Ideal for use with any introductory physics text, Loyd's PHYSICS LABORATORY MANUAL is suitable for either calculus- or algebra/trigonometry-based physics courses. Designed to help students demonstrate a physical principle and teach techniques of careful measurement, Loyd's PHYSICS LABORATORY MANUAL also emphasizes conceptual understanding and includes a thorough discussion of physical theory to help students see the connection between the lab and the lecture. Many labs give students hands-on experience with statistical analysis, and now five computer-assisted data entry labs are included in the printed manual. The fourth edition maintains the minimum equipment requirements to allow for maximum flexibility and to make the most of preexisting lab equipment.
For instructors interested in using some of Loyd's experiments, a customized lab manual is another option available through the Cengage Learning Custom Solutions program. Now, you can select specific experiments from Loyd's PHYSICS LABORATORY MANUAL, include your own original lab experiments, and create one affordable bound book. Contact your Cengage Learning representative for more information on our Custom Solutions program.
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### Table of Contents

Preface.

Acknowledgements.

General Laboratory Information.

Laboratory 1: Measurement of Length.

Laboratory 2: Measurement of Density.

Laboratory 3: Force Table and Vector Addition of Forces.

Laboratory 4: Uniformly Accelerated Motion.

Laboratory 4A: Uniformly Accelerated Motion Using a Photogate.

Laboratory 5: Uniformly Accelerated Motion on the Air Table.

Laboratory 6: Kinematics in Two Dimensions on the Air Table.

Laboratory 7: Coefficient of Friction.

Laboratory 7A: Coefficient of Friction Using a Force Sensor and a Motion Sensor.

Laboratory 8: Newton's Second Law on the Air Table.

Laboratory 9: Newton's Second Law on the Atwood Machine.

Laboratory 10: Torques and Rotational Equilibrium of a Rigid Body.

Laboratory 11: Conservation of Energy on the Air Table.

Laboratory 12: Conservation of Spring and Gravitational Potential Energy.

Laboratory 12A: Energy Variations of a Mass on a Spring Using a Motions Sensor.

Laboratory 13: The Ballistic Pendulum and Projectile Motion.

Laboratory 14: Conservation of Momentum on the Air Track.

Laboratory 14A: Conservation of Momentum Using Motion Sensors.

Laboratory 15: Conservation of Momentum on the Air Table.

Laboratory 16: Centripetal Acceleration of an Object in Circular Motion.

Laboratory 17: Moment of Inertia and Rotational Motion.

Laboratory 18: Archimedes' Principle.

Laboratory 19: The Pendulum--Approximate Simple Harmonic Motion.

Laboratory 20: Simple Harmonic Motion--Mass on a Spring.

Laboratory 20A: Simple Harmonic Motion--Mass on a Spring Using a Motion Sensor.

Laboratory 21: Standing Waves on a String.

Laboratory 22: Speed of Sound--Resonance Tube.

Laboratory 23: Specific Heat of Metals.

Laboratory 24: Linear Thermal Expansion.

Laboratory 25: The Ideal Gas Law.

Laboratory 26: Equipotentials and Electric Fields.

Laboratory 27: Capacitance Measurement with a Ballistic Galvanometer.

Laboratory 28: Measurement of Electrical Resistance and Ohm's Law.

Laboratory 29: Wheatstone Bridge.

Laboratory 30: Bridge Measurement of Capacitance.

Laboratory 31: Voltmeters and Ammeters.

Laboratory 32: Potentiometer and Voltmeter Measurements of the emf of a Dry Cell.

Laboratory 33: The RC Time Constant.

Laboratory 33A: RC Time Constant with Positive Square Wave and Voltage Sensors (Web only).

Laboratory 34: Kirchoff's Rules.

Laboratory 35: Magnetic Induction of a Current Carrying Long Straight Wire.

Laboratory 35A: Magnetic Induction of a Solenoid (Web only).

Laboratory 36: Alternating Current LR Circuits.

Laboratory 36A: Direct Current LR Circuits (Web only).

Laboratory 37: Alternating Current RC and LCR Circuits.

Laboratory 38: Oscilloscope Measurements.

Laboratory 39: Joule Heating of a Resistor.

Laboratory 40: Reflection and Refraction with the Ray Box.

Laboratory 41: Focal Length of Lenses.

Laboratory 42: Diffraction Grating Measurement of the Wavelength of Light.

Laboratory 42A: Single-Slit Diffraction and Double-Slit Interference of Light (Web only).

Laboratory 43: Bohr Theory of Hydrogen--The Rydberg Constant.

Laboratory 43A: Light Intensity versus Distance with a Light Sensor (Web only).

Laboratory 44: Simulated Radioactive Decay Using Dice "Nuclei."

Laboratory 45: Geiger Counter Measurement of the Half-Life of 137Ba.

Laboratory 46: Nuclear Counting Statistics.

Laboratory 47: Absorption of Beta and Gamma Rays.