Higher Education

Introduction to Learning and Behavior, 4th Edition

  • Russell A. Powell MacEwan University
  • P. Lynne Honey MacEwan University
  • Diane G. Symbaluk MacEwan University
  • ISBN-10: 111183430X  |  ISBN-13: 9781111834302
  • 640 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2009, 2005, 2002
  • © 2013 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $165.75
  • Newer Edition Available
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About

Overview

Offering a variety of innovative teaching tools, INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, 4e equips students with a clear introduction to the basic principles of learning and behavior. Designed to apply learning theory and principles to the presentation of learning, it vividly illustrates how learning principles work in both animals and people. Throughout the book, the authors clearly demonstrate how the study of learning helps solve practical problems, such as improving study skills, improving relationships, raising children, and effectively stopping smoking. It reflects the latest research from the field and includes an all-new chapter on "Comparative Cognition". Helping students maximize their understanding and retention of key concepts, the authors include numerous opportunities for review and self-testing. In addition, the text includes the widely popular SNIFFY THE VIRTUAL RAT LITE CD-ROM, which simulates a wide range of learning phenomena.

Features and Benefits

  • INTRODUCTION TO LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR, 4e devotes more material on the contributions of evolutionary theory to behavior and learning. Chapter 1 contains an entire section on Darwin's theory of evolution as a contributing factor toward the rise of behaviorism, along with an extended discussion of the principle of natural selection. Chapter 5 offers an expanded discussion of the compensatory-response model of conditioning, especially as it applies to drug tolerance and addiction, with a more detailed and accurate presentation of the underlying process.
  • Pedagogical features such as chapter outlines, opening vignettes, and quotations help organize the material while truly engaging students.
  • Extensive review and self-testing features help students maximize their study time and course success. Within each chapter, Quick Quizzes include fill-in-the-blank questions to help students process and retain the information. End-of-chapter review materials include summaries, 15-20 study questions covering the basic concepts, and concept reviews that list all the key terms and definitions in the chapter.
  • "And Furthermore" boxes offer interesting and thought-provoking topics that expand upon material presented in the preceding section (for example, "Was Sigmund Freud a Behavior Analyst?"). These boxes feature unique topics not often covered by texts on learning.
  • Inspired by real and fictional people, "Advice to the Lovelorn" inserts help connect students' real-life concerns to learning and conditioning research. Examples include a Skinnerian perspective on infatuation vs. love and a melioration explanation of why more isn't necessarily better in a relationship.
  • Available with this text, the popular SNIFFY, THE VIRTUAL RAT software simulates a wide range of learning phenomena that are typically discussed in learning. Sniffy, a digital rat in an operant chamber (Skinner Box), helps users explore the principles of operant conditioning. The software includes a Lab Manual that walks users through the steps necessary to set up classical and operant conditioning experiments. It also provides instructions on how to print or e-mail results, so that Sniffy can become part of students' homework assignments and term papers.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction.
2. Research Methods.
3. Elicited Behaviors and Classical Conditioning.
4. Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities.
5. Classical Conditioning: Underlying Processes and Practical Applications.
6. Operant Conditioning: Introduction.
7. Schedules and Theories of Reinforcement.
8. Extinction and Stimulus Control.
9. Escape, Avoidance, and Punishment.
10. Choice, Matching, and Self-Control.
11. Observational Learning and Rule-Governed Behavior.
12. Biological Dispositions in Learning.
13. Comparative Cognition.
Glossary.
References.
Index.

What's New

  • An all-new Chapter 13, "Comparative Cognition", covers such topics as numerical ability, categorization, relational decision-making, and tool-use and tool-making across a range of species.
  • The Fourth Edition adjusts the order of some chapters to ensure the best progression of topics: Chapter 11 now covers "Observational Learning, Language, and Rule-Governed Behavior" and Chapter 12 is now "Biological Dispositions in Learning", which can more easily flow into the comparative cognition material in Chapter 13.
  • A new "And Furthermore" feature in Chapter 5, "Classical Conditioning: Underlying Processes and Practical Applications", discusses evidence that contradicts the recent claim that the true identity of Watson's Little Albert has been discovered.
  • Chapter 8, "Extinction and Stimulus Control", includes an "And Furthermore" discussion of the ability of dogs and Giant African Pouched Rats to detect landmines and discriminate the presence of cancer and/or tuberculosis in human patients.
  • Reflecting current practice, the Fourth Edition informs students that SR+ and SR– are regarded by many as acceptable symbols for positive and negative reinforcers, respectively.

Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Online Instructor's Manual with Test Bank  (ISBN-10: 1285084608 | ISBN-13: 9781285084602)

Online Electronic Transparencies  (ISBN-10: 1133044611 | ISBN-13: 9781133044611)

New to this edition! Bringing classroom lectures to life, these simple Power Point lecture outlines can easily be adapted to fit your unique needs and include many key figures from the book.

