Higher Education

An Introduction to Language, 10th Edition

  • Victoria Fromkin University of California, Los Angeles
  • Robert Rodman North Carolina State University
  • Nina Hyams University of California, Los Angeles
  • ISBN-10: 1133310680  |  ISBN-13: 9781133310686
  • 624 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2011, 2007, 2003
  • © 2014 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $165.25

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About

Overview

AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE, 10th Edition, offers an entirely up-to-date look at language studies and linguistics in today's world. Written from the ground up as if it were a first edition, the book is fresh, modern, and reflective of the current state of the field. At the same time, it maintains the acclaimed light, friendly, readable style and the breadth of coverage that have made it a perennial best seller. The authors examine grammatical subjects (e.g., morphology, syntax, semantics, phonetics, phonology), the tremendous leap in knowledge achieved in neurolinguistics, and the lexicological, social, and historical impact of language uncovered through the application of computers to prodigious amounts of linguistic data. Available with InfoTrac® Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

Features and Benefits

  • The text has been thoroughly revised to reflect developments in linguistics and related fields, with topics clarified and many new exercises included--all to enhance students' understanding and insight. IPA symbols are used throughout.
  • Discussions about the grammar and other linguistic characteristics of American Sign Language, and other sign languages of deaf people, are woven throughout to reveal the pervasive parallels with spoken languages.
  • Each chapter ends with an array of helpful review materials, including a chapter summary, a comprehensive list of references, suggestions for further reading, and exercises.
  • Exercises offer instructional options and learning opportunities designed to maximize students' comprehension and mastery of text material.
  • The text's signature cartoons illustrate the authors' clear descriptions of complex linguistic points and principles.
  • An extensive glossary of nearly 1000 terms, the largest of its kind among introductory textbooks, appears in an appendix. The book is also thoroughly indexed, allowing students to quickly and efficiently find particular topics of interest.

Table of Contents

1. WHAT IS LANGUAGE?
Linguistic Knowledge. What Is Grammar? Universal Grammar. What Is Not (Human) Language. Language and Thought.
2. MORPHOLOGY: THE WORDS OF LANGUAGE.
Content Words and Function Words. Morphemes: The Minimal Units of Meaning.
Rules of Word Formation. Sign Language Morphology. Morphological Analysis: Identifying Morphemes.
3. SYNTAX: THE SENTENCE PATTERNS OF LANGUAGE.
What the Syntax Rules Do. Sentence Structure. UG Principles and Parameters. Sign Language Syntax.
4. THE MEANING OF LANGUAGE.
What Speakers Know about Sentence Meaning. Compositional Semantics. When Compositionality Goes Awry. Lexical Semantics (Word Meanings). Pragmatics.
5. PHONETICS: THE SOUNDS OF LANGUAGE.
Sound Segments. Articulatory Phonetics. Major Phonetic Classes. Prosodic Features. Phonetic Symbols and Spelling Correspondences. The "Phonetics" of Signed Languages.
6. PHONOLOGY: THE SOUND OF LANGUAGE.
The Pronunciation of Morphemes. Phonemes: The Phonological Units of Language. Distinctive Features of Phonemes. The Rules of Phonology. Prosodic Phonology. Sequential Constraints of Phonemes. Why Do Phonological Rules Exist? Phonological Analysis.
7. LANGUAGE IN SOCIETY.
Dialects. Languages in Contact. Language and Education. Language in Use.
8. LANGUAGE CHANGE: THE SYLLABLES OF TIME.
The Regularity of Sound Change. Phonological Change. Morphological Change. Syntactic Change. Lexical Change. Reconstructing "Dead" Languages. Extinct and Endangered Languages. The Genetic Classification of Languages. Types of Languages. Why Do Languages Change?
9.LANGUAGE ACQUISITION.
The Linguistic Capacity of Children. Stages in Language Acquisition. The Role of the Linguistic Environment: Adult Input. Knowing More Than One Language.
10. LANGUAGE PROCESSING AND THE HUMAN BRAIN.
The Human Mind at Work. The Human Brain. Language and Brain Development. The Modular Mind: Dissociations of Language and Cognition.
11. COMPUTER PROCESSING OF HUMAN LANGUAGE.
Computers That Talk and Listen. Applications of Computational Linguistics. Computational Lexicography.
12. WRITING: THE ABCS OF LANGUAGE.
The History of Writing. Modern Writing Systems. Writing and Speech. Pseudo-writing.
Glossary.
Index.

