CONDUCT AND CHARACTER is a concise anthology of readings in ethical theory that covers the major schools of thought as well as a handful of fundamental topics in ethical theory. Reading selections in the chapters provide coverage of both classical and contemporary philosophical writings, representing a spectrum of viewpoints on each theory or topic. The readings include brief introductions to assist students in identifying key ideas and have been selected and edited in order to optimize student comprehension. This collection is perfect for ethics courses that focus on theory, as well as a supplementary text for applied ethics courses. Because of short, self-contained chapters it also works very well for an ethics component in introductory philosophy courses.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to Moral Theory: The Nature and Evaluation of Moral Theories.
Basic Moral Concepts. The Aims of Moral Theory. The Role of Moral Principles in a Moral Theory. The Structure of a Moral Theory. Brief Summary. How to Evaluate a Moral Theory. Preview.
Plato: The Myth of Gyges. David Shoemaker: Egoisms.
3. Ethics by Authority.
Robert C. Mortimer: Morality is Based on God’s Commands. Mark Timmons: Does Morality Depend on God’s Commands? Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Ethical Relativism. James Rachels: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism.
4. The Natural Law Theory.
St. Thomas Aquinas: Treatise on Law. C. E. Harris:The Ethics of Natural Law. Philippa Foot: The Doctrine of Double Effect. Michael Gorr: Natural Law Theory: Some Questions.
Jeremy Bentham: The Principle of Utility. J. S. Mill: In Defense of Utilitarianism. Robert Nozick: The Experience Machine. Stephen Darwall: Utilitarianism: Act or Rule? Brad Hooker: Rule-Consequentialism.
6. Kantian Ethical Theory.
Immanuel Kant: Morality as a System of Categorical Imperatives. Joshua Glasgow: Kant’s Principle of Universal Law. Onora O’Neill: Kant on Treating People as Ends in Themselves.
Fred Feldman: On Treating People as Ends in Themselves: A Critique of Kant.
7. Contract Theory.
Thomas Hobbes: The Social Contract. Mark C. Murphy. Hobbe’s Social Contract Theory. T. M. Scanlon: A Contractualist Theory of What We Owe to Each Other. Philip Pettit: Can Contract Theory Ground Morality?
8. Virtue Ethics.
Aristotle: Virtue and Character. Rosalind Hursthouse: Normative Virtue Ethics. Robert N. Johnson: Virtue and Right. Robert Merrihew Adams: Excellence in Being for the Good.
9. The Ethics of Care.
Carol Gilligan: Moral Orientation and Moral Development. Nel Noddings: An Ethic of Caring.
Claudia Card: Caring and Evil. Raja Halwani: Care Ethics and Virtue Ethics.
Jean-Paul Sartre: Moral Choice without Principles. W. D. Ross: What Makes Right Actions Right? Michael B. Gill: Agonizing Decisions and Moral Pluralism. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong: How Strong is this Obligation?
David McNaughton: Principles or Particularism? Brad Hooker/ Moral Particularism: Wrong and Bad.
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