PART ONE: THE ANCIENT WORLD.
1. The First Civilizations.
Mesopotamia: The Epic of Gilgamesh; The Judgments of Hammurabi. Egypt: The Person Who Was Tired of Life; Tale of the Eloquent Peasant. China: The Book of Documents; The Book of Songs. Mute Testimony: Indus Seals, Mesopotamian Seals, and Cretan Seals; Two Temple Reliefs.
Multiple Voices I: A Pyramid Text; A Coffin Text; The Negative Confession.
2. Newcomers: From Nomads to Settlers.
The Indo-Europeans: The Rig Veda; Homer, The Odyssey. The Israelites and Their Neighbors: The Book of Genesis; The Book of Deuteronomy.
3. Transcendental Reality: Developing the Spiritual Traditions of India and Southwest Asia: 800–200 B.C.E.
The Emergence of Brahminical Hinduism: The Upanishads; The Bhagavad-Gita. The Teachings of the Buddha: The Buddha, Setting in Motion the Wheel of the Law; The Buddha, Questions That Tend Not to Edification. Persians, Israelites, and Their Gods: Zarathustra, Gathas; The Book of Isaiah.
4. The Secular Made Sacred: Developing the Humanistic Traditions of China and Hellas: 600–200 B.C.E.
China: Laozi, The Classic of the Way and Virtue; Confucius, The Analects; Qin Shi Huangdi, Qin Penal Laws. Hellenic Civilization: Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War; Euripedes, The Bacchae; Plato, Phaedo; Three Hellenic Works of Art.
Multiple Voices II: The Yellow Emperor''s Classic of Internal Medicine; Testimonials At Epidauros; Hippocrates, On the Sacred Disease
5. Regional Empires and Afro-Eurasian Interchange: 300 B.C.E.–500 C.E.
The Greco-Roman World: Four Hellenistic Sculptures; Virgil, The Aeneid. Han China: Huan Kuan, Discourses on Salt and Iron; Ban Zhao, Lessons For Women. India in the Age of Empires: Asoka, Rock and Pillar Edicts; Faxian, Travels
Multiple Voices III: Pliny the Elder, Natural History; Faxian, Travels; Four Robed Statues
PART TWO: FAITH, DEVOTION, AND SALVATION: GREAT WORLD RELIGIONS TO 1500
6. New Developments in Three Ancient Religions
Mahayana Buddhism: Tales of Guanshiyin; Three Bodhisattvas. Bhakti: Narada, The Bhakti Sutra; Shiva Naturaja. Rabbinical Judaism: Flavius Josephus, Against Apion; The Babylonian Talmud.
7. Christianity: Conquering the World for Christ
The Foundations of Christianity: The Gospel of Saint Matthew; Saint Paul, Epistle To the Romans. Christianity and the Roman World: Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History; The Theodosian Code; Christ the Redeemer of the World. Beyond the Roman World: Rufinus of Aquileia, Church History; Bishop Adam, The Christian Monument.
Multiple Voices IV: The Gospel of Thomas; Irenaeus, Against Heresies; Homilies of Clement; Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History; The Creed of Nicaea.
8. Islam: Universal Submission to God
The Foundations of Islamic Life: The Quran; Abu Abdullah ibn Ismail al-Bukhari, The Authentic [Traditions]; Muhammad ibn Ishaq, The Life of the Messenger of God; Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad ibn Rushd, The Distinguished Jurist''s Primer. Variety and Unity within Islam: Ibn Babawayh al-Saduq, Creed Concerning the Imams; Mahmud Kati, The Chronicle of the Seeker; Jalaluddin al-Rumi, Spiritual Couplets.
Multiple Voices V: The Pact of Ibn Muslama; The Pact of Umar; Benjamin of Tudela, Book of Travels; The Deeds of Sultan Firuz Shah.
