Higher Education

Inventing Arguments, Brief, 3rd Edition

  • John Mauk Northwestern Michigan College
  • John Metz Kent State University at Geauga
  • ISBN-10: 0840027761  |  ISBN-13: 9780840027764
  • 496 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2009, 2009
  • © 2013 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
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About

Overview

Organized around common rhetorical situations that occur all around us, INVENTING ARGUMENTS shows students that argument is a living process rather than a form to be modeled. The text's focus on invention teaches students to recognize the rhetorical elements of any argumentative situation and apply the tools of argument effectively in their own writing. Students are introduced to the basic layers of argument in early chapters, with material arranged into increasingly sophisticated topics beginning with the most obvious or explicit layers (claims) and moving to more implied or "hidden" layers (assumptions, values, beliefs, ideology). By the time they finish Part 1, your students will have a thorough understanding of argument, which they can then apply to the invention projects in Chapters 7-12.

Features and Benefits

  • INVENTING ARGUMENTS is organized according to argumentative situations instead of the elements or models of argument so that students will learn to apply the tools of argument effectively in any situation.
  • The chapters of Part 1 help instructors to build a syllabus that begins with the most basic tools of argument and moves quickly to more advanced layers. Reviewers have appreciated the concise and comprehensible descriptions of difficult concepts (such as ideology, warranting assumptions, values and beliefs) that help instructors to emphasize important critical-thinking outcomes.
  • The "Invention" section within each Part 2 chapter helps students to discover topics for their arguments; to explore a rhetorical situation; to develop a revelatory main claim that promotes a new way of thinking; to support their claims with effective evidence and appeals; and to consider counterarguments, concessions, and qualifiers to their arguments.
  • Part 3, "The Research Guide," offers students fundamental strategies for doing primary and secondary research, while also teaching them to view research as a tool of argument and to evaluate sources as elements within bigger institutional and social arguments.
  • The MLA documentation reflects significant changes in the new MLA HANDBOOK FOR WRITERS OF RESEARCH PAPERS, Seventh Edition, published in March 2009.

Table of Contents

Part I: ENTERING ARGUMENT.
1. Inventing Arguments.
What is Argument? What is Academic Argument? What is Rhetoric? What is Invention?
2. Claims.
What is a Claim? Types of Claims. Characteristics of Claims. Reading: "A Community of Cars," Ryan Brown (student). Assignment: Identifying and Describing Claims.
3. Support.
Evidence. Example. Appeals. Appeals to Logic. Appeals to Emotion. Appeals to Need. Appeals to Value. Reading: "Disconnected," Lynda Smith (student). Assignment: Summarizing Arguments.
4. Opposition.
Counterargument. Concession. Qualifiers. Reading: "Learning, Styles, Freedom, and Oppression," Simon Benlow. Assignment: Identifying and Summarizing Opposition.
5. Hidden Layers.
Assumptions. Underlying Values. Reading: "In Defense of Darkness" Holly Wren Spaulding. Arguments in Disguise. The Objectivity Disguise. The Personal Taste Disguise. Spin. Propaganda. Assignment: Identifying & Summarizing Hidden Layers.
6. Analyzing Argument.
The Analytical Posture. Summary and Analysis. Summary vs. Analysis. Four Common Pitfalls. Readings: "Chief Seattle's Speech on the Land." "Seattle's Rhetoric," Andy Buchner (student). Analyzing Visual Arguments. "The Hearts of Argument: Benetton's Advertising Appeal," Megan Ward. "Progressive Profiteering: The Appeal and Argumentation of Avatar," Ben Wetherbee (student). Assignment: Inventing a Rhetorical Analysis.
Part II: INVENTING ARGUMENT.
7. Arguing Definitions.
"What's the Economy for, Anyway?" John de Graaf. "Warfare: An Invention--Not a Biological Necessity," Margaret Mead. "The Fashion Punk Paradox," Andrew Hyde (Student). "Standardized Testing vs. Education," Justin James (Student). "If It's Not a Baby," bumper sticker. "Preserve Marriage" image. Exploring for Topics. Inventing a Claim. Inventing Support. Arrangement. Audience and Voice. Revision.
8. Arguing Causes.
"No Sex Please, We're Middle Class," Camille Paglia. "Disparities Demystified," Pedro A. Noguera and Antwi Akom. "More Than Cherries," Samantha Tengelitsch (Student). "All for a Virtual Cause: The Reasons Behind MMORPG Success," J. Noel Trapp (Student). "Why You Are Hated," image. Exploring for Topics. Inventing a Claim. Inventing Support. Arrangement. Audience and Voice. Revision.
9. Arguing Value.
"Evaluation of 'The Education of Ms. Groves,'" John Adams. "Adventure Is Calling," Michael Hilliard (Student). "Higher Education through Discombobulation," Betsy Chitwood (Student). "The Value of a Happy Meal," image. Exploring for Topics. Inventing a Claim. Inventing Support. Arrangement. Audience and Voice. Revision.
10. Arguing Crisis.
"The Idols of Environmentalism," Curtis White. "Big House in the Wilderness: Moratoriums on Building and Individual Responsibility," Tracy Webster. "The Pack Rat Among Us," Laurie Schutza (Student). "Citizens and Consumers," Amber Edmondson (Student). "Is Bottled Water a Crisis?" image. Exploring for Topics. Inventing a Claim. Inventing Support. Arrangement. Audience and Voice. Revision.
11. Arguing the Past.
"Shakespeare and Narcotics," David Pinching. "A Nation Made of Poetry," Joannie Fischer. "Red (White and Blue) Scare," Stephen Pell (Student). "Somewhere in the Past: Clarksville's School and Community Life," Cameron Johnson (Student). "Apache Children," image. "Carr Fork Canyon," image. Exploring for Topics. Inventing a Claim. Inventing Support. Arrangement. Audience and Voice. Revision.
12. Arguing the Future.
"Live Forever," Raymond Kurzweil. "Video Games, the Next Storytelling Frontier," Michael Hanson. "Investing in Futures: The Cost of College," Charles Nelson (Student). "Around the Table in Traverse City," Joel Papcun. "Smart Car," image. Exploring for Topics. Inventing a Claim. Inventing Support. Arrangement. Audience and Voice. Revision.
Part III: RESEARCH.
13. The Research Guide.
Overview of Research. The Research Path. Conducting Primary Research. Conducting Secondary Research. Evaluating Sources. Integrating Sources. Documenting Sources. Sample Research Essays.

