Louis Pojman's new HOW SHOULD WE LIVE? is a concise and engaging text that offers a provocative discussion of the central questions and theories in moral philosophy. Crafted by one of contemporary philosophy's most gifted teachers, it begins with a poignant meditation on Golding's LORD OF THE FLIES, a starting point for an eye-opening examination of central metaethical concepts such as relativism, objectivism, egoism, and whether or not religion is a necessity for morality. From there Pojman presents with even-handed consideration and in a readily accessible style the three most seminal ethical theories: utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue-based ethics. The book's discussion culminates with a very timely exploration of the grounds for human rights in today's increasingly global society.
Table of Contents
Word to the Student.
1. Why do We Need Morality?
2. Why Should I Be Moral? Is the Good Good for you?
3. Who's to Judge? Ethical Relativism.
4. The Case for Ethical Objectivism.
5. Religion and Ethics.
7. Deontological Ethics: Intuitionism and Kantian Ethics.
8. Virtue-Based Ethical Theory.
9. Human Rights.
Conclusion: How Should We Live?