PART THREE: CONTINUITY, CHANGE, AND INTERCHANGE: 500–1500
9. Asia: Change in the Context of Tradition
Japan: Chronicles of Japan; Sei Shonagon, The Pillow Book; Chronicle of the Grand Pacification. China: Du Fu, Poems; The Old Tang History; Chen Pu, The Craft of Farming. Southwest Asia: Al-Jahiz, The Merits of the Turks and of the Imperial Army As a Whole; Ibn Jubayr, Travels; A Thousand and One Arabian Nights. India: Abul Raihan al-Biruni, Description of India; Vikrama''s Adventures.
Multiple Voices VI: Shi Baochang, Lives of the Nuns; Han Yu, Memorial on Buddhism; Proclamation Ordering the Destruction of Buddhist Monasteries; Zhu Xi, Conversations of Master Zhu, Arranged Topically.
10. Two Christian Civilizations: Byzantium and Western Europe
Justinian the Great: The Mosaics of San Vitale; Michael Psellus, Chronographia. Charles the Great: Pope Leo III''s Lateran Mosaic; Charles the Great, Capitulary on Saxony and Letter To Pope Leo III. Byzantium and the West in the Age of Otto the Great: Liudprand of Cremona, A Report on the Embassy To Constantinople; A Byzantine Icon of the Koimesis and A Dormition Miniature. Imperium versus Sacerdotium: Dictatus Papae; Henry IV, Letter To Hildebrand; John of Paris, A Treatise on Royal and Papal Power; Anna Comnena, Alexiad.
Multiple Voices VII: Baldric of Dol, The Jerusalem History; Anna Comnena, Alexiad; Robert of Clari, The Capture of Constantinople; Nicetas Choniates, Annals; Innocent III, Letters To the Crusaders.
11. Africa and the Americas
Africa: Abul-Hasan Ali al-Masudi, Meadows of Gold; Abu Ubaydallah al-Bakri, The Book of Routes and Realms; Ethiopian Royal Chronicle; . Seated Female Figure. The Americas: Three Mayan Ceramic Sculptures; Diego Durán, Book of the Gods and Rites; Pedro de Cieza de León, Chronicles.
PART FOUR: TRAVEL, ENCOUNTER, AND EXCHANGE: 1000–1700
12. Adventurers, Merchants, Diplomats, Pilgrims, and Missionaries: A Half Millennium of Travel and Encounter: 1000–1500
The World Perceived: Zhau Rugua, A Description of Foreign Peoples; The Book of John Mandeville; The Kangnido. Travel in the Age of the Pax Mongolica: William of Rubruck, Journey To the Land of the Tartars; Marco Polo, Description of the World; Odoric of Pordenone, Report; Francesco Pegolotti, The Practice of Commerce. Long-Distance Travel beyond the Mongol Peace: Ibn Battuta, A Donation To Those Interested in Curiosities; Ruy González de Clavijo, Embassy To Tamerlane; Huan, The Overall Survey of the Ocean''s Shores; Gomes Eannes de Azurara, The Chronicle of Guinea.
13: Transoceanic Encounters: 1500–1700
Europeans in the Americas: Bernardino de Sahagún, General History of the Things of New Spain; Antonio Vazquez de Espinosa, Compendium and Description of the West Indies. African Reactions to the European Presence: Nzinga Mbemba (Afonso I), Letters To the King of Portugal; A Benin-Portuguese Saltcellar and A Benin Wall Plaque; . James Barbot, A Voyage To New Calabar River in the Year 1699. Chinese and Japanese Reactions to the West: Matteo Ricci, Journals; Tokugawa Iemitsu, Closed Country Edict of 1635 and Exclusion of the Portuguese; 1639. The Great Mughals and the West: Abul Fazl, Akbarnama; Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Travels in India.
Multiple Voices VIII: Hernan Cortés, Report; Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The History of the Conquest of New Spain; Bernardino de Sahagún, General History of the Things of New Spain; Lienzo De Tlaxcala.