What's New

  • New Chapter, "Analyzing Argument": This new chapter (Chapter 6) walks students carefully through the process of analyzing a written argument. It also gives specific strategies for analyzing visual texts and film. The chapter has three accessible sample analyses and draws from them to illustrate key moves. Because the authors teach rhetorical analysis in their own classes, they have learned the particular pitfalls and struggles that students experience with the process--for instance, the sometimes blurry line between analysis and summary or between analysis and evaluation. The chapter clearly highlights these common pitfalls to help students avoid them.
  • Part 1 refocused on essential skills for argument: Part 1's chapters contain less jargon and briefer explanations of general concepts and argumentative moves. To help students focus on the main concepts, the authors have eliminated jargon and condensed explanations where possible. The aim is to give students a manageable introduction to the most important elements of argument: claims, support, opposition, and hidden layers (such as assumptions and spin, an argument in disguise).
  • New Summary and Analysis Prompts: The assignments at the end of each brief chapter in Part 1 grow in complexity. First, students identify major elements of arguments (in Chapters 1 and 2), then summarize arguments (in Chapters 3 and 4), and then work toward analyzing arguments (in Chapters 5 and 6). In other words, the assignments walk students slowly up to formal rhetorical analysis, which is the focus of Chapter 6.
  • Simplified Invention Chapters (Chapters 7-12): The headings and subheadings within Chapters 7-12 are now streamlined as much as possible and include the following topics: Exploring for Topics, Inventing a Claim, Inventing Support, Arrangement, Audience and Voice, Revision.
  • New Readings: The third edition offers over 40 reading selections. The four readings in each Invention chapter (Chapters 7-12) include one piece of student or commissioned writing, annotated to display the intensive thinking behind the essay.
  • Literary Works as Support: Because fiction, poetry, and drama are often used in formal, and even popular, argumentative essays, the authors now address this strategy in the support sections of the Invention chapters (7-12). Therein, they show students how to use literature as passing or extended allusions. A thorough discussion about literature as a form of argumentative support is also featured in Chapter 3.

Learning Resource Bundles

Choose the textbook packaged with the resources that best meet your course and student needs. Contact your Learning Consultant for more information.

Bundle: Text, Brief + CourseReader 0-30: Argument Printed Access Card

ISBN-10: 1133424538  | ISBN-13: 9781133424536

List Price = $148.95  | CengageBrain Price = $148.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $112.00

This Bundle Includes:

  • Inventing Arguments, Brief
    List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
  • CourseReader 0-30: Argument Printed Access Card
    List Price = $67.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $50.25


Bundle: Text, Brief + Enhanced InSite 2-Semester Printed Access Card, Intl. Edition , Brief

ISBN-10:  1133424554  | ISBN-13:  9781133424550

List Price = $141.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $105.25

This Bundle Includes:

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  • InSite™, 2 terms (12 months) Printed Access Card
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Bundle: Text, Brief + Enhanced InSite 1-Semester Printed Access Card, Brief

