Higher Education

Ethical Issues in the Courts: A Companion to Philosophical Ethics, 2nd Edition

  • Julie C. Van Camp California State University, Long Beach
  • ISBN-10: 0495005746  |  ISBN-13: 9780495005742
  • 176 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2001
  • © 2006 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $33.25

About

Overview

ETHICAL ISSUES IN THE COURTS: A COMPANION TO PHILOSOPHICAL ETHICS is an invaluable resource in exploring the real-world intersections of our legal system and a variety of pressing ethical problems. Accessibly, it reveals the ways in which the courts have ruled on a range of issues, including: abortion; euthanasia; assisted suicide; educating children; sex and marriage; gay rights; war, peace and pacifism; environmental rights; animal rights; freedom of expression; religious freedom; racial discrimination; affirmative action; sex discrimination; capital punishment; business ethics; computer ethics. Composed of excerpts from 73 landmark court decisions, on ethical issues, along with helpful discussion questions and study guides, this book addresses a set of ideas pertinent to undergraduate studies in applied ethics, critical thinking, the philosophy of law, and political science.

Table of Contents

Preface.
1. HUMAN LIFE: BEGINNINGS AND ENDINGS.
Abortion.
Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1973). Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1992). Stenberg v. Carhart, 530 U.S. 914 (U.S. Supreme Court, 2000).
Euthanasia.
Matter of Quinlan, 70 N.J. 10, 355 A. 2d 647 (Supreme Court of New Jersey, 1976). Cruzan v. Missouri. Department of Health, 497 U.S. 261 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1990). Bush v. Schiavo, No. SC04-925 (Supreme Court of Florida, 2004).
Suicide and Assisted Suicide.
Bouvia v. Glenchur, 179 Cal. App. 3d 1127 (Court of Appeal of California, 1986). Washington v. Glucksberg, 521 U.S. 702 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1997). Vacco v. Quill, 521 U.S. 793 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1997).
2. PRIVATE LIVES.
Educating Children.
Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1972). Plyler v. Doe, 457 U.S. 202 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1982). Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton, 515 U.S. 646 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1995). Owasso v. Falvo , 534 U.S. 426 (U.S. Supreme Court, 2002).
Sex and Marriage.
Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1965). Carey v. Population Services International, 431 U.S. 678 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1977). Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1967). In the Matter of Baby M, 109 N.J. 396 (Supreme Court of New Jersey, 1988).
Gay Rights.
Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (U.S. Supreme Court, 2003). Watkins v. U.S. Army, 847 F.2d 1329 (9th Cir., 1988). Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, 530 U.S. 640 (U.S. Supreme Court, 2000). Baker v. Vermont, 744 A.2d 864 (Supreme Court of Vermont, 1999). Goodridge v. Dept. of Public Health, 440 Mass. 309 (Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, 2003).
3. WAR, PEACE, AND PACIFISM.
United States v. O=Brien, 391 U.S. 367 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1968). Welsh v. United States, 398 U.S. 333 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1970). Rostker v. Goldberg, 453 U.S. 57 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1981). Fedorenko v. United States, 449 U.S. 490 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1981). Rasul v. Bush, No. 03-334 (U.S. Supreme Court, 2004).
4. THE ENVIRONMENT: PROTECTING NATURE AND ANIMAL RIGHTS.
Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill, 437 U.S. 153 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1978). Sierra Club v. Morton, 405 U.S. 727 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1972). Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. City of Hiahleah, 508 U.S. 520 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1993).
5. FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION.
Symbolic Speech.
Cohen v. California, 403 U.S. 15 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1971). In re George T., 33 Cal. 4th 620 (Supreme Court of California, 2004). Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1989). R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, 505 U.S. 377 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1992). Collin v. Smith, 578 F.2d 1197 (7th Cir., 1978).
Obscenity, Pornography, and Indecency.
Roth v. United States, 354 U.S. 476 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1957). Stanley v. Georgia, 394 U.S. 557 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1969). Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1973). Southeastern Promotions, Ltd. V. Conrad, 420 U.S. 546 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1975). National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley, 524 U.S. 569 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1998). American Booksellers Association, Inc. v. Hudnut, 771 F.2d 323 (7th Cir., 1985).
6. RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.
Employment Division, Oregon Dept. of Human Resources v. Smith, 494 U.S. 872 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1990). Wallace v. Jaffree, 472 U.S. 38 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1985). Edwards v. Aguillard, 482 U.S. 578 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1987). Elk Grove v. Newdow, No. 02-1624 (U.S. Supreme Court, 2004).
7. RACIAL DISCRIMINATION AND AFFIRMATIVE ACTION.
Korematsu v. United States, 323 U.S. 214 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1944). Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1896). Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1954). Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 438 U.S. 265 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1978). Grutter v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 306 (U.S. Supreme Court, 2003). The Coalition v. Pete Wilson, 122 F.3d 692 (9th Cir., 1997).
8. SEX DISCRIMINATION AND HARASSMENT.
Sex Discrimination.
California Federal Savings & Loan Assn. V. Guerra, Director, Dept. of Fair Employment and Housing, 479 U.S. 272 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1987). International Union, UAW v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1991). Michael M. v. Superior Court of Sonoma County, 450 U.S. 464 (U.S. Supreme Court 1981). United States v. Virginia, 518 U.S. 515 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1996).
Sexual Harassment.
Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, 477 U.S. 57 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1986). Harris v. Forklift Systems, 510 U.S. 17 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1993). Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School District, 524 U.S. 274 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1998). Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services, 523 U.S. 75 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1998).
9. CAPITAL PUNISHMENT.
Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1972). Gregg v. Georgia, 428 U.S. 153 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1976). Coker v. Georgia, 433 U.S. 584 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1977). McClesky v. Kemp, 481 U.S. 279 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1987). Herrera v. Collins, 506 U.S. 390 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1993). Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (U.S. Supreme Court, 2002).
10. BUSINESS ETHICS.
Grimshaw v. Ford, 119 Cal. App. 3d 757 (Court. of Appeal of California, 1981). Deal v. Spears, 980 F.2d 1153 (8th Cir., 1992). Kasky v. Nike, 27 Cal. 4th 939 (Supreme Court of California, 2002).
11. COMPUTER ETHICS.
United States v. Morris, 928 F.2d 504 (2nd Cir., 1991). United States v. Alkhabaz, 104 F.3d 1492 (6th Cir., 1997). Intel v. Hamidi, 30 Cal. 4th 1342 (Supreme Court of California, 2003). Reno v. ACLU, 521 U.S. 844 (U.S. Supreme Court, 1997). A&M Records v. Napster, 239 F.3d 1004 (9th Cir., 2001).

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Julie C. Van Camp

Julie C. Van Camp is Professor Emerita of Philosophy at California State University, Long Beach, where she taught philosophy of law and applied ethics. Along with a Ph.D. in philosophy from Temple University, she holds a J.D. from Georgetown University. She has been admitted to the State Bar of California and the District of Columbia Bar. She is the author of two other Cengage Learning titles, including ETHICAL ISSUES IN THE COURTS and ETHICS (4LTR Press).