Higher Education

Philosophical Horizons: Introductory Readings, 2nd Edition

  • Steven M. Cahn City University of New York, Graduate Center
  • Maureen Eckert University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
  • ISBN-10: 1111186537  |  ISBN-13: 9781111186531
  • 704 Pages
  • Previous Editions: 2006
  • © 2012 | Published
  • College Bookstore Wholesale Price = $102.50
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About

Overview

Under the experienced editorial guidance of Steven M. Cahn and Maureen Eckert, PHILOSOPHICAL HORIZONS introduces your students to the central issues of philosophy through an engaging combination of classic and contemporary sources. Placing a premium on accessibility for today’s beginning philosophy students, the editors have put together over seventy non-technical readings, many of which have been edited for maximum comprehensibility. Unlike any other introductory anthology of past and present readings, this text contains a dozen unabridged, fully annotated masterpieces from the history of philosophy, including in their entirety Plato’s Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito, the Encheiridion of Epictetus, Descartes’s Meditations, Berkeley’s Treatise, Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Kant’s Groundwork, Mill’s Utilitarianism, James’s The Will to Believe, and Sartre’s The Humanism of Existentialism. Despite its wealth of material, the book is easily manageable in a semester-long course. By juxtaposing the work of historical and contemporary philosophers, the editors have emphasized both the timelessness and timeliness of philosophical inquiry.

Features and Benefits

  • An extensive introductory essay provides an overview of the nature of argument and the essentials of scientific method.
  • Coverage of the central fields of philosophy, including metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, ethics, political philosophy, and philosophy of religion.
  • Introductions to each part of the anthology provide illuminating commentary on the philosophical topics discussed in subsequent readings.
  • Brief information on the author of each selection provides readers with additional context.

Table of Contents

Preface.
INTRODUCTION.
1. Simon Blackburn: What is Philosophy?
2. Steven M. Cahn, Patricia Kitcher, and George Sher: The Elements of Argument.
Part I: PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION.
3. PLATO: EUTHYPHRO (complete).
4. Anselm: The Ontological Argument.
5. Aquinas: The Five Ways.
6. William Paley: The Teleological Argument.
7. DAVID HUME: DIALOGUES CONCERNING NATURAL RELIGION (complete).
8. Ernest Nagel: A Defense of Atheism.
9. Richard Swinburne: Why God Allows Evil.
10. Steven M. Cahn: The Moriarty Hypothesis.
11. Blaise Pascal: The Wager.
12. W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief.
13. WILLIAM JAMES: THE WILL TO BELIEVE.
14. Antony Flew, R. M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell: Theology and Falsification.
15. Robert McKim: The Hiddenness of God.
Part II: METAPHYSICS.
16. Heraclitus, Parmenides, and Zeno: Being vs. Becoming.
17. Plato: The Divided Line and the Myth of the Cave.
18. Aristotle: Substance, Cause, and Change.
19. A. D. Woozley: Universals.
20. John Locke: Of Identity and Diversity.
21. Thomas Reid: Of Identity and Mr. Locke.
22. David Hume: Of Personal Identity.
23. Daniel Dennett: The Self as a Narrative Center of Gravity.
24. A. J. Ayer: Freedom and Necessity.
25. Richard Taylor: Freedom and Determinism.
26. Clarence Darrow: Compulsion.
27. Harry Frankfurt: Alternative Possibilities and Moral Responsibility.
28. Neil Levy: Counterfactual Intervention and Agents’ Capacities.
Part III: EPISTEMOLOGY.
29. RENE DESCARTES; MEDITATIONS ON FIRST PHILOSOPHY (complete).
30. O. K. Bouwsma: Descartes’ Evil Genius.
31. John Locke: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
32. GEORGE BERKELEY: A TREATISE CONCERNING THE PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE (complete).
33. DAVID HUME: AN ENQUIRY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING (complete).
34. Immanuel Kant: Critique of Pure Reason.
35. A. J. Ayer: The Argument from Illusion.
36. J. L. Austin: The Argument from Illusion: A Critique.
37. Edmund Gettier: Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?
38. Robert Nozick: Tracking the Truth.
Part IV: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND.
39. Gilbert Ryle: Descartes’ Myth.
40. Alan Turing: Computing Machinery and Intelligence.
41. Paul Churchland: Eliminative Materialism.
42. John Searle: Is the Brain’s Mind a Computer Program?
43. Paul Churchland and Patricia Churchland: Could a Machine Think?
44. Thomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat?
45. Keith Gunderson: Assymetries and Mind-Body Perplexities.
46. Barbara Montero: Rethinking the Mind-Body Problem.
Part V: ETHICS.
47. Charles L. Stevenson: The Nature of Ethical Disagreement.
48. Renford Bambrough: A Proof of the Objectivity of Morals.
49. James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Skepticism.
50. Steven M. Cahn and Jeffrie G. Murphy: Happiness and Immorality.
51. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics.
52. Epicurus: The Pleasant Life.
53. EPICTETUS: ENCHEIRIDION (complete).
54. IMMANUEL KANT: GROUNDWORK OF THE METAPHYSICS OF MORALS (complete).
55. JOHN STUART MILL: UTILITARIANISM (complete).
56. Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism.
57. Friedrich Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil.
58. JEAN-PAUL SARTRE: THE HUMANISM OF EXISTENTIALISM (complete).
59. Virginia Held: The Ethics of Care.
60. Thomas Nagel: Moral Luck.
61. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality.
62. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia.
63. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion.
Part VI: POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY.
64. PLATO: APOLOGY (complete).
65. PLATO: CRITO (complete).
66. Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan.
67. John Locke: Second Treatise of Government.
68. James Madison: The Federalist, #10.
69. Karl Marx: Estranged Labor.
70. John Stuart Mill: On Liberty.
71. Elizabeth Cady Stanton: The Solitude of Self.
72. John Rawls: A Theory of Justice.
73. Robert Nozick: Anarchy, State, and Utopia.
74. Martin Luther King, Jr.: Letter from a Birmingham City Jail.

