Higher Education

Harbrace Essentials, 2nd Edition

  • Cheryl Glenn The Pennsylvania State University
  • Loretta Gray Central Washington University
  • ISBN-10: 1285446992  |  ISBN-13: 9781285446998
  • 496 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2012
  • © 2015 | Published
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  • Newer Edition Available

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About

Overview

More detailed than a pocket handbook yet briefer than a concise handbook, HARBRACE ESSENTIALS provides all the authority of the Harbrace tradition in an ideal length and portable format. Clear and concise explanations outline the essentials students need to write their papers, including instruction on the rhetorical contexts that affect their choice of grammatical constructions, style, punctuation, and mechanics, as well as strategies for writing paragraphs and essays, conducting research, and documenting sources.

Features and Benefits

  • Extensive coverage of MLA, APA, CMS, and CSE documentation styles give students ample guidance in citing research sources.
  • Coverage of all major aspects of writing and research is concise, clear, and direct.
  • Each clear, precise explanation of a key grammar, usage, style, or punctuation topic also includes an illustrative example designed to demystify the concept in real-world writing situations.
  • Caution boxes printed in yellow alert students to key trouble errors that can make writing less polished.
  • Multilingual Writers boxes outline problems common to nonnative speakers, and a list of Special Topics for Multilingual Writers in the back of the book helps students find relevant information.
  • Several student papers on interesting and timely topics provide useful, realistic examples of assignments students are likely to encounter.

Table of Contents

Part I: W WRITING.
1. Writing and Reading Rhetorically. 
Understanding the rhetorical situation. Applying rhetorical knowledge. Academic writing.
Genres and formats of academic writing.
2. Planning and Drafting Essays. 
Stages of the writing process. Focusing a topic into a clearly stated thesis. Creating an outline. 
3. Developing Paragraphs. 
Stating the main idea. Developing the main point. Employing methods for developing paragraphs. Making paragraphs coherent.
4. Revising and Editing Essays. 
Revising for unity and coherence. Editing and proofreading. Sample final draft. 
5. Critical Reading and Analysis. 
Critical reading. Critical analysis.
6. Writing Arguments. 
Determining the purpose of your argument. Considering differing viewpoints. Distinguishing between fact and opinion. Taking a position or making a claim. Providing evidence for an effective argument. Using the rhetorical appeals to ground your argument. Arranging an effective argument. Sample argument. 
7. Designing Documents. 
Elements of design. Using graphics.  Using pictures.  Using maps. Using cartoons.
Part II: R RESEARCH.
8. Planning Research. 
Research as inquiry.  Finding your own research question.  Testing your research question. 
Creating a research plan.
9. Finding Sources in Print, Online, and in the Field. 
Deciding which sources to use. Searching electronically for print and online sources. Keeping track of your sources. Doing field research. 
10. Evaluating Print and Online Sources. 
Credibility of authors. Credibility of publishers. Online sources. Reading closely and critically.
11. Using Sources Critically and Responsibly. 
Taking and organizing notes. Creating a working annotated bibliography. Acknowledging your sources. Using direct quotations. Paraphrasing another person''s ideas. Summarizing an idea.
Analyzing and responding to sources. Synthesizing sources. Critical thinking.
12. Avoiding Plagiarism.
Knowing which sources require acknowledgment. Citing quotations and ideas from sources.
Part III: D DOCUMENTATION.
13. MLA Documentation. 
MLA-style in-text citations. MLA list of works cited. Sample MLA-style paper. 
14. APA Documentation. 
APA-style in-text citations. APA-style reference list. Sample APA-style paper. 
15. CMS Documentation. 
CMS note and bibliographic forms. Sample CMS-style paper. 
16. CSE Documentation. 
CSE citation-sequence, name-year, and citation-name systems. Sample CSE-style paper. 
Part IV: G GRAMMAR.
17. Sentence Essentials. 
Parts of speech. Subjects and predicates. Complements. Phrases. Clauses. 
18. Sentence Fragments. 
Recognizing sentence fragments. Phrases as sentence fragments. Dependent clauses as sentence fragments. 
19. Comma Splices and Fused Sentences. 
Locating comma splices and fused sentences. Revising comma splices and fused sentences. 
Divided quotations. 
20. Verbs. 
Verb forms. Verb tenses. Verb tense consistency. Voice. Mood. Subject-verb agreement. 
21. Pronouns. 
Recognizing pronouns. Pronoun case. Pronoun-antecedent agreement.Clear pronoun reference.  Pronoun consistency. Use of first-person and second-person pronouns. 
22. Modifiers. 
Recognizing modifiers. Comparatives and superlatives. Double negatives. Placement of modifiers. Dangling modifiers. 
Part V: S EFFECTIVE SENTENCES.
23. Sentence Unity. 
Choosing and arranging details. Revising mixed metaphors. Revising mixed constructions.  Relating sentence parts. Including necessary words. Completing comparisons. Completing intensifiers.  
24. Subordination and Coordination. 
Using subordination effectively. Using coordination effectively. Avoiding faulty or excessive subordination and coordination. 
25. Parallelism. 
Recognizing parallel elements. Repeating words and grammatical forms. Linking two or more sentences. Using correlative conjunctions. 
26. Emphasis. 
Placing words for emphasis. Using cumulative and periodic sentences. Ordering ideas from least to most important. Repeating important words. Inverting word order. Using an occasional short sentence. 
27. Variety.
Revising sentence length and form. Varying sentence openings. Using questions, exclamations, and commands. 
Part VI: L EFFECTIVE LANGUAGE.
28. Good Usage. 
Clear style. Appropriate word choice. Inclusive language. 
29. Precise Word Choice. 
Accurate and precise word choice. Cliches and euphemisms. Idioms and collocations. Clear definitions. 
30. Conciseness. 
Eliminating wordiness and other redundancies. Using elliptical constructions. 
Part VII: P PUNCTUATION.
31. The Comma.
Before a coordinating conjunction linking independent clauses. After an introductory word or word group. Separating elements in a series. With nonessential elements. With geographical names and items in dates and addresses. With direct quotations.  Unnecessary or misplaced commas. 
32. The Semicolon and the Colon.
The semicolon. The colon. 
33. The Apostrophe.
Indicating ownership and other relationships. Marking omissions of letters or numbers. Forming certain plurals. 
34. Quotation Marks.
Direct quotations. Titles of short works. With other punctuation marks. 
35. The Period and Other Punctuation Marks.
The period. The question mark. The exclamation point. The dash. Parentheses. Square brackets. Ellipsis points. The slash. 
Part VIII: M MECHANICS.
36. Spelling and the Hyphen. 
Spelling and pronunciation. Words that sound alike. Prefixes and suffixes. Confusion of “ei” and “ie”. Hyphens. 
37. Capitals. 
Proper names. Titles and subtitles. Beginning a sentence. Computer keys, menu items, and icon names. 
38. Italics. 
Titles of works published or produced separately. Other uses of italics. Words not italicized. 
39. Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Numbers. 
Abbreviations with names. Addresses in correspondence. Acceptable abbreviations in academic and professional writing. Acronyms. General uses of numbers. Special uses of numbers.

