1. The Opening of the Twentieth Century: The Reorientation of Social Thought.
H. Stuart Hughes, Consciousness and Society. Robert Wohl, The Generation of 1914. Zeev Sternhell, Neither Right nor Left: Fascist Ideology in France
2. The Origins of World War I.
Sidney B. Fay, The Origins of the World War. Soviet Union, War's Origins: Marxist-Leninist View. Fritz Fischer, Germany's Aims in the First World War. Arno J. Mayer, Domestic Causes of the First World War.
3. The Bolshevik Revolution.
Theodore H. Von Laue, Why Lenin? Why Stalin?. George F. Kennan, Russia and the West under Lenin and Stalin. Jerry F. Hough and Merle Fainsod, How the Soviet Union Is Governed.
4. Stalin and Stalinism.
Leon Trotsky, The Revolution Betrayed. Isaac Deutscher, Stalin and the Second Revolution. Roy A. Medvedev, On Stalin and Stalinism. Bernice Rosenthal, Love on the Tractor: Women in the Stalin Period.
5. The Nazis.
John Strachey, The Menace of Fascism: The Marxist View. A. J. P. Taylor, The Course of German History. Carl J. Friedrich and Zbigniew K. Brzezinski, Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy. Seymour Martin Lipset, Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. Jill Stephenson, Women in Nazi Society.
6. Appeasement: The Munich Pact.
Winston S. Churchill, The Gathering Storm. R. A. Butler, Appeasement: The Art of the Possible. A. L. Rowse, Appeasement: A Study in Political Decline. Gerhard L. Weinberg, Munich after Fifty Years.
7. Resistance or Collaboration?: The Example of Vichy France.
Robert Aron, The Vichy Regime. Robert O. Paxton, Vichy France: Old Guard and New Order. John F. Sweets, Choices in Vichy France.
8. The Holocaust.
Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews. Michael Marrus, The Holocaust in History. Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, Hitler's Willing Executioners. Walter Laqueur, The Terrible Secret. David S. Wyman, The Abandonment of the Jews.
9. The Outbreak of the Cold War.
Vojtech Mastny, Russia's Road to the Cold War. Gar Alperovitz, Atomic Diplomacy. Ronald Steel, Commissar of the Cold War. John L. Gaddis, The Emerging Post-Revisionist Synthesis on the Origins of the Cold War.
10. The End of European Empire.
Tony Smith, Patterns in the Transfer of Power: French and British Decolonization Compared. Arend Lijphart, The Trauma of Decolonization: The Dutch and West New Guinea. Henri Grimal, Decolonization. Kwame Nkrumah, Neo-Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperialism.
11. The Single Market and European Unity.
Stanley Hoffmann, Europe's Identity Crisis Revisited. Donald Sassoon, Social Democracy and the Europe of Tomorrow. Bill Lucarelli, The Origins and Evolution of the Single Market in Europe. Elizabeth Pond, Come Together: Europe's Unexpected New Architecture. 1. The Opening of the Twentieth Century: The Reorientation of Social Thought.
12. The End of the Cold War and Collapse of the USSR.
Raymond L. Garthoff, Why Did the Cold War End? Joshua Muravchik, How the Cold War Really Ended. George F. Kennan, No One Won the Cold War. Michael Mandelbaum, Coup de Grace: The End of the Soviet Union. Dominic Lieven, Western Scholarship on the Fall of the Soviet Régime: The View from 1993.
13. Nationalism Resurgent: The Breakup of Yugoslavia.
Laura Silber and Allan Little, Yugoslavia: Death of a Nation. Sabrina Petra Ramet, Balkan Babel. James J. Sadkovich, The Response of the American Media to Balkan Neo-Nationalisms.
14. Unity or Fragmentation? Europe in the Twenty-First Century.
Paul M. Kennedy, Preparing for the Twenty-First Century. Francis Fukuyama, The End of History and the Last Man.