ISBN-10:  1133424546  | ISBN-13:  9781133424543

List Price = $138.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $103.25

This Bundle Includes:

  • Inventing Arguments, Brief
    List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
  • InSite™, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card
    List Price = $81.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $60.75


Bundle: Text, Brief + Resource Center for Argument Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  1133424511  | ISBN-13:  9781133424512

List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00

This Bundle Includes:

  • Inventing Arguments, Brief
    List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
  • Resource Center for Argument, 2 terms (12 months) Printed Access Card
    List Price = $20.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $15.00


Bundle: Text, Brief + English CourseMate with eBook Printed Access Card, Brief

ISBN-10:  113342452X  | ISBN-13:  9781133424529

List Price = $144.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $109.00

This Bundle Includes:

  • Inventing Arguments, Brief
    List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
  • CourseMate, 2 terms (12 months) Printed Access Card, Brief
    List Price = $108.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $81.00


Bundle: Text, Brief + CourseReader 0-30: Rhetorical Modes Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  1285261194  | ISBN-13:  9781285261195

List Price = $148.95  | CengageBrain Price = $148.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $112.00

This Bundle Includes:

  • Inventing Arguments, Brief
    List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
  • CourseReader 0-30: Rhetorical Modes Printed Access Card
    List Price = $67.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $50.25


Printed Text, Brief + InSite™ 2-Semester Instant Access

ISBN-10:  1305528670  | ISBN-13:  9781305528673

List Price = $141.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $105.25

This Bundle Includes:

  • Inventing Arguments, Brief
    List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
  • InSite™, 2 terms (12 months) Instant Access
    List Price = $81.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $81.00


Printed Text + InSite™ 1-Semester Instant Access

ISBN-10:  1305528662  | ISBN-13:  9781305528666

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This Bundle Includes:

  • Inventing Arguments, Brief
    List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
  • InSite™, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access
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Bundle: Text, Brief + InSite, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card

ISBN-10:  1305249216 | ISBN-13:  9781305249219

List Price = $138.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $103.25

This Bundle Includes:

  • Inventing Arguments, Brief
    List Price = $135.95  | CengageBrain Price = $135.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.00
  • InSite™, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card
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Efficacy and Outcomes

Reviews

"Every time I get a review copy of a new composition text in the mail, I find myself comparing it to INVENTING ARGUMENTS. They all come up short. Inventing Arguments has everything I need in one book."

— Susan Shibe Davis, Arizona State University

"This is one of the most student-friendly texts on argument. The arrangement of chapters, focus on specific writing projects and the discussion of the nuts and bolts of drafting an argument paper responds to the way students ask their questions."

— Mary Ann Nagler, Oakland Community College

"I think the writing and workshop activities are well crafted. The questions posed to students in the exercises sound like questions I might ask in class."

— Gregory Harold, Duquesne University

Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Online Instructor's Manual  (ISBN-10: 1133175007 | ISBN-13: 9781133175001)

Available for download on the instructor companion site, this manual contains invaluable syllabus planning and teaching tips, as well as outlines that make it easier to prepare for class.

CourseMate Instant Access, Brief  (ISBN-10: 1133174698 | ISBN-13: 9781133174691)

Interested in a simple way to complement your text and course content with study and practice materials? Cengage Learning's English CourseMate brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. Watch student comprehension soar as your class works with the printed textbook and the textbook-specific website. English CourseMate goes beyond the book to deliver what you need! Learn more at http://www.cengage.com/coursemate.

List Price = $95.00  | CengageBrain Price = $95.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $95.00

Multimedia eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access, Brief  (ISBN-10: 1133174604 | ISBN-13: 9781133174608)

INVENTING ARGUMENTS is available as a multimedia eBook! Now students can do all of their reading online or use the true-to-page eBook as a handy reference while they're completing other coursework. The eBook includes the full text of the print version with interactive exercises, an integrated text-specific workbook, user-friendly navigation, search, and highlighting tools, along with links to videos that enhance the text content. (Access card/code required.)

List Price = $85.00  | CengageBrain Price = $85.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $85.00

Cengage Learning Write Experience 2.0 Powered by MyAccess with eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285059808 | ISBN-13: 9781285059808)

Successfully complete your writing assignments with Write Experience 2.0. This innovative system scores your writing instantly and provides you with detailed revision goals and feedback to put you on track for writing excellence

List Price = $60.00  | CengageBrain Price = $60.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $60.00

Student Course Guide for The Writer's Odyssey  (ISBN-10: 113343407X | ISBN-13: 9781133434078)

The STUDENT COURSE GUIDE FOR THE WRITER'S ODYSSEY, Third Edition, is for exclusive use with the Dallas TeleLearning course, The Writer's Odyssey. An integral component to the course, the Student Course Guide acts as a bridge between the two other resources that make up the course: The Writer's Odyssey video series and the INVENTING ARGUMENTS 3E text. Each chapter in the guide outlines the lesson goals and objectives, assignments from the text (including an argument handbook and a research guide) and enrichment activities that assist students as they write.

