1. GOOD AND EVIL.
Philip Hallie: From Cruelty to Goodness. Jonathan Bennett: The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn. John T. Noonan, Jr.: Three Moral Certainties. Philip Hallie: The Evil that Men Think – And Do. Tzvetan Todorov: Facing the Extreme: The War of All Against All. Anne Applebaum: The Gulag: Strategies for Survival. Stanley Milgram: The Perils of Obedience. Josiah Royce: The Moral Insight. Herman Melville: Billy Budd. Friedrich Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil.
2. IS IT ALL RELATIVE?
Herodotus: Morality as Custom. Ruth Benedict: A Defense of Moral Relativism. William Graham Sumner: A Defense of Cultural Relativism. Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban: Cultural Relativism and Universal Rights. Jane Perlez: Uganda's Women: Children, Drudgery, and Pain. Lawrence Adam Lengbeyer: An Alternative to Moral Relativism. Louis Pojman: Who's to Judge?. Thomas Nagel: The Objective Basis of Morality. R.M. MacIver: The Deep Beauty of the Golden Rule. Martin Luther King, Jr.: I Have a Dream. The United Nations Charter: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
3. MORALITY AND SELF-INTEREST.
Plato: The Ring of Gyges. Thomas Hobbes: Of the State of Men without Civil Society. David Hume: Of Self-Love. Harry Browne: The Unselfishness Trap. James Rachels: Egoism and Moral Skepticism. Ayn Rand: The Virtue of Selfishness. Louis Pojman: Egoism, Self-Interest, and Altruism. Colin McGinn: Why Not Be a Bad Person? Peter Singer: Why Act Morally?
4. MORAL DOCTRINES AND MORAL THEORIES
The Judeo-Christian Tradition. Robert C. Mortimer: Morality Is Based on God''s Commands. John Arthur: Why Morality Does Not Depend on Religion. David Hume: Of Benevolence. John Stuart Mill: Uilitarianism. Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism. Robert Nozick: The Experience Machine. Ursula Le Guin: The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas. Immanuel Kant: Good Will, Duty, and the Categorical Imperative. Fred Sommers: The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy. Richard Taylor:Critique of Kant.
Aristotle: Happiness and the Virtues. Saint Augustine: Virtue and the Human Soul. Epictetus: The Art of Living. Vice Admiral James Stockdale: The World of Epictetus. Bernardo Mayo: Virtue or Duty? Alasdair MacIntyre: Tradition and the Virtues. Rachels: The Ethics of Virtue. Adam Smith: Of Justice and Beneficence. Charles Darwin: The Origin of the Moral Sense. Bowen McCoy: The Parable of the Sadhu.
Plutarch: Vice. Saint Augustine: The Depths of Vice. Jonathan Edwards: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. Dante Alighieri: The Hypocrites. Samuel Johnson: Self-Deception. Bishop Butler: Upon Self-Deceit. Immanuel Kant: Jealousy, Envy, and Spite. Leo Tolstoy: How Much Land Does a Man Need? A Parable on Greed.
7. MORALITY AND SOCIAL POLICY.
Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality. John Arthur: World Hunger and Moral Obligation: The Case Against Singer. James Shikwati: "For Heaven''s Sake, Please Stop the Aid!" John T. Noonan, Jr.: An Almost Absolute Value in History. Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion. Judith Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Don Marquis: Why Abortion is Immoral.
Immanuel Kant: On Duties to Animals. James Rachels: A Moral Defense of Vegetarianism. Peter Singer: Down on the Factory Farm. Michael Pollan: An Animal''s Place. Roger Scruton: The Case Against Animal Rights. Barbara Bergman: The Case for Affirmative Action. Shelby Steele: What is Wrong with Affirmative Action?
8. THE MEANING OF LIFE.
Tao Ch''ien: Substance, Shadow and Spirit. Bhagavad-Gita: Selection. Buddha: The Four Noble Truths. Leo Tolstoy: My Confession. Bertrand Russell: A Free Man''s Worship. Albert Camus: The Myth of Sisyphus. Thomas Nagel: The Meaning of Life. Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialism is Humanism. Joel Feinberg: Absurd Self-fulfillment: An Essay on the Perversity of the Gods. Viktor Frankl: The Human Search for Meaning. The Book of Job: Selection.