Lenses offers a current and practical review of human development perspectives and theories, a subject that is often critically under-represented in graduate courses. Kraus presents an expansive selection of human development models, theories, and perspectives, and demonstrates how a strong grasp of developmental principles can inform practical applications.
CHAPTER 1: Introduction: Establishing a Meaningful Context.
PART I: Global Lenses.
CHAPTER 2: A Social Constructionist View of Development.
CHPATER 3: Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Model.
PART II: Theory-Specific Lenses.
CHAPTER 4: Cognition, Culture, and Society: Understanding Cognitive Development in the Tradition of Vygotsky.
CHAPTER 5: Robert Kegan's Subject-Object Theory of Development.
CHAPTER 6: Psychoanalytic Theory in Action.
CHAPTER 7: Erik and Joan Eriksons' Approach to Human Development in Counseling.
PART III: Identity Development Lenses.
CHAPTER 8: Lifespan Developmental Issues for Women.
CHAPTER 9: Lesbian Identity Development.
CHAPTER 10: Gay Male Identity Development and Counseling.
CHAPTER 11: Black Racial Identity Development.
CHAPTER 12: Defining Latino Identity Through Late Adolescent Development.
CHAPTER 13: White Racial Identity Development.
CHAPTER 14: Spiritual Development: Focusing as a Gateway in Counseling.