Higher Education

Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology, 6th Edition

  • Louis P. Pojman (deceased) Late of the United States Military Academy, West Point
  • Michael Rea University of Notre Dame
  • ISBN-10: 1111305447  |  ISBN-13: 9781111305444
  • 704 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2008, 2003, 1998
  • © 2012 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $143.25
  • Newer Edition Available
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The most comprehensive text in its field, this anthology includes 74 articles in 9 areas of philosophy of religion: The Concept of God; Traditional Arguments for the Existence of God; Religious Experience; The Problem of Evil; Miracles, Death and Immortality; Faith and Reason; Science, Religion, and Evolution; and Religious Pluralism. The arrangement of the articles and the introductions which accompany them help students place the readings in their historical or contemporary context, and to ensure that students can be exposed to a spectrum of viewpoints.

Features and Benefits

  • A balanced blend of classic and contemporary articles, some written especially for this book, gives students a well-rounded introduction to the philosophy of religion.
  • The text's inclusion of numerous articles for each topic provides you with the flexibility to select only the readings that suit your particular course needs.
  • Brief, clear introductions to each part of the text help students prepare to read so as to improve their overall comprehension of the articles.

Table of Contents

Concepts of God and the Ultimate. Aristotle, Metaphysics 12; Stoics; Epicureans. Thomas V. Morris: The Concept of God. Clark Pinnock: The Openness of God—Systematic Theology. Sallie McFague: God and the World. Paul Tillich: A Christian-Buddhist Conversation. Buber, The Love of God and the Idea of Deity. Classical Theistic Attributes. Stephen T. Davis: Temporal Eternity. Hugh J. McCann: The God Beyond Time. St. Thomas Aquinas: Is God’s Power Limited? George Mavrodes: Some Puzzles Concerning Omnipotence. Harry Frankfurt: The Logic of Omnipotence. St. Augustine: Divine Foreknowledge and Human Free Will. Nelson Pike: God’s Foreknowledge and Human Free Will are Incompatible. A. Plantinga: God’s Foreknowledge and Human Free Will are Compatible. William Rowe: Can God be Free? Edward Wierenga: The Freedom of God.
The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God. St. Anselm: The Ontological Argument. Immanuel Kant: A Critique of the Ontological Argument. The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God. Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways. Samuel Clarke: The Argument from Contingency. William Rowe: An Examination of the Cosmological Argument. W. L. Craig and J.P. Moreland: The Kalâm Cosmological Argument. Paul Draper: A Critique of the Kalâm Cosmological Argument. The Teleological Argument for the Existence of God. William Paley: The Watch and the Watchmaker. David Hume: A Critique of the Design Argument. Richard Swinburne: The Argument from Design. Robin Collins: A Scientific Argument for the Existence of God.
Selections of Mystical Experiences. William James: Mysticism. William Alston: Perceiving God. Eugene G. D’Aquili and Andrew B. Newberg: The Neurophysiological Basis of Religions, Or Why God Won’t Go Away. Jeffrey Jordan: Religious Experience and Naturalistic Explanations. Michael Rea: Divine Hiddenness, Divine Silence.
Historical and Literary Perspectives. David Hume: The Argument from Evil. Gottfried Leibniz: Theodicy: A Defense of Theism. Fyodor Dostoevsky: Rebellion. Contemporary Formulations. J. L. Mackie: Evil and Omnipotence. W. Rowe: The Inductive Argument from Evil Against the Existence of God. Paul Draper: Evolution and the Problem of Evil. Replies. Alvin Plantinga: The Free Will Defense. John Hick: Evil and Soul-Making. Alvin Plantinga: Supralapsarianism or "O Felix Culpa". Eleonore Stump: The Problem of Evil and the Desires of the Heart. Marilyn Adams: Horrendous Evil and the Goodness of God. Laura Waddell Ekstrom: Suffering as Religious Experience.
David Hume: Against Miracles. Peter van Inwagen: Of ''Of Miracles.'' J. L. Mackie: Miracles and Testimony. Richard Swinburne: Evidence for the Resurrection. Hud Hudson: Hyperspace and Christianity.
Plato: Immortality of the Soul. Bertrand Russell: The Finality of Death. John Hick: Immortality and Resurrection. Jeffrey Olen: Personal Identity and Life After Death. Prasannatma Das: A Hindu Theory of Life, Death, and Reincarnation.
Pragmatic Justification of Religious Belief. Blaise Pascal: The Wager. W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief. William James: The Will to Believe. Rationality and Justified Religious Belief. John Hick: Rational Theistic Belief Without Proof. Anthony Flew, "The Presumption of Atheism". Michael Bergmann: Rational Religious Belief without Arguments. Louis P. Pojman: Faith, Hope, and Doubt.
The Relationship Between Science and Religion. Richard Dawkins: Science Versus Religion. Steven Jay Gould: Non-Overlapping Magesteria. Pope John Paul II: Faith and Science. Evolution, Naturalism, and Intelligent Design. William Dembski: Signs of Intelligence: A Primer on the Detection of Intelligent Design. Michael Murray: Natural Providence (Or Design Trouble). Alvin Plantinga: An Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism. Michael Bergmann: Commonsense Naturalism.
John Hick: Religious Pluralism and Ultimate Reality. Alvin Plantinga: A Defense of Religious Exclusivism. David Basinger: Hick''s Religious Pluralism and "Reformed Epistemology". A Middle Ground. Dalai Lama: Buddhism, Christianity, and the Prospects for World Religion. Joseph Runzo: God, Commitment, and Other Faiths: Pluralism Versus Relativism.