What's New

  • The text has been entirely rewritten to reflect contemporary developments in language studies and related fields. It includes many new ideas and concepts, reinforced by new, original exercises--all to enhance students' understanding and insight.
  • Chapter 3 on syntax has been entirely restructured to reflect the standard views of X-bar theory, binary branching, heads, complements and adjuncts, and the ramifications of contemporary syntactic theory. This is accomplished without sacrificing the fundamentals of constituent structure, syntactic categories, grammaticality, structural ambiguity, and the infinite, creative scope of language that syntax provides. Despite the apparent complexity, the topics are presented clearly and illustrated carefully to ensure students' comprehension.
  • Chapter 4 on semantics and pragmatics has been thoroughly revised to emphasize and clarify the distinction between semantics and pragmatics, with many illustrations from the classics (e.g., Shakespeare, Swift, Carroll). Recent insights into these areas are artfully integrated with the classical knowledge of earlier studies.
  • Discussion of sociolinguistics has been moved forward in the book (as Chapter 7) to reflect the growing significance of the social impact of language. As is the case with all chapters, this chapter has been extensively revised to reflect contemporary views of the subject. In addition, special attention is paid to bilingual education, including the many debates on the subject now occurring with frequency in the news.
  • Chapter 10, now entitled "Language Processing and the Human Brain," merges psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics in the most dramatically new chapter of the Tenth Edition. Knowledge of how, where, and when language is processed in the brain has exploded since the previous edition of the book was published. This chapter documents this progress, reporting on the once immeasurable nuances of brain activity associated with the various aspects of language processing and language disorders.
  • The revised Chapter 11, "Computer Processing of Human Language," details recent progress in computational linguistics, which has burgeoned to a degree hardly imaginable when previous editions were written. Anchoring this chapter is the introduction of the Culturomic Revolution, in which computers analyze billions of lines of text with astonishing results. The chapter also introduces "twitterology," a study of "on-the-fly" language usage by billions of people in thousands of languages--soon to augment Culturomics and only now beginning to be linguistically analyzed.
  • InfoTrac® Student Collections are specialized databases expertly drawn from the Gale Academic One library. Each InfoTrac® Student Collection enhances the student learning experience in the specific course area related to the product. These specialized databases allow access to hundreds of scholarly and popular publications - all reliable sources - including journals, encyclopedias, and academic reports. Learn more and access at: http://gocengage.com/infotrac.

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Bundle: An Introduction to Language, 10th + Questia 6 Month Subscription Printed Access Card

ISBN-10: 1285574907  | ISBN-13: 9781285574905

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Supplements

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Instructor Supplements

Answer Key  (ISBN-10: 1285079787 | ISBN-13: 9781285079783)

Contains answers to all of the exercises in the core text.

MindTap® English, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access for Fromkin/Rodman/Hyams’ An Introduction to Language  (ISBN-10: 1337091421 | ISBN-13: 9781337091428)

MindTap® English for Fromkin/Rodman/Hyams’ An Introduction to Language, 10th Edition is the digital learning solution that helps instructors engage and transform today's students into critical thinkers. Through paths of dynamic assignments and applications that you can personalize, real-time course analytics, and an accessible reader, MindTap helps you turn cookie-cutter into cutting-edge, apathy into engagement, and memorizers into higher-level thinkers. As an instructor using MindTap, you have at your fingertips exactly the right content and tools to improve student comprehension and engagement with linguistics. Personalize the course as you like by selecting relevant materials. For each chapter, Getting Started activities use real world examples of linguistics to engage students, flashcards remind students of important terms, quizzes test competency, and “Explore the Web” activities show the real-world relevancy of linguistics. All these activities can be seamlessly integrated into your campus learning system. Stay connected and informed through real-time student tracking that allows you to adjust the course as needed based on analytics.