What's New

  • Organization of the handbook reflects a natural progression, starting with advice for writing, research, and documentation, and moving to advice on revising and editing sentence-level concerns of grammar, sentences, punctuation, and mechanics.
  • Chapter 3 on developing paragraphs outlines methods of development, focusing on a main idea, and transitions to help students organize their thoughts and communicate better with readers.
  • Chapter 5 on critical reading and analysis guides students to read critically and analyze texts. Emotional, ethical, and logical appeals are covered, along with the elements of an argument.
  • Chapter 7 on designing documents includes advice on integrating visuals and discusses the elements of design.
  • Five chapters of research coverage have been thoroughly updated, including how to recognize authoritative online resources, how to prepare annotated bibliographies, and expanded coverage of how to integrate sources.
  • Chapter 8 on planning a research project includes more assistance with the early stages of a research assignment, including help generating a strong research question and developing a plan.
  • Chapter 12 on avoiding plagiarism distinguishes between deliberate and accidental plagiarism, discusses patchwriting, and helps students understand which ideas and sources need to be acknowledged.
  • Color-coded citation maps in MLA, APA, Chicago, and CSE demonstrate where in a source to find information that needs to be cited, along with sample citations.
  • Expanded MLA and APA documentation models address new kinds of sources, blogs, wiki entries, podcasts, and other online sources.
  • A new directory of documentation formats appears in the back of the book to provide easy reference to citation models.
  • Grammar, Punctuation, and Mechanics - One-third of the exercises have been revised for this edition, and answers for every other item are now provided in the back of the book to aid students in checking their own work.
  • A new Glossary of Terms helps students understand key concepts on their own.

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Meet the Author

Author Bio

Cheryl Glenn

Distinguished Professor of English and Women's Studies and Director of the Program in Writing and Rhetoric at The Pennsylvania State University, Cheryl Glenn is widely known for her scholarship, leadership, and teaching. Besides authoring THE HARBRACE GUIDE TO WRITING and co-authoring THE HARBRACE HANDBOOKS, she is author of the prize-winning RHETORIC RETOLD: REGENDERING THE TRADITION FROM ANTIQUITY THROUGH THE RENAISSANCE; UNSPOKEN: A RHETORIC OF SILENCE; RHETORICAL EDUCATION IN AMERICA; LANDMARK ESSSAYS ON RHETORIC AND FEMINISM; RHETORIC AND WRITING IN THE NEW CENTURY; and several other titles. Dr. Glenn's rhetorical scholarship has earned her many awards, including three National Endowment for the Humanities awards, the Conference on College Composition and Communication's Richard Braddock Award, Rhetoric Review's Outstanding Essay Award, Best Book/Honorable Mention from the Society for the Study of Early Modern Women, and Rhetorician of the Year. She has served as Chair of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC), the largest organization of writing and rhetoric teachers in the world; as President of the Coalition of Women Scholars in the History of Rhetoric and Composition; on the CCCC and NCTE Executive Committees; as Chair of the Modern Language Association (MLA) Division on the History and Theory of Rhetoric and Composition; and as a member of the MLA Delegate Assembly. Dr. Glenn's teaching and scholarship have earned her six university teaching and mentoring awards.

Loretta Gray

Professor of English at Central Washington University, Loretta Gray has three degrees related to her interest in composition and applied linguistics: Master of Arts in Teaching English as a Second Language (School for International Training), Master of Arts in Spanish (Middlebury College), and Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Linguistics (Boston University). She has experience teaching English to non-native speakers in Mexico, Spain, and the United States. In addition, she taught Spanish at Clemson University and applied linguistics at the School for International Training. Dr. Gray has been teaching composition and applied linguistics courses at Central Washington University in Ellensburg, Washington, since 1992. She also is co-author of the textbook RHETORICAL GRAMMAR.