What's New

  • A new section has been added, entitled 'Concepts of God and the Ultimate." This section introduces readers to the 'classical' concept of God, handed down from medieval philosopher theologians like Anselm, Aquinas, Maimonides, and others, as well as to a few important alternative conceptions of God. Readings in this section include selections from ancient Greek philosophers; Thomas V. Morris: The Concept of God; Clark Pinnock: The Openness of God-Systematic Theology; Sallie McFague: God and the World; Paul Tillich: The Reality of God; Buber, The Love of God and the Idea of Deity.
  • A new organizational structure places discussion of the concept of God before arguments about God's existence. This new structure helps emphasize the importance of understanding what we mean by 'God' before arguing about whether there is a God. The volume has also been restructured in a way that makes more explicit the fact that the articles focused on 'the attributes of God' are discussing properties that belong in one way or another to the classical theistic conception of God.
  • A greater diversity of authors have been selected for this edition of this anthology, to add women authors and to make the anthology slightly more interdisciplinary in focus.
  • The volume includes two brand new essays, published here for the first time: one by Michael Bergmann on reformed epistemology, and the other by Michael Rea, on the Hiddenness of God.
  • Several important readings have been added in the section on the problem of evil, including Alvin Plantinga's Supralapsarianism or "O Felix Culpa;" Eleonore Stump: The Problem of Evil and the Desires of the Heart; Marilyn Adams: Horrendous Evil and the Goodness of God; Laura Waddell Ekstrom: Suffering as Religious Experience.
  • Other new selections include William Rowe: Can God be Free?; Edward Wierenga: The Freedom of God; William Alston: Perceiving God; Eugene G. D'Aquili and Andrew B. Newberg: The Neurophysiological Basis of Religions, Or Why God Won't Go Away; Jeffrey Jordan: Religious Experience and Naturalistic Explanations; Anthony Flew: The Presumption of Atheism; and an updated reading from John Hick's "The Immortality of the Soul."

Efficacy and Outcomes


"Solid, dependable and complete". -- Robert Micallef, Madonna University

— Robert Micallef

"This is a well-balanced, excellent collection of the important essays in the area of the philosophy of religion." -- John Piippo, Monroe Community College

— John Piippo

"This is an excellent text that has contributed to the well running of my course." -- James B Freeman, Hunter College and CUNY

— James B Freeman

"This book synthesizes some of the most well-known "classical" treatments of the topics it covers with the work of some of the best contemporary philosophers, providing a comprehensive approach to the most important issues in the philosophy of religion." -- Michael Thune, Joliet Junior College

— Michael Thune

"Overall one of the most balanced anthologies (classical/contemporary; religious/non-religious, etc.) one will find in the subject." -- Jason A Beyer, Illinois Community College

— Jason A Beyer

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Louis P. Pojman (deceased)

Louis P. Pojman (1935-2005) was Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the United States Military Academy and a Life Member of Clare Hall, Cambridge University. He received an M.A. and Ph.D. from Union Theological Seminary/Columbia University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Rockefeller Fellow at Hamburg University. He received his D.Phil. in Philosophy from Oxford University in 1997.His first position was at the University of Notre Dame, after which he taught at the University of Texas at Dallas. Later, at the University of Mississippi, he served for three years as Chair of the Department of Philosophy and Religion. In 1995, he became Professor of Philosophy at the United States Military Academy at West Point. He most recently was Visiting Professor at Brigham Young University in Utah and Visiting Fellow at Clare Hall, Oxford University. Pojman won several research and teaching awards, including the Burlington Northern Award for Outstanding Teaching and Scholarship (1988) and the Outstanding Scholar/Teacher in the Humanities at the University of Mississippi (1994). He wrote in the areas of philosophy of religion, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy and authored or edited more than 30 books and 100 articles. Louis Pojman passed away in 2005.

Michael Rea

Michael Rea is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Center for Philosophy of Religion at the University of Notre Dame, where he has taught since 2001. He earned his B.A. at UCLA in 1991 and his PhD at the University of Notre Dame in 1996. He is has written or edited more than ten books and thirty articles in metaphysics and the philosophy of religion, and has given numerous lectures in the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Russia, China, and Iran.