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Cengage Learning's CourseMate brings course concepts to life with interactive learning, study, and exam preparation tools that support the printed textbook. Access an integrated eBook, learning tools including flashcards, quizzes, and more, all designed specifically to work with AN INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE, 10th Edition.

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MindTap® English, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access for Fromkin/Rodman/Hyams’ An Introduction to Language  (ISBN-10: 1337091421 | ISBN-13: 9781337091428)

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LMS Integrated MindTap® English, 1 term (6 months) Instant Access  (ISBN-10: 1337091448 | ISBN-13: 9781337091442)

This access code will provide you with seamless access to your LMS Integrated MindTap® English resources from within your campus Learning Management System. You will be prompted to enter this access code the first time that you click on a link in your course that includes Cengage content.

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Interactive practice quizzes designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. True/false and multiple choice questions are included for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, flash cards are already included.

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Interactive practice quizzes and flashcards designed to work with your text can help you to review and learn essential terms and key concepts. Flashcards contain terms and definitions for each chapter. Practice quizzes consist of true/false and multiple choice questions for each chapter. Check your score and take quizzes again if needed. A reference for where to find more material in the text is included with each answer. This is instant access product; at the completion of your purchase, simply go to "My Home" and gain immediate access to your product. Note: If you have purchased CourseMate for your title, practice quizzes and flashcards are already included.

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Meet the Author

Author Bio

Victoria Fromkin

Victoria Fromkin received her bachelor's degree in economics from the University of California, Berkeley, and her M.A. and Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of California, Los Angeles. She was a member of the faculty of the UCLA Department of Linguistics from 1966 until her death, and served as its chair from 1972 to 1976. From 1979 to 1989 she served as the UCLA Graduate Dean and Vice Chancellor of Graduate Programs. She was a visiting professor at the universities of Stockholm, Cambridge, and Oxford. Professor Fromkin served as president of the Linguistics Society of America in 1985, president of the Association of Graduate Schools in 1988, and chair of the Board of Governors of the Academy of Aphasia. She received the UCLA Distinguished Teaching Award and the Professional Achievement Award, and served as the U.S. Delegate and a member of the Executive Committee of the International Permanent Committee of Linguistics (CIPL). She was an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the New York Academy of Science, the American Psychological Society, and the Acoustical Society of America, and in 1996 was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences. She published more than one hundred books, monographs, and papers on topics concerned with phonetics, phonology, tone languages, African languages, speech errors, processing models, aphasia, and the brain/mind/language interface--all research areas in which she worked. Professor Fromkin passed away in 2000, at the age of 76.

Robert Rodman

Robert Rodman received his bachelor's degree in mathematics from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1961, a master's degree in mathematics in 1965, a master's degree in linguistics in 1971, and a Ph.D. in linguistics in 1973. He has been on the faculties of the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kyoto Industrial College in Japan, and North Carolina State University, where he is currently professor of computer science specializing in the areas of forensic linguistics, computer speech processing, and speaker verification and identification.

Nina Hyams

Nina Hyams received her bachelor's degree in journalism from Boston University in 1973 and her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in linguistics from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York in 1981 and 1983, respectively. She joined the UCLA faculty in 1983, where she is currently professor of linguistics. Her main areas of research are childhood language development and syntax. She is author of LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND THE THEORY OF PARAMETERS (D. Reidel Publishers, 1986), a milestone in language acquisition research. She has also published numerous articles on the development of syntax, morphology, and semantics in children. She has been a visiting scholar at the University of Utrecht and the University of Leiden in the Netherlands and has given numerous lectures throughout Europe and Japan.