INTRODUCTION: DRAMA, THEATER, AND CULTURE.
Reading Drama and Seeing Theater. Drama and Theater in History. Dramatic Genres. Dramatic Form. The Stage in Critical Practice. Interpreting the Material Past.
UNIT I: THE THEATER OF CLASSICAL EUROPE: ATHENS AND ROME.
Classical Athens. The City Dionysia. The Theater of Dionysus. The Theater and Social Life. Drama and Performance. Women in the Athenian Theater. Forms of Greek Drama. Greek Drama in Performance History. Classical Rome. Roman Festivals and Drama. Roman Theater Architecture. Roman Drama. Roman Drama in Performance History. Aside: Roscius. Reading the Material Theater. Aeschylus Oresteia Agamemnon The Libation Bearers The Eumenides. Sophocles Oedipus the King. Euripides Medea. Aristophanes Lysistrata. Plautus The Brothers Menaechmus.
Aristotle, from The Poetics. Horace, from The Art of Poetry.
Sue-Ellen Case, from "Classic Drag: The Greek Creation of Female Parts". Anne Carson, "Tragedy: A Curious Art Form". Fiona Shaw: Interview on Medea.
CASEBOOK: ON TRANSLATION.
Gilbert Murray, from Medea. Countee Cullen, from Medea. Robinson Jeffers, from Medea. Peter D. Arnott, from Medea. Desmond Egan, from Medea. Nicholaas Rudall, from Medea. Michael Collier and Georgia Machemer, from Medea.
UNIT II: THE THEATER OF CLASSICAL JAPAN.
The Development of Noh Theater. Noh Dramatic Form. The Noh Stage. The Development of Doll Theater. The Doll Theater Stage. The Development of Kabuki Theater. The Kabuki Stage. Classical Japanese Drama in Performance History. Reading the Material Theater. Aside: Sanskrit Drama and Theater. Kan''ami Kiyotsugu Matsukaze. Nakamura Matagoro II and James R. Brandon, adaptors. Chushingura:The Forty-Seven Samurai.
Zeami Motokiyo, from "A Mirror Held to the Flower".
Graham Ley, "Arisotle''s Poetics, Bharatamuni''s Natyasastra, and Zeami''s Treatises: Theory as Discourse".
CASEBOOK: ON NOH ACTING TODAY.
An Interview with Kanze Hideo, Noh: Business and Art.
UNIT III: THE THEATER OF MEDIEVAL AND RENAISSANCE ENGLAND.
Drama and Theater in Medieval England. Morality Drama. Staging Medieval Drama. Drama and Theater in Renaissance London. The Professional Theater and Its Society.
Professional Companies. The Theaters. Drama and Performance. Women in Drama and Performance. Medieval and Renaissance Drama in Performance and History. Reading the Material Theater. Aside: Shakespeare''s Globe. Aside: The Jacobean Court Masque.
Anonymous The York Crucifixion. Anonymous Everyman. Christopher Marlowe Doctor Faustus. William Shakespeare. A Midsummer Night''s Dream. Hamlet. The Tempest.
Sir Philip Sidney, from Apology for Poetry.
Terence Hawkes, from Meaning by Shakespeare.
CASEBOOK: ON ACTING HAMLET.
Thomas Betterton. David Garrick. Sir John Gielgud. Michael Pennington. Kenneth Branagh. Ethan Hawke.
UNIT IV: EARLY MODERN EUROPE.
The Political Climate. Theater in France, 1660–1700. Theater in England, 1660–1737. Theater in Spain''s Golden Age, 1580–1680. Dramatic Innovation in France, England, and Spain. Neoclassicism, Drama, and Theater. Early Modern Drama in Performance and History. Reading the Material Theater. Aside: Commedia dell''Arte. Pedro Calderón de la Barca Life Is a Dream. Molière Tartuffe. Jean Racine Phaedra. Aphra Behn The Rover. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz Loa to The Divine Narcissus. George Farquhar, The Recruiting Officer.
John Dryden, "Preface to Troilus and Cressida, Containing the Grounds of Criticism in Tragedy".
Katharine Eisaman Maus, from "''Playhouse Flesh and Blood'': Sexual Ideology and the Restoration Actress"
CASEBOOK: ON ADAPTATION.
Bertolt Brecht, from Trumpets and Drums.
UNIT V: MODERN EUROPE.