Sniffy the Virtual Rat Lite, Version 3.0  (ISBN-10: 1111726175 | ISBN-13: 9781111726171)

Bring the theories of learning to life using SNIFFY, THE VIRTUAL RAT! Instructors praise Sniffy, a realistic digital rat in an operant chamber (Skinner Box), for his ability to give students hands-on experience in setting up and conducting experiments that demonstrate the phenomena of classical and operant conditioning. Users begin by training Sniffy to press a bar to obtain food. Then, they progress to studies of more complex learning phenomena. Throughout each, a series of "Mind Windows" enables students to visualize how Sniffy's experiences in the chamber produce the psychological changes that their textbooks discuss in connection with learning. Available on a cross-platform CD-ROM, the Lite version of Sniffy includes 23 exercises that cover the essential phenomena of learning psychology- making it equally appropriate for psychology of learning and introductory psychology courses. The CD-ROM comes with a Lab Manual that walks users through the steps necessary to set up classical and operant conditioning experiments that closely resemble the experiments discussed in learning texts. (Screen shots are included for both Macintosh® and Windows users.) The manual also includes instructions on how to print or e-mail results, so that Sniffy can become part of students' homework assignments and term papers.

List Price = $73.95  | CengageBrain Price = $73.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $55.50

Student Supplements

Sniffy the Virtual Rat Lite, Version 3.0  (ISBN-10: 1111726175 | ISBN-13: 9781111726171)

Bring the theories of learning to life using SNIFFY, THE VIRTUAL RAT! Instructors praise Sniffy, a realistic digital rat in an operant chamber (Skinner Box), for his ability to give students hands-on experience in setting up and conducting experiments that demonstrate the phenomena of classical and operant conditioning. Users begin by training Sniffy to press a bar to obtain food. Then they progress to studies of more complex learning phenomena. Throughout each, a series of "Mind Windows" enables students to visualize how Sniffy's experiences in the chamber produce the psychological changes that their textbooks discuss in connection with learning. Available on a cross-platform CD-ROM, the Lite version of Sniffy includes twenty-three exercises that cover the essential phenomena of learning psychology--making it equally appropriate for psychology of learning and introductory psychology courses. The CD-ROM comes with a Lab Manual that walks users through the steps necessary to set up classical and operant conditioning experiments that closely resemble the experiments discussed in learning texts. (Screen shots are included for both Macintosh® and Windows users.) The manual also includes instructions on how to print or e-mail results so that Sniffy can become part of students' homework assignments and term papers.

List Price = $73.95  | CengageBrain Price = $73.95  | College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $55.50

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Russell A. Powell

Dr. Russell Powell earned his Ph.D. in psychology under the late Frank Epling and David Pierce at the University of Alberta. As a long-standing faculty member at MacEwan University in Edmonton, Alberta, he has taught classes in learning and behavior for over 30 years using a variety of behaviorally inspired formats. He has published and conducted research in a wide range of areas, including operant conditioning, social psychology, sleep and dreams (especially nightmares), self-regulation, and history of psychology. Most recently, he helped identify the individual believed to have been Little Albert, the infant in whom Watson and Rayner (1920) attempted to condition a phobia of furry animals (American Psychologist; Powell, Digdon, Harris, and Smithson, 2014).

P. Lynne Honey

Lynne Honey -- a self-described "evolutionary behaviorist" -- completed a Ph.D. in experimental psychology in Jeff Galef's lab at McMaster University, studying the role of social learning on alcohol consumption in rats. She has published a number of papers on this topic and considers social learning to be one of the most powerful adaptations available to our species and others. Dr. Honey joined the Department of Psychology at MacEwan University in 2003 because of its focus on teaching and student engagement. She currently conducts research on human social behavior in an evolutionary context, including studies of social dominance, and the influence of personality traits on social behaviors. She also studies the effectiveness of various teaching methods, including peer-review and various uses of technology for learning, and has won an award for innovation in teaching.

Diane G. Symbaluk

Diane Symbaluk received her Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Alberta in 1997, with a specialization in criminology and social psychology. She joined MacEwan University in 1996 in order to pursue her joint passion for teaching and research mentorship. She has taught courses in a variety of areas including social psychology, criminology, statistics, and research methods. She is presently the faculty advisor for MacEwan University's Community-Based Sociology Project, a supervised student-led research program. Her extensive list of publications includes textbooks, journal articles, and more than forty pedagogical resources (e.g., study guides, test banks, instructor manuals, and online resources). A distinguished teaching award winner, Diane is currently conducting research on published student ratings of instruction and character strengths of award-winning instructors.