," "Writer''s Guidelines," "Practicing the Brandon Guide for Revising and Editing," and Suggested Topics, including General Topics, Reading-Based Writing Topics, Cross-Curricular Topics, and Career-Related Topics.
20. Descriptive Narration: Moving Through Space and Time.
Writing Descriptive Narration. The Narrative Pattern: Situation, Conflict, Struggle, Outcome, Meaning. The Descriptive Pattern: subject, dominant impression, situation, order (time, place, emphasis),Types of Description. Imagery. Dominant Impression. Career-Related Writing [Incident Report]. Practicing Patterns of Narration. Practicing Patterns of Description.
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing. Student Paragraph: "My Burning Scarf." Professional Paragraph: NEW "Alone in a Crowd." Professional Essay: "The Jacket." Professional Short Story: "The Story of an Hour." Student Paragraph (demonstrating stages of writing with worksheet): "King of Klutziness." Reading-Based Writing: "Revenge and Punishment ["The Cast of Amontillado"]. Student Essay: NEW "My First--and Best--Car." Career-Related Writing: "Incident Report of Mistaken Shoplifting."
21. Exemplification: Using Examples.
Writing Exemplification: Characteristics of Good Examples. Techniques for Finding Examples. Numbers and Order of Examples. Connecting Examples with Purpose. Useful Procedure for Writing with Examples.
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing. Professional Paragraph: "Colorado Springs--Every Which Way." Professional Essay: "NEW "Los Chinos Discover el Barrio.''" Professional Essay: "When Those Tattoos Really Get Under the Skin." Student Paragraph (demonstrating stages of writing with worksheet): "Sweet and Sour Workplace." Reading-Based Writing: "Hungering for Sounds of Silence."
22. Analysis by Division: Examining the Parts.
Writing Analysis by Division. Personal, Cross-Curricular, Career-Related. Procedure: Unit, Principle, Division of Unit into Parts, Organization. Sequence of Parts: Time, Space, Emphasis. Restaurant Review as Analysis by Division: Ambiance, Service, Food. Career-Review as Analysis by Division. Practicing Patterns of Analysis by Division.
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing. Professional Paragraphs: NEW "The Mousetrap," "Low Wages, High Skills." Professional Essays: "Prison as a Community," "Female Mea Culpa,"
NEW "Prison as a Community." Restaurant Review: "Johnny''s Wiener Wagon on a Roll." Reading-Based Writing: "Summary of ''A Big Wheel'' by Louis Grossberger" Student Essay (demonstrating stages of writing with worksheet): "More Than Book ''Em ." Career-Related Writing: "My Chosen Career: Respiratory Therapy."
23. Process Analysis: Writing About Doing.
Writing Process Analysis. Working with Directive Process Analysis (how to do something): Preparation and Steps. Working with Informative Process Analysis (how something occurred or was done): Background, Sequence. Combined Forms of Process Analysis. Practicing Patterns of Process Analysis.
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing. Student Paragraph: "Pupusas: Salvadoran Delight." Professional Paragraph: "Nature on the Rampage." Professional Essay: NEW "Coworkers from Hell and How to Cope." Student Paragraph (demonstrating stages of writing with worksheet): "Enhancing Faces." Reading-Based Writing: "Summary of ''McDonald''s--We Do It All for You.''" Career-Related Writing: "The Skinny on Working for a Dermatologist"
24. Cause and Effect: Determining Reasons and Outcomes.
Writing Cause and Effect. Defining Cause and Effect (immediate or remote, visible or hidden). Sequence and Causation. Exploring by Using a Pattern of Listing. Organizing by Outline. Practicing Patterns of Cause and Effect.
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing. Professional Paragraph: NEW "Consumer Culture Rocks ''n'' Rolls on the Scene." Professional Essays: NEW "Why I''m Boycotting the Super Bowl,"
"The Roots of Happiness: An Empirical Analysis."Student Paragraph (demonstrating stages of writing with worksheet) "My Dad, the Bank Robber" Reading-Based Writing: "Summary of ''Girls Form Backbone of Gangs.''"
25. Comparison and Contrast: Showing Similarities and Differences.
Writing Comparison and Contrast. Generating Topics and Working with the 4 P''s: Purpose, Points, Pattern, Presentation. Underlined and Annotated Examples. Career-Related Writing as Comparison and Contrast. Practicing Patterns of Comparison and Contrast.
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing. Student Paragraph and Essay (Point-by-Point Pattern): "Evaluating the Piper Cherokee and the Cessna 172." Career-Related Writing: "The Piper Cherokee and the Cessna 172." Professional Paragraph: "The Temple and the Cathedral."
Professional Essays: "From B''wood to the ''Hood," "A Mixed Tex-Cal Marriage." Student Paragraph (demonstrating stages of writing with worksheet): "Chinese Parents and American Parents"
Reading-Based Writing: "The Orderly, the Disorderly, and the Illogical."
26. Argument: Writing to Persuade.
Writing Argument. Persuasion and Argument Defined. Components of Argument (Background, Proposition, Qualification of Proposition, Refutation, Support). Kinds of Evidence (facts, examples, statistics. opinions of authorities). Logical Fallacies. Career-Related Writing as Argument. Practicing Patterns of Argument.
Readings for Critical Thinking, Discussion, and Writing. Professional Paragraph: NEW "Chick-o-Stick Forever!" Professional Essays: NEW "When we ''dangerize'' childhood." NEW "A Risk-Free Life." "A Modest Proposal: Guys Shouldn''t Drive Till 25." "Should Teachers Let Failing Students Pass by Doing an ''Extra Credit'' Assignment?" Student Reading-Based Essay (demonstrating stages of writing with worksheet): "Just Say No to Extra Credit for Rescuing Failing Students." Career-Related Writing: "Abolish Homework in Elementary School."
Appendix: A Brief Guide for ESL Students.
Using Articles in Relation to Nouns. Sentence Patterns. Verb Endings. Idioms. More Suggestions for ESL Writers.
Thematic Contents: "People ''Checking Out'' Genders," "People Becoming Themselves, or Otherwise," "People Occupying the Workplace," "Families ''Hanging'' Together, or Not," "People Reading and Writing the Book of Love."
Student Overview. A Guided Tour of the Coordinated Features of This Book: The Brandon Guide for Revising and Editing, The Top 25 Editing Errors, The Writing Process Worksheet. Reading-Based Writing. Career-Related Writing. Blank Forms to Use in Place or to Photocopy: Expanded Chart for the Brandon Guide for Revising and Editing. Brandon Writing Process Worksheet.