Theater and Culture to 1950. The Modern Theater. Forms of Modern Drama. Acting and Performance. Women in Modern Drama and Theater. Theater and Culture Since 1950. Artaud and the Theater of Cruelty. Theater of the Absurd. Political Theater. Drama, Theater and the "Postmodern". Modern European Drama in Performance and History. Aside: Melodrama. Reading the Material Theater. Henrik Ibsen A Doll House. Oscar Wilde The Importance of Being Earnest. Alfred Jarry, Ubu Roi. August Strindberg A Dream Play. Anton Chekhov The Cherry Orchard. Bernard Shaw Major Barbara. Luigi Pirandello Six Characters in Search of an Author. Marieluise Fleisser Pioneers in Ingolstadt. Bertolt Brecht Mother Courage and Her Children. Jean Genet The Balcony. Samuel Beckett Endgame. Harold Pinter The Homecoming. Heiner Müller Hamletmachine. Caryl Churchill Cloud Nine. David Hare Stuff Happens.
Friedrich Nietzsche, from The Birth of Tragedy. Émile Zola, from Naturalism in the Theatre. Constantin Stanislavski, "Direction and Acting". Bertolt Brecht, "The Modern Theatre is the Epic Theatre" "The Street Scene". Antonin Artaud, from The Theater and Its Double.
Martin Esslin, from The Theatre of the Absurd. Fredric Jameson, from "Postmodernism and Consumer Society". Hans-Thies Lehmann, from Postdramatic Theatre.
CASEBOOK: ON DIRECTING.
Samuel Beckett, on directing Endgame.
UNIT VI: THEATER IN THE UNITED STATES.
"The" American Theater? European Influence and American Innovation. Postwar Experiments. African-American Drama and Theater. Popular Theater and Mass Culture.
American Drama in Performance and History. Reading the Material Theater. Susan Glaspell, "A Jury of her Peers". Aside: The Federal Theater Project. Aside: Performance Art. Dion Boucicault The Octoroon. Susan Glaspell Trifles. Eugene O''Neill Hairy Ape. Sophie Treadwell, Machinal. Tennessee Williams The Glass Menagerie. Arthur Miller Death of a Salesman. Amiri Baraka/LeRoi Jones Dutchman. Luis Valdez Los vendidos. Sam Shepard True West. August Wilson Fences. David Henry Hwang M. Butterfly. Tony Kushner Angels in America, Part 1: Millennium Approaches. Anna Deavere Smith Fires in the Mirror. Suzan-Lori Parks The America Play. Cherríe Moraga The Hungry Woman: A Mexican Medea. Adriano Shaplin Pugilist Specialist.
Arthur Miller, from "Tragedy and the Common Man". Amiri Baraka/LeRoi Jones, from "The Revolutionary Theatre"
August Wilson, "The Ground on Which I Stand" / Robert Brustein, "Subsidized Separatism".
CASEBOOK: ON DESIGN.
Jo Mielziner, on Death of a Salesman.
UNIT VII: WORLD STAGES.
A Global Theater? Argentina. Canada. China. Czech Republic. India. Ireland and Northern Ireland. Martinique. Nigeria. Russia. South Africa. Analyzing Postcolonial Theater and Drama. Reading the Material Theater. Aside: Intercultural Performance. Aimé Césaire A Tempest. Griselda Gambaro Information for Foreigners. Athol Fugard, John Kani, Winston Ntshona The Island. Wole Soyinka Death and the King''s Horseman. Brian Friel Translations. Gao Xingjian The Other Shore. Václav Havel Temptation. Tomson Highway Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing. Jane Taylor Ubu and the Truth Commission. Manjula Padmanabhan Harvest. Vassily Sigarev Black Milk. Victoria Brittain and Gillian Slovo, Guantanamo: "Honor Bound to Defend Freedom".
Frantz Fanon,"The Fact of Blackness". Jerzy Grotowski, from Towards a Poor Theatre. Augusto Boal, from Theatre of the Oppressed.
Homi K. Bhabha,"Of Mimicry and Man: The Ambivalence of Colonial Discourse". Helen Gilbert and Joanne Tompkins, from Post-Colonial Drama.
CASEBOOK: THE REVIEW.
Bruce Weber, "The Spirit in a South African Prison". Frank Rich, "Stage: Soyinka''s Death and the King''s Horseman". Donald G. McNeil, Jr., "Theater; Puppeteers with a Hand in the Apartheid Protests".