Annotated Rhetorical Table of Contents.
Thematic Table of Contents.
1. COMMUNICATION IS LANGUAGE AT WORK.
Tips on Becoming an Active Reader. Toni Morrison, "Writers Together" (sample annotated text). Responding to Readings: Constructing Paragraphs and Essays. Generating Ideas and Establishing a Focus. Peter Elbow, "Freewriting". Structuring Essays. Point of View: Position of Authority. Lead-Ins and Concluding Sentences. Transitions. Revising and Editing. Joanne Jaime, "Marriage: The Changing Institution" (annotated). Special Writing Activities: The Individual and Group Response. Journal, Reading/Writing Logs, and Thesis Notebooks. Response and Summary. Group Activities and Collaborative Writing. Pat Mora, "Why I Am a Writer". Ray Bradbury, "The Joy of Writing". Amy Tan, "My Mother''s English".
Common Elements of Narration. Tips on Writing Narrative Essays. Maxine Hong Kingston, "Ghosts". Black Elk, "The Offering of the Pipe" as told to John G. Neihardt (Flaming Rainbow). Alice Walker, "Journey to Nine Miles". Nguyen Ngoc Ngan, "Saigon, April 1975". Alma Luz Villanueva, "Leaps of Faith". Arthur C. Clarke, "The Star". Additional Topics and Issues for Narrative Essays.
Details: Appealing to the Five Senses. Figurative Language: Appealing to the Imagination. Dialogue: Revealing Characters Through Speech. Actions: Describing People By What They Do. Tips on Writing Descriptive Essays. Langston Hughes, "Salvation". Katherine Barrett, "Old Before Her Time". N. Scott Momaday, from _The Way to Rainy Mountain_. Barbara Graham, "Confessions of a Quit Addict". John Steinbeck, "The Snake". Maya Angelou, "Champion of the World" from _I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings_. Additional Topics and Issues for Descriptive Essays.
4: ILLUSTRATION AND EXAMPLE.
Developing Your Thesis. Creating Vivid Examples. Tips On Writing Illustration And Example. Leslie Bow, "Camera Ready". Sara Blake, "Let''s Face It". Philip K. Chiu, "The Myth of the Model Minority". Ann Scheid, "The 21st Century Ragnarok: Is Profit Civilization''s Only Motive?". Stephanie Ericsson, "The Ways We Lie". Dan Archer and Olga Truscova, "Lena''s Story" (graphic novel excerpt from _Borderland_). Additional Topics and Issues for Illustration and Example Essays.
Definition by Example. Definition by History. Definition by Comparison And Contrast. Definition by Negation. Tips On Writing Definition Essays. Isaac Asimov, "What is Intelligence, Anyway?". Guillermo Gómez-Peña, "Documented/Undocumented". Jo Goodwin Parker, "What is Poverty?". Richard Rodriguez, "Does America Still Exist?". Sravani Banerjee, "Pizza, Pakora and Pancit--The Importance of Global Education". Lee Herrick, "What Is This Thing Called Family?" Additional Topics and Issues for Definition Essays.
6. PROCESS ANALYSIS.
Directive Process Analysis Essays: How to Do Something. Informative Process Analysis Essays: How Something Is/Was Done. Tips On Writing Process Analysis Essays. Kathleen Hudson, "Interviews: Stories that Make a Difference". Luis M. Valdez, "Perspectives on ''Borders''". Joyce M. Jarrett, "Freedom". Heidi Ramirez, "Community Re-discovered". Malcolm X, "A Homemade Education" from _The Autobiography of Malcolm X_. Christine Ng, "Bringing Out the Flirt in You". Additional Topics and Issues for Process Analysis Papers.
7. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST.
Developing Essays Using Comparison and Contrast. Irony and Voice. Tips on Writing Comparison and Contrast Essays. Barbara Ehrenreich, "Liposuction: The Key to Energy Independence". Andrew Lam, "They Shut My Grandmother''s Room Door". Carmen Jay, "Teaching for Social Justice: Academic Rigor with Love". E. B. White, "Education". Suzanne Britt, "That Lean and Hungry Look". Cobie Kwasi Harris, "River of Memory: The Ebb and Flow of Black Consciousness Across the Americas". Additional Topics and Issues for Comparison and Contrast Essays.
8. DIVISION AND CLASSIFICATION.
Tips on Writing Division and Classification Essays. Roohi Vora, "Armchair Pharmacologists and the Media". Martin Luther King Jr., "The Ways of Meeting Oppression". Robertson Davies, "A Few Kind Words for Superstition". Constance García-Barrio, "Creatures That Haunt the Americas". Bill Swanson, "How Films Feed the Mind _or_ When I''m Hungry, I Don''t Want to Eat Candy". David Bodanis, "What''s In Your Toothpaste?" Additional Topics and Issues or Division and Classification Essays.
9. CAUSE AND EFFECT.
Structuring Cause-and-Effect Essays. Cause-and-Effect Fallacies. Tips on Writing Cause-and-Effect Essays. Megan McGuire, "Growing Up with Two Moms". Carlos Bulosan, "Labor and Capital: The Coming Catastrophe". Karen Ray, "The Naked Face". Phillip Persky, "Guilt". Rose Anna Higashi, "Eating with Immigrants". Anastasia Toufexis, "The Right Chemistry". Additional Topics and Issues for Cause-and-Effect Essays.
10. COMBINED STRATEGIES.
Tips on Writing Expository Essays. Charles Haynes, "Honoring Sgt. Stewart: Wiccans Are Americans Too". Cynthia Lopez, "Curanderismo: A Healing Art". Neil Young, "The CD and the Damage Done". Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston, "Arrival at Manzanar". Reginald Lockett, "How I Started Writing Poetry". Louise Erdrich, "American Horse".
11. ARGUMENTATION: THE LOGICAL APPEAL.
Inductive Logic. Deduction. Types of Argumentation. Clearly Stated Thesis. Avoiding Fallacies. Documenting Sources. Tips on Writing Argumentative Essays. Grace Sumabat Estrada, "The Anima of Animé Revisited". Amiri Baraka, "Soul Food". Douglas Laycock, "Peyote, Wine, and the First Amendment". Mandana Mohsenzadegan, "OMG: Tweeting, Trending, and Texting". Mark Charles Fissel, "Online Learning and Student Success". Additional Topics and Issues for Argumentative Essays.
12. PERSUASION: THE EMOTIONAL APPEAL.
Organizing Persuasive Compositions. Tips on Writing Persuasive Essays. Phyllis McGinley, "Women Are Better Drivers". Gore Vidal, "Drugs". Paula Gunn Allen, "Who is Your Mother? Red Roots of White Feminism". Dave Barry, "A GPS Helps a Guy Always Know Where His Couch Is". Tammerlin Drummond, "Never Too Old". Bruce Henderson, "Why We Went to Iraq". Additional Topics and Issues for Writing Persuasive Essays.
Appendix: MLA Documentation.
Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Terms.