What's New

  • A dozen unabridged, fully annotated masterpieces from the history of philosophy, including works by Plato, Epictetus, Descartes, Berkeley, Hume, Kant, Mill, James, and Sartre. No other introductory philosophical problems anthology has this feature.
  • Articles by Simon Blackburn, Neil Levy, J. L. Austin, A. J. Ayer, Robert Nozick, and Virginia Held.

Efficacy and Outcomes

Reviews

"Absolutely the authors are filling a need with this volume. How to balance classic and contemporary philosophy in an introductory course is a difficult task and this textbook provides flexibility by allowing individual instructors to balance their courses how they see fit."- Angela Coventry , Portland State University

— Angela Coventry

"It looks like a wonderful new introductory text that combines classic texts with contemporary ones in a well organized form."- Richard Curtis , Seattle Central Community College

— Richard Curtis

"This matching of 'a dozen masterpieces from the history [of philosophy]' is absolutely vital and can be further developed by each teacher.I believe the authors’ approach is truly compatible with a broad acceptance of the humanities as the set of disciplines that broaden the mind and I find their pluralistic style to be what I want students to take from such a course."- Michael Gendre , Middlesex Community College

— Michael Gendre

"The reading selections are impeccable, which gives the book a wide audience appeal."- David Aiken , Ferris State University

— David Aiken

"The anthology is an attractive choice for those who want to present to their students some of the main issues of philosophy in a way that makes clear the historical continuity of the philosophical tradition."- Jennifer Lackey, Northwestern University

— Jennifer Lackey

"It has a good balance of the classics and important contemporary readings."- J. Caleb Clanton, Pepperdine University

— J. Caleb Clanton

Supplements

All supplements have been updated in coordination with the main title. Select the main title's "About" tab, then select "What's New" for updates specific to title's edition.

For more information about these supplements, or to obtain them, contact your Learning Consultant.

Instructor Supplements

Instructor's Edition  (ISBN-10: 111129819X | ISBN-13: 9781111298197)

Under the experienced editorial guidance of Steven M. Cahn and Maureen Eckert, PHILOSOPHICAL HORIZONS introduces your students to the central issues of philosophy through an engaging combination of classic and contemporary sources. Placing a premium on accessibility for today’s beginning philosophy students, the editors have put together a book of more than seventy non-technical readings, many of which have been edited for maximum comprehensibility. Unlike any other introductory anthology of past and present readings, this book contains a dozen unabridged, fully annotated masterpieces from the history of philosophy, including in their entirety Plato’s Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito, the Encheiridion of Epictetus, Descartes’s Meditations, Berkeley’s Treatise, Hume’s An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Kant’s Groundwork, Mill’s Utilitarianism, James’s The Will to Believe, and Sartre’s The Humanism of Existentialism. Despite its wealth of material, the book is easily manageable in a semester-long course. By juxtaposing the work of historical and contemporary philosophers, the editors have emphasized both the timelessness and timeliness of philosophical inquiry.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Steven M. Cahn

Steven M. Cahn is one of America’s most distinguished teachers of philosophy. He has authored or edited more than forty books as well as numerous articles, most in the fields of metaphysics, philosophy of religion, ethics, political philosophy, and philosophy of education. Among his works are FATE, LOGIC, AND TIME; SAINTS AND SCAMPS: ETHICS IN ACADEMIA, 25th Anniversary Edition; FROM STUDENT TO SCHOLAR; A CANDID GUIDE TO BECOMING A PROFESSOR; PUZZLES & PERPLEXITIES: COLLECTED ESSAYS, Second Edition; EXPLORING ETHICS, Second Edition (ED.); POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY; THE ESSENTIAL TEXTS, Second Edition (ED.); THE AFFIRMATIVE ACTION DEBATE, Second Edition (ED.); EXPLORING PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION (ED.); and CLASSICS OF WESTERN PHILOSOPHY, Seventh Edition.

Maureen Eckert

Maureen Eckert is Assistant Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. Her research areas include Ancient Greek Philosophy, Metaphysics, and Philosophy of Mind. She is the editor of THEORIES OF MIND: INTRODUCTORY READINGS, and co-editor of FATE, LOGIC AND LANGUAGE: DAVID FOSTER WALLACE'S ESSAY ON FREE WILL (forthcoming) and KNOWLEDGE AND REALITY: CLASSIC AND CONTEMPORARY READINGS.