List Price = $64.95  | CengageBrain Price = $64.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $48.75

Resource Center for Argument, 2 terms (12 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1111941165 | ISBN-13: 9781111941161)

Resources for Argument offers a variety of activities for students to practice and refine their understanding of the fundamentals of argument. This robust website features sections on Research (including information on finding primary documents, recognizing bias, conducting Internet searches and more); Writing (including information on analyzing audience, timing argument correctly, using statistics in arguments, and more); Visual Arguments (including information on using PPT to build an argument, ten images and corresponding questions to help spur discussion, and fifteen news clips with argument paper writing suggestions); Jumpstart Discussions (includes forty-five ideas to help start discussions in the classroom); Sample Papers (includes three sample student papers); and Annotated Articles (annotated articles from the fields of health, literature, history, business, and science).

List Price = $20.00  | CengageBrain Price = $20.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $20.00

Student Supplements

CourseMate Instant Access, Brief  (ISBN-10: 1133174698 | ISBN-13: 9781133174691)

Make the most of your study time by accessing everything you need to succeed--online with English CourseMate.

List Price = $95.00  | CengageBrain Price = $95.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $95.00

Multimedia eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access, Brief  (ISBN-10: 1133174604 | ISBN-13: 9781133174608)

INVENTING ARGUMENTS is available as a multimedia eBook! Now you can do all of your reading online or use the true-to-page eBook as a handy reference while completing other coursework. The eBook includes the full text of the print version with interactive exercises, an integrated text-specific workbook, user-friendly navigation, search, and highlighting tools, along with links to videos that enhance the text content. (Access card/code required.)

List Price = $85.00  | CengageBrain Price = $85.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $85.00

Cengage Learning Write Experience 2.0 Powered by MyAccess with eBook, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1285059808 | ISBN-13: 9781285059808)

Successfully complete your writing assignments with Write Experience 2.0. This innovative system scores your writing instantly and provides you with detailed revision goals and feedback to put you on track for writing excellence

List Price = $60.00  | CengageBrain Price = $60.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $60.00

Instructional videos and interactive practice quizzes designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Instructional videos help to bring important ideas to life. Practice quizzes consist of true/false and multiple choice questions for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, practice quizzes and flashcards are already included.

List Price = $6.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $6.00

Student Course Guide for The Writer's Odyssey  (ISBN-10: 113343407X | ISBN-13: 9781133434078)

The STUDENT COURSE GUIDE FOR THE WRITER'S ODYSSEY, Third Edition, is for exclusive use with the Dallas TeleLearning course, The Writer's Odyssey. An integral component to the course, the Student Course Guide acts as a bridge between the two other resources that make up the course: The Writer's Odyssey video series and the INVENTING ARGUMENTS 3E text. Each chapter in the guide outlines the lesson goals and objectives, assignments from the text (including an argument handbook and a research guide) and enrichment activities that assist you as you delve into the subject of writing.

List Price = $64.95  | CengageBrain Price = $64.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $48.75

Interactive practice quizzes designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. True/false and multiple choice questions are included for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.

List Price = $6.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $6.00

Instructional videos designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.

List Price = $4.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $4.00

Resource Center for Argument, 2 terms (12 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1111941165 | ISBN-13: 9781111941161)

Resources for Argument offers a variety of activities for you to practice and refine your understanding of the fundamentals of argument. This robust website features sections on Research (including information on finding primary documents, recognizing bias, conducting Internet searches and more); Writing (including information on analyzing your audience, timing your argument correctly, using statistics in your arguments, and more); Visual Arguments (including information on using PPT to build an argument, ten images and corresponding questions to help spur discussion, and fifteen news clips with argument paper writing suggestions); Jumpstart Discussions (includes forty-five ideas to help start discussions in the classroom); Sample Papers (includes three sample student papers); and Annotated Articles (annotated articles from the fields of health, literature, history, business, and science).

List Price = $20.00  | CengageBrain Price = $20.00  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $20.00

Meet the Author

Author Bio

John Mauk

John Mauk has a Ph.D. in rhetoric and writing from Bowling Green State University and a Masters in language and literature from the University of Toledo. Scholarship includes an article on critical geography and composition (COLLEGE ENGLISH, March 2003). Mauk now teaches composition and rhetoric courses at Northwestern Michigan College. In 2007, he served on the NCTE Nominating Committee.

John Metz

John Metz has a B.A. in English from Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania (1983) and an M.A. in English from the University of Toledo (1985). He has taught first-year writing for over 20 years and currently teaches at Kent State University at Geauga in Twinsburg, Ohio.